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Full text of "The Holyoke diaries, 1709-1856; Rev. Edward Holyoke, Marblehead and Cambridge, 1709-1768, Edward Augustus Holyoke, M.D., Cambridge, 1742-1747, John Holyoke, Cambridge, 1748, Mrs. Mary (Vial) Holyoke, Salem, 1760-1800, Margaret Holyoke, Salem, 1801-1823, Mrs. Susanna (Holyoke) Ward, Salem, 1793-1856;"

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ili-^ 'i'i'U; 







From   the  original,   probably  painted  before    1750,   now  in  the  possession  of   Miss     Mary     W. 
of  Danvers,   Mass.     These  arms  also  appear  on  the  seal   attached  to  the  will  of 
Elizur  Holyoke  ( I  65  I  - 1  7  I  I )  of  Boston. 





Marblehead  and  Cambridge,  1709  -  1768 


Cambridge.  1742  -  1747 


Cambridge,  1748 


Salem,  1760  -  1800 


Salem,  1801  - 1823 


Salem,  1793  -  1856 

With    an    Introduction    and    Annotations 





Arms  of  the  Holyoke  Family 


Mrs.  Mary  (Elliot)  Holyoke 


Rev.  Edward  Holyoke,  age  26  years     . 


Mrs.  Elizabeth  (Browne)  Holyoke 


Mrs.  Mary  (Whipple-Epes)  Holyoke    . 


Rev.  Edward  Holyoke,  aged  60  years  . 

.       11 

Miss  Judith  Pickman    .... 


Rev.  Edward  Holyoke 

.      25 

Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D 

.,  aged  42 


.      31 

Harvard  College  . 

.      39 

Miss  Mary  Vial   . 


Col.  William  Browne    . 


The  Brick  Schoolhouse,  Salem,  in  1768 


The  Bowditch-Holyoke  House,  Salem 


Capt.  Richard  Derby    .... 


The  Benjamin  Pickman  House,  Salem 


Col.  David  Mason        .... 


Mrs.  Mary  (Vial)  Holyoke,  aged  33  years    . 


Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  (1708-1773)     . 


Gen.  Alexander  Leslie 


Jonathan  Simpson 


Elias  Hasket  Derby 


Capt.  John  Derby 


Judge  Samuel  Curwen 


Court  House,  Salem,  1785 


George  Washington 


Rev.  William  Bentley  . 


WiUiam  Biglow     . 



Benjamin  Pickman  (1763-1843) 143 

Maj.  Joseph  Sprague 149 

Ship  Margaret 153 

The  Elias  Hasket  Derby  House,  Salem         ....  163 

Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D.,  aged  95  years        .         .  169 

Mrs.  Susanna  (Holyoke)  Ward 175 

Joshua  Ward,  jr. 179 

Andrew  Nichols,  M.  D 185 


The  following  diaries  of  various  members  of  the  Holyoke  fam- 
ily are  contained  in  interleaved  almanacs,  the  larger  number  of 
which  have  been  preserved  in  their  original  condition.  The  entries 
generally  are  of  a  line-a-day  character  and  are  very  concise.  In  the 
diaries  of  President  Holyoke  and  his  sons  are  daily  meteorological 
records  which  it  has  not  seemed  best  to  include  in  the  present  vol- 
ume, but  nearly  all  of  the  other  entries  were  deemed  to  be  of  suf- 
ficient interest  and  are  here  preserved.  On  the  other  hand,  the  diaries 
of  Mrs.  Mary  (Vial)  Holyoke  and  her  daughters  Margaret  and  Su- 
sanna are  little  more  than  a  record  of  calls,  guests  at  dinner,  and 
attendance  at  meetings.  Interspersed,  however,  are  valuable  mem- 
oranda of  births,  marriages  and  deaths,  and  not  infrequently  entries 
having  historical  significance  and  well  worthy  of  preservation. 
The  names  of  those  moving  in  the  immediate  circle  of  the  Holyoke 
family  appear  so  frequently  in  the  constant  round  of  tea  drinking 
and  dining,  it  was  imperative  that  the  original  record  should  be 
greatly  condensed.  Every  few  years,  however,  the  entries  of  a 
few  months  are  printed  very  nearly  verbatim  in  order  that  the  se- 
quence of  names  may  not  be  lost.  The  numerous  informal  refer- 
ences to  relatives,  found  throughout  the  diaries,  have  made  it  nec- 
essary to  include  a  genealogy  of  a  few  generations  of  the  Holyoke 
family  and  also  of  branches  of  several  closely  related  families. 

The  diary  of  President  Holyoke,  contained  in  sixty  almanacs, 
was  inherited  by  Mr.  Andrew  Nichols  of  Hathorne,  Mass.,  and  is 
now  in  his  possession.  Through  his  courtesy  it  is  included  in  the 
present  volume.  Mr.  Nichols  and  his  sister  Miss  Mary  W.  Nichols, 
have  been  of  great  assistance  in  copying  from  the  original,  the 
larger  part  of  the  matter  included  in  this  volume  and  also  in 
permitting  the  reproduction  of  family  portraits. 

The  diaries  of  Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D.  and  of  his 
brother  John  are  in  the  library  of  Harvard  University,  five  of 
them  having  been  presented  by  Joshua  Ward  of  Salem.  The  leaves 
for  the  year  1747,  separated  from  the  printed  pages  of  the  alma- 
nac, have  recently  been  given  to  the  library  by  Mr.  Frederick  L. 
Gay  of  Brookline,  who  purchased  them  at  the  sale  of  the  Matthew 
A.  Stickney  manuscripts.  The  diaries  are  here  included  through  the 
courtesy  of  Mr.  William  C.  Lane,  the  librarian. 

The  diaries  of  Mrs.  Mary  (Vial)  Holyoke,  and  of  her  daughters 
Margaret  and  Elizabeth,  were  formerly  in  the  possession  of  Mrs. 



Joshua  Ward  of  Salem.  About  fifty-five  years  ago  they  passed  into 
the  hands  of  the  late  Matthew  A.  Stickney  of  Salem,  and  at  the 
sale  of  his  library  in  1907  at  Libbie's  auction  rooms  in  Boston,  were 
purchased  by  Senator  George  Peabody  Wetmore  of  Ehode  Island, 
who  is  of  Salem  ancestry.  The  publication  of  the  present  volume  is 
made  possible  through  his  courtesy  and  substantial  assistance.  At 
some  time  before  the  diaries  were  sold,  Mr.  Stickney  had  carefully 
removed  the  sheets  of  manuscript  from  between  the  printed  leaves 
of  the  almanacs  and,  placing  them  in  the  original  covers,  had 
stitched  them  together  again.  The  almanacs  no  doubt  were  dis- 
persed at  the  sale  of  his  printed  books.  Mrs.  Holyoke's  daughter 
Elizabeth  died  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years.  Only  two  of  her  al- 
manac-diaries are  included  in  the  collection  purchased  by  Senator 
Wetmore,  and  such  few  entries  as  have  been  used  will  be  found  en- 
closed within  brackets. 

Mrs.  Holyoke's  daughter  Susanna,  married  Joshua  Ward  of 
Salem.  She,  too,  kept  an  almanac-diary  and  the  collection  of  an- 
nual volumes  covering  the  period  from  1793  to  1830  is  now  in  the 
possession  of  her  grandson,  Mr.  Robert  Osgood  of  Salem,  who  in 
turn  has  greatly  aided  the  preparation  of  this  volume  by  defraying 
the  cost  of  considerable  copying  and  also  by  supplying  illustrative 
material.  Mrs.  Ward's  diaries  from  1831  to  1856  are  now  in  the 
possession  of  Mr.  Andrew  Nichols. 

Rev.  Edward  Holyoke  came  from  an  ancient  and  respectable 
family  whose  ancestral  lines  have  been  traced  to  Tamworth,  in 
Warwickshire,  England.  The  first  of  the  name  to  come  to  New 
England  was  Edward,  who  arrived  in  1638  and  settled  at  Lynn. 
His  son  Elizur  removed  to  Springfield,  where  he  became  one  of 
the  most  distinguished  inhabitants  of  the  place.  His  son  Elizur 
came  to  Boston  and  engaged  in  business  and  here  his  son  Edward 
was  born  in  1689.  The  rudiments  of  his  education  were  received 
at  the  North  Grammar  school  in  Boston  and  in  1705  he  was  grad- 
uated from  Harvard  College.  In  1712  he  was  chosen  a  Tutor  in 
the  College  and  in  1713  he  became  a  Fellow  of  the  Corporation. 
Having  prepared  himself  for  the  ministry,  in  1714  he  went  to  Mar- 
blehead  and  became  a  candidate  as  colleague  pastor  to  their  aged 
minister,  the  Rev.  Samuel  Cheever.  Rev.  John  Barnard  of  Boston 
was  also  a  candidate  and  received  the  vote  of  the  church,  but  as 
the  friends  of  Mr.  Holyoke  were  unwilling  to  yield  there  was  a 
controversy  that  finally  ended  in  the  organizing  of  the  Second  Con- 
gregational church  and  the  calling  of  Mr.  Holyoke  as  their  pastor. 
He  took  up  his  residence  in  Marblehead  in  February,  1716  and  was 
ordained  on  the  25th  of  April  following.  "  As  the  smiles  of  Provi- 
dence were  seen  in  the  temperateness  of  the  day,"  says  the  record, 
"  so  the  solemnity  was  countenanced  with  the  presence  of  several 
councillors,  many  ministers  and  a  vast  assembly  of  people  from  all 


A  few  years  before,  the  Marblehead  schoolmaster,  Josiah  Cotton, 
described  the  township  "  as  not  much  bigger  than  a  large  farm,  and 
very  rocky,  so  they  are  forc't  to  get  their  living  out  of  the  sea,  not 
having  room  to  confound  the  fisherman  with  the  husbandman,  and 
so  spoil  both  as  they  do  in  some  places.  It  has  a  very  good  Har- 
bour which  they  improve  to  the  best  advantage  for  Fishing  both 
Summer  and  AVinter."  Here  Mr.  Holyoke  continued  to  officiate 
with  acceptance  to  his  congregation  and  to  the  community  for 
twenty-one  years,  and  here  he  married  his  first  wife,  Elizabeth 
Browne,  the  daughter  of  a  prominent  merchant  of  the  town. 

Upon  the  death  of  President  Wadsworth  of  Harvard  College,  in 
1737,  the  attention  of  the  corporation  was  directed  to  Mr.  Holyoke 
by  the  Rev.  John  Barnard,  pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  Marblehead, 
who  had  defeated  Mr.  Holyoke  in  1715  in  the  choice  of  colleague 
pastor.  Dr.  Eliot  records  that  Father  Barnard  even  went  to  Gov- 
ernor Belcher  and  asked  why  the  corporation  continued  to  chose 
one  Boston  minister  after  another  to  the  neglect  of  the  man  most 
qualified  to  fill  the  chair  —  "  his  worthy  brother,  Holyoke."  On 
May  30,  1737,  the  corporation  unanimously  elected  Rev.  Edward 
Holyoke  and  upon  his  acceptance,  the  General  Court  voted  to  pay 
his  church  in  Marblehead,  the  sum  of  £140,  to  encourage  the  settle- 
ment of  a  new  minister.  His  induction  took  place  on  Sept.  28th 
following.  But  this  was  not  accomplished  without  strong  op- 
position from  his  congregation  and  several  meetings  were  held 
before  they  gave  their  consent  and  at  the  last  meeting  Father  Bar- 
nard prayed  long  and  earnestly  that  the  people  might  be  reconciled 
to  part  with  their  pastor.  The  prayer  had  the  desired  effect,  and 
when  some  of  the  people  were  afterwards  asked  why  they  consented 
to  part  with  so  valuable  a  man,  the  quaint  reply  was:  "Old  Bar- 
nard prayed  him  away."  In  Father  Barnard's  autobiography 
(Mass.  Hist.  Coll.  3d  series,  Vol.  V,  p.  220)  is  preserved  a  vivid 
picture  of  Mr.  Holyoke's  training  and  qualifications  for  the  Presi- 
dential chair,  emphasis  being  laid  upon  his  "  orthodox  Calvinism," 
a  prime  requisite  at  that  time. 

Harvard  College  at  that  time  had  about  one  hundred  students 
who  were  instructed  by  the  President  and  four  tutors,  and  over 
the  destinies  of  this  institution,  President  Holyoke  presided  with 
care  and  acceptability  for  thirty-two  years.  He  became  somewhat 
involved  in  the  controversy  over  Rev.  George  "Whitefield,  more 
particularly  in  defense  of  the  College  against  animadversions  of 
Whitefield,  but  acquited  himself  with  dignity  and  repute.  Presi- 
dent Holyoke  retained  his  mental  faculties  and  strength  of  body 
until  he  was  far  advanced  in  life  and  died  June  1,  1769  in  the 
eightieth  year  of  his  age.  He  was  especially  distinguished  as  a 
mathematician  and  classical  scholar.  A  contemporary  has  described 
him  as  being  of  "  fine  commanding  presence  and  united  great 
dignity  with  great  urbanity  in  his  manners.     In  conversation,  as 


well  as  in  public  discourse,  he  spoke  with  fluency  and  appropri- 
ateness, and  yet  without  any  appearance  of  ostentation.  In  the 
government  of  the  college  he  was  mild,  but  yet  firm  and  efi&cient 
and  in  the  whole  admirably  qualified  to  be  its  head." 

President  Holyoke's  eldest  son  was  Edward  Augustus,  who  was 
born  in  Marblehead  in  1728  and  died  in  Salem,  aged  one  hundred 
years.  He  was  graduated  at  Harvard  College  in  1746  and  after 
studying  medicine  with  Doctor  Berry  of  Ipswich,  he  settled  in 
Salem  in  1749  and  became  an  eminent  physician.  His  practice 
covered  the  remarkable  period  of  eighty  years  and  his  charge  books, 
recording  the  first  professional  call  and  the  last  fee  collected,  are 
now  preserved  by  the  Essex  Institute.  "  He  possessed  much  viva- 
city of  disposition  accompanied  with  great  agility  of  body  and  when 
at  college  was  remarkable  for  his  feats  of  activity."  He  was  a 
good  scholar  and  found  much  pleasure  in  the  physical  sciences, 
particularly  astronomy.  Meteorology  and  astronomy  seem  to  have 
had  peculiar  attractions  to  the  members  of  the  Holyoke  family.  In 
all  of  the  diaries  that  have  been  preserved  a  more  or  less  careful 
record  of  the  weather  and  temperature  is  to  be  found  together  with 
the  appearance  of  comets,  remarkable  displays  of  the  aurora  bore- 
alis,  the  occurrence  of  eclipses,  etc.  President  Holyoke  published 
an  almanac  for  the  year  and  his  son,  the  Doctor,  made  accurate  ob- 
servations in  1769,  of  the  transit  of  Venus  over  the  sun's  disk  and 
in  1782,  of  the  transit  of  Mercury.  He  also  made  calculations  of 
eclipses  of  the  sun  and  moon  covering  a  long  period,  which  have 
proved  to  be  very  exact. 

Following  the  custom  of  the  physicians  of  his  time.  Dr.  Holyoke 
received  pupils  during  nearly  the  entire  period  of  his  active  prac- 
tice and  some  of  the  most  distinguished  physicians  of  New  England 
were  educated  under  his  care.  The  total  number  was  thirty -five, 
among  whom  were  James  Jackson  of  Boston,  Nathaniel  Bradstreet 
of  Newbury  port,  and  B.  Lynde  Oliver,  J.  D.  Treadwell,  and  Abiel 
Pearson  of  Salem. 

Dr.  Holyoke  was  very  attentive  to  his  medical  practice  and 
seldom  went  away  from  Salem  for  longer  than  a  day  or  two.  His 
charge  books  show  an  average  of  eleven  professional  visits  a  day 
for  a  period  of  seventy-five  years.  At  one  time  in  his  practice  he 
could  say  there  was  not  a  house  in  Salem  in  which  he  had  not 
visited  professionally.  Greatly  respected  and  esteemed  by  his  fel- 
low citizens,  his  name  was  sought  for  in  connection  with  every 
undertaking  for  the  welfare  of  the  community,  as  a  sort  of  pass- 
port to  the  confidence  of  the  public. 

Coming  from  an  excellent  family,  and  one  prominent  in  the 
Province,  it  is  natural  that  his  intimate  friends  and  connections 
before  the  Revolution,  should  be  attached  to  the  established  order 
of  things  and  favor  the  royal  cause.  While  he  believed  that  his 
country  was  destined  to  be  independent,  yet  it    was  a  very  trying 


time  for  him  when  the  larger  number  of  his  immediate  associates 
felt  compelled  to  abandon  their  homes  and  friends.  All  the  while 
he  kept  steadily  at  work  and  no  doubt  the  benevolent  character  of 
his  duties  preserved  him  from  insult  or  harm.  It  does  not  appear 
that  his  practice  was  ever  injured  in  any  way  by  the  unpopularity 
of  his  opinions. 

Dr.  Holyoke  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Massachusetts  Med- 
ical Society  and  its  first  President.  He  also  was  one  of  the  original 
members  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences  and  was 
at  one  time  its  President.  He  was  President  of  the  Salem  Athe- 
naeum from  its  organization  in  1810  until  the  day  of  his  death, 
President  of  the  Essex  Historical  Society,  the  Institution  for  Sav- 
ings, the  Salem  Dispensary,  and  always  manifested  great  interest 
in  everything  that  concerned  the  public  welfare. 

On  his  one  hundredth  birthday  his  medical  friends  of  Salem  and 
Boston  united  in  tendering  to  him  a  public  dinner  at  which  he  ap- 
peared in  perfect  health  and  took  part  in  the  hilarity  of  the  occa- 
sion with  evident  zest.  He  was  dressed  in  his  usual  studied  neat- 
ness, with  powdered  wig  and  just  enough  of  the  antiquated  fashion 
in  his  attire  and  manner  to  show  him  to  be  typical  of  the  old  school 
of  gentlemen.  It  was,  however,  the  last  lighting  up  of  the  spark 
of  life  and  within  a  month  he  began  to  feel  the  approach  of  the 
disease  which  ended  his  life,  March  31,  1829,  at  the  age  of  one 
hundred  years  and  eight  months,  lacking  one  day. 


1.  Elizur  Holtoke,  son  of  Capt.  Elizur  and  Mary  (Pynchon) 
Holyoke,  was  born  Oct.  13,  1661,  at  Springfield,  Mass.  His  father 
removed  from  Lynn  and  settled  at  Springfield  about  1640  and  be- 
came one  of  the  most  distinguished  inhabitants  of  the  place.  He 
was  recorder  of  all  the  courts,  captain  of  the  military  company, 
and  frequently  a  representative  to  the  General  Court.  His  son 
Elizur  removed  to  Boston,  where  he  learned  the  trade  of  brazier  and 
engaged  in  business  on  his  own  account,  becoming  a  wealthy  and 
influential  man  and  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Old  South  Church. 
He  married,  Jan.  2,  1677,  Mary,  daughter  of  Jacob  Elliot  of  Bos- 
ton.    He  died  Aug.  11,  1711,  and  she  died  Feb.  2,  1721. 

Children  of  Elizur  and  Mary  (Elliot)  Holyoke  : 

2.  Elizur,  b.  Mar.  28,  1679;  d.  Feb.,  1701. 

3.  Edward,  b.  Sept.  30,  1680;  d.  Nov.  30,  1680. 

4.  Mary,  b.  Sept.  1,  1681;   m.  Sept.  17,  1713,  William  Arnold  of  Boston. 

He  d.  July  6,  1727,  and  she  d.  Dec.  17,  1750,  without  issue. 

5.  John,  b.  Feb.  10,  1683  ;  m.  Jan.  9,  1727,  Joanna  Walker.     The  family 

have  a  record  that  he  m.  a  Mrs.  Green  of  Cambridge  and  d.  Dec.  1, 
1759,  without  issue. 

6.  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  12,  1685;  d.  Sept.  4,  1686. 

7.  Hannah,  b.  Feb.  15,  1686;  m.  1st,  Jan.  27, 1720,  Capt.  John  Charnock, 

merchant,  of  Boston;  m.  2d,  Nov.  6,  1727,  Col.  Theophilus  Burrill 
of  Lynn,  representative  and  councillor.  He  d.  July  5,  1737,  and 
shed.  Nov.  19,  1704.  Had:  William,  b.  Feb.  15,  1722,  and  d.  June 
23,  1740.     No  issue   by  the  second  marriage. 

8.  Edward  (twin),  b.  June  26,  1689. 

9.  Samukl  (twin),  b.  June  26,  1689;  d.  March,  1692,  drowned. 

10.  Samukl,  b.  Mar.  21,  1694. 

11.  Sakah,  b.  Feb.  2,  1695;  m.   Apr.  3,  1723,  John  Elliot,  son  of  Joseph 

Elliot,  a  bookseller  of  Boston.  She  d.  Sept,  6,  1755.  He  d.  Nov. 
14,  1771. 

12.  Jacob,  b.  Nov.  6,  1697. 

8.  Edwaud  Holyoke,  born  June  26,  1689,  was  graduated  at 
Harvard  College  in  1705 ;  chosen  tutor  in  1712  and  a  fellow  of 
the  corporation  the  next  year.  In  1714  he  became  a  candidate  as 
colleague  pastor  of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Cheever  of  Marblehead,  but  a 



1655-1  721  . 

The  mother  of   President   Holyoke.     From  the  portrait  now   in   the  possession 
of  Andrew   Nichols. 


majority  of  the  church  favored  another  candidate,  and  the  minority 
withdrew  and  formed  a  second  church,  over  which  Mr.  Holyoke 
was  invited  to  become  pastor.  He  was  ordained  April  25,  1716. 
There  he  remained  until  1737,  when  he  was  chosen  President  of 
Harvard  College,  which  office  he  held  until  his  death,  on  June  1, 
17G9.  He  married,  first,  Aug.  8,  1717,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Capt.  John  and  Elizabeth  (Legg)  Browne*  of  Marblehead.  She 
died  Aug.  15,  1719,  aged  28  years,  and  he  married,  second,  Nov.  9, 
1725,  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Rogers)  Apple- 
tunt  of  Ipswich.  She  died  June  25,  1740,  and  he  married,  third, 
March  17,  1742,  Mary  (Whipple),  widow  of  Hon.  Symonds  EpesJ 
of  Ipswich.  She  died  Mar.  20,  1790,  aged  92  years.  He  died 
June  1,  1769. 

Children  of  Edward  and  Elizabeth  : 

13.  Elizabeth,  b.  June  22,  1718;  d.  July  1,  1718. 

14.  Elizabeth,  b.  May  31,  1719;  d.  Jan.  1,  1720-21. 

Children  of  Edward  and  Margaret : 

15.  Margaret,  b.  Sept.  22,  1726;  m.  Aug.  9,  1750,  JohnMascarene,  comp- 

troller of  the  King's  customs  at  Salem.  He  d  Sept.  24,  1779,  and 
she  d.  Dec.  21,  1792,  in  Boston.  Had:  (1)  Elizabeth,  b.  May  12, 
1751,  d.  May  22,  1783;  (2)  Joanna,  b.  June  15,  1756,  d.  Sept.  24, 
1756;  (3)  a  son,  Nov.  23,  1758;  (4)  Peggy,  d.  Oct.  9, 1760;  (5)  John, 
b.  July  24,  1766. 

16.  Edward  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  1,  1728. 

*Capt.  John  Browne,  son  of  Giles,  came  from  Exeter,  England,  to  Marblehead,  and 
m.  May  28,  1686,  Elizabeth  Legg.  He  was  a  merchant  and  d.  May  7,  1707,  aged  47  years, 
leaving  an  estate  of  £1342.11.9.  His  wife  continued  to  carry  on  his  store  and  was  known 
as  "  Madam  Browne."  She  was  alive  in  1724.  Had:  (1)  Deborah,  bp.  Apr.  15,  1G88;  m. 
Mar.  28,  1711,  John  Onlton,  merchant,  of  Boston;  d.  July  14,  1732.  (2)  John,  bp.  Jan.  19, 
1689-90;  d.  Feb.  17,  1702-3.  (3)  Elizabeth,  bp.  Feb.  21,  1691-2;  m.  Aug.  8,  1717,  Rev.  Ed- 
ward flolyoke,  minister  at  Marblehead,  and  d.  Aug.  15,  1719.  (4)  Mary,  tap.  Oct  29,  1693, 
m.  Jan.  4, 1712-13,  Stephen  Minott,  jr.,  merchant  of  Boston;  d.  Dec.  25,  1768.  (5)  Legg, 
bp.  Jan.  26,  1695-6;  d.  Mar.,  1G95-6.  (6)  Giles,  bp.  Jan.  31,  1696-7;  d,  Dec.  21,  1707.  (7)  Jane, 
tap.  Feb.  19,  1698-9;  m.  Apr.  7,  1720,  John  Lege,  merchant  of  Boston;  d.  Sept.  16,  1726.  (8) 
Ann,  bp.  Feb.  19,  1700-1;  d.  Jan.  6, 1719.  (9)  Hannah,  bp.  Feb.  14,  1702-3;  m.  July  30,  1727, 
Capt.  David  LeGallais;  d.  Feb.  7,  1750-1.    (10)  Sarah,  bp.  Apr.  16,  1704. 

+Hon.  John  Appleton,  son  of  Capt.  John  and  Priscilla  (Glover)  Appleton,  was  b.  in 
Ipswich  Oct.  17, 16.52,  where  he  afterwards  lived  and  became  a  merchant,  representative, 
member  of  the  council,  judge  of  probate,  colonel  in  the  militia,  clerk  of  courts,  and 
chief  justice  of  the  Inferior  Courc  of  Common  Pleas.  He  m.,  Nov.  23,  1081,  Elizabeth 
Rogers,  daughter  of  President  Rogers  of  Harvard  College.  He  d.  Sept.  11,  1739,  and  yhe 
d.  Mar.  12,  1754.  Had :  (1)  Elizabeth,  b.  Apr.  23,  1682,  m.  July  26,  1704,  Rev.  Jabez  Fitch 
of  Portsmouth,  d.  Oct.  18, 1765;  (2)  John,  b.  Nov.  23,  1683,  d.  Sept.  23,  1699,  at  Cambridge; 
(3)  William,  b.  Oct.  15,  1686,  d.  Julv  10,  1689;  (4)  Daniel,  b.  Aug.  17,  1688,  d.  Oct.  7,  16s9; 
(5)  Daniel,  b.  Aug.  8,  1692,  m.  June  8,  1715,  Elizabeth  Berry  of  Cambridge,  judge  of  Court 
of  Sessions,  d.  Aug.  17,  1762;  (6)  Nathaniel,  b.  Dec.  9,  1693,  m.  June  25,  1719,  Marararet 
Gibbs  of  Watertown,  minister  at  Cambridge,  she  d.  Jan.  17,  1771,  he  d.  Feb.  9,  1784;  (7) 
Priscilla,  b.  Jan.  3,  1697,  m.  June  28,  1722,  Ker.  Robert  Ward  of  Wenham,  d.  July  22, 
1724;  (8)  Margaret,  b.  Mar.  19,  1701,  m.  Nov.  9,  1725,  Rev.  Edward  Holyoke  of  Marble- 
head, d.  June  25,  1740;  (9)  John,  b.  Aug.  18,  1704,  d.  Sept.  13,  1705. 

tMaj.  Symonds  Epes,  born  about  1662,  was  the  son  of  Capt.  Daniel  Epes  of  Ipswich. 
He  was  justice  of  the  Court  of  Sessions  and  member  of  the  Council.  He  married  for 
his  second  wife,  when  she  was  16  years  old  (int.  Ma  r.  26,  1715),  Mary,  daughter  of  .loseph 
and  Mary  (Symond.s)  Whipple  of  Ipswich.  After  his  death,  Aug.  30.  1741,  she  m.,  2d, 
Mar.  17,  1741-2,  Rev.  Edward  Holyoke,  President  of  Harvard  College.  Maj.  Symonds  and 
Mary  Epes  had :  (1)  Mary,  b.  July  7,  1724,  d.  July  24,  1724;  (2)  Mary,  b.  Oct.  5,  1725,  d.  Jan. 
3,  1730;  (3)  Symonds,  b.  Nov.  13,  1729,  d.  Sept.  18,  1730;  (4)  Samuel,  b.  Mar.  27,  1734,  d. 
June  30, 1760,  at  Cambridge;  (5)  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  20, 1736,  d.  Feb.  16, 1759. 


17.  Maky,  b.  Apr.  30,  1730;  d.  Oct.  1,  1741. 

18.  Elizabeth  ("  Betsey  "),   b.  Apr.  25,  1732;  m.  Oct.  25,  1763,  William 

Kneeland,  M.  D.,  of  Cambridge  (Harvard,  1751),  for  several  years 
President  of  the  Mass.  Medical  Sec.  He  d.  Nov.  2,  1788,  and  she  d. 
Sept.  15,  1821.  Had:  (1)  Lydia,  b.  July  15,  1768;  d.  unm.abt.  July, 
1837;  (2)  Elizabeth  Holyoke,  bp.  May  13,  1770;  d.  umn.,  Dec.  23, 
1826;  (3)  Mary,  b.  March,  1773;  ra.  Levi  Hedges. 

19.  John,  b,  Feb.  18,  1734;  d.  unm.  Dec.  30,  1753  (Harvard,  1751). 

20.  Anna  ("  Nanoy"),  b.  Nov.  26,  1735;    ni.  Dec.  9,  1762,  Samuel  Cutts, 

merchant,  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.  He  d.  May  29,  1801,  and  she  d. 
Mar.  28,  1812.  Had:  (1)  Edward,  b.  Sept.  28,  1763;  m.  April,  1796, 
Mary  Carter;  d.  Sept.  20,  1824;  (2)  Eliza  Eppes,  b.  May  6,  1765, 
m.  May  1,  1788,  Nathaniel  Carter,  jr.,  d.  June,  1857;  (3)  Samuel, 
b.  Sept.  27, 1766,  d.  unm.,  Dec,  1797  ;  (4)  Anna  Holyoke,  b.  Nov.  7, 

1767,  d.  unm.  Aug.  30,  1788;  (5)  Charles,  b.  Jan.  30,  1769,  m. , 

1812,  Lucy  H.  Southall,  d.  Jan.,  1846;  (6),  George,  b.  Mar.  16, 
1771,  d.  unm.  Dec,  1824;  (7)  Priscilla,  b.  May  24,  1773,  m.  Sept.  3, 
1808,  Joseph  Storer,  d.  Feb.,  19,  1860  ;  (8)  Sidney,  b.  June  17, 
1775,  d.  unm.,  Feb.  26,  1792;  (9)  Hampden,  b.  Mar.  7,  1777,  d. 
unm.,  Jan.  29,  1802. 

21.  William,  b.  1737;  d.  June  25,  1740. 

22.  Priscilla,  b.  July  29,  1739  ;  m.  July  17,  1780,  Rev.   Eliphalet  Pear- 

son, first  Principal  of  Phillips  Academy  in  Andover,  and  Professor 
of  Hebrew  at  Harvard  College,  1786-1806.  She  d.  Mar.  29,  1782  at 
Andover,  and  he  m.  2d,  Sept.  29,  1785,  Sarah  Broomfield  of 
Harvard,  Mass.  He  d.  Sept.  12,  1826  at  Greenland,  N.  H.  Had 
by  1st  m:  (1)  Mary  Holyoke,  b.  Mar.  6,  1782,  m.  Jan.  5,1814,  Rev. 
Ephraim  Abbot  of  Greenland,  N.  H.,  d.  July  15,  1829. 

Children  of  Edward  and  Mary  : 

23.  Mary,  b.  Dec.  12,  1742;  d.  Nov.  13,  1753. 

10.  Samuel  Holyoke  born  in  Boston  Mar.  21,  1693,  married 
[Oct.  20,  1724,  Edward  Holyoke  Diary;  Jan.  14,  1724,  Boston 
Rds.],  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Joseph  Bridgham  of  Boston.  He 
died  Mar.  16,  1768,  and  she  died  May  21,  1770. 

Children  of  Samuel  and  Elizabeth  : 

24.  Elizabeth,  b.  July  25,  1725;  d,  Nov.,  1725. 

25.  Samuel,  b.  Sept.  25,  1726;  d.  1751,  Bath,  North  Carolina. 

26.  Mercy,  b.  Feb.  7,  1727-8;  d.  Apr.,  1728. 

27.  Elizur,  b.  May  11,  1731. 

28.  John,  b.  Aug.  26,  1733;  d.  Oct.,  1783. 

29.  A  SON,  b.  Oct.  17,  1734;  d.  Oct.  20,  1734. 

30.  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  18,  1736;  d.  Jan.  23, 1737. 

31.  Mary,  b.  Sept.,  1738;  d.  May  20,  1739. 

32.  John,  b.  Nov.,  1739;  d.  Dec.  24,  1740. 


12.  Jacob  Holtoke  born  in  Boston,  Nov.  G,  1697,  married 
Aug.  13,  1730,  Susannah,  daughter  of  Capt.  Edward  and  Sarali 
Marty n  of  Boston.  He  died  Sept.  19,  1768  and  she  died  July, 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Susannah  : 

33.  Jacob,  b.  June  26,  1731;  d.  June,  1747,  in  Jamaica. 

34.  Edward,  b.  Dec.  21,  1733;  d.  Nov.  29,  1805. 

35.  Sarah,  b.  Sept.  28,  1735;  m.  (int.  Mar.   20,    1702),   John   Skinner  of 

Boston.     She  d.  Mar.,  1806;  he  d.  1813. 
35a.     Mary,  b.  Jan.  20,  1737;  d.  young. 

36.  Elizur,  b.  Sept.  25,  1739. 

37.  Mary,  b.  July  3,  1741 ;  ra.  July  11,  1769,  James  Sherman,  silversmith, 

of  Boston;  she  d.  Feb.,  1809. 

38.  John,  b.  Aug.  27,  1743;  said  to  have  been  one   of  "the   tea  party"; 

removed  to  Orrington,  Me.  about  1777  and  was  a  cooper  by  trade  ; 
m.  Dec.  13,  1768,  Elizabeth,  dau.  Joseph  and  Mary  (Farmer) 
Treat.  He  d.  Apr.  21,  1807  and  she  d.  Dec.  4,  1830.  Had:  (1) 
John;  (2)  Caleb  Hopkins;  (3)  Polly;  (4)  Edward;  (5)  Elizabeth; 
(6)  Jacob;  (7)  Sarah;  (8)  William;  (9)  Robert  Treat;  (10)  Richard. 

39.  Richard,  d.  Aug.  3,  1769. 

16.  Edward  Augustus  Holtoke,  M.  D.,  born  Aug.  1,  1728, 
Harvard,  1746,  practiced  medicine  in  Salem  for  eighty  years ;  first 
President  Massachusetts  Medical  Society  and  first  person  on  whom 
the  degree  of  M.  D.  was  conferred  by  Harvard  College.  Married, 
first,  June  1,  1755,  in  Salem,  Judith,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Pick- 
man.  She  died  Nov.  19,  1756,  and  he  married,  second,  Nov.  22, 
1759,  Mary,  daughter  of  Nathaniel  and  Mary  (Simpson)  Vial*  of 
Boston.  She  was  born  Dec.  19,  1737  and  died  Apr.  15,  1802.  He 
died  March  31,  1829. 

Children  of  Edward  Augustus  and  Judith : 

40.  Judith,  Oct.,  1756;  d.  Dec.  4,  1756. 

•Nathaniel  Vial,  shopkeeper  of  Boston,  m.  May  20,  1735,  Mary,  daughter  of  Jonathant 
and  Mary  (Baker)  Simpson  of  Boston.  Had.  in  1752  (will  probated  July  21,  1752).  His 
widow  m.  2nd.  (int.  Aug.  23,  1753),  Rev.  Samuel  Porter  of  Sherburne.  Had:  Mary,  b. 
Dec.  19,  1737,  m.  Nov.  22,  1759,  Kdward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D.  and  d.  Apr.  15, 1802.  She 
was  named  in  her  father's  will  as  his  "  only  child.'* 

t  Jonathan  Simpson  of  Boston,  was  the  son  of  Jonathan  and  Wait  (Clap)  Simpson  of 
Charlestown.  He  was  b.  (bp.  Mar.  1,  1685)  and  m.  1st.  Apr.  10,  1707,  Mary,  daughter 
of  Thomas  and  Mary  Baker  ;  m.  2d  Esther  Wheeler.  He  was  "a  noted  shop  keei)er" 
of  Boston  and  deacon  of  the  Old  South  Church  for  thirty  years.  He  d.  Feb.  18,  1763. 
Had  :  (1)  Jonathan,  b.  Feb.  24,  1707-8,  d.  young;  (2)  John,  b.  July  9,  1710,  m.  Sept.  29, 
1741,  Hannah  Davis.  He  d.  in  1764  while  on  a  voyage  to  Lisbon.  They  had  (a)  Jonathan 
a  loyalist,  who  was  commissary  to  the  British  Army  at  Charlestown,  S.  C.  and 
returned  to  Boston  and  d.  in  1834,  (b)  Mary,  m.  Aug.  27,  1707,  John,  son  of  Joshua  Wm- 
Blow  ;  (3)  Jonathan,  b.  Oct.  30,  1712,  Boston  Rds.  ;  Oct.  19,  1711,  Bible  Kd.,  m.  Feb.  1,  1754, 
Margaret  Lech  more.  He  was  a  merchant  of  Boston  and  a  loyalist  who  d.  Sept.  19,  1796 
at  Bristol,  Eng.,  leaving  no  children;  (4)  Mary,  b.  Oct.  8,  1714,  m.  1st.  May  20,  17.35,  Nath- 
anlel  Vial,  m.  2d.  (int.  Aug.  23,  1753),  Rev.  Samuel  Porter  of  Sherburne;  (5)  Anne,  b. 
June  12, 1718,  m.  Sept.  27,  1750,  Nathaniel  Glover  who  d.  May  20,  1773;  (0)  Susanna,  b. 
Sept.  30, 17140.    (A  Susanna  Simpson,  m.  July  29, 1766,  in  Boston,  James  Morris.) 


Children  of  Edward  Augustus  and  Mary : 

41.  Mary  ("  Polly  "),  b.  Sept.  14,  1700;  d.  Jan.  13,  1764. 

42.  Margaeet  ("  Peggy"),  b.  Mar.  4,  1763;  d.  unm.  Jan.  25,  1825. 

43.  Mary  ("  Polly  "),  b.  Jan.  9,  1765;  d.  Oct.  31,  1765. 

44.  Edward  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  12,  1766;  d.  Nov.  3,  1766. 

45.  Mary  (•'  Polly  "),  b.  Sept.  5,  1767;  d.  Sept.  9,  1767. 

46.  Anna  ("  Nancy  "),  b.  Oct.  12,  1768  ;  d.  Oct.  31,  1768. 

47.  Edward,  b.  May  17,  1770;  d.  May  21,  1770. 

48.  Elizabeth  ("  Betsy  "),  b.  Sept.  11,  1771;  d.  Mar.  26,  1789. 

49.  Judith,  b.  Jan.  20,  1774. 

50.  Henrietta,  b.  Dec.  5,  1776;  d.  Dec.  27,  1776. 

51.  Susanna,  b.  Apr.  21,  1779. 

52.  Edward  Augustus,  b.  Mar.  8,  1782;  d.  Oct.,  1782. 

27.  Eev.  Elizur  Holtoke  born  May  11,  1731,  Harvard,  1750, 
was  ordained  at  Boxford,  Mass.,  Jan.  31,  1759,  where  he  remained 
until  his  death  Mar.  31, 1806.  He  married  Nov.  13, 1760,  Hannah, 
daughter  of  Eev.  Oliver  Peabody  of  Natick.  She  died  Dec.  20, 
1808  in  Boxford. 

Children  of  Rev.  Elizur  and  Hannah  : 

63.     Samuel,  b.  Aug.  5,  1761;  d.  Aug.  18,  1761. 

54.  Samuel,  b.  Oct.  15,  1762;    d.  unm.  Feb.  22,  1820,  at  Concord,  N.  H. 

Harvard,  1789;  distinguished  composer  of  music. 

55.  Elizur,  b.  Nov.  18,  1764;  d.  unm.  Sept.  25,  1834. 

56.  Elizabeth,  b.  May  28,  1767;  d.  Aug.  2,  1767. 

57.  Oliver  Peabody,  b.  Apr.  4,  1769;  m.  Elizabeth  Bourne.     He  d.  Feb., 

1810,  and  she  was  drovpned  Oct.  9,  1810,  in  Havana  harbor. 

58.  Edward,  b.  Jan.  15,  1772;  d.  unm.  July  1,  1846.     Farmer. 

59.  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  16,  1774;  d.  unm,  in  Boxford. 

60.  Charles,  Nov.  11,  1781;  d.  1784. 

36.  Elizur  Holyoke  born  Sept.  25,  1739,  settled  in  Marl- 
borough, Mass.  and  married  Feb.  15,  1775,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Silas 
and  Elizabeth  Yates.  He  marched  to  Cambridge  on  the  19th  of 
April,  1775  and  afterwards  entered  the  regular  service.  He  died 
Sept.  4,  1794,  and  she  died  Apr.  14,  1830. 

Children  of  Elizur  and  Sarah  : 

61.  Lydia,  b.  Feb.  22,  1775. 

62.  Richard,  b.  Jan.  8,  1777.     Removed  to  St.  Albans,  Vt. 

63.  William,  b.  Feb.  23,  1779;  m.  Apr.  8,  1805,  Rebecca  Howe  of  Sudbury. 

He  was  Captain  in  the  militia.     7  children. 
04.     Mary,  b.  Mar.  13,  1781;  d.  unm.  Aug.  17,  1834. 

65.  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb,  18,  1783. 

66.  Sarah  Skinner,  b.  Feb.  13,  1785;  m. Moore. 

67.  Susanna,  b.  Mar.  7,  1787. 


68.  Martin,  b.  Aug.  10,  1789;  d.  Feb.  8,  1796. 

69.  Jacob,  b.  Dec.  4,  1791;  m.  May  13,  1823,  Lydia  Howe;  7  children.  He 

d.  Nov.  7,  1853. 

70.  Elizur,  b.  Jan.  26,  1794;  m.  Apr.  1,  1824,  Martha  Howe. 

49.  Judith  Holyoke  born  Jan.  20,  1774  in  Salem,  married  in 
Boston,  Oct.  29,  1795,  William  Turner,  a  dancing  master,  of  Bos- 
ton. They  lived  in  Boston  and  Salem.  He  died  April,  1828,  and 
she  died  Feb.  5,  1841. 

Children  of  William  and  Judith  Turner,  all  born  in  Boston : 

71.  Edward  Augustus,  b.  July  12,  179C;  m.  Oct.  18,  1826,  Maria  Osgood 

of  Andover.  Physician;  changed  his  name  to  Holyoke  and  prac- 
ticed in  Salem  and  Syracuse,  N.  Y.  He  d.  Dec.  17,  18i)o  at  Syra- 
cuse. Had:  (1)  Edward  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  19,  1827;  (2)  Charles, 
b.  Apr.  24,  1829;  (3)  Frank,  b.  May  12,  1831;  (4)  George  Osgood; 
(5)  Maria,  b.  Nov.  21,  lS3o;  (0)  William. 

72.  Wilmam  Henry,  b.  Aug.  31,  1798;  removed  to   Maine  and  d.  Aug. 

17,  1868. 

73.  Samuel  (twin),  b.  July  22,  1800;  d.  young. 

74.  Charles  (twin),  b.  July  22,  1800;  d.  Apr.  6,  1802. 

75.  Margaret  Holyoke,  b.  Oct.  1,  1802;  d.  unm.  Dec.  18, 1860,  in  Salem. 

76.  Samuel  Epes,  b.  Dec.  8,  1809;  removed  to  Baltimore  and  d.  June  17, 


77.  Nathaniel  Vial,  b.  May  27,  1811;  d.  May  30,  1811. 

78.  Judith  Pickman,  b.  Nov.  29,  1813;  d.  Mar.  12,  1814. 

51.  Susanna  Holyoke  born  April  21,  1779  in  Salem,  married 
Aug.  7,  1799,  Joshua,  son  of  Capt.  Joshua  Ward.  He  was  born 
May  11,  1776  and  died  Sept.  8,  1840.     She  died  Feb.  5,  1860. 

Children  of  Joshua  and  Susanna  Ward  : 

79.  Mary  Holyoke,  b.  May  2, 1800;  m.  Oct.  3,  1833,  Andrew  Nichols,  M.D. 

of  Danvers.  He  d.  Mar.  30,  1853  and  she  d.  Apr.  15,  1880.  Had: 
(1)  Mary  Augusta,  b.  Sept.  20,  1836,  d.  Nov.  7,  1836;  (2)  Andrew, 
b.  Sept.  17,  1837;  m.  Sept.  5,  1861,  Elizabeth  Perkins  Stanley  and 
had  (a)  Andrew,  b.  June  10,  1862,  d.  Dec.  12,  1897,  m.  Nov.  23, 
1886,  Mary  Ann  Bill,  who  d.  Dec.  24,  1910.  They  had:  Annie 
Bowlraan,  Andrew,  Marion  Bill;  (b)  Elizabeth  Hunt,  b.  May  1, 
1864,  d.  Feb.  5,  1873;  (c)  John  Holyoke,  b.  April  9,  1866,  physician, 
m.  Oct.  2,  1902,  Oda  Howe;  (d)  Joshua  Ward,  b.  Feb.  26,  1868; 
m.  Oct.  20,  1903,  Clara  Louise  Ballou  and  had:  John  Ballon, 
Florence  Ballou;  (e)  Mary  Elliot,  b.  Nov.  30,  1869;  (f)  William 
Stanley,  b.  May  4,  1872,  clergyman,  m.  Jan.  8,  1902,  Nellie  E. 
Johnson,  and  had  Edward  Holyoke;  (g)  Nellie  Chapman,  b.  Aug. 
6,  1874,  m.  Apr.  22,  1903,  Charles  H.  Preston,  and  had  Ruth 
Stuart,  Charles  Putnam,  Stanley  Nichols;  (h)  Margaret  Appleton, 
b.  Aug.  29,  1878;    (3)  John  Joseph,  b.  Oct.  26,   1839,   d.  Apr.  11, 


1840;  (4)  Mary  Ward,  b.  Jan.  14,  1842;  (5)  John  Holyoke,  b.  May 
8,  1843,  d.  Aug.  12,  1844. 

80.  Mehitable,  b.  Feb.  14,  1802. 

81.  Elizabeth  Holyoke,  b.  Jan.  14,  1804;  d.  unm.  Feb.  15,  1851. 

82.  Joshua,  b.  Apr.  8,  1806;  d.  June  2,  1808. 

83.  Joshua  Holyoke,  b.  July  8, 1808;  Harvard,  1829;  judge  of  Court  of 

Common  Pleas;  d.  unm.,  June  5,  1848. 

84.  A  son,  b.  and  d.  May  28,  1811. 

85.  Susanna  (baptized  by  this  name  but  always  known  as  "Susan"),  b. 

July  19,  1813;  m.  June  19,  1838,  Charles  Osgood,  portrait  painter. 
She  d.  May  24,  1844  and  he  m.  2d,  Feb.  28,  1854,  Sarah  Elizabeth 
Cook.  She  d.  Mar.  4,  1890,  and  he  d.  Dec.  26,  1890.  Had :  (1)  Charlf  s 
Stuart,  b.  Mar.  13,  1839;  d.  Aug.  20,  1897;  m.  May  23,  1867,  Eliza- 
beth W.  Batchelder,  and  had  (a)  Elizabeth  Stuart,  b.  June  29, 
1868;  (b)  Robert  Ward,  b.  July  6,  1870;  m.  Dec.  9,  1896,  A.  Laura 
Pitman  and  had  Stuart,  Robert  Ward,  Elizabeth  Frances ;  (c) 
Charles  Stuart,  Apr.  25,  1872;  (d)  Henry,  b.  Jan,  26,  1874;  (e) 
Philip  Holyoke,  b.  July  29,  1875;  d.  June  5,  1884;  (f)  Edward 
Holyoke,  b.  Jan.  31,  1882;  (2)  Susan  Holyoke,  b.  July  13,  1840;  d. 
July  30,  1841;  (3)  Robert,  b.  Oct.  17,  1841;  (4)  Susan  Ward,  b.  May 
10,1844.  By  2d  ra.  had:  (5)  Nathan  Cook,  b.  Aug.  24,  1857;  m. 
Sept.  22,  1886,  Eliza  E.  Stevens,  and  had  (a)  Katherine,  b.  June  5, 
1887;  (6)  Albert  Edward,  b.  Jan.  6,  1860;  d.  March  20,  1908. 


I  689-1  769 

Painted  in   17  15  wliile  he  was  a  tutor  at    Harvard   College.      From    the   original 
now  owned  by  Andrew  Nichols. 




Apr.  25,  1709.     Cousin  Russell*  died. 

Aug.  2.     5  Mohauhks  at  Maj.  Pynchin's.f 

8.     2  men  killed  at  Quaboag. 

Mav.  31,  1710.     Madam  Oliver  was  interred.  J 

July  15.  Boston  alarmed  with  five  or  six  ships  y*  came  to  Carry 
an  Expedition  to  Port  Royal. 

22.     6  men  killed  at  Quoboag. 

Sept.  18.     The  Fleet  set  sail  for  Port  Royale. 

Oct.  28,  The  Generall  [Nicholson]  arrived  from  Annapolis 
Royale  &  was  Saluted  by  ye  Castle  &  the  Forts  in  town. 

Dec.  4.     My  Watch  has  gained  in  48  hours  1'  43". 

Aug.  11,  1711.  My  Father  died  at  1.30  &  was  buried  on  the 

Oct.  2.  About  6.30  evening  Fire  began  in  Middle  of  Boston 
which  consumed  the  Town  House,  the  Old  Meeting  House  and 
about  75  other  Houses. 

Feb.  6,  1712.     My  Uncle  J[ohn]  Holyoke  died. 

13.     This  day  the  Mast  Fleet  set  sail  for  London. 

Apr.  28.  Was  chosen  a  Fellow  of  the  House§  at  a  meeting  of 
the  Corporation  in  the  Library. 

Oct.  26.  In  prayer  time  after  Meeting  there  broke  out  a  fire  in 
the  northernmost  part  of  the  New  College  in  the  Second  Story, 
which  would  have  liked  to  consume  the  house. 

Feb.  11,  1713.     Rev.  Aaron  Porter  was  Ordained  at  Medford. 

28.     Rev.  Mr.  S.  Whiting  died,  Billerica. 

May  18.     Thomas  Brattle,  Esq.,  died. 

Sept.  17.     This  day  my  Elder  Sister  was  married. 

*This  name  may  be  Powell.  His  uncle,  James  Russell  of  Charlestown, 
died  Apr.  28,  1709. 

tThey  were  then  on  their  way  to  England.  See  Mass.  Hist.  Colls.,  5th 
series,  vol.  VI,  p.  261. 

IMrs.  Mary,  widow  of  Dr.  James  Oliver  and  daughter  of  Samuel  Brad- 

§By  the  Harvard  College  charter  of  1650,  tutors  were  appointed  "  fel- 
lows of  the  College  or  House." 

2  DIARY  OP  [Sept,  1713 

23.     Went  to  Salem  to  the  Ordination  of  Mr.  B.  Prescott.* 

Oct.  31,  1715.     Capt.  Thomas  Oliver  died. 

Feb.  11,  1716.     Came  to  Marblehead  to  live. 

Apr.  25.     I  was  Ordained  here.j 

Jan.  24,  1717.     Richard  Rowland  &  Co.  lost.t 

Feb.  14.     Rev.  Mr.  E[benezer]  Pemberton  died. 

15.     Rev.  Mr.  W[illiam]  Brattle  died. 

Aug.  8.     I  was  married.  § 

June  22,  1718.     Elizabeth  Holyoke  born,  5  hour,  31  m.  morning. 

July  1.     Elizabeth  Holyoke  died,  9  h.  30  m.  morning. 

Dec.  19.     First  dwelt  in  my  own  house.  || 

Jan.  6,  1719.     Sister  Ann  Brown  died. 

Mav  31.     8  h.  55  m.,  Elizabeth  Holyoke  born. 

Aug.  15.     11  h.  32  m.  P.  M.,  My  wife  died. 

Jan.  1,  1721.  Died  my  dear  babe,  Elizabeth  Holyoke,  at  12.  23 

Feb.  2.     My  mother  died  at  2.  30. 

May  3,  1724.     President  Leveritt  died.f 

29.     Rev.  Mr.  Cheever  died,  aged  84  years  8  m.** 

Aug.  11.     Mr.  J[oseph]  Sewall  elected  Col[lege]  President. 

Oct.  20.     My  Brother  Samuel  Holyoke  married. 

July  25,  1725.  E[lizabeth]  Holyoke,  daugh.  S[amuel]  and 
E.  L.  Hoi  [yoke],  born  10  h.  morn. 

Nov.  9.  Went  to  Ipswich  &  married  a  second  time  to  Margaret 

May  18,  1726.     Bro.  Jno  Holyoke  &  Sarah  came  to  see  us. 

*Rev.  Benjamin  Prescott  (1687-1777),  minister  of  the  Middle  Precinct, 
now  the  town  of  Peabody. 

tHe  was  ordained  as  minister  of  the  Second  Church.  The  Rev.  John 
Barnard  in  his  diary  describes  the  Marblehead  of  that  time  as  follows: 
"  When  I  first  came  there  were  two  companies  of  poor,  smoke-dried,  rude, 
ill  clothed  men,  trained  to  no  military  discipline  but  that  of  ^whipping 
the  snake,^  as  they  called  it.  .  .  .  There  was  not  so  much  as  one 
proper  carpenter,  nor  mason,  nor  tailor,  nor  butcher,  in  the  town,  nor 
anything  of  a  market  worth  naming;  but  they  had  their  houses  built  by 
country  workmen,  and  their  clothes  made  out  of  town,  and  supplied  them- 
selves with  beef  and  pork  from  Boston,  which  drained  the  town  of  its 
money.  .  .  .  Nor  could  I  find  twenty  families  in  it  that,  upon  the  best 
examination,  could  stand  upon  their  own  legs;  and  they  were  generally 
as  rude,  swearing,  drunken,  and  fighting  a  crew,  as  they  were  poor." 

tRichard  Rowland  was  of  Marblehead.  This  entry  probably  records 
the  loss  of  his  vessel  and  crew- 

§To  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Capt.  John  and  Elizabeth  Browne  of  Mar- 

II It  is  yet  standing  on  Washington  street,  Marblehead,  near  the  corner  of 
Pleasant  street. 

UJohn  Leverett  (1662-1724),  grandson  of  Governor  Leverett,  lawyer  and 
judge.  President  of  Harvard,  1707-1724. 

**Rev.  Samuel  Cheever  (1639-1724),  minister  of  the  First  Church,  Marble- 

ttShe  was  the  daughter  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Rogers)  Appleton. 



The  first  wife  of  President   Holyoke.       From  the  portrait    now    in   possession 
of  the   Essex   Institute. 

Sept.,  1726]  KEY.   EDWARD   HOLYOKE.  3 

Sept.  16.     Sister  Legg  died.* 
22.     Margaret  Holyoke  born  6  h.  26  m. 
June  13,  1727.     Father  Ball  killed.f 
July  6.     My  brother  [William]  Arnold  died. 
Sept.  1,  1728.     Son  [Edward  Augustus]  born,  6  -  2. 
Oct.  16.     Bro.  Burrill  &  Sister  Arnold  here. 
17.     Mr.  N.  Rogers  &  Comp*  here. 
July  1,  1729.     Mehitable  Walcott  came  to  live  with  us. 
Aug.  1.     Neddy  t  is  29  inches  high. 
Sept.  7.     Gov.  Burnett  died  11  P.  M. 
19.     Gov.  Burnett  buried  on  the  12th,  with  great  pomp. 
22.     Peggy  34  inches  high. 

Jan.  14,  1730.  Went  with  wife,  Sister  Minot  &  Mrs.  Allen  to 

17.     Return  home  with  my  wife. 

28.     My  wife  returned  home. 

Aug.  8.     Gov.  Belcher  arrived  at  Castle  William. 

10.     Made  his  entry  into  Boston. 

13.     My  brother  Jacob  married  to  S[usannah]  Martyn. 

Dec.  10.     A  great  mob  raised  in  this  town.§ 

Jan.  12,  1731.     Went  to  Boston  to  reside  there. 

Apr.  15.     Returned  home  to  Marblehead. 

May  16.     Col.  Brown  ||  died. 

21.     Col.  Brown  Buried. 

24.     Aunt  Marston,1[  who  died  22d,  buried  today 

June  1.     Abiel  Sibley  came  to  live  with  us. 

26.     Brother  Jacob's  first  child  born. 

Aug.  28.     Capt.  Talamy  Sailed. 

31.     Capt.  Smethurst  sailed. 

Sept.  4.     Mary  Dodd  came  to  live  with  us. 

21.     Dean  Berkley  &  Mr.  [George]  Pigot  sailed  for  London. 

June  6,  1732.     Went  to  Ipswich  with  wife  and  youngest  child. 

July  14.     Sister  Oulton**  died  10  P.  M. 

19.     Mrs.  Wardft  died. 

Aug.  28.     Capt.  Talerney  sailed. 

Sept.  4.     Capt.  Brown  sailed. 

•His  first  wife's  sister,  Ann  Browne,  who  married  John  Legg. 

lElizabeth  Ball  of  Marblehead  was  buried  Oct.  2,  1734. 

+His  son  Edward  Augustus. 

§Possibly  in  connection  with  the  small  pox  epidemic  then  prevalent  in 

llHon.  Samuel  Browne  of  Salem,  Judge  of  Inferior  Court. 

TfPatience,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  and  Elizabeth  Rogers  of  Ipswich,  mar- 
ried Apr.  15,  1696,  Benjamin  Marston  of  Salem.  Her  sister  Elizabeth  was 
the  mother  of  Mr.  Holyoke's  second  wife. 

**His  first  wife's  sister,  Deborah  Browne,  who  married  John  Oulton  of 

ttProbably  Sarah,  daughter  of  Richard  Trevett  of  Marblehead,  and  first 
wife  of  Joshua  Ward  of  Salem. 

4  DIARY  OF  [Sept.,  1732 

5.     Large  shock  of  an  earthquake. 

22.  Capt.  Galais  sailed.* 

Oct.  20.     Rev.  Mr.  Brown  of  Reading  died. 

June  5,  1733.     First  training  of  the  Mbhd.  Regiment. 

July  15.     John  Ward  died. 

17.     A  council  at  Salem  on  Mr.  Fiske  affairs. 

Sept.  5.     Mr.  Hobby  ordained  at  Reading. 

Oct.  17.     Capt.  Skinner  sailed. 

Feb.  18,  1734.     Son  John  was  born. 

July  17.     Capt.  Greenock  sailed. 

Oct.  4.     Deborah  Foster  came  to  live  with  us. 

Jan.  13,  1735.     Robbinson  first  took  my  Wigg  to  dress. 

April  17.     Mrs.  Groce  went  into  my  house. 

May  19.     Stephen  Swett  came  school. 

Sept.  10.    Neddy  exceedingly  ill. 

11.     Lecture  omitted. 

26.     Neddy  pretty  well  recovered. 

Oct.  14.     Peggy  went  to  school  to  Crafts. 

Nov.  26.     Anna  born,  10  h.  20  m.  P.  M. 

Jan.  8,  1736.  Public  Fast  on  account  of  unusually  mortal 
diseases,!  especially  among  the  younger. 

Feb.  22.     My  Aunt  Davis  died. 

May  22.     I  preached  the  Election  Sermon  at  Boston. 

June  23.     Brother  Burrill  and  Sister  Arnold  here. 

30.     My  Father  &  brother  Appleton  here. 

Aug.  21.     Robbinson  lost  my  wigg. 

Sept.  1.     Edwards  Took  my  wigg  to  dress  at  12s.  per  year. 

Oct.  26.     Coz.  John  Fitch  J  died. 

Dec.  8.     Went  to  Salem.     Mr.  Sparhawk  ordained  there. 

Mar.  16,  1737.    President  Wadsworth  died. 

May  30.  This  day  was  chosen  President  of  Harvard  College 
Per  the  Corporation. 

June  2.    This  day  was  appointed  by  board  of  overseers. 

9.  This  day  the  committee  of  the  overseers  came  to  Mbhd.  to 
receive  mine  &  my  people's  answer  with  respect  to  the  President- 
ship of  Harvard  College. 

23.  Went  to  Lynn.  The  proprietors  voted  a  refusal  of  my 

July  5.     Col.  Burrill  died  last  night  at  12  o'clock. 
20.     This  day  Our  Proprietors  voted  their  consent  to  my  remov- 
al from  them  to  the  Presidentship  of  H.  C. 

*Capt.  David  Le  Gallais  married  Hannah  Browne,  sister  of  Mr.  Hol- 
yoke's  first  wife. 

tThe  '•  throat  distemper  "  which  ravaged  southern  New  Hampshire  and 
eastern  Massachusetts. 

{Elizabeth  Appleton,  sister  of  Mrs.  Holyoke,  married  Rev.  Jabez  Fitch  of 

July,  1737]  REV.   EDWARD   HOLYOKE.  5 

31.  This  day  gave  my  answer  to  my  people  that  I  should  leave 

Aug.  31.     My  House  clean'd  of  goods.* 

Sept.  2.  This  day  Finch  sailed  with  my  goods  for  Cambridge, 
and  arrived  there  on  the  5th. 

16.     S.  Swett  &  J.  Palmer  came  to  live  with  us. 

19.  S.  Swett  &  J.  Palmer  went  first  to  school. 

28.     I  was  this  day  inducted  into  the  Presidentship  of  H.  C. 

Oct.  5.     Billy  Charnockt  came  to  live  here. 

13.     Sister  Burrillf  came  to  live  here. 

Nov.  6.     Preached  my  farewell  sermon  at  Mbhd. 

8.     I  went  to  Salem  to  attend  the  S.  on  account  of  the  College 

20.  Queen  Caroline  died. 

[On  cover.]     My  House  will  take  of  shingles  15000     £24     0  0 
Work  15  days,  9     0  0 

Nails,  at  14/,  10  10  0 

£43  10  0 

The  Committee  this  year,  Col.  Palmer,  Maj.  Blaney,  Dea.  Homan, 
Capt.  Stacey,  Capt.  Tucker,  Dr.  Stacey,  Capt.  Skinner,  Clerk,  Mr, 
Bowen,  Mr.  Proctor  &  Mr.  Harris. 

[A  page  in  short  hand.] 

Jan.  4,  1738.     Mr.  [Simon]  Bradstreet  ordained  at  Mbhd. 

July  2.     Mo^  Cawley  of  Mbhd.  died  about  2  o'clock  morning. 

Aug.  15.     The  1st  News  Letter. 

16.     Gov.  Belcher  dined  with  us. 

Sept.  10.     Preached  at  Springfield. 

11.     Went  to  Mt.  Tom  &  So.  Hampton  to  Hadley. 

14.     Mr.  Gee  returned  to  Hadley  by  Hatfield. 

Oct.  18.     Mr.  Appleton  returned  home. 

Nov.  18.     S.  Swett  went  home  [and  returned  Dec.  14]. 

Feb.  25,  1739.     Great  storm  of  ""thunder  &  lightning. 

July  17.     Went  to  Lynn  with  Mr.  Flynt  [in]  Stedman's  chair. 

29.     Priscilla  Holyoke  [born],  3  h.  16  m.,  morning. 

Sept.  11.     Father  [John]  Appleton  died. 

*In  Doctor  Holyoke's  reminiscences  of  this  period  he  writes  as  follows 
(Memoir  of  Edward  A.  Holyoke,  M.  D.,  Boston,  1829):  "In  1737,  Square 
Toed  Shoes  were  going  out  of  fashion;  I  believe  few  or  none  were  worn 
after  1737.  Buckles  instead  of  Shoe  Strings  began  to  be  used  about  the 
same  time,  but  were  not  universal  in  the  country  towns  till  1740  or  1742. 
Very  broad  brim'd  Hats  were  worn  as  early  as  I  remember.  My  father 
had  a  beaver  whose  Brims  were  at  least  7  inches;  which  when  he  left  off, 
I  remember  I  used  to  wear  in  the  Garden,  or  in  a  shower,  by  way  of  Um- 
brella. They  were  all  cock'd  triangularly,  and  pulling  them  off  by  way  of 
salutation  was  invariably  the  Fashion  by  all  who  had  any  Breeding." 

tThe  son  of  his  sister  Hannah,  who  married  Captain  Charnock  of  Boston 
in  1720. 

JBilly  Charnock's  mother,  who  married,  secoDd,  Colonel  Burrill  of  Lynn, 
who  had  died  July  5th  previously. 

6  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1740 

Jan.  23,  1740.     S.  Swett*  died. 

28.     Rev.  Mr.  Ebenr.  Hancock  of  Lexington  died. 

June  23.     Billy  [Charnock]  died,  9  h.  45  m.  morning. 

25.  My  Wife  died,  9  h.  45  m.  morning. 

July  2.  A  private  Fast  at  Cambridge  on  account  of  the  throat 

3.  The  Com[mence]ment  put  by  on  account  of  the  throat 

Feb.  26,  1741.     Fast  on  acct.  of  the  War  with  Spain. 

April  10.     The  Valedictory  Oration  pronounced  by  J.  Winslow.f 

May  15.     Cherry  trees  in  full  bloom. 

June  29.     Nancy  &  Betty  came  to  Mrs.  Brewer's. 

July  29.     Went  to  Ipswich  by  Mbhd. 

30.  Went  to  Portsmouth. 

31.  Went  to  Wells. 

Aug.  1.    Went  to  Falmouth. 

2.  Preached  at  Falmouth  for  Mr.  Smith. 

3.  Went  up  to  Mbhd.  J  &  returned, 

4.  Went  by  Papoodock,§  the  lower  way  to  Wells. 
12.     Reached  Home  &  found  Molly  sick. 

14.  Gov.  Shirly's  Commission  published.  || 
Oct.  1.     Daughter  Molly  died. 

23.     Went  to  Ipswich. 
Dec.  7.     Went  to  Ipswich. 

26.  Went  to  Ipswich.^ 

Jan.  6,  1742.  Rev.  Mr.  Bradstreet**  died  this  Dec.  26,  buried 

7.  My  clock  cleaned  &  time  piece. 

8.  Went  to  Spencer. 

10.  Preached  at  Ipswich  Hamlet. 

11.  Heard  Mr.  Noyes  preach  at  Ipswich. 

15.  Return'd  Home. 

21.     Mrs.  Epes  came  to  town. 

28.     Mrs.  Epes  went  home. 

Mar.  8.     The  Snow  3  feet  High  in  many  streets  in  Boston. 

16.  Went  to  Ipswich. 

17.  I  was  married  to  Mrs.  Epes.ft 

♦Probably  the  son  of  Capt.  Joseph  Swett  of  Marblehead  and  a  student 
at  the  College. 

tEdward  Winslow? 

tThe  town  of  Windham,  Me.,  which  was  settled  by  families  from  Mar- 
blehead, Mass.,  and  incorporated  as  New  Marblehead. 

§Purpoodock,  the  parish  at  Cape  Elizabeth,  now  South  Portland. 

llSee  Lynde  Diaries,  pp.  114-115,  for  detailed  account. 

ITThese  visits  to  Ipswich  no  doubt  were  in  the  furtherance  of  his  court- 
ship with  Madam  Mary  Epes,  whom  he  married  in  the  following  March. 

♦•Rev.  Simon  Bradstreet  of  Charlestown,  father  of  the  new  minister  at 

ttShe  was  Mary  Whipple,  the  widow  of  Maj.  Symonds  Epes  of  Ipswich. 


I  699-1  790. 

The  third  wife  of   President   Holyoke.      From   the  portrait   now   in   possession 
of   Miss   Mary   W.   Nichols. 


Mar.,  1742]  rev.  edward  holyoke.  7 

29.     Returned  home. 

April  5.     Sister  Arnold  went  Home  to  live  at  Boston. 
July  24.     Paid  Mr.  Turner  40/  entrance  for  Peggy  for  dancing 
school  and  to  pay  60/  per  Quarter. 

Sept.  7.     Eliza  Holyoke  first  went  to  M.  Fessenden. 

14.  My  Brothers  &  Sisters  here. 
22.     Deacon  Whipple  &  wife  here. 

Dec.  12.     Daughter  Molly  born,  10^  57'  30.. 
Mar.  3,  1743.     Mr.  [Peter]  Fanuel  died. 

17.  Very  ill  with  a  cold.     Could  not  go  to  college. 

22.  Made  112  Baybery  Candles,  15  lbs.  12  oz. 

23.  Made  62  lbs.  tallow  Candles,  29  small,  33^  great. 
April  7.     Great  Storm  of  Snow,  6  inches  deep  upon  a  level. 

11.  Drew  off  and  filled  up  16  bbls.  of  cider,  besides  one  left 
fer  present  drinking. 

18.  Mrs.  Remmington  died  in  A.  M. 
23.     Planted  mushrooms. 

28.     Capt.  Chambers*  of  Charlestown  died. 

May  5.     5000  boards  stuck  in  the  back  yard. 

July  21.     Heard  at  lecture  John  Rogers,  jr.,  in  Ipswich. 

Aug.  5,  1743.     Col.  Dudley  [died].  10th.  buried. 

11.     Received  of  Col.  Hutchinson  50£. 

Sept.  17.     Candles  all  gone. 

Oct.  2.     Col.  Winthrop  died. 

11.     Mrs.  Jekyll's  barn  burnt. 

13.  Thanksgiving.  Public  on  account  of  the  preservation  of 
the  King  at  the  battle  of  Dettingen. 

22.     East  wind  &  high  tide  higher  than  had  since  1721. 

Dec.  1 1.  Rev.  Mr.  Cooper  taken  with  an  apoplexy  between 

13.     Rev.  Mr.  Cooper  died  6  A.  M. 

15.  Rev.  Mr.  Cooper  buried. 
18.     Molly  fell  in  the  fire. 

26.  Sent  a  load  of  wood  to  Girls  School. 

— .     Samuel  Epes  &  Betty  for  Shoes,  at  Wm.  Manning. 
Feb.  26,  1744.     Roxbury  Meeting  House  burnt. 
Apr.  25.     Died  Dr.  Coleman's  lady. 

27.  Died  Mr.  Biles'  wife. 

May.     Made  Candles  86  lbs.  18  lb.  great. 
8.     Yesterday  Mr.  Hanrock  of  Braintree  died. 
10.     Received  of  Col.  Hutchinson  30£. 
June  3.     City  shook  of  an  earthquake. 

28.  Public  Fast  on  account  of  war  with  France. 

Length  of  fence  to  be  made  by  the  college  between  Dr.  Wiggles- 
worth  455  feet  &  Mr.  Appleton  75  at  4-^  feet  high,  87  Posts. 

*Capt.  Charles  Chambers,  sea-captain  and  merchant  (died  Apr.  27,  ae. 
83  years. —  Wyman's  Charlestown. 

8  DiAKY  OF  [July,  1744 

July  10.     Peggy  went  eastward  with  Mr.  Gooking. 

14.     Betty  to  board  &  school  at  Boston. 

Dec.  17.     Rev.  B.  Prescott's  wife  died. 

Jan.  16,  1745.     Mattins  without  candles. 

Feb.  17.     Mrs.  Wadsworth  died. 

Mar.  24.     The  Fleet  sailed  for  Louisburg  at  2  P.  M. 

April  4.     Public  Fast  on  account  of  the  expedition. 

June  17.     Louisburg  taken. 

July  18.     Thanksgiving  for  the  Conquest  of  Louisburg. 

23.  Went  with  my  wife  &  Neddy  [to]  Rehoboth. 

24.  Went  to  Newport  &  lodged  at  Mr.  Ellery's. 
28.     Preached  at  Newport  all  day. 

Aug.  23.     War  with  the  Indians  proclaimed. 
Sept.  19.     Fast  for  the  Indian  War. 

30,  Judge  Remington  died. 
Oct.  14.     Mr.  Appleton  taken  ill. 

Dec.  2.     Mr.  Appleton  ill  with  St.  Anthony's  fire. 

Feb.  5,  1746.  Fast  at  Cambridge  on  account  of  Rebellion  in 

April  11.     Mr.  Thomas  Cushing  died. 

May  29.  John  fell  into  9  feet  of  water  and  liked  to  been 
drowned.  1 

July  10.     Fast  on  account  of  the  Canadian  Expedition.  ■ 

Aug.  7.     Mrs.  Fessenden  died. 

14.     Public  Thanksgiving  for  victories  over  Rebels  in  Great  B.* 

20.  Sons  John  Holyoke  &  Samuel  Epes  first  attended  school  in 

25.  Son  Edward  [Augustus]  went  to  keep  school  [at  Lexington]. 

31.  Mr.  Shirly  died. 

Oct.  2.  The  lecture  at  Boston  turned  into  a  Fast  on  account  of 
the  French  Fleetf  on  Eastern  Coast. 

16.     A  Public  Fast  on  account  of  the  Fleet.  , 

Nov.  3.     Mr.  Winthrop  &  wife  came  to  live  here. 

Jan.  1,  1747.     My  Son  Edward  went  to  teach  School  in  Roxbury. 

11.     Brother  D.  Appleton  here. 

31.     Dr.  Tufts  died. 

Feb.  18.     Mr.  Allin  of  Brooklyn  died. 

28.     Mr.  James  Pemberton  died. 

May  30.     Mr.  Stew^^  Boardman  died  Aged  76,  J 

June  IL     Molly  married  to  Wm,  Warland.J 

18,     Dr.  Greaves  died. 

July  30.     Margaret  Appleton  buried.  : 

Aug.  22.     My  Son  Edward  went  to  live  with  Col.  Berry, §  D. 

*The  battle  of  Culloden  which  occurred  Apr.  16,  1746. 
tThe  French  fleet  under  d'Arville  sent  to  recover  Cape  Breton. 
tWilliara  Warland  and  Molly  Man  were  married  in  Cambridge  on  this  date. 
§Col.  Thomas  Berry  of  Ipswich  with  whom  young  Edward  studied  medi- 

Aug.,  1747]  REV.    EDWARD   HOLYOKE.  9 

29.     Dr.  Coleman  died. 

Nov.  17  &  18.    Great  Mob  in  Boston  on  account  of  the  Press.* 

27.     Col.  J.  Vassel  [died]. 

Dec.  9.     Town  House  in  Boston  burnt. 

Jan.  10,  1748.     Mattins  [at]  G^  30'. 

18.     Vespers  without  Candles  for  myself. 

26.     Vespers  without  the  high  Candlesticks. 

Feb.  1.     Mattins  at  6  Clock. 

14.     Time  now  to  hang  up  Bacon. f 

20.  Drew  of  &  filled  up  14  bis.  of  Cider  besides  near  ^  hogsd. 
upon  tap. 

March  27.     Vespers  at  5.  30. 

Apr.  4.     Annual  Corporation  Meeting. 

26.  Annual  Overseers  Meeting. 
Aug.  28.     Vespers  at  5h. 

Sept.  5.     Annual  Corporation  Meeting. 

Sept.  19.  Annual  Meeting  of  ye  corporation  to  enquire  into  the 
state  of  ye  Col  [lege]  Lib[rary]. 

Oct.  4.     Annual  meeting  of  Overseers. 

29.  High  Candlesticks  Carried  to  College. 

Nov.  6.     The  branches  J  to  be  carried  for  Vespers. 
Jan.  2,  1749.     Them"  87°.  § 

27.  Pruned  peach  trees. 

Feb.  14.     Time  to  hang  up  Bacon. 

24.  Drew  of  Cyder  viz.  6  hogds.  &  |  Mem"  4  hgds.  &  barrel  left 
on  ye  lees. 

March  1.     Bacon  hung  up.  10''*  Hay  of  Dr.  Whittemore. 
12.     Deacon  Prentice's  wife  died. 
April  3.     Annual  Corporation  Meeting. 
11.     Bottled  my  Cyder  viz.  11  Doz.  &  2. 

21.  Made  Candles  61  li.  4  oz.  large,  25  li.  6  oz.  [small]. 

25.  Annual  Overseers  Meeting. 

May  15.     Moved  into  Summer  Quarters. 

23.     Leave  off  Prayers  night  before  Election. 

30.  Begin  Prayer  again  5  after  Election. 

June  4.     Tapped  Hogs'"!  Cyder.  Cow  Calv'd  a  bull  Calf. 

6.  Mowed  Pres[i]d[ents]  Orchard. 

7.  My  son  went  to  live  at  Salem  &  found  nothing. § 

*See  post,  in  diary  of  Edward  Augustus  Holyoke.  • 

tThe  bacon  was  hung  up  in  the  chimney  to  cure. 


§President  Holyoke's  thermometer  was  graduated  on  Fowler's  scale 
much  in  use  at  that  time.  Its  Oo  was  54°  Fahrenheit  from  which  the  de- 
grees, each  about  3o  of  Fahrenheit,  were  laid  off  in  both  directions.  87o 
Fowler  would  be  about  lo  about  zero  Fahrenheit.  On  Aug.  15,  17G1  (see 
post).  President  Holyoke  "  reversed"  the  numbering  of  his  thermometer 
and  adopted  the  Fahrenheit  scale. 

llThis  probably  alludes  to  Doctor  Holyoke's  ill  success  at  first  in  estab- 
lishing a  practice. 

10  ,  DIARY   OF  [June,  1749 

8.  Got  in  hay,  a  large  Load.  Mr.  John  Phillips  saild  for 

13.  Put  my  horse  to  pasture. 

15.  Public  Fast  on  account  of  a  most  distressing  early  Drought. 

16.  Valediction  presented  by  S"^  Whipple.* 

30.  The  Commencement  this  year. 
July  5.     An  Extream  Drought  hitherto. 
6.     Rain  pretty  plentiful. 

10.  Examination  of  Freshmen. 

11.  Examination  of  Freshmen. 

12.  Cape  Breton  delivered  up. 

18.  Clock  Cleaned. 

19.  Went  with  my  Wife  to  Ipswich  Hamlet. 

23.  Preached  at  Hampton  Falls. 

24.  To  Portsmouth. 

25.  Lamprey  River  by  New  market. 
27.  Went  to  Haverhill  by  Kingston. 

31.  Went  to  Andover,  lodged  at  Mr.  Phillips. 

Aug.  1.     Returned  home  &  found  my    Family   all   in  health  & 
11.     Sent  horse  to  pasture  [at]  Cutlers. 

14.  Went  first  to  Vespers  this  year.     Lowell  came. 

15.  Holyoke  came.    Took  my  horse  out  yesterday. 

16.  Go  to  Vespers.     Minot  came. 

21.  ColP  Sergeant  &  wife  here. 

22.  G.  Minot  gone  home. 

24.  Thanksgiving  for  ye  revival  of  ye  Fruits  of  ye  Earth  by  ye 

27.     Vespers  at  5.  15. 

29.     G.  Minot  came. 

31.     28  Davis  Pig  tail.f 

Sept.  3     Vespers  at  5. 

8.     My  Horse  put  to  Mrs.  Vassalls. 

10.  Preached  at  Cambridge.  Yesterday  Governor  Shirley  sailed 
for  G.  Britain. 

18.  Annual  Meeting  of  Corporation. 

19.  Began  Analysing.  Yesterday  arrived  ye  money  to  reim- 
burse us  our  charge  in  taking  Cape  Breton  vi''..  190[000£.] 

Oct.  3.     Annual  Meeting  of  Overseers. 

8.  Last  night  &  to-day  a  violent  storm  at  N.  E. 

9.  Coll[ege]  clock  &  my  own  cleaned. 

10.  Leave  off  Mattins  at  6. 

11.  Went  to  Shurburne. 

12.  Dined  at  Mi-.  Porter's  &  went  to  Natick. 

•William  Whipple  who  was  graduated  first  in  the  class  of  1749. 
tPerhaps  "  pig-tail"  tobacco. 

'  V/  Y/JY///Jc/{()///(^/!i 




President  of   Harvard  College,    1737-1769.      From   the   mezzotint,    probably    by  Pelham,    made 
in    I  749,    and   now   in   possession   of   the   Essex    Institute. 

Oct.,  1749]  REV.    EDWARD   HOLYOKE.  11 

13.     Dined  at  Mr.  Peabody's,  &  returned  home. 
Oct.  18.     First  flight  of  snow. 

20.  Took  my  horse  from  Pasture. 

28.  High  Candlesticks  carried  to  Col  [lege]. 
Nov.  6.     The  Branches  carried  for  Vespers. 

15.  Went  to  prayers  this  morning. 

16.  The  annual  Thanksgiving. 
18.  Moved  into  Winter  Quarters. 

21.  Snow  fell  last  night,  9  inches  level. 

22.  Went  to  evening  prayers  on  the  21st. 
24.  Winslow  came  to  live  with  us. 

Dec.  5.  Burnt  Study  Chimney.  Made  candles  viz.  100  of  small, 
12f  large. 

13.  Mrs.  Minot  for  her  sons  board  20£  18  shillings  yesterday, 
the  first  cash  rec'd  of  her. 

Jan,  2,  1750,     Tappd  an  Hogd.  Cyder 

18.     Vespers  w^'^out  Candles  for  myself. 

26.  Rev.  Mr.  Jno.  Taylor  of  Milton  died  Aged  46. 

28.  Vespers  w^^out  high  Candlesticks. 

Feb.  6.     Mr.  Agent  BoUan*  sailed  for  Great  Britain. 
7.     Last  day  of  Winter  Vacation. 
13,     Mr.  Champney  died. 

27.  Last  day  of  service  for  ye  Suit  of  Coll  [edge]  Farm  Bonds. 
Apr.  13.     Bottled  8  Dozen  &  10  of  Cyder. 

May  4.     Mr.  Brandon  sailed  for  London. 

29.  Leave  off  Prayers  night  before  election. 
June  5.     Begin  prayers  again. 

29.     Winslow  paid  his  board  to  this  day. 

July  6.     Winslow  &  Lowell  went  away  P.  M.  &  Minot. 

7.     Holyoke  went  away. 

15.     Tappd  last  Hogshd  Cyder. 

Aug.  8.     Vacation  ended.     Winslow  came  up  &  Lowell, 

9.     My  Dauter  Margaret  married  to  Mr,  John  Mascarene.f 

11.     Winslow  boarded  from  us. 

15.     Katherine  Pears  ripe. 

17.  Capt,  Bunker  sailed  for  London. 
24.     Tappd  a  bl  of  new  Cyder. 

Sept.  8.  Yesterday  Dauter  Mascarene  went  from  us  to  Boston. 

Oct.  4.  My  horse  sent  to  Coll.  Willards,  Lancaster. 

Nov.  1,  The  annual  Thanksgiving. 

Nov,  6.  Sconces  carried  for  Vespers.     My  horse  came  home, 

•William  Bollan,  the  agent  of  the  Province  of  Massachusetts  in  England, 
In  174.5  he  was  Collector  of  Customs  at  Salem. 

tJohn  Mascarene  was  the  son  of  Jean  Paul  Mascarene,  of  Huguenot 
ancestry,  who  came  to  America  in  1711  with  the  English  troops  and  rose 
to  the  rank  of  Major-General.  General  Mascarene  was  Governor  of  Nova 
Scotia,  1740-1749,  and  died  in  Boston,  Jan.  22,  1760. 

12  DIARY  OF  [Dec,  1750 

Dec.  17.     Sister  Arnold  died  7  P.  M. 
Jan.  25,  1751.     Paul  Dudley,  Esq.  died. 

29.  Went  to  Shawshin*  w*"^  Mr.  Appleton. 
Feb.  7.     My  sister  Le  Gallaisf  died  yesterday. 

9.     Cous[in]  Jenny  Leggt  died.     Went  w*^  my  wife  to  Marble- 

11.  My  sister  Gallaius  &  Jenny  Legg  buried. 

13.  Eeturned  home.     Mr.  Eobbins  ordained  at  Milton. 
March  12.     Put  up  my  new  Vane. 

May  7.     Made  Candles,  74  lbs.  14  oz.     23  lbs.  4  oz.  large. 

12.  Dauter  Mascarene's  first  child  born.     9.  30  morning. 
June  20.     Valedictory   was  pronounced   yesterday.      R[ichard] 


July  8.     Examination  of  Freshmen. 

21.  Ptolemy  died. 

24.     Debby  [Foster]  went  to  Marblehead. 

28.  Preachd  at  Mr.  Peabody's  at  Roxbury. 
Aug.  7.     Vacation  ended. 

14.  Jno.  [Holyoke]  went  to  Mr.  Trowbridges. 
Sept.  8.     This  night  Mr.  Appleton  &  wife  taken  ill. 
11.     House  at  Roger's  Farm  faces  54°  W. 

18.  Clock  clean'd  for  J.  Holyoke. 
Oct.  5.     Sarah  Knight  went  away. 

14.  Deborah  Dwelly  came  to  live  with  us. 
17.     Went  into  Winter  Quarters. 

20.     Preachd  at  Castle  William. 

Nov.  4.    Jn"  Clark  came  to  live  with  me. 

6.  Sconces  carried  for  Vespers. 

7.  Annual  Thanksgiving.     Mr.  Abbot  preachd. 
Dec.  15.     Mr.  Appleton  first  preachd  after  his  Illness. 

19.  Was  present  at  Elect[io]n  Lecture  No.  1. 

Jan.  7,  1752.     Paid  all  my  dues   to  Marblehead  for  ye   years 

30.  Went  to  Watertown  &  to  Col^  Alfords. 
Feb.  27.     Planted  Gourds. 

Mar.  28.     Planted  Onions. 

April  1.     Planted  Angelica. 

4.     S.  Epes  inoculated. 

11.     Planted  Pease  &  Grafted  Pears. 

15.  Mrs.  Brattle  taken  w***  ye  S.  pox. 
17.     Mr.  Mascarene  &  wife  inoculated. 

22.  Scholars  Dismissd  for  ye  S.  Pox  on  ye  20th. 

29.  Mrs.  Brattle  died  of  the  S.  Pox  on  ye  28th. 

*The  College  possessed  land  in  that  part  of  Billerica  known  as  Shawshin. 
tMrs.  Hannah,  wife  of  Capt.  David  Le  Gallais  of  Marblehead.     She  was 
a  sister  of  President  Holyoke's  first  wife. 

JMrs.  Le  Gallais'  sister  Jane,  married  John  Legg  and  died  in  1726. 



May,  1752]  key.  edward  holyoke.  13 

Shingles  for  Massachusetts  [Hall]  of  Deacon  Houghton,  6000. 
£36  -  2  -  0  of  Richardson  3500.     Paid  21£. 

May  16.     Mrs.  Brandon  died. 

Aug.  3.  This  day  on  account  of  the  S.  Pox  being  in  Cambridge 
sent  an  Advertisement  for  the  Scholars  not  to  Return  till  ye  2^  of 

19.     The  Hills*  came  to  board  here  yesterday. 

28.     Mr.  Stevens  of  Kittery  married. 

Oct.  4.     Debby  Dwelly  went  away. 

28.     Mr.  Mascarene  sail'd  for  London. 

Nov.  3.     Hill  Senr.  being  ill  went  to  Boston. 

Dec,  5.     First  Snow  this  year.     Considerable. 

6.     Bishop  Hancock!  died.     Went  to  Boston. 

11.  Bishop  Hancock  to  whom  I  was  a  Bearer  buried. 

12.  Mr.  Mascarene  arrived. 
28.     The  ground  clear  of  Snow. 

1753.  Capt.  Browne  of  Waltham  desires  the  refusal  of  Roger's 
Farm  for  his  son  in  law  Flegg  if  Dean  goes  off.  Isaac  Pierce  Saw' 
of  Waltham  wants  refusal  of  Rogers  Farm.  Saml.  Wheeler  of 
Concord  wants  refusal  of  Rogers  Farm. 

Jan.  7.     Mr.  Gray  died  of  Apoplexy. 

11.     Went  to  Boston  to  Mr.  Gray's  Funeral. 

28.     Sconces  take  away  from  Chapel. 

30.     Weighd  238  li.  2  oz. 

Feb.  8.     Vespers  w^^out  ye  high  Candlesticks. 

19.     Planted  Gourds,  Cucu°>^  &  Lettuce  in  ye  Hot  Bed. 

Apr.  29.     Mr.  Welsteed  died. 

May  7.     Mr.  Appleton  went  on  his  journey  to  Portsm[outh]. 

11.     [Oliver]  Wendell  broke  his  thigh. 

June  25.     Jonny  first  ill. 

Aug.  7.     Governor  Shirley  arrivd  at  the  Castle. 

9.     Governor  Shirley  came  up  to  town.     Regt.  in  Arms. 

Sept.  20.     Very  much  despair  of  John's  life  for  2  months  past. 

Nov.  3.     Mr.  Mascarene  came  in  a  S.  E.  Storm. 

13.  My  daughter  Molly  died. 
Dec.  30.     My  son  John  died. 

[The  diary  for  the  year  1754  is  now  missing.] 
Jan.  9,  1755.     Rev.  Mr.  J.  Prentice  &  Mrs.  Appleton  married. 
Feb.  5.    Winter  Vacation  ends.    Mr.  [Anthony]  Wiberd  ordained 
[at  Braintree]. 
6.     Yesterday  saw  ye  Glass  Works.  J 
11.     M.  Mofat  returned  after  ye  Vacation. 

•John,  William  and  Henry  Hill  of  the  class  of  1756. 

tRev.  John  Hancock,  minister  at  Lexington.  From  respect  for  his  age 
and  long  ministry  he  was  honored  with  the  appellation  of  "  Bishop." 

JThe  glass  works  were  established  in  Braintree  in  1752  by  a  company 
of  German  Protestants. 

14  DIARY  OF  [Feb.,  1766 

13.     Geni  Court  granted  £250  L.  M. 

18.  Betsy  Mascareue  went  home  on  the  19*^,  measured  3  feet^^. 
March  1.     Put  up  3  more  leggs  Bacon.     Drew  off  &  filled  up  21 

Bbls.  Cyder  according  ray  hogs***^  at  4  &  2  Bbls.  &  Left  one  hogsd. 
&  2f  of  a  Barrel  on  ye  Lees. 

7.     Reed,  of  Mr  Treas''  Hubbard  £322  10   0.  T. 

April  21.     Overseers  Cora*®®  met  to  Day  in  ye  Library. 

28.     Grafted  Katharine  Pears. 

30.     Rev'i  Mr.  Sparhawk  of  Salem  died. 

May  5.     Monthly  Meeting  of  Pres'**  &  Trust®^ 

6.  Put  my  bll.  of  bottling  Cyder  down  Cellar. 

7.  Went  to  Shawshin  wth  Mr.  Hancock. 

16.     Nancy  &  B.  Epes  went  to  Salem  yesterday. 

22.  The  Fleet  sailed  for  N.  Scotia. 
28.     Bottld  11  Doz.  Cyder. 

June  5.     My  son*  married  to  Mrs  Judith  Pickman. 

19.  Taken  out  of  Coll[edge]  Bag  £116  -  6  -  6. 

23.  Tappd  Hoghd.  Cyder.     Mow**  Pres*^  Orchard. 

28.  Got  my  hay  all  in  without  Rain. 

29.  Eat  the  first  Mulberries  yesterday. 

July  3.  A  public  Fast  on  ace**  the  War  in  N.  America  we  are 
engaged  in. 

4.     Valedictory  pronounced  by  Browne,  f 

9.     Gen^  Braddock  defeated  at  Ohio. 

28.     Went  w**^  my  wife  for  Salem  [and  Portsmouth]. 

Aug.  13.  Manufactory  Lecture.  Returnd  home  &  found  all 

18.     Barkd  ye  Crab  Apple  Tree. 

22.     Mr.  Flyntt  evacuated  his  Chamber  &  left  the  College. 

25.     [John]  Gorham  first  came  to  board  here. 

28.  A  public  Fast  occasiond  by  the  Defeat  at  Ohio  &  for 
Prosperity  to  ye  other  Expeditions. 

Sept.  3.     Yesterday  Bilhah  went  to  Boston  w**^  Dick. 

4.  Capt.  Newell  Sail*^  for  Eustatia. 
6.     Sister  Eliot  died. 

3.  The  Battle  of  Genl.  Johnson  &  his  defeat  «f  the  French  at 
Lake  George. 

Oct.  16.  Vesp.  Expos,  not  to  be  del'^  after  y^  Day  w*^  one 

Nov.  1.     Moved  into  Winter  Quarters. 

2.     High  Candlesticks  to  ye  Chapel. 

5.  Mr.  Clarke  ordaind  at  Lexington. 

*Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D.  then  settled  in  Salem. 
tWilliam   Browne,   afterwards  Justice  of  the  Superior  Court  of  Mass- 
achusetts and  Governor  of  Bermuda  Islands. 
JThe  celebrated  Henry  Flint,  tutor  at  Harvard  for  over  fifty  years. 

Nov.,  1755] 



18.  A  very  great  Earthquake  at  4*^  13'. 

22.     A  considerable  Shock  of  a  Earthquake  8.  30  P.  M. 

25.  Deliverd  the  first  Dudleian  Lecture. 

26.  First  began  to  burn  a  Lamp.* 

Dec.  18.     Otis  went  away  &  his  sister  Died. 

19.  A  small  Shock  of  a  Earthquake  about  10"  15'  P.  M. 

[On  three  blank  leaves  at  the  end  of  the  1755  diary  is  recorded 
the  following  :] 

Cyder  Sold  this  year. 

To  Coll"  Brattle  4bls.  £  12  0  0 

To  Mr.  Gamage  1  bl.  £    3  0  0 

To  Mrs.  Richardson  1  bl.     £     3  0  0 

To  Wid.  Nutting  18  Gal.  paid. 

Mr.  Rich'^son  bot  of  me  2  Hogs"*»  for  98/. 
Cyder  bo't  this  year. 

Of  Jn°  Coolidge  Oct.  14,  6  bis  of  neat  Cyder  &  one  of  water. 

Of  Mr.  Davis  7  Bbls.  of   neat  Cyder  for  wch   pd.    him    in   hand 
four  Dollars. 

Of  Mr»  Bowman  6  Blls.  of  neat  Cyder. 

Of  Mr.  Stone  6  Blls.  of  neat  Cyder. 

Masters  who  have  desir'd  y®  Degrees. 













Old  great  Candles  of  our  own 
Bayberry  Wax 
New  gt  Candles 
New  Small  Candles 

Pays  on 
burned — 4" 







Length  of  Massachusetts  Hall 
Depth  of  the  Steep  part 
Depth  of  the  Flat  part 


0  0 
9  0 
6  0 

The  whole  Depth  of  ye  shingles  on  one  side   29  3  0 

Number  of  Shingles  to  cover  the  whole  allowing  the  width  of  a 

Shingle  four  inches  &  to  ly  over  as  much  93,600 

The  Newby  shingle  Nails  at  22/  M.  102  6 

TheNewby  Shingles  at  £6  P""  M.  561  12  0 

Number  of  Shingles  laid  on  in  ye  year  1754  93,000 
No.  of  Clapb[oards]  laid  upon  Lathes  300  at  7  4  0 
Jan.  1,  1756.     Family  weigh^.    Myself  222  lb.  6oz.,lost  13.    My 

wife  190  -  6,  gain  5.     Eliz.  Holyoke  112  -  6,  lost  4.    Anna  Holyoke 

•Probably  a  "  Betty  lamp,"  or  some  form  of  pewter  lamp  burniDg  whale 


16  DIARY  OP  [Jan.,  1756 

138  -  6,  same.  Priscilla  Holyoke  gain  3.     Prisey  Mascarene  w"*out     ^^ 
Shoes  5  ft.  Jg^  inch.  j| 

12.  My  horse  shod  round  plain.  ^ 

13.  Went  to   Boston  w**^  my   wijfe  &  carried   Dorothy   Cragin 
born  1738  N.  S.  between  us. 

19.     Put  Prints  out  to  whiten. 
Peb.  11.     Winter  Vacation  ends. 

14.  College  full. 

16.  Went  to  Medford.     Mr.  Cox  died  suddenly. 

17.  [John]    Gorham   returned  to  us.      Went  to   Medford  for 

19.  Hungup  5  Leggs  of  Bacon. 
21.     Mr.  Holyoke  came  to  board  w**^  us. 
27.     Took  down  ye  Tongues  hung  up  on  the  20***. 
March  1.     Annual  Town  Meeting  at  Cambridge. 
9.     Drew  off  16  bbls.  of  Cyder  &  Left  4  on  the  Lees. 
3.     Pirst  Lecture  on  Oratory  delv*^. 
17.     Second  Lecture  on  Oratory  delv*^. 
31.     Turn<i  up  |  Barrell  of  Mead. 
April  12.     Delivered  my  4*''  Oratorical  Lecture. 
17.     Bottled  Cyder  5^  Doz. 
May  11.     Titicut  Lottery  to  be  drawn.* 
25.     Otis  went  away  to  Boston.     £99  8  0  disch[arg]edon  acct. 

of  the  New  Meets  house. 
27.     Otis  leaves  to  go  home. 
June  3.     Mr.  Holyoke  made  up  for  his  board. 

15.  Mrs.  Mascarene  deliverd  of  her  Daughter  Joanna  9  P.  M. 
Aug.  2.     1  was  ill  of  ye  E,heumat[ism]  &  didn't  go  out.     Mr.  J. 

Cotton  preachd  all  day. 

12.     Eben"^  Fessenden  died. 

20.  Lowell  &  Green  came  to  board  w*''  us. 

25.  Katherine  Pears  ripe. 
Sept.  18.     Bergamot  Pears  ripe. 
24.     Joanna  Mascarene  died  3''  30'    P.  M. 

26.  Govern*"  Shirley  saild  for  G.  Britain. 
Oct.  23.     Mrs.  Wyeth  died. 

27.  Dr.  Sewall's  Wife  died. 

Nov.  12.     Cambridge  Meeting  H.  begun  to  be  raised. 
17.     Finishd  raising  of  ye  Meeting  House. 
19.     My  Son's  wifej  died. 

Dec.  4.     My  Son's  babe  Judith  died  about  noon. 
6.     Ther"'  lu  the  night  89°    Sec'-y  Willard  died. 
Height  of  the  East  Chimney  of  Massach[usett]s  from  the  found- 
ation 55  feet  3  inch.     Height  of  Battlement  from  Ditto  49  feet. 

*Titicut  originally  was  an  Indian   village  in  what  is  now   the   town  of 
Middleboro.     The  lottery  was  in  aid  of  a  bridge  over  Taunton  river. 
tJudith  Pickman,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Pickman  of  Salem. 


I  738-1  756. 

The  first  wife  of   Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,  M.  D.      From  the  portrait  by  Greenwood 
now  in  the  possession  of  Andrew  Nichols. 

Jan.,  1757]  rev.  edward  holyoke.  17 

Jan.  9,  1757. 

Family  weighd. 

My  self  215-7"'  lost  19-11"' 

My  wife 


Mrs.  Morse           202-7"' 

Betty  Epes 


Priscy                   116-7 



Sam                         78-3 



Ann  Holyoke       139-7 

18.  Ther™  at  ye  window  at  Noon  100",  Night  99". 

19.  Ther""  Morn  102 J",  at  Noon  97^",  Night  91". 
Feb.  6.     Green  returnd  to  Board  yesterday. 

9.     Winter  Vacation  ends.     Payson  to  Analys. 

11.  Lowell  returnd  in  the  evening. 
26.     Greenwood  away  today. 

March  15.     Drew  oif  &  filled  5  blls.  of  Cyder  &  13  full  blls.  iii 
the  house  y'  Day. 

31.     Killed  my  hog  w*  246l^ 

April  5.     Mrs.  Brandon  died  ll"*  P.  M. 

9.     Lt.  Gov""  Phips  buried  w*''  y®  Regiment. 

12.  Mrs.  Chauncy  died. 

15.     Took  down  ye  Bacon,  burnd  ye  Chimney  &  put   up  3  more 
Leggs  Bacon. 

May  6.     Mr.  Appleton  gone  to  Portsm"  for  his  health. 
17.     Mr.  Cotton  of  N.  Town  died. 

21.  Moved  into  Summer  Quarters.     Took  down  all  my  Bacon. 

22.  Mr.  Jackson  preached  all  day. 

25.  Mr.  Pemb[er]ton  preachd  Election  Sermon  from  5  Deut™^. 

26.  Mr.  Rand  preachd  ye  Convention,  Thess.  2,  4. 
29.     Mr.  Bal  Ian  tine  preachd  all  day. 

June  22.     A  very  distressing  Drought. 

24.     The  Valedict[ory]  orat[ion]  pron[ounced]  by  [John]    Pitts 
&  in  a  very  handsome  manner. 

28.  Overseers  approved  ye  Vote  for  giving  Degrees  by  Diploma. 

29.  Mulberries  first  began  to  fall  yesterday. 

30.  A  Public  Fast  on  acct.  of  ye  War  &  Drought. 

July  8.     A  considerable  Shock  of  an  Earthquake,  2^  17'  P.  M. 

11.     Cambridge  School  visited  to  Day. 

19.     The  old  meeting  house  taken  down. 

26.     Went  on  a  Journey  to  Shrewsbury,  Brookfield,  etc. 

Aug.  1  &  2.     Went  on  a  Journey  to  Hadley. 

7.  Preachd  at  Cold  Spring.* 

8.  Dind  at  Mr.  Mascarene's  Store. 

9.  Went  over  Coys  hill  to  Brookfield. 

17.  Vacation  Ends.     [Thomas]  Cary  came  to  live  w***  us. 

18.  [Stephen]  Hooker  came  first  to  live  w"*  us. 

22.     This  day  presented  our  Address  to  ye  Governor.! 
29.     Warnd  Mr.  Smith  off  of  the  Farm. 
Sept.  1.     Govern'  Belcher  died  yesterday. 

*Cold  Spring  was  the  present  town  of  Belchertown. 

t  President  Holyoke's  address  on  the  accession  of  Governor  Pownall. 

18  DIARY  OF  [Sept.,  1757 

4.     Preachd  over  ye  water. 

19.     Rowen*  estimate  22  cwt.  bro*  now  into  Barn. 

24.     Pres"^*  Burr  of  N".  Jersey  Coll  [edge]  died. 

Oct.  4,     Overseers  Corn*®®  Chosen,  Judge  Sewall,   Mr.   Bowdoin, 

Mr.  Mather,  Mr.  Cooke  &  Mr.    .     Mem**  Mr.  Adams  prayd 

at  ye  meeting. 

Oct.  12.     Governor  Pownall  entertain'd  at  College. 

19.     Mr.  Bailey  ordaind  at  Hampton  Falls. 

24.     Jn°  resend[en]  Dr.  for  2  bis  [Cider]  20/. 

26.  Mr.  Payson  ordaind  at  Chelsea. 

27.  Governor  Pownall  entertaind  at  Mr.  Danforths. 
Nov.  30.     Cary  paid  up  to  this  day  &  Mr.  Holyoke. 
Dec.  13.     Susanna  Lawrence  came  to  live  w*^  us. 

14.     Tappd  a  bll.  of  Water  Cyder. 

28.  Boards  all  stuck  this  dav. 
31.     Tappd  last  bll.  of  VV.  Cyder. 


1.  Half  ye  Lectures  in  Latin. 

2.  To  live  in  College     l-9th  of  a  year  for  every  Lecture. 

3.  Recv.  no  public  money. 

Cyder  taken  in  this  year.  1  of  New  Cyder  Windfalls,  2  Bis. 
of  Sawin,  12  Ditto  of  Peirce,  12  Ditto  of  Wheat,  4  of  w"">  W. 
Cyder,  2  of  my  own. 

Jan.  2, 1758.  Family  Weighd.     Susy  147-2. 

Myself  235-2,  gained   19-11.     Abner  [Harris]  90-2. 

My  wife  186-2,     "  3-5        Bilhah  139-2. 

Mrs.  Morse  202-2,  lost  0-5.       Dinah  61-4  gained  10-11. 

Nancy  127-2,  <'    12-5.        [Stephen]  Hooker  137-2. 

Betty  Epes  141-2    "       4-5.        [Thomas]  Cary  80-6. 

Prisey  [Holyoke]  116-2  lost  0-5  Prisey  measures  w*^  shoes 
5-^  inch. 

4.     Winter  Vacation  begins.  Shaving  began  @  7£  Per  Ann[um]. 

24.     Mrs.  Haunah  Whipple  died.  J 

24.  Lent  ye  widow  Hancock  41/  to  be  p*^  when  ye  Scholars  come 

Mar.  10.   Qtr.  Day   Mass.  Cellar  Rent  for  1  year  £8  - 16  - 0.  L.  M. 

11.     Mr.  Trask  [?]  pd  up  Mass.  Rents  to  ye  10  Day. 

13.  Drew  oE  &  filld  up  to  Day  &  ye  14*^.  17  Blls.  Cyder  and 
left  4  on  the  Lees. 

16.     Susanna  Lawrence  pd  up  to  this  day. 

22.     Mr.  Jon  [as]  Meriam  ordained  at  Newton. 

30.     Sister  Burrill§  came  to  live  w**^  us. 

Apr.  18.     Hooper  went  home  and  paid  up  to  this  day. 

♦Second  mowing  of  grass. 

tFor  Hopkins  bachelors? 

tShe  was  the  wife  of  Capt.  John  Whipple  of  Ipswich. 

§Mrs.  Hannah  (Holyoke)  Burrill  of  Lynn. 

Apr.,  1758]  REV.  edward  holyoke.  19 

21.     Prisey  went  to  Salem.     Put  in  ye  spirits  in  ye  Cyder. 

25.  Sitting  of  Gen[era]l  Court.  The  Annual  Overseers  Meet- 
ing put  by  on  acc[oun]t  of  it. 

27.  Hooper  came  again. 

29.     Mrs.  Hancock  Dr.  to  College  for  800  Shingles. 
May  4.     Annual  meeting  of  Hopkins  Trustees.* 

10.  Dudleian  Lecture  put  off  to  30  Aug. 

15.  No  Rain  for  considerable  Time,  so  that  we  are  now  in  fear 
of  a  Dry  Sumer. 

16.  Began  to  Rain  this  Day. 

June  24.     Pd  Susanna  Lawrence  to  this  day  48/. 

26.  Louis  Bourg  Taken. 

Aug.  4.    Went  to  Kingston  w*''  my  wife. 

11.  Returud  home  and  found  all  well. 

12.  Inoculated  a  Peach  tree  w*^  rare  Ripes  in  6  places. f 
14.     Oliver  &  Hill  came  yesterday,  Hutchinson  to  Day. 

25.  Katherine  Pears  Ripe.     First  felt  Jaundice. 

26.  I  think  this  day  left  [off]  going  to  College. 

28.  Well  sounded,  not  12  feet  water. 

29.  Madam  Phips  saild  for  England. 
Sept.  3.     Had  my  Chair  wheels  [in]  1753. 

7.  Hooper  compleated  his  board  to  ye  Commencement  Qtr.  Day, 
payd  £52-0-0. 

14.     Public  Thanksgiving  on  Ace  [oun]  t  of  Conquest  of  Louisburg. 
Oct.  1.     Admiral  Boscawen  saild  for  Bretian. 

17.  First  tended  prayers  at  Coll[ege]  after  my  Illness. 
26.     First  snow  of  ye  year. 

Nov.  1.     Mr.  Symmes  ordained  at  Andover. 

11.  Hill  went  home  to  see  his  Father  sick. 

12.  Oliver  went  home  not  well. 

23.  Annual  Thanksgiving.  Mrs.  Mascarene  del*^  of  a  Son, 
ll*^  30'  P.  M. 

Dec.  8.     Tappd  first  Bl.  of  water  Cyder. 

23.     Burnd  Study  Chimney  &  Mrs.  Mascarene's. 

Reed,  of  Thos.  Smith  as  Rent  for  ye  Farm  for  the  year  last  past 
to  ye  1  April  this  year  [£]150  -  18  -  3. 

Repairs  of  Massachusetts  one  year  [£]3  -  7  -  1  L.  M. 

Jan.  3,  1759.     Ordination  of  Mr.  Holt  at  Danvers. 

3.  Went  to  Salem. 

4.  Went  to  Dine  w*'*  Mr.  Prescot  at  Danvers. 

10.  Went  w*^  y«  Dr.  to  Marblehd  &  returnd.  Mr.  El[ias] 
Smith  ordained  at  Middleton. 

11.  Dind  at  Coll"  Pickmans. 

12.  Returnd  home  &  found  all  well. 

•Trustees  of  the  Edward  Hopkins  bequest  to  Harvard  College, 
tGrafted  with  scions  from  a  "  Rare  ripe"  peach  tree. 

20  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1759 

17.  Mr.  Searl  ordaind  at  Stoneham  &  Mr.  Eames  at  Newtown 
in  N.  Hampshire. 

22.     Mr*  Mascarene  went  to  Boston  w*''  her  Child. 
25.     Tappi  3d  &  last  Bl.  of  W[ater]  Cyder. 

30.  Abner  Harris  laid  np  w*^  ye  meazels. 

31.  Mr.  El[izer]  Holyoke  ordained  at  Boxford. 
Feb.  1.     Mr.  [Jonas]  Miriam  carried  his  wife  home.* 

2.  An  Earthquake  1^  2'  Mane  circa. 

7.     Betty  Epes  taken  down  w*"  measels. 

9.  Vacation  lengthened  to  ye  28  Day  on  ace*  of  Measles. 

10.  Dinah  taken  down  w***  measles. 

14.     My  Dauter  Eliz  Epes  died  l*"  \  Mane  circa. 
16.     Died  at  Boston,  H.  Gibbs,  Esq.  of  Salem. 
28.    Vacation  lengthened  for  the  Measles  ended. 
Mar.  1.     Oliver  &  Hill  came  last  night. 

3.  Yesterday  &  to  Day  drew  off  13  bis.  Cyder,  left  one  of  bot- 
tling Cyder  &  50  others  on  the  Lees. 

10.  Tapp«i  bl.  Cyder,  neat. 

28.  Burn"*  the  Study  &  Stripd  Chamber  Chimneys. 

29.  Yesterday  put  Cyder  spirits  in  to  ye  Cyder,  viz.  1  Bottle 
into  each  of  the  13  Blls. 

Apr.  12.     Grafted  ye  Pear  tree  w**^  Warden  Ciens.f 
May  8.     Turn'd  up  \  Bl  Mead. 

18.  A  good  Deal  of  Rain.     Left  off  Winter  Cloaths. 
June  1.     Coz.  Sar,  Marty n  died. 

6.     Coz.  Jacob  Eliot  came  here  for  a  wife. 

28.  Public  Fast  for  ye  Prosperity  of  ye  expedition  [against 

29.  Valedictory  pronounced  by  TrumbleJ  very  handsomely. 
July  4.     Mow'd  Pres***^  Orchard  for    70/    &  found  nothing  but 

Cyder.  § 

11.  First  Str[ing]  Beans  y^  year  viz  C.  W.  Beans. 

19.  A  fine  Season  &  every  thing  in  flourishing  State. 
25.     Sow'i  a  Bed  of  Oats. 

31.     Set  out  on  our  Journey  to  Salem  &  [Ipswich]  Hamlet. 

Aug.  24.     First  mowing  of  my  Oats.     Hooper  came  to  Board. 

25.     [Elisha]  Hutchinson  p^  all  his  Dues  £46  -  17  -  6. 

28.     [Joshua]  Henshaw  came  to  board  yesterday. 

Sept.  3.  Officers  of  the  Sophisters  chose  Valedictorian,  [Dan- 
iel] Leonard.  Theses  Collectors,  [John]  Lowell,  [John]  Warren, 
[Williams]  Bradford,  [Samuel]  Deane.  Constable,  [Henry] 

*She  was  Mehitable  Foxcroft  of  Cambridge. 
tObsolete  form  of  spelling  scion,  a  twig  for  grafting, 
t Jonathan  Trumbull,  afterwards  Governor  of  Connecticut,   and  United 
States  Senator. 
§That  is,  supplied  cider  for  the  laborers. 

Sept.,  1759]  REV.    EDWARD   HOLYOKE.  21 

7.  Inoculated  Gr[een]  Gage  Plumbs  yesterday. 

8.  My  well  cleand  yesterday. 
13.     Geni  Wolf  killd. 

15.  Mowd  my  bed  of  Oats  a  second  time. 
17.     Quebeck  Surrendered. 

21.  Went  to  Spectacle  Island  with  Mr.  Henshaw. 
24.     Nancy  went  to  Newbury. 

24  &  25.  Examination  made  of  the  Scholars  as  to  their  excelling 
in  Learning. 

Oct.  16.  Public  rejoycing,  fire  works  &c.  at  Boston  for  taking 

29.     Thanksgiving  on  Acct.  of  taking  Quebec. 

Nov.  5.     Henshaw  Went  to  Boston. 

7.  Mr.  [Samuel]  Locke  ordained  at  Sherburn.  Went  to  Ordi- 

8.  Returnd  home.     Mem°  broke  my  Ax  tree. 

12.     Henshaw  came  from  Boston,  absent  one  week. 

16.  Hooper  went  home. 

22.  My  son  [Edward  Augustus]  married  to  Miss  Mary  Viall. 
Dec.  1.     My  Bro""  John's  wife  Died. 

5.     My  son  went  home  w*  his  wife. 
1759.     Rent  of  Massachusetts  Hall. 

viz.     48  Studies  @  5/  p-"  Qtr,  £12     0     0 

16  Ditto  @  4/  p^  Qtr,  3    4 

Whole  Rent  p'  Qtr,  £15     4     0 

Ditto  P'^  annum,  £60  16     0 

Rent  of  Cellars  to  be 

The  Old  Parish  in  Cambridge  Dr. 

To  560  feet  Merch.  Plank-board,  measurd, 

@  £19  P^  M.,  £10  12     9 

Catalogue  of  ye  Bachelors,  1756,  who  are  Candidates  for  their 
Degree  of  M.  A.,  1759.  I^^'  Such  are  crossed  have  been  actually 
here  to  desire  their  Degree,  or  sent  by  letter. 

X  Lowthrop  X  Parsons  x  Sparhawk 

X  Trumble  x  Hayward  x  Sluman 

X  Checkley  x  Sawyer  x  Emerson 

X  Hill  X  Le  Barron  Rice 

X  Walter  x  Otis  x  Thompson 

-      X  Walker  Wells  x  Shattuck 

X  Lovell  Prentice  x  Damon 

X  Hill  X  Foster 

Jan.  1,  1760.     Family,  &c.,  Weighd. 

Myself,    216,  gained  5.  Mrs.  Locke,  216. 

My  wife,  188,        "      3.  Mrs.  M.  Porter,         126. 

Betty,       121,       "      4.  Sarah  Manning,         157. 



[Jan.,  1760 

Betty  Mascarene, 
Peggy  Mascarene, 


Nancy,      137,  lost       5. 
Prissy,      118, 
Susy,        143,  lost       3. 
Abner,      130,  gained  34. 
Bilhah,     137. 
Dinah,        69,  gained  7. 
3.     Went  to  Salem  w*^  my  wife. 

5.  Went  to  the  Hamlet  &  dind  at  D.  Whipple's. 

6.  Heard  Mr.  Wiggles[wort]h  all  day  &  dind  wth  him. 

8.  Went  to  Ipswich.     Dind  with  Col.  Appleton  &  returnd. 

10.  Went  to  Salem  after  Dining  w*^  Capt.  Whipple. 

11.  Went   to     Marblehd     &    returnd    after    dining     at     Mr. 

12.  Dind  at  Coll"  Pickman's. 

13.  Dind  wth  my  Son. 

14.  Dind  at  Coll°  Sergeant's. 

15.  Dind  at  Mr.  Barnard's. 

16.  Returned  home  &  found  all  well. 

22.  ColP  Mascarene*  died  10*^  morning. 
24.     Mr.  W"  Vassall's  wife  died. 

29.  Gen'  Mascarene  buried. 

Feb.  8.     Mrs.  E.  Hancock  died,  ae.  79. 
13.     Mr.  [Henry]  Plynt  died. 

19.     Mr.  Flynt  buried  &  funeral  Oration  made  in  the  Chapel  p"" 
M'  Lovell. 

23.  Pd.  Susanna  Lawrence  £20,  viz.  her  Wages  for  half  year. 
March  20.     This  Morn  ^  past  two  began  ye  great  fire  at  Boston, 

beginning  at  ye  Brazen  head  &  burnd  to  Fort  St. 

26.     Burn'd  Study,  Kitchen,  Chamber,  &  Boarders'  Chimneys. 
April  5.     First  evening  without  Fire. 

9.  Mr.  Jackson  ordained  at  Brooklyn. 

30.  24,000  Boards  Stuck  in  my  yard. 
May  1.     Bottl'i  off  11  Doz.  of  Lisbon  Wine. 

June  5.     Treas"-  Hubbard  pd.  me  for  Rent  £100,  0.  T. 

7.  Mrs.  Bridgham  buried. 

9.     Opened  first  of  6  bis.  Flower. 

26.  Yesterday  committed  my  Oration  to  memory. 

27.  Valedictory  by  Learnardf  very  well  performed. 
30.     Majr  Epes$  died,  6^  15™  Mane  Circa. 

July  20.     Mulberries  gone. 
Aug.  11.     Mr.  Condy  sailed  for  England. 

Sept.  8.     M.  Real  [Montreal]  taken  &  all  Canada  deliv*  up  to 
the  English. 

•The  father  of  his  son-in-law  John  Mascarene. 

tAbiel  Leonard. 

tMaj.  Samuel  Epes,  aged  26  years,  ^tepsoa  of  President  Holyoke. 

Sept.,  1760]  REV.    EDWARD    HOLYOKE.  23 

9.     Judge  Sewall  died.* 

14.     Mrs.  [Edward  Augustus]  Holyoke  del**  of  a  Dau'ter. 
26.     Rejoycing,  Illumination,    &c.,   at    Boston,    on    acct.  of  the 
taking  of  M.  Real  &  Canada. 
Oct.  7.     Peggy  Mascarene  died. 

11.  Sent  my  Letter  for  Mr.  Condy  to  Boston. 
16.     Went  to  visit  Governor  Barnard's  Lady. 

19.  Preachd  at  Mr.  Conday's. 

22.  Mrs.  [Judah]  Monis  died  y'  Morn. 

25.  [Joshua]  Orne  went  away  to  M-head  &  pd  up  his  dues. 

26.  King  George  ye  2^  Died  yesterday. 

Nov.  9.     A  Small  Earthquake,  S^  30'  Mane  Circa. 

27.  Scotch  Society  Meeting. 

Dec.  4.     Mr.  Holyoke  carried  his  wife  home. 
30.     K.  George  3^  proclaimed  at  Boston. 

[The  following  was  inserted  between  the  August  and  September 
leaves  of  the  diary.] 

Candidates  for  their  second  Degrees  ;  those  that  have  this  x  mark 

prefixed  to  their have  been  with  me. 

X  Atkinson  x  Brooks  x  Bradbury 

X  Vassall  x  Haven  x  Pike 

X  Appleton  x  "Walker  Tuttle 

X  Russell  X  Barret  Tuttle 

X  Pitts  X  Williams  x  Parker 

X  Chardon  x  Pecker  x  Holt 

X  Allen  X  Fairfield  x  Wheeler 

Gilman  x  Phipps 

Jan.  1,  1761.  Family  weigh'd,  myself,  204.  12,  my  wife,  191.  12, 
Betty,  117.  11,  Nancy,  136.  12,  Priscy,  120.  12,  Eunice,  128.  12, 
John  77.  12,  Bilhah,  136.  12. 

Feb.  13.     Vane  boards  hung  to  Season. 
21.     Tongues  12  put  into  Pickle. 

24.  1400£  for  Purchase  of  Champey's  House  inhabited  by 
Mrs.  Mascarene's  Family. 

25.  ';Mr.  Cummings  installed  at  the  0.  South. 
March  2.     M""  Mascarene  mov'd  into  my  House. 

12.  A  very  considerable  Shock  of  an  Earthquake  about  2.  19 

20.  Vesp.  5.  15.     Drew  a  Meridian  line  for  Mr.  Mascarene. 

24.  Set  clock,  hung  up  2  leggs  more,  2  Chops  &  10  Tongues. 

25.  Taken  down  4  Leggs  of  Bacon  w'^'*  were  hung  up  Feb.  7***. 
Apr.  15.     Chipman,  a  sen*"  Sophister,  died  suddenly. 

23.  Blooded  my  Horse. 

•Judge  Stephen  Sewall  (1704-1760),  born  in  Salem,  Judge  of  the  Superior 
Court,  1739-1752,  and  after  that  Chief  Justice  and  member  of  the  Council 
until  his  death. 

24  DIARY   OF  [Apr.,  1Y61 

27.  Went  to  Waltham  w***  Mr.  Marsh  to  lay  out  y®  high  Way 
thro'  Roger's  Farm. 

28.  Mrs.  Mascarene's  Faro  Died  of  marasmus. 

May  5.  Annual  Overseers'  Meeting,  but  being  a  storm  They  met 
not,  &  we  adjourned  to  Boston  the  14. 

8.  Last  Bacon  taken  down. 

9.  M'  Winthrop*  sail'd  for  New  found  land. 
12.     Mr.  Mascarene  went  to  Cold  Spring.f 

25.  Went  to  M'  [Ebenezer]  Storer's  Funeral. 
June  2.     English  Walnuts  planted. 

7.     Pease  offered  to  sell  yesterday  @  27/  ^  Peck. 

26.  Mulberries  began  to  fall.  Valedictory  [Stephen]  Hooper 
very  handsomely. 

July  8.  A  Day  of  Prayer  at  Cambridge  on  acc't  of  the  Drought. 
Mr.  Prentice  assisted  Mr.  Appleton. 

11.  Cambridge  School  not  visited  till  this  Day. 

25.  Mr.  [John]  Winthrop  return'd  home  from  Obser.  of  ye 
Transit  of    9  . 

Aug.  15.     The  numbering  of  the  Spirit  Thermometer  revers'd.J 

31.  Yesterday  M'  Mascarene  sail'd  for  Falmouth,  &  this  day 
Mess''^  [Gideon]  Hawley  &  M""  Toppan  set  out  for  Onahoguage.§ 

Sept.  3.  Day  of  Prayer  for  Rain,  public.  Mr.  Mascarene  sailed 
from  Falmouth. 

7.     Annual  Corpor.  Meeting.  Coll.  [Jacob]  Wendell  Died  11  p.  ra. 

Common  sale  Candles,  10  to  18,  burn  3'^  47'  @  5/6  cost  per  hour 


Our  Middling  Candles,  9  to  8,  burn  5^  41    @  5/6,  cost  per  hour 

Our  great  Candles,  6  to  1,  burn  7^^  52   @  5/6,  cost  per  hour  1**  l^ 

Sperma  Ceti  Candles  @  14/  ^  burn  S*"  49  ,  5  to  1,  Cost  per  hour 

22.     Widow  Eliz.  Bordman  Died,  8  Morn^. 
25.     Mrs.  Stedman  Died,  8h.  P.  M.  yesterday. 
30.     Coll.  [.John]  Alford  Died,  3"  Morn^. 
Oct.  10.     Gouern""  [William]  Dummer  died. 

12.  Com*®®  to  go  to  Waltham  &  did  go  there,  viz  :  Mr.  Appleton, 
Mr,  Hancock,  Mr.  Marsh  &  myself. 

15.     Chh.  of  England,  Cambridge,  consecrated. || 

Oct.  23.     As  great  a  Storm  (wth  Rain)  as  I  have  known. 

*John  Winthrop,  Hollis  professor  of  mathematics,  who  observed  the 
transit  of  Venus  over  the  sun's  disk  at  St.  John's,  Newfoundland,  June  6, 
1761,  an  account  of  which  he  afterwards  published. 

tAfterwards  Belchertown,  Mass. 

ISee  ante,  Jan.  2,  1749. 

§Onohoquaque,  on  the  Susquehanna  river. 

II  Christ  church.     Rev.  East  Apthorp  was  the  first  rector. 


1689-1  769. 

From  the  painting  by  Copley,  now  in  Mennorial  Hall,  Harvard  University. 

Oct.,  1761]  REV.   EDWARD   HOLTOKE.  25 

24.     Ground  dry  &  Scarce  any  brook  running. 

30.     Tapp'd  last  bl.  of  0.  Cyder  yesterday. 

Nov.  1.     A  Considerable  Earthquake,  8.  12  P.  M. 

Mutton   sent  to  the  poor  @  Thanksgiving.     Dora.    Hovey,  John 

Phillips,    widow  John  Barrel,    Dan^  Barrel,    Ruth    Bathrick,  

Landman,  Hannah  Smith. 

Dec.  1.  Strip'd  Chamber,  Kitchen  Ditto  &  Boarders  ditto  & 
Study  Chimneys  all  burn'd  on  the  first  &  B.  Kitchen. 

7.  Clean'd  both  my  Clock  &  Larrum. 

14.     Public  Examination  of  ye  Students  today  &  15  &  16,  A.  M. 
Jan.  4,  1762.     War  w*'*  Spain  proclaim'd  in  London. 
10.     Preach'd  for  Mr.  Appleton  over  the  Water.     Rom.  6.  12. 
Feb.  7.     Vespers  without  Candlesticks. 

23.  Tapp'd  bl.  Cyder,  but  only  on  Ullage.* 
Mar.  15.     Put  ink  powder  in  Soak. 

Apr.  19.     Put  my  ashes  on  Pres   ^  Orchard. 
June  2.     My  boards  stuck. 

8.  Moses  Souther  came  yesterday. 

24.  Meirichf  Drown'd  in  the  River  at  the  Bridge,  6^  P.  M. 

30.  Com*®^  for  building  a  new  College  met  here. 
July  17.     Mrs.  Gentleman  W.  went  home. 

28.     Public  day  of  Prayer  for  Rain. 
Aug.  14.     The  Havannah  taken. 

18.  This  day  Septimated  all  the  Repairs  of  Massachusett's  Hall 
&  the  Glazier's  bills,  &c. 

19.  The  whole  of  the  above  Septimation  now  due  £266  -  6  -  5. 

31.  Mr.  Joseph  Bowman  J  ordained  a  Missionary  to  the . 

Sept.  16.     Day  of  rejoicing  for  the  taking  the   Havannah  &  the 

Sermon  Preach'd  by  Dr.  Sewall. 

Oct.  7.  Public  Thanksgiving  for  y^  Conquest  of  Martinico,  Ha- 
vannah, &c. 

26.     We  made  3  or  4  Blls.  Soap. 

31.     Bilhah  del**  of  a  Son  about  4  o'Clock  A.  M. 

Nov.  3.     Deacon  Whipple  &  Wife  came  upon  a  visit. 

5.  Six  feet  of  water  in  my  well. 

6.  "Went  to  Boston  a  bearer  to  Mrs.  Greenleaf.§ 

13.  13  feet  of  Water  in  the  Coll.  new  Well.  Mem"  the  well  23 
ft.  &  10  in.  Deep. 

Dec.  9.  Annual  Thanksgiving.  Nancy  married  to  Mr.  [Samuel] 
Cntts  before  the  Public  Worship. 

•Ullage,  the  estimated  measure  of  the  empty  part  of  a  barrell. 

tNoah  Merrick,  a  student  at  the  College,  and  son  of  Rev.  Noah  Merrick 
of  Springfield. 

§He  was  graduated  at  Harvard  in  1761  and  was  ordained  in  the  Old 
South  Church,  Boston,  as  a  missionary  to  a  tribe  of  Indians  at  Onoho- 
quaqae  on  the  Susquehanna  river. 

ilMrs.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Dr.  Daniel  Greenleaf. 

26  DIARY   OF  [Dec,  1762 

31.  Molly  Landman  &  Dinah  went  to  Boston  in  order  for  Pis- 

Jan.  2,  1763.  Began  to  sing  Tate  &  Brady's  Version*  at  Cam- 

4.  Family  weigh'd  :  Myself,  223.  7,  my  wife,  189.  7,  Betty,  115.  7, 
Mrs.  Cutts,  126.  7,Priscy,  115.  7,  Sarah,  133.  7,  Austin,  83.  3,  Bilhah, 
141.  7,  Moses,  65.  3. 

12.    My  Cloak  clean'd  by  Millekin,  cost  45/ 

25.  We  made  candles,  viz,  41-  8  large  &  72  -  8  small. 

26.  Mr.  Cutts  went  home  with  his  wife. 
Feb.  18.     Sarah  Sherman  went  home. 

23.  Went  to  Boston,  attended  Deacon  Simpson's  funeral. 
Family  charges  to  March  :  Flour,  £84,  Butter,  £48,  Cyder, 

£18,  Pork,  £67.  10,  wood,  £120,  meat,  £226,  cheese,  £25. 

Mar.  4.     Daughter  Holyoke  brot  to  bed  with  Peggy. 

Apr.  19.     Col.  Phillips  died. 

22.     Mrs.  Landman  began  her  business  as  College  Sexton. 

May  5.     Bowen  sen'  went  [out]  of  Town  yesterday  w^^out  Leave. 

16.     Mrs.  Abbot  died. 

June  8.     Mowed  my  close  tow'"^  the  street. 

9.     Mowed  my  close  next  Dr.  Wigglesworth. 

18.     finished  mowing  Pres*^*  Orchard  at  £3.15  &  found  Nothing. 

21.  Corporation  meeting.  Mowed  at  Mascarene's  1-^  acres  for 
6  sh.  &  found  nothing  but  Cyder. 

26.     Moving  &  making  the  whole  of  my  hay,  £  12. 15. 

29.     Bottl'd  our  Mead,  viz,  7  Doz. 

July  2.  Valedictory  yesterday  by  [Joseph]  Hooper,  &  done 
very  well. 

28.  Went  w^^  my  Wife  to  Ipswich  Hamlet  [and  then  to  Ports- 

Aug.  5.     Dined  w*^  Govern'"  Wentworth. 

11.  The  annual  Thanksgiving  here  at  Portsmouth  also.  Heard 
Mr.  Langdon  all  Day. 

16.     Went  to  Marblehead  &  Eeturned,  dined  at  Mrs.  Freeman's.! 

18.    Eeturned  home  &  found  all  well.     Blessed  be  God. 

24.  Vacation  ends.     Turnips  come  up.     Freeman  comes. 

26.  Brigadier  Brattle's  Wife  died.j 

Aug.  27.     Old  Dr.  Greenleaf,§  apothecary,  died. 
Sept.  23.     Pres.  [Thomas]  Clap  [of  New  Haven]  here. 

27.  Mrs.  Cutts  brot  to  Bed  on  y^  18*^  w*^  her  son  Edward. 

28.  Went  to  Salem  to  Ordination  of  Mr.  [John]  Huntington. 
Oct.  19.     Went  into  Winter  Quarters  sooner  because  of  the  wed- 
ding to  be  on  the  25***. 

•Previous  to  this  the  Sternhold  and  Hopkins  version  of  the  Psalms  was 
in  general  nse. 

tMrs.  Isaac  Freeman  of  Marblehead. 

tMrs.  Martha,  wife  of  Hon.  William  Brattle  of  Cambridge. 

§Rev.  Daniel  Greenleaf,  aged  86  years,  formerly  minister  at  Yarmouth. 

Oct.,  1763]  REV.    EDWARD    HOLYOKE.  2T 

25.  Dr.  [William]  Kneeland  Married  to  my  Dauf  Betty. 
Nov.  16.     My  wife  preparing  to  make  soap. 

18.     rinish'd  making  soap,  viz.  6  or  7  Barrels. 
Dec.  19.     D'  Kneeland  &  Wife  went  off   from    us   to  their  own 

26.  My  Hair  cut. 

Jan.  13,  1764.     Polly  Holyoke  Died  at  6. 

16.     Gen^  Court  sat  here  being  adjourned  from  Boston  for  small 

23.  This  Day  Hollis  Hall  was  named  by  Goven''  Fra.  Bernard  in 
the  Presence  of  the  Gen'  Court  both  Council  &  House  in  the  Chapel. 
The  Govern""  came  up  about  one  o'clock  soon  after  w*^*'  all  went  into 
the  Chapel  @  the  tolling  of  the  Bell,  the  Pres*'*  &  Corporation 
preceding  ye  Govern""  &  Gen*  Court  &  when  all  were  well  seated, 
The  Pres"^^  rising  up  said,  as  there  are  here  present  His  Ex*=y  the 
Govern'',  the  Hon'ble  his  Majesties  Council  &  the  Hon^'*'  house  of 
Eepresentatives  who  by  their  Votes  gave  to  the  College  the  new 
building  in  our  View  it  cannot  therefore  be  an  improper  time  to 
ask  a  name  to  it,  w'fore  I  apply  to  yo""  ExceP^  to  give  the  name. 
Upon  w^*"  his  Exc^  Standing  up  said,  I  now  give  to  this  new  build- 
ing the  name  of  Hollis-Hall.  Upon  w'^''  The  Pres***  s^  There  is 
now  expected  a  gratulatory  Oration  to  this  venerable  Audience,  & 
Let  the  Orator  ascend  the  Desk.  Upon  w'^"  the  Orator  [Taylor  a 
jun""  sophisf]  accordingly  ascended  &  pronounced  w**^  Suitable  & 
proper  action  an  English  Oration.  After  w^^  the  assembly  broke 
up,  the  Pres***  &  Corporation  Still  preceeding  the  Govern'  &  Gen'l 
Court,  &  then  all  went  into  the  new  building  to  View  it  &  while 
they  were  there,  the  Stew"^  send  word  the  Dinner,  to  w'^'*  all  had 
been  invited,  was  upon  the  Table,  all  then  repairing  to  the  Hall, 
sat  down  to  Dinner  a  little  before  two  o'clock.  Mem°  The  Minis- 
ters of  Boston  &c.  tho  they  were  all  invited  the  Day  before,  to  this 
Entertainm*  yet  all,  being  highly  affronted,  refused  to  Come. 

24.  Harvard  Hall  burned. 

Feb.  10.     Small  Pox  spreading  in  Boston. 
11.     Capt.  Jervass*  sail'd  for  London. 

13.  Mr.  Tho*  Green  to  give  for  sister  Burrill's  house,   £100   a 
yr.  from  y*  Day. 

15.     Put  11*  of  Milk  into  my  q^  Cask  Wine  to  fine  it. 
Mar.  1.     Din'd  at  M""  Js.  Winslow. 
9.     They  began  to  inoculate  at  Boston. 

14.  Boston  high  in  Inoculation  for  y®  Small  Pox. 
31.     Planted  Parsnips. 

Apr.  2.     Prissey  went  to  Boston  to  be  inoculated. 

3.  Began  to  dig  the  whole  garden. 

4.  Mrs.  Kneeland  went  to  Boston  &  was  inoculated. 

'Master  of  the  brig  Hannah. 

28  DIARY  OF  [Apr.,  1764 

14.     Coll.  Sparhawk's  Children  inoculated. 

20.  New  Laid  Eggs  tallowed  today. 

29.  My  Boards  stuck. 
May  7.     Madam  Phips  died. 

9.     Dudlean  Lecture  adjourned  w^^'out  Day. 

30.  Election  Sermon  put  off  by  reason  of  S.  Pox  in  Boston. 

31.  Convention  Sermon  to  have  been  preach'd  but  put  off  for  y* 
S.  Pox. 

July  6.  Meeting  of  the  Pres**  &  Tut".  The  Valedictory  pro- 
nounced by  [Benjamin]  Bourne  very  handsomely. 

18.  Commencement  not  celebrated  as  usual  because  of  the  Sm 

Aug.  23.     Went  to  Spectacle  [Island  ?]  with  my  Wife,  &c. 

Sept.  17.     John  Jarvis  came  to  live  wth  us  at  43/  2  ^  week. 

29.     Finished  raising  the  roof  of  Harvard  [Hall]. 

Oct.  20.     Mr.  Mascarene  return'd  home. 

Nov.  19.     Sister  Burrill  died  3.  45  P.  M. 

22.     Sister  Burrill  buried  in  the  new  Method. 

25.     Mr.  [Edward]  Wiggles  worth  first  preach'd  in  Cambridge. 

Jan.  2,  1765.  Family  weigh'd.  Myself,  212.  2,  my  wife,  186.  2, 
Mrs.  Kneeland,  125.  2,  Prisey,  114.  2,  Mrs.  Locke,  125.  2,  Eliz.  Mas- 
carene, 84.  2,  Hephz.  Oliver,  138.  2. 

16.     Dr.  [Edward]  Wiggles  worth  [sen']  died. 

Feb.  7.     Mrs.  Turrell  died  yesterday. 

24.     Bilhah  Died  e^^  P.  M. 

Mar.  15.     Reed  of  Treas""  Gray  ^  years  Salary  viz.  £125. 

24.  This  storm  did  much  damage  to  Wharfs,  warehouses,  &c. 
in  Boston,  Charleston,  Marbleh'd,  Newberry  Port,  «&c. 

Apr.  27.     Lent  M.  E.  HolyokePeirce's  Vindication  of  Dissenters. 

May  6.  My  Dau'ter  Cutts  brot  to  bed  of  her  Dau'ter  Eliz. 
Epes,  9.  34  P.  M. 

June  29.  The  Valedictory  pronounced  yesterday  by  [Nathaniel] 
Sparhawk  pretty  well. 

July  24.     Tinctura  polychresta  made. 

Aug.  31.  Strained  out  my  Tinctura  Polychresta  after  macerat- 
ing in  y*   O  more  than  30  Daies.   Cost  £4.  16.  03. 

Oct.  17.     Sister  Fitch*  died. 

31.     Polly  Holyoke  2^  died. 

Nov.  4.     College  Privy  burnt  at  night. 

21.  Joseph  Lightlyt  executed  for  murder. 

Dec.  12.    Went  to  Boston  first  time  since  July  26. 
13.   Returnd  home.     Tides  very  high. 

*Mrs.  Elizabeth,  sister  of  President  Holyoke's  second  wife,  and  widow 
of  Rev.  Jabez  Fitch  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H. 

tExecuted  in  Cambridge  for  murdering  Elizabeth  Post,  his  reputed  wife. 
He  said  that  he  was  born  in  Newcastle  in  1736  but  refused  to  reveal  his 
real  name. 

Dec,  1765]  rev.  edvvard  holyoke.  29 

Weight  of  the  Vane  of  Harvard  15f  lb.  Length  of  the  fore  part, 
2  ft.  2  in.,  of  the  hinder  part,  1  ft.  5  in. 

Coll[ege]  new  Bell  w'^'*  arriv'd  Oct.  24.  Weighs  200  lb.  near, 
w'^''  @  W^  St.  f>,  lb.  =  11.  8  O.  T.  makes  the  cost  of  £116.  14.  0 
O.  T.  =  L.  M.  £13.  9.  0. 

Jan.  1,  1766.  Family  weigh'd,  Myself,  208.  7,  my  wife,  188.  7, 
Molly  Appleton,  124.  7,  Priscy,  114.  7,  Betty  Mascarene,  101.  7, 
Esther  Piper,  138.  7,  Sarah  Sherman,  169.  7. 

6.     Glass  5°,  below  0. 

23.  An  Earthquake,  5.  30  Morn. 
Eeb.  6.     Tarring  trees. 

Apr.  10.     Eggs  fatted. 

May  19.     Rejoicing  for  y«  R[epeal]  of  y«  St[amp]  Act,  Boston. 

20.     at  Cambridge. 

June  27.     Valedictory  by  [William]  Pepper  ill,  tolerable. 
July  9.     Dr.  [Jonathan]  Mayhew  died. 

16.  Comencem'',  a  cool  day. 

21.  Mr.  Applet[on]  hurt  by  a  fall  from  his  chaise. 

24.  Thanksgiving  for  Repeal  of  St  [amp]  Act. 

25.  Jn°  Mascarene  born  yesterday. 
Sept.  27.  Sam'  Cutts  born  5^^  P.  M. 
Feb.  24,  1767.     Began  a  bottle  Snuff. 

Mar.  20.     Had  a  gre[at]  chair  of  E.  Manning.     Cost  £3. 
Apr.  12.     Vespers  5.  36.     Congregation  to  begin  Worship  at  10'' 
morn  &  P.  M.  2^  30'. 

14.  The  Rev'd  Mr.  [William]  Hooper  of  Boston  died  extream 

1 7.  Went  to  Mr.  Hooper's  Funeral,  being  invited. 
27.     Put  Mercury  into  a  Plumb  tree. 

May  14.     Mr.  Mascarene  and  wife  went  home  to  Salem. 

July  1.  To  warn  y®  Cambridge  School.  Master  of  the  Visita- 
tion of  his  School. 

3.  Valedictory  by  [Thomas]  Bernard  &  that  indifferently  both 
as  to  Speech  &  Action. 

6.     Camb«  School  to  be  visited.  And  was  visited  this  Day. 

25.     Sarah  Sherman  went  off  from  our  Service. 

Sept.  1.     Master  Wiswall*  died. 

20.     My  Bro''  Jacob  died  yesterday  Morn  at  6  o'clock. 

23.  A  great  storm  in  the  beginning  of  the  Night  w*^**  did  much 

Oct.  7.     Jn°  Morse  died. 

11.  Time  of  Worship  changed  viz.  lO*'  30'  A.  M.  to  2^  P.  M. 
to  begin  this  Day. 

15.  A  small  earthquake  circa  11'*  A.  M. 

•Peleg  Wiswall,  late  master  of  the  North  Grammar  School,  aged  83 

30  DIARY   OF   REV.    EDWARD   HOLYOKE.       [Nov.,  1767 

Nov.  8.  Yesterday  my  Dauter  Cutts  del*^  of  a  Dau'ter  named 
Anna  Holyoke. 

24.  The  snow  w*"^  fell  on  y«  22^  .12  Inches  at  Least  on  a  Level. 
Dec.  7.     Gave  to  Jacob  Bacon  of  Lexington  £3.  10.  0  for  3  feet 

of  black  Oak. 

30.     Mrs.  Sewall  bro't  to  bed  of  a  son  8^  P.  M. 

Jan.  2,  1768.  Family  weigh'd.  Myself,  227.  30,  My  wife, 
179.  10,  Priscy,  118.  10,  Betty  Fessenden,  113.  10,  Eben"-  Perry, 
150.  10. 

11.     Capt.  Cazneau  sail'd  for  London. 

19.  O  Eclipsed,  vis[ible],  Cloudy  &  but  a  poor  Observation  of 
the  Eclipse. 

Mar.  12.     Spoke  to  Kittel  for  a  wigg. 

16.  My  Bro^  Sam^  Holyoke  died  11*^  30'  A.  M.  Mt.  73.  11  m. 
14  d. 

28.     Mr.  Fran.  Foxcroft  [died]  at  1  in  y^  morn. 

30.     My  Bro.  J.  Holyoke  went  to  live  at  Newtown. 

Apr.  10.     First  Sabbath  to  go  @  lO^^  A.  M.  &  2.  30  P.  M. 

23.     Put  species  in  my  Ink  bottle. 

25.  Went  to  visit  M'  Peperill. 

May  14.  Mr.  M[ather]  Byles  sail'd  for  England  in  Capt. 

June  3.     Began  to  take  Bush  Tea. 

10.     Rev.  [Peter]  Clarke  of  Danvers  Died. 

July  1.     Valedictory  pronounced  by  [David]   Greene.     Well. 

2.  Most  violent  Thunder  when  Hollis  Hall  was  Struck  &  Dam- 
aged in  every  corner. 

15.  Daughter  Kneeland  bro't  to  Bed  of  her  Daughter  Lydia, 
circa  1*^  P.  M. 

Aug.  2.     Taken  ill. 

Sept.  3.  Mr.  [Samuel]  Wigglesworth  of  the  [Ipswich]  Hamlet 

23.  A  priv[ate]  Fast  here  on  account  of  y®  coming  of  the 

Oct.  11.     My  Dau'ter  Holyoke  bro't  to  bed  w*'^  her  Dau'ter  Anna. 

Nov.  14.     Prune  Walnut  Trees. 

Dec,  25.     Sister  Minotf  died. 

*The  14th  and  29th  regiments,  commanded  by  Lt.  Col.  Dalrymple,  em- 
barked at  Halifax  and  arrived  at  Boston,  Sept.  28,  1768. 

tMrs.  Mary,  wife  of  Stephen  Minott,  jr.,  of  Boston,  and  sister  of  Presi- 
dent Holyoke's  first  wife. 



From  the  pastel  made  by  Benjamin  BIythe  in  177  1   and  now  in  the 
possession  of  Mrs.  Charles  S.  Osgood. 




1742,  1743,  1744,  1746,  1747. 

[On  the  inside  front  cover  of  the  Diary  for  1742  is  written  the 
following:]  There  was  a  comet  appear'd  Feb.  19,  1742  &  I  ob- 
served it  the  22  of  Feb.  when  it  was  in  the  tail  of  Aquilla :  Long : 
W.  15"  29' :  Lat :  36°  24' :  at  5  in  the  morning  that  Day  :  and  when  I 
Got  up  on  4  morn  rf  it  was  in  the  edge  of  the  milky  way  :  at  5  in 
the  morning  that  day  wich  was  the  25  of  Feb:  1742.  March  20, 
1742,  the  comet  Disappeared  wich  is  on  Saturday  night, 

Jan.  1,  1742.     Lecture. 

3.     Sacrame[nt]. 

17.     M'  [Thomas]  Prentice  of  Chal[lestown]  prech**. 

19.     Old  M"  Prentice  Buried. 

24.  M'  Thos.  Balch  preech^. 
26.     Old  Jno  Prentice  died. 
Feb.  2.     Candlemas  day. 

14.     Valentines. 

Apr.  1.     M""  Prince  dismis*^  from  being  fellow. 

3.  Draw*^  of  11  blls.  cyder. 

4.  Mr.  [Nehemiah]  Walter,  jun.  [of  Roxbury]  Preh"*  here. 

6.  Clean*^  the  work  house. 

7.  Finish*^  gardening. 

8.  General  Fast. 

10.     Went  to  Ipswich. 

25.  Sacrment. 

May  25.     Went  in  to  water. 

26.  Election. 

30.     M"-  Robbins  Preach*!. 

♦These  diaries,  like  the  preceding,  were  kept  in  interleaved  almanacs. 
The  originals  are  now  preserved  in  the  Library  of  Harvard  University. 
Nearly  one  half  of  the  entries  are  in  shorthand  and  have  not  been  deci- 
phered. There  is  also  a  daily  record  of  temperature,  wind,  weather,  etc., 
not  here  included.  During  this  period  young  Holyoke  was  a  student  at 
Harvard  College  of  which  his  father  was  President. 

tThursday  morning. 


32  DIARY   OF  [June,  1742 

June  2.  Foundation  of  the  Chapel*  Laid  Some  part  of  y®  begin'g 
of  this  month. 

July  15.  Began  to  write  my  College  Laws  &  finish"*  y®  tenth  of 

19.  Finished  my  Theme:     Labor Improbus  omnia  vincit. 
Aug.  10.     This  day  James   Paugnet    was   try**   for    Murd'   and 


11.     This  day  Father  &  mother  returnd  from  Portsmo'**^. 
18.     This  day  I  was  Admitted  into  Harvard  College. 

21.  This  night  a  bill  began  to  be  kept  in  y®  Hall. 

22.  This  day  began  to  recite  to  M'  Flyntf  in  TuUy  and  virgill 
&  Greek  testament. 

28.     This  day  went  to  Boston  &  fetch"*  up  Peggy. J 
30.     This  day  my  Father,  M""  Flynt  &  M'  Appleton  &  o'  treasur- 
er went  to  Hopkinton.     We  did  not  recite   till   Mr.   Flynt   came 

Sept.  1.     M'  Flynt  Return"*  home. 

3.  Uncle  &  Aunt  Fitch  came  town.§ 

4.  Still"*  11  pints  of  Lemmon  Water. 

20.  This  day  I  removed  out  of  my  old  chamber  into  a  new  one. 
Nov.  7.     Mrs.  Gibbs  died  about  1  O'clock  P.  M. 

11.     This  day  was  the  annual  thanksgiving. 

14.     My  Father  Preach"*  Cambr. 

Dec.  12.     Sister  Molly  ||  born  10*'  52'  30". 

18  -  20.  Sometime  this  part  of  the  month,  the  brick- work  of  the 
Chapel  was  finish"*. 

[On  the  last  leaf  is  written]  an  account  of  our  Examination  the 
13  day  of  July  1742,  viz  :  [Daniel]  Foxcroft,  [Joseph]  Green,  my- 
self and  [James]  Putnam. 

I  Virgil 

Tutr^    3  ^neid  15  Lines 
Pres^*  2  iEneid  24  Lines 

Tutr«    3  Catiline 
Pres"**  2  Catiline 

I  Tully 

Tut"  12  Luke  )  ^  ^  n,  .  4. 
-ri  rtt  o-  AT  4-1,  y  Greek  Testament 
Pres^*  2o  Mathew  ) 

Mem"*  M'  [Henry]  Flynt  examin"*  in  Tully  :  M""  [Belchar]  Han- 
cock in  Virgil :  M""  [Joseph]  Mayhew  in  Greek  Test :  M""  [Thomas] 
Marsh  in  no  book  in  y®  forenoon  :  in  y®  afternoon  examined  by  y® 
Pres"**  who  gave  us  y®  following  Themes  : 

*Holden  Chapel,  erected  in  memory  of  Samuel  Holden,  merchant  of 

t Henry  Flynt  (1676-1'J60),  who  held  the  office  of  Tutor  for  fifty-five 

jHis  sister  Margaret,  born  Sept.  22,  1726;  married  John  Mascarene. 

§Kev.  Jabez  Fitch  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  and  his  wife  Elizabeth,  who 
was  a  sister  of  President  Holyoke's  second  wife,  Margaret,  daughter  of 
John  Appleton  of  Ipswich. 

II Mary  Holyoke  who  died  Nov.  13,  1753. 

Dec,  1742]  edwakd  Augustus  holyoke.  33 

Foxcroft :  Sapientia  prestat  viribus. 

Greeu  &  myself :  Labor  Improbus  oiniuia  vincit. 

Putnam  :  Semper  avarus  eget. 

I  finish*^  my  Theme  the  19  day  of  July,  1742  &  was  admitted 
the  18  of  y®  August  following  (after  having  been  on  writing  my 
College  Laws  20  Days  finished  them  the  10  of  August)  and  we. 
began  to  recite  on  the  moonday  morning  after  the  vacancy  was  up 
which  was  the  23  Day  of  August  in  the  year  1742. 

Jan.  27,  1743.     M"^  Flint  went  to  boston. 

28      Lecture  day. 

Feb.  1.     M"^  Flint  Return*^  from  boston. 

8.     Fleming  sat  upon  Gallows.* 

11.     Quarter  day  at  College. 

14.     Mothers  birth  day. 

17.  An  overseers  meting.     M'.  Flynt  had  a  Sore  Shin. 

18.  John's  birthday. t     Declamed.     Went  into  M' Monis.t 

19.  The  Slates  for  the  chapel  were  begun  to  be  cut  in  order  to 
be  put  on  it. 

20.  Betty  Epes§  birthday.     A  very  warm  day. 

21.  Corporation  day. 

22.  Molly  Man  went  to  Boston. 

28.     This  day  finish^  Tullys  or[ations]. 
Mar.  2.     M"^  Winthrop  ||  had  no  Lecture. 

3.  My  father  went  to  boston  with  M""*  Morse.  M'  Faneuilf 

4.  Last  night  Late  they  begun  to  slate  Chapel.  Went  into 

6.  Greas"^  chaise  tackling.     Began  to  lay  y®  w  :  house  floor. 

6.  M''  Hancock  of  Martha*  vineyard  prech**. 

7.  The  workmen  at  y*^  Chapel  didn't  come  up  till  y®  next  day. 

8.  D"^  Wigglesworth**  had  a  Lecture. 

10.  Father  &  Johny  went  down  to  M""  Faniuls  burial. 

11.  Went  into  M*"  Monis.     Began  second  oration  Tully. 

12.  Y®  workmen  went  down  from  y®  chappie  &  return**  on 
Moonday  following. 

13.  M'  Appleton  Preach**  to  y®  Condemned  Prisner. 

♦Andrew  Flemming  of  Groton,  convicted  of  incest,  was  sentenced  to 
sit  upon  the  gallows  at  Cambridge,  with  a  rope  about  his  neck  and  then  to 
be  whipped  forty  stripes  on  the  way  from  the  gallows  to  the  prison. 

tHis  brother  John  Holyoke  who  died  Dee.  30,  1753. 

tJudah  Monis,  instructor  in  Hebrew  from  1722  to  1761.  Embraced 
Christianity  and  was  baptised  in  1722. 

§Elizabeth  Epes,  born  Feb.  20,  1736,  was  the  daughter  of  Hon.  Symondg 
Epes  of  Ipswich,  whose  widow  Mary  married  President  Holyoke. 

llJohn  Winthrop,  Hollis  professor  of  mathematics  and  natural  phil- 

ITPeter  Faneuil  (1700-1743),  the  eminent  Boston  merchant. 

•*Rev.  Samuel  Wigglesworth  (1689-1768)  of  Ipswich  Hamlet 

34  DIARY  OP  [Mar.,  1743 

14.  Prisn'"  Repreav*^  1  month  :  began  Logick    &    y®    5   Mnid  & 

15.  Do''  had  a  Lecture.     Gushing  &  bulfinch  came  up  from  bos- 

18.  Our  class  was  treted. 

19.  Burnt  my  chimney.     M"".  Flynt  not  well. 

22.  We  made  16^1i.  of  bayberry  wax  Candles. 

23.  We  made  tallow  Candles. 

24.  Annual  Fast :  began  a  pound  of  my  Candles. 

25.  Went  into  M'  Monis. 

26.  Went  on  Gunning     kill**  9  pidgeons.f 
28.  Workm[en]  were  not  up  all  day. 

April  1.     Went  to  Medford  :   went  into  M"^  Monis. 
4.     Corporation  Day.     Went  to  Charleston. 
8.     Went  into  M    Monis. 

14.  M.  Fenisont  Executed  for  murder. 

17.  M'  Hobby  §  Preach^  all  day. 

18.  M'*  Remington  Died. 

23.  Transplanted  80  Cabbages. 

24.  My  Father  Preach^. 

27.  My  Father,  M"^  Flynt,  D"-  Wiggles  [worth]  went  to  Water- 

28.  Capt :  Chambers  of  Charleston  Died, 

29.  Did  not  go  in  to  Mr.  Monis. 

May  1.     My  father  went  to  preach  at  Roxbury. 

3.  Overseers  Meeting  :    Dr  :  had  no  Lecture. 

4.  M""  Winthrop  had  no  Lecture. 

10.  My  father  &  M'  [Thomas]  Marsh  went  to  Waltham. 

13.  Quarter  Day.     did  not  go  in  to  M""  Monis. 

15.  M''  Cotton  II  Preach''  here  all  day. 

16.  Town  meeting. 

20.  M"^  Monis  did  not  come  up. 

25.  This  time  was  Election  vacancy. 

31.     Corporation  meeting  :    Finish*^  Plaisering  Chappel. 
June  1.     Was  not  quite  well  :  Finish"^  Logic  1*  time. 
2.     Began  Logic  a  second  time. 
4.     Finished  y*^  Catechise  of  Greek  Catechism. 

30.  Our  Class  Dismissed  -fro[m]  Reciting  till  after  comence- 

July  4.     Mr.  Gookin^  Preach^  A.  M. 

*His  classmates,  Edward  Gushing  and  Thomas  Bulfinch. 

tWild  pigeons  formerly  were  very  common. 

JMargaret  Fennisy,  executed  at  Cambridge  for  the  murder  of  her  illegi- 
timate child. 

§Rev.  William  Hobby,  minister  at  Reading,  whose  "  Vindication  of 
Whitefield"  brought  forth  "  A  Twig  of  birch  for  Billy's  breech,"  by  Rev. 
John  Cleaveland  of  Chebacco. 

llRev.  Josiah  Cotton  (1680-1750)  of  Plymouth,  preacher  to  the  Indians. 

ITRev.  Nathaniel  Gookin  (1713-1766)  of  North  Hampton,  N.  H. 

July,  1743]  EDWARD    AUGUSTUS    HOLYOKE.  35 

5.     Comenc[ement]. 

11.  Freshmen  examined  18. 

12.  Freshmen  examined  12. 
17.     M"-  Gee*  Preach**  P  :  M. 

Aug.  1.     My  Father  &  Mother  and  I  went  to  Marblehead. 
2.     Put  up  at  Capt.  Le  Gallais.t 

17.  Vacancy  up  to  day. 

20.     Freshmen  began  to  Recite. 

22.     We  Began  to  Recite. 

27.     First  went  into  M''  Monis  this  Year. 

30.     D'  Wig[glesworth]  had  a  Lecture  first  this  year. 

Sept.  3.     This  day  our  Class  began  Dugan's  Rhetoric. 

4.  M''  CushingJ  of  Dover  Preach'*  A  :  D  : 

5.  Began  to  mow  Rowans.  § 

6.  Got  Some  in  to  day.     D'"  [Wigglesworth]   had  no  Lecture. 

8.  M'  Flynt  went  to  Boston.    Finish"*  Rowen. 

9.  Went  into  M'  Monis  9  Clock. 

10.  Went  into  M-^  Monis  11  Clock. 

11.  Sacram[ent]  :  M'  Newman ||  Preach'*  P.  M. 

12.  M'  Flynt  Return"*.     Went  in  M--  Monis  9  Clock. 

13.  Began  8th  ^Eniod  Virgil.     D'"  had  no  Lect. 

15.  The  Senior  Sophisters  Mett.     Finish**  Logic  2  time. 

16.  Began  to  make  Propositions. 

18.  My  Father  Preach**  A  :  M. 

20.  D"^  Wigglesworth  had  no  Lecture.     Began  Gordon.1[ 

24.  Went  to  Aunt  Minott's.**     Went  into  Mr.  Monis. 

26.  Recited  to  M^  [Thomas]  Marsh.     Went  into  Mr.  Monis. 

27.  Carryed  in  arguments  yesterday. 

Oct.  2.  We  recited  to  Mr.  Flynt  again,  he  grows  beter.  we 
cary  in  arguments  4  times  a  week. 

Nov.  14.     We  began  to  Dispute  4  times  a  week. 

24.     Annual  Thanks-Giving. 

Dec.  5.     Dispute  but  twice  a  week. 

7.  Wee  Recited  Tully's  offices. 

8.  Began  to  analysis  at  College. 

•Rev.  Joshua  Gee  (1698-1748),  pastor  of  the  Old  North  Church,  Boston. 

tCapt.  David  Le  Gallais,  a  merchant  of  Marblehead. 

tRev.  Jonathan  Gushing  (1689-1769)  of  Dover,  X.  IL,  "  a  grave  and  sound 

§The  second  crop  of  hay  the  same  year. 

llRev.  John  Newman  (1716-1763),  chaplain  at  Louisburg  and  minister  at 

ITGeogi'aphy  Anatomiz'd;  or,  The  geographical  grammar.  By  Patrick 
Gordon.     London,  1733. 

••President  Holyoke's  first  wife  was  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Capt.  John 
Browne  of  Marblehead.  She  died  Aug.  15,  1719.  Her  sister  Mary  mar- 
ried, 1713,  Stephen  Minot  of  Boston, 

36  DIARY  OF  [Dec,  1743 

12.     M'  Cooper*  Died  of  an  Apoplectic  Fit. 

15.  M''  Cooper  Buried. 

16.  Left  off  reciting  fryday  morning. 

23.  A  Comett  appear^  between  Andromedes  head  &  Pegasus 
wing.  The  Length  of  the  Tail  increased  very  Fast  moving  towards 
the  Sun. 

Jan.  16,  1744.     Went  into  M'  Monis.     Carr*^  in  2  arguments. 

17.  Tuetors  &  Professors  Dined  here. 
20.     M""  CameelJ  Dined  here. 

26.     Tail  of  Comet  28°  Long. 

28.  Nobody  into  M"^  Monis.     Very  great  storm. 

29.  The  Comet  Sets  lO'' :  15' :  Even. 

Feb.  2.     The  Comet  increases  in  the  swiftness. 

3.     M""  Camel  Dined  here  again.     Did  not  go  in  Mr.  Monis. 

6.  Comet  Seen  at  morning  as  well  as  at  Evening. 

7.  D'  Wigglesworth  had  a  Lecture.     Began  Ended. 

10.  Quarter  Day :     Did  not  go  into  M""  Monis. 

11.  Did  not  go  "into  M'  Monis  :  M'  Barret  Buried. 

12.  M""  Gleason  Preached. 

15.  Comet  invisi :  at  Even  :  Eises  5*^  30'. 

16.  The  Tail  of  Comet  at  an  angle  of  45 :  north. 

17.  Went  into  M""  Monis.     Freshmen  first  went  in. 

18.  A  great  Storm  of  Snow.  Tail  of  Comet  perpendicular  to 
the  Horizon.     Saw  Comet  all  Day. 

19.  Saw  the  Comet  at  Noon. 

20.  Comet  South  of  the  Sun. 
23.     Comet  invisible  to  us. 

26.     Workmen  came  to  finish  the  Chappel. 

29.     Comet  seen  no  more  by  Us. 

Mar.  2.     Cleaned  the  Clock  &  timepiece. 

31.     Bowles  §  admonished. 

Apr.  1.     M'Turell  II  Preached. 

6.    Declamed  to  Day  :  went  into  Mr.  Monis. 

12.     General  Fast  Annual. 

17.     D"^  had  no  Lect :  Committee  overseers  met. 

18-     M'"  Winthrop  had  no  Lect :  Finisht  Analysis. 

19.  Finished  Gordon.     M"^  Flynt  went  to  Waltham. 

20.  Went  in  to  M"*  Monis  :  A  Sacr :  Lecture.  M^'  Flynt  went  to 
Dorchester  &  return*^. 

*Rev.  William  Cooper  (1694-1743),  pastor  of  the  Brattle  Street  Church, 
Boston.  He  was  elected  President  of  Harvard  College  in  1737,  but  de- 
clined the  trust,  and  Rev.  PJdward  Holyoke  was  chosen  in  his  stead. 

tThis  comet  was  first  noted  by  Klin  Kenberg  at  Haarlem,  on  December 


§Isaac  Bowles,  a  senior. 

llRev.  Ebenezer  Turell  (1702-1778),  minister  of  Medford.  "  An  eminent 


Apr.,  1744]         EDWARD  Augustus  holyoke.  37 

22.  Sacrament  Day. 

23.  Began  Locke*  to  recite. 

24.  First  went  to  Mrs.  Moreheadt  to  paint  on  Glass. 
June  2.     War  with  France  Proclamed. 

3.  A  pretty  great  Earthquake  :  10'' :  15' :  A  :  M. 
8.     Declaming  Day. 

28.     Fast  on  account  of  war  with  France. 
Aug.  6.     The  Vane  Finish*  &  raised. 

13.  Began  to  Skecth  my  Canvas  for  Painting  my  Coueert  of 
Arms.  J 

15.     Chambers  at  College  Settled.     Vacancy  up. 

17.  Prayers  began  at  College. 

18.  Went  fishing  &  Catch  None.     Finished  my  Arms. 

20.  Johny§  went  to  Bost[on]  on  foot  with  Juba. 

21.  Went  to  Castle  W"  [for]  first  time. 

22.  First  recited  this  morn  in  Locke.  || 
Sept.  21.     Declaiming  Day. 

Jan.  2,   1746.     [Benjamin]   Dearborn,    [Andrew]    Oliver  and  I 
went  into  M""  Gardner  to  Day  to  Learn  French. 
5.     M'  Carnes^  Preach*-  here  all  Day. 
12.     M"-  Bridge**  Preach^i  P  :  M. 

18.  Analysing  Finish*. 

19.  M'  Appletonft  Preach**  A  :  D. 

21.  Went  into  M""  Winthrop  :  Finish* 

22.  Very  warm.  No  Lecture.  D""  had  a  Lect.  Mrs.  James  at 
our  house. 

27.     M''  Monis  was  up,  but  I  did  not  go. 

Feb.  3.     Went  into  M""  Monis.     Began  Spheric. 

4.  A  smal  Earthquake,  as  Some  Say  at  1-2. 

5.  A  Private  Fast  at  Cambridge.f  M'^  Cook  &  M''  Appleton 

•Probably  John  Locke's  "  Essay  on  the  human  understanding." 

tMrs.  Sarah  (Parsons),  the  wife  of  Rev.  John  Moorhead,  minister  of  the 
Scotch-Irish  church  on  Long  Lane,  afterward  Federal  street,  Boston, 
known  as  the  "  Church  of  the  Presbyterian  Strangers." 

tMr.  Andrew  Nichols  of  Danvers,  a  descendant,  now  has  in  his  posses- 
sion a  coat  of  arms  of  the  Holyoke  family  painted  on  canvas  and  probably 
antedating  the  year  1744,  which  came  to  him  through  the  Samuel  Ilolyoke 

§John,  son  of  President  Holyoke,  born  Feb.  18,  1734,  died  Dec.  30,  1753. 
Juba,  a  negro  slave,  weighed  141  1-2  pounds  in  1748,  when  the  entire  fam- 
ily were  weighed. 

llSee  April  23,  1744. 

IRev.  John  Carnes,  minister  of  Stoneham,  1746-1757,  and  afterwards  of 

•*Rev.  Matthew  Bridge  (1725-1775),  settled  over  the  church  in  Framing- 
hara  the  following  month. 

ItRev.  Nathaniel  Appleton  (1693-1784),  minister  of  the  church  in  Cam- 

tJThe  public  fast  this  year  was  appointed  for  Mar.  13th. 

38  DIARY  OF  [Feb.,  1746 

7.     Quarter  Day  kept  in  y^  hall. 

9.  My  Father  Preach**  A  :  M.  M'"  Appleton  :  P  :  M. 

10.  M'  Mollis  came  but  Did  not  go.  in  :  went  into  M""  Winthrop  : 
Finish"  Projection  of  y^  Sphere. 

11.  Did  not  Dispute  :  Coiporation  met:  No  Lecture. 

12.  No  Lecture  all  Day  :  Finish*  Justin. 

14.  Began  Eutropius  [Nepos]. 

16.  M""  Adams  preach"*  all  Day. 

17.  Began  Salustius. 

18.  My  Father  &  Mother  went  to  Framingham  to  M'  [Matthew] 
Bridge^  ordination  :  &  10  or  a  Doz  :  Scho*. 

19.  M''  Bridge  ordaind  at  Framingham.  M'  Adams  my  chan  : 
also  y®  Same  day. 

20.  My  Father  &  Mother  &  Sister  returned. 

21.  We  did  not  go  in  to  M"^  Gardner. 

22.  [Benjamin]  Dearborn  went  Home. 
25.     Our  Class  finish"  Disputing. 

27.  Finish"  Sallustius. 

28.  Began  Floras. 

Mar.  1.     A  Large  beautiful  Aurora  Borealis. 

4.  I  went  to  Brooklin  with  Mr.  Flynt,  &  Father  &  Mother. 
D""  had  a  Lecture  :  We  did  not  Dispute.  M""  Flynt  went  to  Boston 
y®  same  night  to  M""  Wendells  for  Solving  y®  Aurora  Bor : 

10.     M'  Flynt  Dismissed  our  Class  ;  Began  Algebra. 

13.  This  Day  a  Public  Fast. 

15.  5  Experimental  Lectures  this  week. 

17.  No  Experimental  Lecture,  a  Practical  lect[ure],  we  did 

25.  D'  had  a  Public  Lect[ure]. 

26.  D'"  had  a  Private  Lect[ure]. 
28.     I  did  not  go  in  to  y^  Library. 

31.     Went  in  to  Mr.  Winthrop  and  did  -) x  -^  of  Algebraic 


Apr.  11.     M""  Speaker  Cushing*  Died. 

12.  My  Father  &  Mother  went  to  Concord,  Moonday. 

13.  M'  Coopert  Preach"  all  Day. 

14.  Went  in  to  M"^  Winthrop ;  we  did  Equation  by  always 

17.     M'  Cushing  Buried.     No  Lecture. 

21.  Went  into  M"^  Winthrop  where  we  began  to  do  questions  in 

•Thomas  Cushing  (1693-1746),  merchant  of  Boston  and  speaker  of  the 
House  of  Representatives  from  1742  until  his  death. 

tRev.  Samuel  Cooper  (1725-1783),  minister  of  the  Brattle  Street  Church, 
Boston.  Chosen  President  of  Harvard  College  in  1774  but  declined  the 

May,  1746]         edward  Augustus  holyoke.  39 

May  1.  Our  Class  had  their  Dinner,  y«  whole  cost  .34  :  10  :  0  : 
each  one  paid  3  :  3  :  6. 

28.  Mr.  Winthvop  had  a  Lecture  &  we  proceeded  to  answer 
questions  in  Equation. 

3.  The  Thesees  Colectors  Carried  Down  Theses  ye  first  of  this 

18.     M"^  Welstead*  of  Boston  preach^  all  Day. 

25.     M''  Dennisf  of  y*"  Cape  preach'^  all  Day. 

27.  The  Election  vacancy  was  a  week  without  prayers,  or  Lec- 
tures or  Reciting. 

28.  Election.     M*"  Thomas  Hutchinson  chose  Speaker. 

29.  The  general  Court  agreed  on  y®  Expedition  to  Canada:}:  «& 
we  send  3,000  Men  :  Incentum  30£  &  a  Blanket. 

June  1.    M'  [Robert]  Breck  of  Springfeild  Preach**  all  Day. 

2.  Proclamations  put  out,  for  Inlisting  men. 

3.  An  Aurora  Borealis  on  y®  first  Evening  lusta*. 
16.     None  of  all  our  Theses  Rejected. 

20.     [Daniel]  Foxcroft  Pronounced  y'^  valedictory. 

29.     M""  Appleton  Preach**  to  our  Class. 

July  2.     Coraencement. 

6.     W  [Joseph]  Green  of  Barustab[le]  Preach*  A  :  D. 

8.     About  18  Freshmen  accepted  :  and  2  or  3  turn*  by. 

13.     M'  Andrew  Boardman  Preach*  A  :  D. 

20.  M"-  Foss  Preach*. 

21.  My  Father,  Mother,  Sister  Peggy,  Sister  Nancy  &  I  went 
to  Ipswich, 

22.  We  all  dined  at  Coll :  Berry s.§ 

23.  I  went  to  Portsmouth. 

25.  Came  back  to  Ipswich  from  Portsmouth. 

26.  Went  to  Marblehead  :  all  of  us. 

28.  My  father  preach*  all  Day  at  Mr.  Barnards.|i 

29.  Our  horse  lamed  in  his  Stifle  Bone. 

30.  We  all  Returned  home. 

Aug.  2.     My  father  set  out  to  go  to  Ma-tha*  Vineyard. 
6.     Lexington  men  agreed  [shorthand]  for  25£.^ 

»Kev.  William  Welsteed  (169.5-1753),    minister  of  the  New  Brick  Church. 

tRev.  Josiah  Dennis  (1694-176.3),  minister  of  the  East  Precinct  of  Yar- 

JThe  abortive  expedition  against  Montreal  and  Quebec. 

§Col.  Thomas  Berry  (1695-17.56),  eminent  physician,  .Justice  of  the  Court 
of  Sessions,  Judge  of  Probate,  and  member  of  the  Governor's  Council, 

llRev.  .John  Barnard  (1681-1770),  minister  of  the  First  Church,  Marble- 
head,  who  did  so  much  for  the  material  benefit  of  the  town.  In  1714,  Mr. 
Barnard  and  Mr.  Ilolyoke  both  were  candidates  to  assist  Rev.  Samuel 
Cheever,  the  aged  pastor  of  the  First  Church.  Mr.  Barnard  received  the 
election,  but  the  friends  of  Mr.  Holyoke  were  unwilling  to  yield  and  or- 
ganized the  Second  Church  and  called  him  as  their  pastor. 

ITProbably  the  amount  agreed  upon  as  salary  for  the  school  master  which 
office  young  Holyoke  assumed  on  Aug.  26th. 

40  DIARY  OF  [Aug.,  1746 

9.     My  Father  returned  from  Martha*  viney"*. 

22.  Went  to  Lexington  &  Returned. 

23.  20  Freshmen  this  year  :  moved  out  of  my  Chamber. 

26.  Began  to  keep  School  at  Lexington,  my  Father  &  mother 
came  to  Lexington  today. 

30.  Had  a  Letter  from  Peggy. 

31.  M"^  Hancock  Preach^^.* 

Sept.  4.     Ellery  jun'  &  Williamsf  came  to  See  me.     I  dismissed 
the  School  for  this  after — . 
7.     M""  Hancock  Preach<^. 

9.  Had  a  Letter  from  Father. 

10.  Had  a  Letter  from  Peggy. 

12.  Lecture  Day  at  Lexington,  M""  Bowst  preach*. 

13.  Went  home  the  first  time  to  Cam[bridge]. 
15.     Return"^  before  9  o'Clock. 

20.  S'  [William]  Philips,  S'  [Oliver]  Peabody  &  S'"  [Daniel] 
Foxcroft  came  to  see  me. 

21.  The  Bishop  preached  all  day.§ 

22.  The  company  here  &  in  all  the  towns  here  about  raised  sent 
down  to  boston  because  of  a  feared  Invasion  from  a  f ranch  fleet. J 

26.  Old  M"  Stonelf  died. 

27.  150  Soldiers  billeted  in  town. 

28.  M'  Trask**  preach*  here  all  Day. 

29.  We  had  News  of  a  french  fleet  at  Chebacter.ft 

30.  Mem  :"  S'  [Daniel]  Foxcroft  began  to  keep  [school]  at  Rox- 
bury :  22*'  Instant. 

Oct.  2.     Y®  150  Soldiers  Dismiss'^  today. 

3.     Peggy  &  M"    Nanny  harrington[?]  &  Wendell  came  to  see 
me  &  I  went  home  with  them.     Did  not  keep  school  this  forenoon. 
9.     Return*^  with  Elizur^J  before  9  o'clock. 

*Rev.  John  Hancock  (1671-1752),  minister  at  Lexington  for  54  years  and 
grandfather  of  "  the  signer." 

tWilliara  Ellery  and  Solomon  Williams,  members  of  the  class  of  1747. 

JRev.  Nicholas  Bowes  (1706-1755),  minister  at  Bedford  for  24  years. 

§There  was  no  Bishop  of  the  Church  of  England  located  in  New  England 
before  the  Revolution,  Possibly  this  may  refer  to  Rev.  Roger  Price,  rector 
of  King's  Chapel,  who  was  the  Bishop  of  London's  Commissary,  but  more 
probably  to  the  Rev.  John  Hancock  of  Lexington,  who  was  known  as 
"  Bishop  Hancock,"  a  tribute  of  respect  to  his  age  and  long  service. 

IIThe  French  fleet  of  forty  sliips  of  war,  commanded  by  Duke  d'Anville, 
sent  to  recover  Cape  Breton  aad  ravage  the  New  England  settlements,  but 
destroyed  by  storms.     Boston  was  garrisoned  by  over  8000  men. 

ITMrs.  Dorcas,  wife  of  Dea.  Samuel  Stone  of  Lexington  (died  Sept.  24. — 
Lexington  Rds.). 

**Rev.  Nathaniel  Trask  (1723-1789),  born  in  Lexington,  minister  at  Brent- 
wood, N.  H.  from  1747  until  his  death. 

ttOhebuctoo,  now  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 

j:tHis  cousin  Elizur,  aged  is,  son  of  Samuel  and  Elizabeth  (Bridgham) 
Holyoke,  who  afterwards  married  Hannah,  daughter  of  Rev.  Oliver  Pea- 
body  of  Natick,  and  became  the  minister  at  Boxford,  Mass.,  from  1758  un- 
til his  death  in  1806. 

Oct.,  1746]  EDWARD   AUGUSTUS   HOLYOKE.  41 

10.  Last  night  &  this  morn  :  a  flight  [of]  snow. 

12.  M'  Lawrence*  Preacht  All  Day. 

15.  A  very  bright  changable  Aurora  borea. 

16.  A  public  fast. 

18.  Last  night  &  today  a  Snow  fell,  deep  5  ^  Inch. 

19.  M""  [John]  Hancock  preach*  All  Day. 

21.  Ministers  meeting.  [William]  Ellery  &  [Peter]  Bourse 
came  to  see  me. 

23.  Very  warm  weather  all  this  week. 

28.  2  Ellerys,  M'  Denison  &  [Solomon]  Williams  came  to  see 
me,  &  tarried  about  ^  hor. 

Nov.  1.  Went  home  to  Cambridge,  had  a  Letter  from  [Benja- 
min] Dearborn. 

2.  M""  Appleton  Preach*.    John  at  home. 

3.  Keturn^  home  to  Lexington,  wrote  an  answer  to  Dearborn. 
6.     Excessive  cold  weather  for  the  Season. 

8.  Went  home  to  Cambridge  on  foot. 

9.  D'  Chaunceyt  Preach*  all  Day. 

10.  Return*^  on  horsback  with  Elizur. 

14.  Din<^  at  M'  Harringtons,  did  not  keep  school  this  afternoon. 

24.  I  dismiss"*  the  School  this  24  Day  the  last  day  of  my  en- 
gagement at  Lex[ington]. 

25.  I  return^  home  with  W[illiam]  Ellery. 

26.  Began  to  Prime  my  canvas. 

27.  The  Annual  Thanksgiving. 

28.  Siz**  the  canvas  for  Arms. 

30.  M'  [Job]  Gushing  of  Shrewsbury  Preach*  &  M'  [Nathaniel] 

An  Account  of  those  who  Bro't  wood  to  School  at  Lexington, 
1746.  Lieut  Fiske  for  one  child  3  feet :  John  Bridge  one  Load  for 
3  child[renj  :  Marret  Munroe  1  Load  for  1  child.  These  three 
Loads  were  all  that  were  bro't  while  I  was  at  Lexington  in  Sept  : 
Oct  :  Nov  : 

Dec.  2.     Painted  at  times  on  the  Hatches  J  all  this  month. 

10.     M'  Davison  &  Aunt  Appleton§  came  to  see  us. 

23.  S'  [Daniel]  Foxcrofts  time  out  at  Roxbury. 

24.  A  great  Storm  of  Snow  11  Inches  Deep  fell :  &  very  cold. 
Jan.  19,  1747.11     Capt.  Kentf  Saild  for  Jamaica. 

Feb.  10.     M"  Coburn  Died. 

•Rev.  William   Lawrence   (1723-1780),  afterwards  minister  at   Lincoln, 

tRev.  Charles  Chauncey,  D.  D.  (1705-1787),  minister  of  the  First  church, 
Boston,  for  sixty  years. 

tThe  shading  and  lines  on  his  heraldic  arms. 

§Probably  his  aunt  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Daniel  Appleton,  the  Register  of 
Probate  at  Ipswich. 

II  He  was  teaching  school  in  Roxbury  at  this  time. 

1[Probably  Capt.  Benjamin  Kent  of  Boston  who  died  at  Kingston, 
Jamaica,  in  1748  or  1749. 

42  DIARY  OF  [Feb.,  1747 

11.     Benj*  Clark  Died. 
28.     James  Pemberton*  Esq'  Died. 

Mar.  23.     Will  a  Molatto  of  Benj.  &  Jn'>  Walkers  Shot  a  Negro 
[named  Cato]  of  Jn°  Denny  Jun""  &  he  died  on  y®  Spot. 
Apr.  6.     Pollyt  went  to  M"  Alden's  School. 

9.  Fast. 

10.  Governour  Knowles  from  Louisbourgh.J 

11.  Kev*^  M'  Caner§  from  Connecticut. 
24.     Jn°  Phillips  Died  att  Midnight  past. 

26.     W""  Winslow  Baptised  who  was  borne  22*^. 

30.     I  sett  out  for  Connecticut. 

May  6.     I  return'd  from  Connecticut  via  Providence. 

13.     Governour  Knowles  Saild  for  Louisbourg. 

22.     pd  Brother  Jon*  for  a  Cask  of  Wine  £30.  15. 

[In  July  of  this  year  young  Holyoke  began  the  study  of  medi- 
cine with  Thomas  Berry,  M.  D.  of  Ipswich,  the  most  distinguished 
practitioner  in  his  neighborhood.  He  finished  his  studies  in  April, 
1749,  and  removed  to  Salem  in  June  of  the  same  year.] 

Oct.  8.  M"  [Elizabeth]  Wakefield  exec"^  for  Murder  of  her 
Child  att  Cambridge. 

15.     Will'"  Exec*!  for  Murder  March  23^. 

Nov.  16.  M'  Knowles  sent  his  Boats  above  the  Castle  in  the 
Night  &  press'd  Severall  Seamen  belonging  to  Outward  bound  Ves- 
sells  in  the  Harbour  who  carried  them  down  in  his  Scooner.  Next 
morning  17**^  a  Mobb  Consisting  of  Strangers,  Seamen  &  Others  of 
Vile  Condition  Assembled  &  took  Severall  Officers  belonging  to 
M'  Knowles's  Fleet  &  Carried  them  to  the  Governour  Demanding 
his  Assistence,  butt  not  being  Satisfied  att  Night  they  met  below 
the  town  House  &  Insulted  the  Governour  &  Council  (who  were 
then  Sitting)  in  a  Scandulous  Manner  &  after  the  Governour  was 
Escorted  home  by  his  Officers  of  Militia  &  Others  belonging  to  the 
King  under  Arms  they  brought  a  Barge  they  suppos'd  belong'd  to 
the  Kings  ship,  before  his  Door  &  threatened  to  burn  her,  but  were 
Persuaded  to  burn  her  on  Copp's  Hill.  || 

*James  Pemberton,  born  1682,  of  Boston,  for  whom  Pemberton  Square 
was  named. 

tHis  sister  Mary,  born  Dec.  12,  1742,  died  Nov.  13,  1753. 

t Admiral  Sir  Charles  Knowles  (died  1777),  Governor  of  Louisburg,  1746; 
of  Jamaica,  1752-6;  rear-admiral,  1765. 

§Rev.  Henry  Caner  (1700-1792),  rector  of  Kings  Chapel.  Having  been 
selected  by  the  congregation  and  not  by  the  Bishop  of  London,  the  day  after 
his  arrival  in  Boston  he  was  escorted  to  the  chapel.  The  church  wardens 
at  the  door  delivered  to  him  the  key,  and  locking  himself  in  the  church, 
he  tolled  the  bell,  and  then  unlocked  the  door  and  received  the  wardens, 
committee,  etc.,  who  wished  him  joy  in  having  possession  of  the  church. 

IIThe  mob  threw  stones  through  the  windows  of  the  council  chamber. 
Another  account  states  that  the  boat  was  burned  on  the  Common.  The 
officers  were  released  after  which  Commodore  Knowles  discharged  most 
of  the  men  whom  he  had  impressed,  and  went  to  sea.  See  Palfrey's  His- 
tory of  New  England,  Vol.  V,  pp.  87-91. 

Nov.,  1747]  EDWARD    AUGUSTUS    HOLYOKE.  43 

18.  The  Governour  went  to  the  castle. 

19.  M"  Wroe  died  &  25*'»   was  buried. 

20.  A  Towns  Meeting  invited  the  Governor  home. 

21.  He  was  receiv'd  by  the  Militia  &  other  Gentlemen. 
26.  Thanksgiving. 

Dec.  19.     Paid  Snoden's  Negro  16/  for  Sweeping  2  Chimnej's. 
15.     The  Town  House  burn't.* 

31.  Paid  Moses  Maynaid  of  Sudberry  for  a  Hogg  132"  at  2/6 
£16  -  10. 

*Now  known  as  the  Old  State  House.  The  fire  began  in  the  second 
story  and  destroyed  much  of  the  interior.  The  building  was  reconstructed 
much  as  before  and  no  essential  changes  have  since  been  made. 




Jan.  7,  1748.     Our  class  Learned  out  Greek  Gi-ammar. 

8.  A.  M.  Family  Weighed.  234^  Father.  183^  Mother.  131^ 
Peggy.  109  Betty  Hoi.  93^  John.  88^  Sami.*  89^  Anna.  76^ 
Betty  Epes.t  63^  Priscilla.  37^  Mary.  159^  Deb.  Forster. 
141|  Juba. 

9.  Father  cleaned  his  watch. 

10.  Mr.  Flint  preach^. 

12.  Father  &  Mother  went  to  Coll.  Alford's.J 

13.  I  had  a  pair  of  Shoes. 

16.     Our  Class  Learn'd  out  Greek  Catechism. 

19.  Sam  went  to  Boston  in  y^  Sledd. 

20.  Fath[er]  and  Moth[er]  went  &  returnd,  but  Peggy  Stay"^  at 
Aunt  Minot's.§     Our  class  learn'd  out  5  enied. 

22.  Sam  Declam"i. 

28.  Public  fast. 

29.  Hebrew  Gramars  given  us.     I  Declam*. 
Feb.  6.     I  wrote  to  Neddy  ||  by  Mr.  Norton. 
7.     Thermt®"^  115  Deg  :  abroad. 

12.     I  went  in  to  Mr,  Monis. 

18.     Our  Class  learnd  out  y**  6  Eniod. 

21.  We  draw<i  of  15  Bar'  Cyder  on  20.     We  Setl^ 

23.  Our  class  Learn"*  out  Tulle  Orat ; 

24.  Began  Logick. 

25.  We  learnd  out  Mark  &  begun  Luke. 

•Samuel,  son  of  Hon.  Symonds  and  Mary  Epes  of  Ipswich,  born  March 
27,  1734.  Harvard,  1751.  His  mother  married  President  Holyoke,  Mar. 
17,  1741-2. 

tElizabeth,  daughter  of  Hon.  Symonds  and  Mary  Epes  of  Ipswich,  born 
Feb.  20,  1736. 

tHon.  John  Alford  of  Charlestown,  who  founded  the  professorship  of 
Natural  Theology  in  Harvard  College. 

§Mrs.  Mary,  wife  of  Stephen  Minot.  She  was  a  sister  of  President  Hol- 
yoke's  first  wife. 

II His  brother  Edward  Augustus,  then  studying  medicine  at  Ipswich. 


Feb.,  1748]  diary  of  john  holyoke.  45 

28.  I  received  a  Letter  from  Neddy. 
Mar.  12.     1  was  admitted. 

13,  Mr.  Hitchcock  Sen.  preach**  P.  M. 

16.  Sam  &  I  began  to  learn  French  of  Mr.  Gar[dner]. 

16.  Went  in  to  Mr.  Gardener  A.  M.  &  P.  M. 

29.  Began  to  make  propositions. 

31.     We  got  up  to  y®  other   French  Scholars  &   began  Telema- 

Apr.  11,     Planted  Parsnips  &  Pees,  &c. 

13.  A  Comet  appears  in  Casshiopea's  Chair. 

23.  I  went  to  Bost[on]  in  Cart :  Neddy  came  home. 

28.  Annual  Fast.     Did  not  goe  to  Mr.  Gardener  this  week. 

29.  I  declam'd. 

30.  Neddy  went  to  Ipswich  again. 

May  2.     I  went  to   Boston   horseback.     Sam   went  to   Wa[ter- 

6.     Quarter  Day. 

8.  I  had  a  new  Coat  &  Breeches,  Ger™''  Searge. 

9.  I  had  pair  Doble  Chan  pomps.* 
12.     First  Went  into  Wat«^ 

19.  Had  a  pair  of  Shose  of  How. 

27.  Wrote  to  Neddy  in  French, 

28.  Sam  &  I  &  Deborahf  went  to  Marblehead, 

31.  We  return 'd  from  Marblehead. 

June  8.     Kitchen  Chimney  burnt :  Mow^  y®  Orchard. 

9.  Fast  for  ye  drowth. 

10.  Our  Clas  placed  on  8  Day. 

11.  I  wrote  to  Neddy  ;  planted  Coffee.  $ 
15.     Planted  Mulberrys. 

17.  Did  not  go  to  Monis.     Dudley   made   an    E[n]tertainment 
for  y^  Class. 

24.  Valedictory  pronounced  by  [Dudley]  Atkins. 
July  6.     Commencement.     Rain. 

14.  Eclipse  of  the  ©  between  4  &  5  oClock  A.  M.  visible. 

20.  Fath[er]  &  Moth[er]  &  Pris  went  to  Ipswich. 
28.     Eclipse  of  the  C  between  7  &  8  A.  M,  visible. 

Aug.  16,     Betty  &  Sam,  Betty  Epes  &  I  went  to  Ipswich. 
17.     Vacancy  up  :  Neddy  taken  ill  of  a  nervous  fever. 

19.  Betty  &  Sam  &  I  return'*, 
22,     Our  Class  began  to  recite. 

26.     Fath[er]  &  Peggy  &  I  went  to  Ipswich  to  see  Neddy, 
Sept,  8.     Fath[er]  &  Peggy  return** :  Sam  had  a  gown. 
11.     Corporation  granted  me  the  Care  of  y®  Clock. 

20.  Had  pair  of  shos,  How. 

•Low  shoes, 

tProbably  Deborah  Forster,  the  hired  girl  in  the  family. 

iCoffee  was  first  planted  in  the  West  Indies  about  1720. 

46  DIARY   OP   JOHN   HOLYOKE.  [Sept.,  1748 

21.  Neddy  so  well  as  to  go  out.  m 

22.  I  return'd  from  Ipswich.  ^ 

23.  I  had  a  gown.     I  moved  into  my  Chamber  Coll. 

24.  Coll[ege]  :  on  fire  yesterday. 
Oct.  10.     My  Churam  taken  ill  of  a  fever 
14.     Molly  taken  ill  of  a  fever. 

16.  Chumm  moved  to  y®  Widow  Bordman's.* 

17.  Began  Euclid,  made  Arguments. 

18.  Mr.  Mayhewt  went  to  ordination,     took  me. 

19.  Mother  taken  ill  of  a  fever. 
21.     Mr.  Mayhew  return'd. 

26.     Mr.  Brown  t  ordained  Brooklynn  ;  I  was  there. 
Nov.  3.     Began  Georgicks. 
18.     Neddy  &  Peggy  came  from  Ipswich. 
24.     Thanksgiving  Annual. 
29.     Neddy  had  a  new  great  Coat. 
Dec.  1.     My  great  Coat  turnd  into  jacket. 
2.     Pair  of  Shoes:     Hastings. 
9.     Left  of  reciting  on  fridays. 

*Mrs.  Elizabeth,  widow  of  Andrew  Boardman,  saddler,  steward  of  the 
College  for  forty-four  years,   selectman,   town  clerk,   and  town  treasurer. 

tRev.  Jonathan  Mayhew  (1720-1766),  of  Martha's  Vineyard,  Harvard, 
1744,  minister  of  the  West  Church,  Boston.     A  man  of  great  ability. 

JRev.  Cotton  Brown  (1726-1751),  of  Haverhill,  Harvard,  1743.  Died  of  a 
violent  fever  during  the  third  year  of  his  pastorate. 


I  737-1802. 

The  second  wife  of   Edward  Augustus  Holyoke,    M.  D.      From  the  portrait   painted  in   I  753 
and  now  in  the  possession  of   Miss  Mary  W.  Nichols. 




Jan.  2,  17G0.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Locke*  Carried  Miss  Mary  Porter 
from  Cambridge  to  Natick,  where  they  were  married,  &  from 
thence  went  to  Sherborn. 

3.  Mr.  Wigglesworth  &  Miss  Prisey  Holyoket  &  Sammy  Porter,}: 
with  her  father  &  mother,  Came  to  Salem,  tarried  with  us  till  Sat- 
urday, when  they  went  to  Ipswich. 

16.  Went  to  a  dance  at  m^  Jefferies.  A  spare  rib  as  a  present 
from  Colonel  Pickman.§ 

March  3.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  the  Rev'd  Mr.  Barnard,  || 
from  there  went  to  Boston. 

8.     Came  home. 

12.  Sister  Nancy  Came  &  tarried  a  fortnight.  Came  with  Mr. 
Eppes  of  Danvers.     Went  home  with  Mr.  Trowbridge. 

April  20.  Uncle  Simpson^  &  aunt  Came  to  Salem,  tarried  at 
Mr.  Lechmere's.**  The  Surveyorff  came  with  them.  The  next 
Friday  they  went  home. 

•Rev.  Samuel  Locke  (1732-1778),  President  of  Harvard  University,  1770- 
1773.  Miss  Mary  Porter  was  the  daughter  of  Rev.  Samuel  Porter  of  Sher- 
born, and  step-daughter  of  Mrs.  Holyoke's  mother,  Mrs.  Mary  (Simpson) 

tMiss  Priscilla  Holyoke  was  youngest  daughter  of  President  Holyoke. 

+Son  of  Rev.  Samuel  Porter  of  Sherborn,  then  fifteen  years  old. 

§Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  was  the  father  of  Judith  Pickman,  the  first 
wife  of  Dr.  Holyoke. 

llRev.  Thomas  Barnard  (1716-1776),  minister  of  the  First  Church,  Salem. 

ijonathan  Simpson  (1712-1795),  a  merchant  of  Boston,  chosen  one  of  the 
Mandamus  Councillors.  A  prominent  loyalist,  who  left  Boston  with  his 
wife  on  Howe's  evacuation,  and  died  in  Bristol,  England.  His  wife,  Mar- 
garet (Lechmere)  Simpson,  also  died  at  Kensington,  England.  They  left 
no  children. 

•♦Richard  Lechmere  (1727-1814),  Collector  of  Customs  at  Salem,  who  pre- 
ceded the  notorious  James  Cockle.  Mr.  Lechmere  was  one  of  the  best 
bred  men  in  New  England,  and  was  nephew  to  Nicholas,  Lord  Lechmere, 
in  the  reign  of  George  I.  He  was  living,  in  1760,  in  the  Browne  mansion 
house  that  stood  nearly  on  the  site  of  the  present  "  Essex  House."  At 
the  Revolution  he  fled  to  Halifax  and  thence  to  England. 

ttJoseph  Dowse  (1709-1785),  merchant  in  Boston.  Burned  out  in  the 
great  tire  of  1760,  and  succeeded  Jonathan  Pue  as  Surveyor  of  the  port  of 
Salem,  at  a  salary  of  £40. 


48  DIARY  OF  [June,  1Y60 

June  11.     Went  to  Cambridge  with  the  D"".* 

12.  Went  from  thence  to  Boston.  The  D''  returned  to  Salem 
that  afternoon  with  John. 

13.  I  drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Mascarene's.f  Went  to  see  Aunt 

14.  Dined  at  Uncle  Simpson's. 

15.  Went  to  the  Surveyor's  in  the  Evening. 

16.  Spent  the  afternoon  at  Aunt  Davis'. 

17.  Dined  at  Uncle  Glover's.  Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Allen's,  the 
Evening  at  Mr.  Lechmere's. 

18.  Came  home  with  Mr.  Lechmere. 
30.     Major  Epps  died.j 

July  3.  Went  to  Cambridge  to  Major  Epps's  funeral,  buried  to- 

8.  Mr.  Badger  &  Lady,  Mr.  Locke  &  Lady  Came  to  see  us. 
30.     Mrs.  Holyoke  &  wife  from  Boston. 

Aug.  7.  Father  &  mother  return'd  from  Ipswich.  Din'd  at 
Colonel  Pickman's,  in  the  afternoon  went  to  the  Farm. 

8     Tea  at  Col.  Serjant's,§  spent  the  evening  at  M"^  Barnard's. 

9.  Father  &  mother  went  home. 
12.     The  D"^  went  to  Cape  Ann. 
Sept.  14.     My  Daughter  Mary  born. 

Jan.  1,  1761.      Was  at  M"  Barton's ||  with  Sister  Betsey. 
2.     Sister  Betsey  went  home  with  Mr.  Goff.     At  dance   at  Mrs. 
Jeffery's  in  the  evening. 

12.  Mrs.  Lechmere  here. 

13.  Small  Pox  found  to  be  at  Jn°  Osgood's.^  Cap*.  Coolidge 
came  here  to  lodge.     An  Excessive  cold  night. 

15.  Y®  Docf  was  cal*^  to  Methuen.  A  dance  at  Jefferies  in  the 

16.  Ye  D'^  returned.     Began  upon  the  firkin  of  butter  of  40  lb. 

17.  Sally  Bernard  here. 

20.  Fanuil  Hall  burnt  at  Boston. 

21.  Began  first  upon  Fyal  Wine  had  of  Webster. 

*Mrs.  Holyoke  always  mentions  her  husband  as  "  the  Doctor." 

fMrs.  Margaret,  sister  of  Dr.  E.  A.  Holyoke,  who  married  (1750)  John 
Mascarene,  afterward  Comptroller  of  Customs  at  Salem,  and  Collector  in 

t Major  Samuel  Epes  (1733-1760)  of  Ipswich  Hamlet,  lawyer,  representa- 
tive to  the  General  Court.  •*  One  of  the  most  promising  young  men  of  the 
period."     He  died  of  consumption  at  the  house  of  President  Holyoke. 

§Col.  Epes  Sargent  (1690-1762)  of  Gloucester,  who  married  the  widow  of 
Col.  William  Browne  of  Salem  in  1744  and  removed  to  Salem.  He  was  a 
merchant,  colonel  in  the  militia,  and  long  a  justice  in  the  Court  of  General 

II  Mrs.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Capt.  Samuel  Barton,  a  merchant  engaged  in 
the  West  India  trade. 

ITJohn  Osgood  (1716-1761)  who  married  in  1751,  Sarah  Hawkins  of  Mar- 

Jan.,  1761]        MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  49 

22.  Bo't  hog,  weighed  182  pounds,  at  2/5.  Salted  hog  with  half 
Lisbon  &  half  saltertudas  salt.* 

23.  Went  to  see  Mrs.  Crowninshield.  Sammy  Locke  born  22**. 
Mrs.  Lechmere  moved  to  Cambridge. 

24.  John  Osgood  died  of  the  Small  pox. 

25.  No  church  today  on  acc't  of  the  Small  pox. 

26.  Went  to  see  Miss  Lynde  at  Mrs.  Lendall's  house. 

28.  At  lecture. 

29.  At  dance  at  Jefferies'.     Mrs.  Wharf  died  of  S.  pox. 

31.     The  D""  went  to  Marblehead  to  see  Father  &  mother^    who 
were  at  M""  Hooper's,  &  Bo't  Candlesticks  &  Cork  Screws. 
Feb.  2.     Mrs.  Cross  died  of  small  Pox. 
4.     Made  Mrs.  Ropesf  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

10.  Mr.  Goodill  &  Mrs.  Fiske  broke  out  with  small  pox. 

11.  Mr.  Goodill  &  Mrs.  Fiske  Removed  to  y®  pest  house. 

14.  Phippen's  son  broke  out  with  Small  Pox. 

15.  Church  today  for  the  first  time  since  small  pox. 
17.     Mrs.  Dal  ton  brought  to  bed. 

20.  Mrs.  Fiskef  died  of  y*^  small  pox. 

25.     Phippen  died  of  y®  small  pox.     Opened  cask  of  Biscuit. 
March  4.     D'^  Clarke§  here  from  Newbury.     Ironing. 
7.     Scower'd  pewter. 

9.  Polly  went  abroad  for  the  first  time. 

10.  D"^  went  to  Ipswich. 

12.  Shock  of  an  earthquake. 

16.  D''  went  to  Ipswich. 

17.  Made  the  Dr.  six  Cravats  marked  H. 
19.     John  King  died. 

21.  John  King  Buried.     Went  with  Mrs.  Eppes. 

23.  Mrs.  Crowninshield  Drank  tea  here. 

24.  At  M'-Pynchon's.ll 

25.  At  Colonel  Pickman's  with  Mad™  Lynd. 

26.  At  a  dance  at  Jefferies. 

30.  Made  Mrs.  Oliver  ye  first  visit.^ 

♦Salt  from  the  Tortugas,  a  West  India  island. 

tMrs.  Priscllla,  wife  of  Nathaniel  Ropes,  who  lived  in  the  house  still 
standing  on  Essex  street,  opposite  Cambridge  street.  The  "  sitting  up 
visit "  followed  the  birth  of  Mrs.  Ropes'  first  child,  Abigail,  who  after- 
wards married  William  Orne,  the  eminent  Salem  merchant.  Nathaniel 
Ropes  was  appointed  a  justice  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  in  1761,  and 
later  became  chief  justice,  and  in  1772  was  promoted  to  the  bench  of  the 
Superior  Court  of  Judicature. 

tProbably  the  wife  of  Rev.  Samuel  Fiske,  formerly  pastor  of  the  Third 

§Parker  Clarke,  M.  D.  (1718-1798),  physician  at  Andover  and  Newbury, 
who  married  Lydia,  daughter  of  Rev.  Samuel  Phillips  of  Andover. 

llWilliam  Pynchon  (1723-1789),  a  prominent  lawyer. 

•fTMrs.  Mary,  wife  of  Andrew  Oliver,  judge  of  Court  of  Common  Pleas 
and  Mandamus  Councillor.  She  was  the  daughter  of  lion.  Benjamin 
Lynde.  They  lived  in  a  house  at  the  corner  of  Essex  and  Liberty  streets, 
taken  down  when  the  present  Lynde  Block  was  erected. 

60  DIARY  OP  [Mar.,  1761 

31.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  Mr.  Mascarene  in  Andrews'  chaise, 
Esty's  horse 

April  1.    D"^  came  to  Cambridge. 

7.  Oliver,  Higginson,  Eppes  &  Pick  man  dined  here. 

17.  Bought  salmon.    Made  soap. 

22.  Fast  day.     John  Marston  died.     Bought  green  shoes. 

23.  Dressed  a  Calves  Head  turtle  fashion.* 

25.  John  Marston  Buried. 

26.  Palfrey's  Child  Baptized. 

27.  John  King  shot  his  hand.  At  Colonel  Serj  ant's  with  Miss 

May  6.     Ministers'  meeting.     Spent  y^  evening  at  M"^  Bernard's. 
6.     At  Judge  Lynde's  with  Miss  Appleton. 

18.  At  M"  John  Higginson'st  with  Mrs.  Curwen,  Pierce  & 

19.  Mrs.  Bacon  buried. 

20.  Began  to  whitewash.     Dr.  taken  with  a  Cold. 

22.  Went  to  a  Barbeque  at  Jonson's,  50  in  company.  D'  not 

28.  Ironed.     Went  to  Capt.  Crowninshield's  funeral. J 
30.     Scower'd  pewter.     Polly  cut  her  first  Tooth. 
June  1.     Mrs.  Giles  died  in  childbirth  at  Mrs.  Frye's. 

8.  Ropes  moved  to  ye  pest  house  with  Small  Pox. 
13,     Cato  ret^  from  Boston. 

20.     Went  to  flax  pond  with  Mrs.  Crowninshield. 

24.  D"^  Went  to  Barbeque  at  y«  Fort  § 

25.  We  went  to  Castle  Hill||  by  invitation. 

About  the  middle  of  y®  month  of  May  there  appear'd  a  Cold,  as 
it  was  vulgarly  cal'd,  which  was  very  general ;  sparing  neither  Age 
nor  Sex.  In  Some  it  arose  to  that  Height  as  to  be  dignify'd  by  y* 
name  of  a  Fever,  generally  of  y®  Pleuritic  Peripneumonia   or  Ca- 

•A  boiled  cairs  head  cut  into  pieces  about  half  an  inch  square  is  placed 
in  a  strong  gravy  that  has  been  strained,  made  of  veal,  beef,  onions,  but- 
ter, anchovies,  lemon  peel  and  spice.  Include  also  a  pint  of  madeira  and 
hard  boiled  eggs.  *'  A  very  good  dish,  and  if  properly  made  will  not  dis- 
credit the  cook." — Hunter's  Culina  Famulatrix. 

tMrs.  Mehitable  (Robie),  wife  of  John  Higginson,  Register  of  Deeds. 
Mrs.  Higginson,  with  her  daughter  "  Hetty,"  sought  refuge  in  Halifax  at 
the  beginning  of  the  Revolution,  but  afterwards  returned  to  Salem,  and 
for  many  years  kept  a  private  school  of  great  repute.  When  asked  what 
she  taught,  she  sometimes  would  laughingly  reply,  "  ethics."  See  Sils- 
bee's  Half  Century  in  Salem,  pp.  48-52;  Salem  Gazette,  July  21,  1846. 

tCapt.  John  Crowninshield,  aged  65  years,  father  of  Benjamin  Crownin- 

§The  fort  at  Winter  Island,  Salem  Neck,  a  place  of  resort  during  the 
summer  season. 

llThe  summer  residence  of  Judge  Benjamin  Lynde  (1700-1781),  was  built 
on  Castle  Hill  in  1748,  and  there  he  entertained  in  the  highest  style  for 
those  days. 




1709-1  763. 

From  the  portrait  formerly  at  Rosewell,  Gloucester  Co.,  Virginia. 

June,  1761]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  51 

tarrhal  Kind,  but  in  most  it  produced  but  a  slight  feverishness,  a 
Running  of  a  thin  Coryza  from  y**  Nose,  a  Pain  or  dizziness  in  y® 
Head,  Inflammation  in  y®  Eyes  &  throat,  with  great  stupidity  and 
inattention ;  loss  of  Smell  &  Taste  ;  but  when  y®  Defluxions  fell 
upon  y*  Breast  it  produc'd  bad  coughs,  great  Soreness,  &c. ;  when 
Upon  y®  limbs.  Rheumatic  Pains  which  in  some  soon  grew  to  a 
severe  Rheumatism.  Bleeding  when  there  was  a  full  and  tense 
pulse  always  gave  great  relief.  If  much  Fever  Attended  Vomits 
were  advantageous ;  Pectoral  cooling  demulcent  Teas  serv'd  y** 
Cough,  which,  when  very  importunate,  was  much  relieved  by  gen- 
tle Poses  of  Elix.  Asthmah.  Some  retained  their  Appetites  (if  y* 
Cold  was  not  attended  with  much  fever)  thro'  ye  Illness.  In  some, 
severe  Tooth  Aches  tortured,  while  in  others  the  throat  was  in 
great  pain  externally.* 

This  Summer  has  been  remarkable  for  as  Severe  a  Drouth  as 
this  country  has  felt  since  the  year  1749,  and  perhaps  the  111 
Effects  of  it  much  greater  than  that,  as  the  Rains  which  put  an 
End  to  it  came  on  much  later  ;  in  '49  they  came  y®  1st  July,  and 
this  Year  not  till  y®  22*^  of  Aug*',  &  so  extreme  has  it  been  that 
great  part  of  the  Indian  Corn  (which  stands  a  drouth  as  well  as 
any  plant  we  have)  was  dried  up  &  lost  to  any  use  but  Foddering 
Cattle.  One  Cause  which  rendered  the  Earth  much  drier  than  it 
would  have  been  was  y^  Excessive  Heat  &  Driness  of  the  Air ; 
none  Among  us  ever  remembering  such  a  continued  Series  of  Hot 
Dry  weather. t 

July  1.  Mr.  Pickman  Came  to  New  England.  Mrs.  Higginson 
&  Aunt  Winslow  spent  the  day  with  us.     Ropes  Amory  here. 

2.  Dr.  went  a  fishing. 

3.  Dined  upon  turtle  at  Colonel  Pickman's. 

7.     Scowered  rooms.     Miss  Betty  Pickman  here. 

10.     Dined  at  Col.  Pickman's,  turtle  dressed  at  Lynn. 

13.     M".  Crowninshield  here.     Colonel  Appleton  Lodged  here. 

17.  M'  Holyokel  &  his  mother  here  on  their  way  to  Boxford. 

18.  M'  Brown  brought  his  Lady  home.§ 
21.     Washed. 

23.  Drank  tea  with  M"  Barnard. 

24.  Went  to  Johnson's  to  a  turtle,  II  80  people  present.  A  dance 
at  Jefferies.    Not  there. 

*In  the  handwriting  of  Dr.  E.  A.  Holyoke. 

tin  the  handwriting  of  Dr.  E.  A.  Holyoke. 

tRev.  Elizur  Holyoke  (1731-1806),  the  Doctor's  cousin,  who  was  ordained 
Jan.  31,  1759,  minister  at  Boxford. 

§Hon.  William  Browne  (1709-1763),  who  built  "  Browne's  Folly,"  a  sum- 
mer residence  on  a  hill  in  Beverly,  married  for  his  second  wife  Mary, 
daughter  of  Philip  French  of  New  Jersey.  She  died  Aug.  11,  1761,  and 
the  beautiful  summer  house  was  removed  to  another  location  in  Beverly. 

llRev.  Andrew  Barnaby  in  his  "  Travels  in  North  America  in  the  Years 
1759  and  1760,"  London,  1775,  pp.  113-114,  writes  as  follows  :     "  There  are 



[July,  1761 

26.     Father  &  mother  Came.     Mrs.  Oliver  &  Miss  Lynde  here. 

29.     Mr.  Stevens  &  Sister  Prissy   Lodg'd   here  in  their  way  to 

31.     Went  to  Flax  Pond.     Was  at  M"  Sommerville's. 

Aug.  1.     Dined  at  Colonel  Pickman's  with  Colonel  Brattle.* 

2.     Mr.  Brown  &  Lady  made  their   appearance.     Dr.  Bulfinch 
Lodg'd  here. 

4.    Dined  at  Colonel  Pickman's.     M'  Peabody  &  Aunt  Holyoke 









Mrs.  Holyokef  brought  to  bed.     Aunt  went  back. 
I  made  Mrs.  Brown  a  visit,  18  in  company. 
Mrs.  [William]  Brown  died. 

Mrs.  Brown   buried.     Epps,   Putnam,   Pynchon,   Pickman 

Walked  as  far  as  Stage  point. 
Went  to  see  Mad*"^  Fitch  at  Mr.  Cabbot's. 
Bought  Black  Shoes. 

Ma"^™  fitch  and   Mr.   Cabbot   &   daughter   here. 
came  up. 

Sept.  1.     Mr.  Appleton  &  wife  &  M'^  Ran  here  in  their   way  to 

2.     M'  Higginson  Carried  Sally  Bernard  to  Newbury. 
Fast  for  the  Drought. 
D"^  went  to  Boxford  to  see  Mrs.  Holyoke. 
D'  came  from  Boxford.     Mrs.  Holyoke  better. 
Mrs.  Somerville  &  Miss  Charnockf  &  Miss  Sally  Marston 




the  evening  here. 

Mrs.  [Richard]  Lechmere  brought  to  bed. 

Mr.  Vans  published.  § 

Uncle  Simpson  &  aunt  came.     Mr.  Dowse  &  Walter  spent 

several  houses  pleasantly  situated  upon  East  river,  near  New  York,  where 
it  is  common  to  have  turtle-feasts;  these  happen  once  or  twice  in  a  week. 
Thirty  or  forty  gentlemen  and  ladies  meet  and  dine  together,  drink  tea  in 
the  afternoon,  fish  and  amuse  themselves  till  evening,  and  then  return 
home  in  Italian  chaises.^' 

*Maj.-Gen.  William  Brattle  (1702-1776)  of  Boston,  lawyer,  preacher, 
physician,  soldier,  and  legislator.  Member  of  the  Stamp  Act  Congress, 
1765,  and  a  loyalist  who  left  Boston  at  the  evacuation  and  died  at  Halifax 
a  few  months  afterward. 

tMrs.  Hannah,  wife  of  Rev.  Elizur  Holyoke,  minister  of  Boxford.  The 
child  died  August  18,  1761,  at  Boxford. 

JMiss  Emma  Charnock  of  Boston,  whose  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Rev. 
Thomas  Blowers  of  Beverly,  and  whose  grandmother  was  a  sister  of  Pres- 
ident Holyoke. 

§William  Vans  and  Mrs.  Mary  Clark.  He  was  a  merchant  in  Salem,  an 
"  Addresser  to  Gov.  Hutchinson,"  and  representative  to  the  General  Court 
from  Salem,  in  1782,  4,  6,  8. 

Sept.,  1761]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  58 

18.  Mess""^  Cockle,*  Walterf  &  Vans  dined  here. 

19.  Dined  at  Mr.  Brown's  with  M'^^  Winthrop. 

20.  Went  to  Church  with  uncle  and  aunt,  sat  in  Cockle's  pew. 
Mr.  Winthrop  &  Brown  drank  tea  here. 

21.  Uncle  &  aunt  went  to  Haverhill  with  Cockle.  Mrs.  Mars- 
ton  f  died.     M'  [John]  Nutting  and  Betsey  Pickman  published. 

22.  Polly  Serjant  died. 

23.  Mrs.  Marston  Buried. 

24.  Polly  Serjant  Buried. 

26.     D"^  spent  evening  at  Eppes'. 

28.     Went  to  Mrs.  Amory's  to  see  Miss  Sally  Marston. 
Oct.  1.     Drank  tea  at  M""  Bernard  with  M'  Perry  &  wife. 
3.     Mr.  Higginson  sick  at  Newbury. 

6.  At  Mrs.  Serjant's.  Capt.  Mackey§  married  to  Widow  Hig- 

8.  M'  [John]  Nutting  married  to  Miss  Pickman,  the  D'  and 
myself  at  wedding. 

9.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  Mr.  Bernard. 

10.  Dined  at  father's  with  Mr.  [John]  Mascarene. 

11.  At  meeting  at  Cambridge.  Spent  the  evening  at  Mr.  Mas- 

12.  Went  to  Mr.  Goffs.     Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Winthrop's. 

13.  Called  at  Mr.  Lechmere's.  Spent  evening  at  Mr.  Apple- 
ton's.     Went  to  Boston.     Drank  tea  at  Uncle  Holyoke's. 

14.  Came  home.  Brought  Polly  Simpson  in  Grandfather's 

15.  M''  Higginson  buried. || 

17.  Lydia  Lynde  &  Sally  Bernard  here.  Mr.  [Samuel]  Ropes 

19.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Amory* 

20.  Aunt  Winslow  went  to  Kingston. 

24.  Priscy  &  Mrs.  Amory  went  to  Boston. 

30.  Went  to  Boston,  Carried  home  Polly  Simpson.  Cato 
drove.  Spent  evening  at  my  Grandfather's. 

31.  Dined  at  Uncle  Simpson's.     Tea  at  Aunt  Glover's. 

*James  Cockle,  then  Collector  of  Customs  at  Salem,  who  afterwards  en- 
forced the  famous   "Writs  of  Assistance." 

t William  Walter  (1737-1800),  who  appears  as  an  officer  in  the  customs  at 
Salem  in  1762,  but  sailed  for  England  in  1764  to  receive  Episcopal  orders, 
and  later  in  that  year  was  installed  rector  of  Trinity  church,  Boston.  He 
married,  in  1766,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Hon.  Benjamin  Lynde,  jr.,  of  Salem. 

JMrs.  Elizabeth,  widow  of  Hon,  Benjamin  Marston,  merchant  of  Salem, 
representative,  high  sheriff,  and  justice  of  the  Court  of  General  Sessions. 
They  lived  in  a  brick  house  at  the  corner  of  Essex  and  Crombie  streets, 
afterwards  Crombie's  Tavern. 

§Capt.  Daniel  Mackey,  who  died  Aug,  3,  1796,  at  Andover,  Mass, 

llStephen  Higginson  (1716-1761),  merchant  of  Salem,  who  died  at  New- 

64  DIARY   OF  [Nov.,  1761 

Nov.  1.  Dined  at  Uncle  Johns  [Simpson].  In  the  forenoon 
heard  Mr.  Cummins,  in  the  afternoon  Mr.  Cooper.  Shock  of  an 

2.  Dined  at  Uncle  Jonathan's  [Simpson]. 

3.  Dined  at  Uncle  John's,  Brother  &  sister,  Mr.  Fitch  &  Lady. 

4.  Betsy  Davis  and  I  dined  at  Uncle  John's.  Uncle  &  aunt 
spent  the  evening. 

6.    Dined  at  my  Grandfather's.     Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Fitch. 

6.  Uncles  &  aunts  dined  at  Aunt  Glover's.*  Drank  tea  &  spent 
the  evening.     Lay  with  Betsey  Davis. 

7.  Dined  at  Aunt  Davis.f     Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Allen's. 

8.  Dined  at  Uncle  Jonathan.     Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Davis. 

9.  Uncle  John  brought  me  home. 

10.  Washed. 

14.  Wrote  to  Aunt  Simpson. 

16.  At  meeting  in  the  forenoon. 

17.  Mr.  Quincy  &  wife  here.    Scowered  chamber. 

18.  Mrs.  Bernard,  Miss  Sally  &  M''^  Blaney  here. 

19.  At  Mrs.  Crowningshields.  Miss  Debby  Hewes  married. 
Priscilla  Lamburt  married.     Milk  at  Deacon  Ward's. 

20.  M'  Bernard,  Mr.  Higginson,  D'^  Putnam  here. 
24.     Began  upon  firkin  of  butter,  weighed  89  lbs. 

27.  Mrs.  Oliver  Brought  to  bed.  Began  to  take  milk  at  Colonel 
[Ichabod]  Plaisted's. 

29.  At  meeting.     Sarah  took  a  vomit. 

30.  Drank  tea  at  M"  Cotnam's.t 

Dec.  1.     Mess""'  Eppes,  Ropes,  Pynchon,  &  Putnam  dined  here. 

2.  Miss  Lynd  Drank  tea  here.     In  the  evening  at  M'  Oliver's. 

3.  Dined  at  the  Colonel's,  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Eppes. 

4.  The  family  Dined  with  us. 

7.  Mrs.  Amory  here.     Lucy  Marston  here  in  the  evening. 

8.  At  Mr.  Gardiner's  with  Mrs.  Amory. 

9.  At  Mrs.  Oliver's  in  the  Evening  with  Mrs.  Pickman, 

10.  At  the  assembly  Dance  in  School  house  §  Chamber. 

11.  Drank  tea  M""  Eppes.     Fanny  sent  for. 

12.  Fanny  Gyer  went  home.     Scoured  Pewter 

15.  At  Mrs.  King's.     Mrs.  Pickman  Died. 

16.  Mr.  Oliver's  Child  Died. 

19.     Sarah  Symns  came  to  Live  with  us. 

•Her  mother's  sister  Anne,  married  in  1750,  Nathaniel  Glover. 

tHer  mother's  brother  John,  married  in  1741,  Hannah  Davis. 

jHer  house,  near  St.  Peter's  Church,  was  damaged  by  lightning  Aug. 
23,  1774.     She  lived  in  Halifax,  N.  S.,  after  the  evacuation  of  Boston. 

§This  school  house  was  built  of  brick  in  1760  and  was  located  in  the  mid- 
dle of  what  is  now  Washington  street,  near  the  northerly  end  of  the  rail- 
road tunnel.  The  whipping  post  and  the  stocks  stood  in  front  of  the  build- 


"Z    +'    -O 

































































Dec,  1761]         MRS.  MART  (vial)  holyoke.  65 

18.     Mrs.  Pickman  &  Mr.  Oliver's  Child  Buried. 

21.  At  Mrs.  Somerville's.     Spent  evening  at  Mr.  Eppes. 

22.  Miss  Sally  Bernard  here.     Snow  storm. 

24.  Dance,  not  there.     Snow. 

25.  Dined  at  home,  at  Church  in  the  afternoon. 

26.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Crowningshield's. 

28.  At  Judge  Lynde's.  Sister  Nancy  came  with  Mr.  Trowbridge. 

29.  Spent  Evening  at  M'  Bernard's. 

30.  Lechmere,  Colonel   Appleton,    Moody,    Higginson,  Walter, 
Putnam  dined  here. 

31.  Afternoon  at  Colonel  Serjeant,  Evening  at  Epps  with  Sister 

Jan.  1,  1762.     Oliver  Wendell  dined  here.* 
7.     Went  to  the  assembly  with  the  D'. 

23.  Mr.  Tong  &  Miss  Cotnamt  married. 
Feb.  1.     Colonel  Blaney  died. 

2.  At  Mrs.  Cotnam's  to  make  the  Wedding  visit. 

3.  Colonel  Blaney  Buried. 
7.     Mr.  Leavit  Died. 

26.     D''  spent  evening  at  Mr.  Cockles. 
March  4.     Went  to  the  assembly. 

7.  Sat  in  Mr.  Ropes'  pew  for  the  first  time. 
14.     Young  Mr.  Clarke  preach"*  for  us. 

18.  At  the  assembly. 

19.  Mrs.  Chevers  died. 

21,     M'  GibbSjJ  Capann,  Died. 
23.     Poll  began  her  shoes  &  stays.  § 
28.     Mr.  Pickman  Published. 
April  2.     Put  Beef  in  Pickle. 

4.  Milk  first  at  M"  Chipman's. 
6.     Benny  Brown  Buried. 

8.  News  of  George  Curwen's||  Death. 

9.  Good  Friday,  Snow. 

16.     Sister  Nancy  came  here. 
18.     M'  Goodill  Preach*. 

•The  entries  in  the  diary  for  the  two  previous  years  have  been  printed 
nearly  verbatim,  thereby  showing  the  circle  of  relatives  and  friends  with 
whom  was  carried  on  the  constant  round  of  dining  and  tea  drinking.  It 
has  seemed  unnecessary  to  continue  the  repetition  of  the  already  familiar 
names  and  in  the  following  years  only  the  more  important  or  interesting 
entries  are  printed .  Every  tenth  year  there  is  included  a  month  or  two  show- 
ing all  the  entries  appearing  in  the  original  manuscript. 

tWinkworth  Tongues  and  Miss  Martha  Cottnam. 

JDaniel  Gibbs,  a  merchant  of  Gloucester. 

§Mrs.  Holyoke's  daughter  Mary  was  then  eighteen  months  old, 

lIGeorge  Curwen  (1739-1762),  drowned  at  sea  April  2d,  while  on  a  voyage 
to  the  West  Indies. 

56  DiAEY  OF  [Apr.,  1762 

22.  Ben.  Pickman  married.* 

May  6.     Bought  sugar  of  Capt.  Dodd. 
7.     At  Colonel  Pickman's  farm. 

9.  Sow**  sweet  marjoram. 

June  8.     Mrs.  Eppes  brought  to  bed  of  a  daughter. 

13.  M"^  Eppes  Child  Christened  Love  Eawlins. 

14.  D'  went  to  Barbaque,  at  Tappley's. 
16.     Made  Mrs.  Brown  sitting  up  visit. 

23.  D'  dined  at  governor  Pickman's. 

24.  D'"  dined  at  the  fort.     Kitty  King  here. 

27.  Mrs.  [Daniel]  Mackey's  Child  baptised. 

30.     Father  Clarke  preached  3  hours.     Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Spar- 
July  4.     Disturbed  at  meeting  by  the  cry  of  fire. 

7.  Mrs.  Somerville  went  to  Boston  to  hear  of  her  husband. 

8.  At  the  fort. 

18.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  Mr.  Goff. 

19.  At  meeting  at  Cambridge. 

22.  Commencement. 

23.  Came  home  with  Mr.  Nutting. 

28.  Fast  for  the  Drought. 

Aug.  5.     Mrs.  [John]  Higginson  brought  to  bed  of  a  son. 

6.  Went  to  look  at  Barton's  house. 

7.  Fire  broke  out  at  Capt.  Hodges. 

8.  Mrs.  Higginson's  son  Baptized  Andrew. 

16.  [Benjamin]  Ellingwoodf  Committed  to  jail  on  suspicion  of 

17.  Col.  Appleton  died. J 

25.  Drank  tea  at  the  fort. 

Sept.  4.     I  bought  6  lbs.  honey  at  6  at  Mr.  Toppan's. 
7.     News  of  the  Havannah  taken. 

15.  School  house  illuminated,  fire  works  for  taking  the  Havan- 

16.  Drank  tea  at  Colonel  Pickman's  with  Capt.  Tounge  &  Lady. 

20.  Began  to  move  into  Mr.  Barton's  house. 
23.     Lodged  at  Mr.  Barton's  house. 

Oct.  7.     Thanksgiving  day.     Betsy  Davis  married. 

10.  Mr.  Langdon  preached  here. 

19.     Preserved  quinces.     Made  syrup  of  cores  and  parings. 
22.     EUingwood  tried  and  cleared. 

*He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Dr.  Bezaleel  Tappan. 

tBenjamin  EUingwood  of  Beverly  was  tried  for  stabbing  Jacob  Poland 
with  a  sword,  so  that  he  died.  The  verdict  was  manslaughter  and  EUing- 
wood was  sentenced  to  be  burnt  in  the  hand  (branded),  imprisoned  twelve 
months  and  pay  costs. 

tCol.  Daniel  Appleton  (1692-1762),  of  Ipswich,  colonel  of  a  regiment  at 
Ipswich,  register  of  probate  (1723-1762),  justice  of  the  Court  of  Sessions, 
and  representative  to  the  General  Court  for  several  years. 

Oct.,  1762]  MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  67 

23.     Ellingwood  Branded. 

27.  I  was  let  blood,  D'  Kneeland*  here  Carried  sister  Betsey 
to  Ipswich. 

Nov.  9.    Sister  Betsy  went  home  with  Mr.  Cutts.f 

20.  First  began  to  take  milk  of  Daniel's. 

21.  Mr.  Goodale  preached.     Capt.  Bernard  died. 

22.  Mrs.  Nutting  brought  to  bed. 
Dec.  3.     Nat  SparhawkJ  drowned. 

6.  Col.  Sarjant  died.     Biscuit  opened. 

7.  Col.  Plaisted  seized  with  numb  palsy  at  Col.  Pickman's. 

9.  Thanksgiving.  Col.  Plaisted  died.  Nancy  §  married.  Dined 
at  Col.  Pickman's. 

10.  Family  dined  here.     Opened  77  pounds  Butter. 
14.     Colonel  Plaisted  ||  buried  in  arms. 

18.  Mrs.  Frye  brought  to  bed  of  a  son. 

19.  Baptized  Will"". 

22.     Johnny  Higginson  died. 

Jan.  3,  1763.     Began  loaf  of  sugar.     Hung  pictures. 

6.     Began  the  firkin  of  butter,  weight  77  lbs. 

8.  M'  Vans  shut  up.f 

10.     Mrs.  Ropes  brought  to  bed  of  a  son. 

26.  Mr.  Cutts  &  wife  came  here  &  Mr.  Atherton  came  to  live 

31.     Club  here.ft 

♦William  Kneeland,  M.  D.  (1732-1788)  of  Boston,  who  married  Elizabeth, 
the  sister  of  Dr.  Holyoke. 

rSamuel  Cutts  (1726-1801),  who  married  Dr.  Holyoke's  sister  Anna,  on 
Dec.  9th,  He  was  a  wealthy  merchant  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H,,  and  promi- 
nent in  public  affairs.  It  was  to  him  that  Paul  Revere  brought  a  letter  of 
warning  from  the  Boston  Committee  of  Correspondence.  See  his  portrait 
in  the  Cutts  Genealogy,  p,  42. 

^Nathaniel  Sparhawk  (1746-1762),  who  was  drowned  in  the  Piscataqua 
river.  He  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  John  Sparhawk,  minister  of  the  First 
church,  Salem. 

§Anna  Holyoke  who  married  Samuel  Cutts  of  Portsmouth,  They  were 
married  at  Cambridge. 

II Col.  Ichabod  Plaisted  (1700-1762),  colonel  of  the  Salem  regiment  at 
Crown  Point  in  1755,  representative  and  councillor.  Buried  in  the  Benja- 
min Lynde  tomb. 

ITWilliam  Vans,  afterwards  a  merchant  in  Boston,  and  United  States  con- 
sul to  France  (1794-1799),  whose  controversy  with  the  Codmans  of  Boston 
became  famous. 

**Israel  Atherton,  M.D.  (1741-1822),  who  came  to  study  medicine  with  Dr. 
Holyoke.  He  was  born  in  Lancaster,  Mass.,  and  was  the  first  of  thirty-five 
young  men  who  were  pupils.  He  afterwards  practiced  in  Lancaster  until 
bis  death. 

ttThe  Monday  Night  Club  had  for  its  object  the  improvement  of  its  mem- 
bership in  philosophy  and  literature  by  reading  and  conversation.  Many 
of  the  leading  men  J n  Salem  were  members.  In  this  Club  originated  the 
"Social  Library"  and  the  "Philosophical  Library,"  which  united  formed 
the  "Salem  Athenaeum."     Among  those  who  constituted  the  membership 

68  DIARY   or  [Feb.,  1763 

Feb.  3.     Salted  Pork. 
4.     At  Miss  Peggy  Schelly's. 

6.     D'  dined  at  Col.  Pickman's.  Bought  Capt.  Bowditch's  house.* 
Put  Bacon  in  pickle. 

18.    My  Grandfather  died. 

20.     Mrs.  Crowningshield  brought  to  bed  of  a  daughter. 

22.     Mrs.  Vans  brought  to  bed  of  a  son. 

28.     Lilla  Ropes  brought  to  bed. 

March  3.     Kept  chamber.     Nurse  came. 

4.  Brought  to  bed  of  Peggy.f 

5.  Made  this  year  5  legs  &  5  Chops  of  Bacon.  Laid  in  77  lbs.  of 
of  butter  for  the  winter  in  November. 

11.     Eat  meat  for  the  first  time. 
16.     Bought  tea  1  lb. 

20.  D""  went  to  Boxford.    Mrs.  Frye  here. 

21.  Mrs.  Saunders,  Mrs.  Eppes,  Mrs.  Pickman,  Hitty  King, 
Mrs.  Higginson  here. 

24.  Mrs.  Mansfield,   Mrs.  Gardiner  here. 

28.     Mrs.  Lynd,  Mrs.  Oliver  &  Mrs.  Ropes  here. 

30.  Mrs.  Cotnam,  Mrs.  Somerville,  Mrs.  Eppes. 

31.  Mrs.  Higginson  &  Mrs.  Freeman  here. 

April  6.     I  rode  out  [with]  Molly  Appleton,  my  first  getting  out. 
11.     Peggy  Coated. 

13.  Went  to  Colonel  Pickman's,  first  visit.     Sowed  peas. 

14.  Fast  day,  went  to  meeting. 

15.  Mrs.  Crowningshield  here,  sowed  Colleflower. 
18.     Polly  went  to  school. 

21.  Mrs.  Roby  died. 

25.  Began  to  move  into  Bowditch's  house,  our  own. 

26.  Lodged  there.     Fire  Broke  out  in  School  street. 

27.  Mr.  Brown  died.J 

28.  Set  out  roots,  sowed  flower  seeds. 

29.  Uncle  Appleton  &  aunt  here.    Bought  ^  lb.  tea. 
May  6.     Sowed  6  w[ee]ks  beans. 

11.     Mr  Eppes  came  from  Virginia. 

16.  Pulled  first  raddishes. 

22.  Polly  first  went  to  meeting. 

in  pre-Revolutionary  times  were:  Andrew  Oliver,  Nathaniel  Ropes,  Benja- 
min Lynde,  Rev.  William  McGilchrist,  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard,  Dr.  Patnam, 
Col.  Pickman,  Col.  Frye,  Col.  Browne,  Col.  Epes  Sargent,  Col.  Plaisted, 
Stephen  Higginson,  Thomas  Robie  and  Samuel  Curwen. 

*Capt.  Ebenezer  Bowditch's  house  built  in  1730,  was  located  on  Essex 
street  where  the  Naumkeag  Block  now  stands.  The  house  was  taken  down 
in  1895  when  the  Block  was  erected. 

tMargaret  Holyoke  who  died,  unmarried,  Jan.  25,  1825. 

tHon.  William  Browne  (1709-1763)  of  Salem  and  Beverly,  justice  of  the 
Court  of  General  Sessions,  and  member  of  the  Council.  He  died  suddenly 
while  about  his  fields  in  Beverly. 


Built  in  1730  by  Capt.  Ebenezer  Bowditch.     Owned  and  occupied   by   Edward  Augustus 

Holyoke,  M.  D.,  from  I  763  until  his  death.     Taken  down  in  I  895,  when   the 

Naumkeag  Block  was  erected  on  the  site.      From  a  sketch  formerly 

in  the  possession  of  William  R    Colby. 

June,  1763]        mrs.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  59 

June  2.     At  Mr.  Jo.  Cabot's.     Made  Soap. 

6.  Bought  butter  for  5/  pr.  lb. 

7.  At  Mr.  Pynchon's.     Mrs.  Sparhawk  moved  to  Kittery. 
9.    At  a  Barbacue  at  Tapley's. 

27.  First  gathered  green  Pease.  Began  to  cut  asparagus  May 
10th.     Cut  none  after  the  10th  of  June.     1836  Heads  in  all.* 

28.  Went  to  Boston  with  Mr.  Atherton.  Carried  Polly  &  left 
her  at  Cambridge.  Lodged  at  Mrs.  Minot's.  Went  to  uncle  Simp- 
son's to  breakfast,  all  others  there. 

July  1.  Divided  furniture  at  my  grandfather's.  Dined  at  Cam- 
bridge.    Came  home. 

2.  Mr.  Atherton  went  to  Harvard. 

9.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Cockle's  farm.f  Mr.  Brown  brought  his 
wife  home.  I 

15.     Mr.  Lindall  married. 

20.  Philly  Brown  died.§ 

Aug.  2.     At  a  turtle  at  Tapley's. 

4.     Went  with  the  D'  to  Mr.  Brown's  at  Beverly. 

11.  Thanksgiving  for  Peace.  || 

12.  A  dance  at  Jefferies. 

15.  Father  &  mother  Came  here  from  the  [Ipswich]  hamlet. 

16.  Father  &  mother  went  to  Marblehead. 
19.     Went  out  upon  the  water. 

23.     Bottled  wine,  6  doz. 

30.     Went  to  Nahant. 

Sept.  2.     Preserved  Damsons,  a  week  too  late, 

3.  Drank  tea  at  the  farm. 

6.  Mr.  Higginson's  child  taken  sick. 

7.  Capt.  Dean  brought  home  his  wife. 

21.  Uncle  Simpson  &  Aunt,  Mrs.  Lechmore  &  Nicky  Came  here. 

22.  Becky  Ives  [and  Joseph  Gilman  of  Exeter,  N.  H.]  married. 
Din'd  her  with  M"  Sarjant, 

28.     Mr.  Huntington  ordained.lf     Mrs.  Brown,   father,  mother, 
Mr.  Holyoke  &  wife  here.     Mrs.  Cutts  brought  to  bed. 
30.     Mrs.  Pickraan  Brought  to  bed  of  a  son. 
Oct.  2.     Mr.  Pickman's  son  Baptized  Benjamin. 
6.     Colonel  Pickman  very  ill. 

*••  This  summer  fine  rains  and  great  crops.  Hay  6  and  7  dollars  per  ton." 
— Lynde  Diaries. 

tCoUector  Cockle's  farm  was  near  what  is  now  Brown's  Pond  in  South 

tJudith,  daughter  of  Col.  Carter  of  Virginia,  who  married  William  Bur- 
net Browne. 

§Miss  Philipa  (1750-1763),  daughter  of  Hon.  William  and  Mary  (French) 

Illn  recognition  of  the  treaty  of  peace  signed  at  Paris  on  Feb.  10,  1763, 
marking  the  end  of  the  "  French  and  Indian  War." 

ITRev.  John  Huntington  (1736-1766),  minister  of  the  Tabernacle  church. 

60  DIARY    OF  [Oct.,  1763 

8.  Mrs.  Somerville  brought  to  bed. 

9.  Her  child  Christened  Thomas  Woolridge. 

16.  Cato  sick  with  the  mumps. 
25.     Betsey  Holyoke*  married. 

29.  Last  Monday  Birchmore  Shot  Webb.f 
Nov.  20.     Pink  CalimincoJ  shoes  new. 

21.  Uncle  and  aunt  Holyoke  came  here  from  Boxford. 

30.  Mrs.  Mascarene  went  from  Portsmouth  in  the  stage  coach. 
Dec.  5.    The  Club  here. 

8.  Thanksgiving.     We  all  dined  at  Col.  Pickman's. 

9.  The  family  all  dined  here  Except  the  Col. 

10.  My  glasses  from  Boston. 
12.     Frank  Cabot  buried.      Mr.  Gilchrist,  Bernard,  Oliver,  Hig- 

ginson  &  Brown  Din'd  here. 

17.  D'"  Putnam  of  Danvers  Broke  his  Leg.§ 

22.  D'  at  Danvers.  Spent  evening  at  Singing  Club.  Paid  Sarah 
Cloutraan  40  /  Old  Tenor  for  muff. 

Jan.  8,  1764.     First  wore  my  new  Cloth  riding  hood. 

9.  My  Daughter  Polly  first  confined  with  the  quinsy.  Took  a 

10.  Nabby  Cloutman  watch'd  with  her. 

11.  Very  ill.     Molly  Molton  watched. 

12.  Zilla  Symonds  watched. 

13.  My  Dear  Polly  Died.     Sister  Prissy  came. 

14.  Buried. 

17.  Small  Pox  began  to  spread  at  Boston. 

19.  Mrs.  Fitch  came  from  Boston  for  fear  of  small  pox. 

21.  Town  meeting  for  guarding  the  town  from  small  pox. 

22.  Dr.  Lloyd II  Came  from  Boston  to  see  Stephen  Higginson. 

24.  A  violent  snow  storm.    College  burnt.^ 

25.  Mr.  [John]  A.ppleton  moved  to  the  pest  house  with  the 
small  pox  which  proved  to  be  Chicken  Pox. 

27.     First  heard  of  their  inoculating  at  Boston. 

29.     D''  Gardiner  Came  from  Boston.    Mrs.  Vans  brought  to  bed. 

*Betsey  [Elizabeth]  Holyoke  was  the  daughter  of  President  Holyoke  and 
married  William  Kneeland,  M.  D.  of  Cambridge. 

tTwo  young  men  who  were  out  gunning.  One  snapped  his  gun  at  the 
other  no  knowing  that  it  was  loaded  and  shot  him  dead  on  the  spot. — Felt  s 

tCalamanco,  a  glossy  woolen  satin-twilled  stuff,  checkered  or  brocaded 
in  the  warp,  so  that  the  pattern  showed  on  one  side  only. 

§Dr.  Amos  Putnam  (1722-1807),  a  surgeon  in  the  French  War  and  a  prac- 
ticing physician  in  Danvers  for  over  fifty  years. 

llJames  Lloyd,  M.  D.  (1728-1810),  a  skillful  physician  who  practiced  in 
Boston  for  fifty-eight  years  and  in  1764  was  a  strenuous  advocate  for  a 
general  inoculation. 

HThe  General  Court  was  sitting  at  Cambridge  because  of  small  pox  in 
Boston  and  the  conflagration  is  said  to  have  originated  in  the  College 
library  where  a  fire  had  been  kept  for  the  members  of  the  Coart. 


I  71 2-1 783. 
From  a  copy  by  Weir,  after  the  portrait  by  Col.  Henry  Sargent. 

Jan.,  1764]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  61 

31.     Mr.  Oliver's  child  taken  with  Convulsions. 

Feb.  3.  The  D'^  received  an  invitation  from  my  uncle  to  be  inoc- 
ulated at  his  house. 

Mar.  9.  The  D''  came  home  [from  Cambridge  andj  brought  news 
of  5  or  600  being  inoculated  at  Boston. 

10.     Sally  Bernard  went  to  point  Shirley  to  be  inoculated. 

13.  Mrs.  Brown  drank  tea  here.  News  of  Caleb  Ward's 

14.  I  made  Mr.  [Israel]  Atherton  a  Gown  for  small  Pox. 

16.  Mr.  Atherton  gone  to  the  Castle  to  be  inoculated  for  the 
small  Pox. 

26.     Mrs.  Higginson  brought  to  bed. 

28.  Mr.  Appleton  returned  after  his  having  Small  Pox  at  the 

29.  Bought  Plaid  for  the  D''^  [small  pox]  gown  of  widow 
Cabot.    Molly  Appleton  came  from  Portsmouth. 

April  1.     Mrs.  Higginson's  Child  Baptized  Mehitable. 
6.     The  D',  Susy  Higginson,  Nancy  Cabot  &  Betsey  went  to  be 
inoculated  at  Boston. 

3.     Sister  Kneeland  &  Prisey  inoculated  last  Monday. 
12.     Went  to  Cambridge  with  Mr.  Appleton. 

14.  The  D'  had  some  Slight  Complaints. 

15.  He  had  a  very  restless  night,  one  pustule  appeared. 

16.  Very  ill  all  day,  had  a  very  good  night. 

17.  3  more  appeared  very  bright  this  morning. 

19.  I  drank  tea  at  Aunt  Glovers. 

20.  I  went  to  see  Prisey,  as  I  did  every  day  while  at  Boston. 

21.  I  went  to  see  Aunt  Winslow  with  Aunt  Holyoke  at  Mrs. 

26.  Came  home  with  Mr.  Atherton. 

27.  Bought  salmon.  Cut  37  asparagus,  first  cutting  here. 
Bought  11  Ducks. 

May  4.  Mr.  Atherton  brought  the  D""  home  from  having  the 
Small  Pox.f     2  in  3  Dies  with  it  in  the  natural  way. 

5.     Mr.  Walley  here. 

June  9.     Mr.  Atherton  went  home,  his  father  sick  at  Concord. 

19.  Put  black  Coat  in  the  frame.  Heard  yesterday  of  the  death 
of  Atherton's  father. 

21.     Took  Coat  out  of  the  frame.    Made  &  wore  it. 

27.  M''  Locke  &  Capt.  Coolidge  Came. 

28.  Set  out  for  Portsmouth  with  Mr.  Locke.  Got  to  Mr.  Cutts 
half  after  7. 

•He  was  the  son  of  Ebenezer  and  Rachel  (Pickman)  Ward,  and  was  lost 
at  sea  Jan.  3,  1764, 

tHe  had  been  absent  from  Salem  twenty-nine  days,  the  longest  time  he 
was  away  from  his  patients  during  his  entire  life. 

62  DIARY   OF  [June,  1764 

29.  Took  a  walk  to  see  Aunt  Fitch.* 

30.  Took  a  ride  to  Newington. 

July  1.     Went  to  meeting  at  D'  Langdon's. 

3.  Went  up  the  river  to  Stacy's. 

4.  Very  severe  thunder.     Kittery  steeple  struck. 
7.    Came  home.     Dined  at  Mr.  Walley's. 

July  8.     Mr.  [Samuel]  Locke  preached  at  Lynn. 

12.     Uncle  Simpson  died  upon  his  passage  from  Lisbon. 

14.  Miss  Peggy  Gookin  Drank  tea  here. 

20.     At  Mr.  Cabot's.     Dance  in  the  Evening  at  Sommerville's. 
23.     Went  to  a  Barbeque  at  Jonson's. 

31.  Mrs.  Cabot  sent  me  some  pease.     Had  news  of  Uncle  Simp- 
son's death  on  his  passage  from  Lisbon. 

Aug.  3.     The  D*"  dined  at  flax  pond,  from  thence  to  Cambridge. 
12.     Began  to  take  milk  at  Rust's  the  S^^  inst.    The  D'  36  today. 
Sept.  1.     Mrs.  Hunt  &  old  Mr.  Ward  buried,  f 
Oct.  4.     I  went  to  Sarah  Bowditch's  funeral. 

11.  At  Mrs.  Sarjant.     Governor  Barnard  Came  to  town. 

12.  He  dined  at  Mr.  Oliver's.     Began  box  of  candles. 

15.  Prisey  came  here  with  Mr.  Goff.  She  spent  the  evening  at 
Mrs.  Eppes. 

17.  Prisey  went  to  a  dance. 

18.  Mrs.  Freeman  Carried  Prisey  to  Marblehead.  I  went  there 
with  Atherton. 

28.     D'  Putnam  J  married. 

Nov.  5.     Papers  came.     Began  upon  a  Pound  tea. 

6.  Made  Mrs.  Putnam's  wedding  visit. 

7.  Went  to  Mr.  Cabot's  funeral. 

8.  Hitty  Curwen  married. 
20.   'Burnt  chimneys. 

28.  Mrs.  Ropes  brought  to  bed. 

29.  Thanksgiving.     Dined  at  the  Colonel's. 

30.  The  family  dined  here. 

Dec.  1.     Mr.  Ropes  Child  named  Elizabeth. 

19.  Began  upon  loaf  sugar,  lOlbs. 
Jan.  1, 1765.     Mr.  Goodill  married. 

8.  The  D'*  made  Mr.  Goodill  [a]  wedding  visit. 

9.  Polly  §  born  12°  at  noon. 

13.  Child  Christened. 

16.     Susy  Higginson  brought  to  bed. 

*Mrs.  Elizabeth  (Appleton),  wife  of  Rev.  Jabez  Pitch  and  sister  of  Pres« 
ident  Holyoke's  second  wife. 

tDeacon  Miles  Ward,  aged  92  years. 

JEbenezer  Putnam,  M.  D.  (1717-1788),  a  Salem  physician,  who  lived,  after 
1768,  in  a  new  house  at  the  corner  of  what  is  now  Washington  and  Church 

§Mary  Holyoke,  who  died  Oct.  31, 1765. 

Jan.,  1765]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  63 

21.  Sally  Bernard  &  Grissy  Cotnain  here. 

22.  Mrs.  Crowuingshield  brought  to  bed. 

23.  Mrs.  Jones  here.     Bought  Pork  501b. 

27.  Mrs.  Crowiiingshield's  Child  baptized. 
Feb.  6.     Miss  Molly  went  to  the  assembly. 
9.     Mi-s.  Brown  brought  to  bed. 

12.     I  went  to  see  Mrs.  Brown,  first  getting  out. 
15.     Nurse  went  home. 

18.     Mrs.  Brown's  Child  named  Catharine.     I  first  went  to  meet- 

Mar.  2.     Bought  9^^  Candles. 

4.     Made  Mrs.  Brown's  sitting  up  visit. 

20.  Went  to  the  assembly. 

23.  Mrs.  John  Higginson  here.     Bacon  put  up  chimney.*    Hen 
begun  to  set. 

28.  We  made  soap. 

29.  Warner  died  at  the  mills. 

April  3.     News  of  Mr.  Eppes  Death  [at]  Virginia.    Sow'd  pease. 

21.  Mrs.  Frye  brought  to  bed. 

22.  Feggy  first  went  to  school. 
25.     I  went  to  see  Mrs.  Webster. 

27.  Walked  down  to  Waters. 

28.  Mrs.  Fry's  Child  named  Benjamin. 

May  2.     Planted  Strawberrys  &  seeds  in  the  grass  plat. 
6.     Mrs.  Cutts  brought  to  bed. 

11.  Bengali  gown  finish'd. 

14.  Lambert's  house  struck  with  lightning. 

17.  Vendue  at  Cockles.f 

18.  Drank  tea  at  Waters. 
21.  Sowed  flower  seeds. 

24.  Mrs.  Vans  brought  to  bed. 

25.  Drank  tea  at  the  fort  with  Mr.  Pynchon  &  wife  &c. 

29.  Polly  first  went  abroad. 

June  1.     Nancy  Cabot  came  from  Portsmouth. 

12.  Eunice  Bowditch  buried. 

15.  Bought  a  pig  to  keep,  weigh"^  12^  lb. 

26.  I  took  a  vomit  for  a  violent  cold. 

28.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Curwins. 

29.  Paid  Miss  Philpot  14/  10  for  stayes. 

July  5.     Mr.  Mascarene  &  wife  Came  here  from  Portsmouth. 
Peggy  began  to  go  to  school. 

10.  Sail'd  below  the  islands  &  Drank  tea  at  the  fort. 

11.  Made  Mrs.  Fisher  J  the  first  visit. 

*To  be  smoked. 

tJames  Cockle,  Collector  of  Customs,  who  had  been  succeeded  by  John 
Fisher  in  April,  1765. 
JThe  wife  of  John  Fisher,  the  new  Collector  of  Customs  at  Salem. 

64  DIARY  OF  [July,  1765 

17.  I  went  to  Cambridge  with  Mr.  Putnam.  Got  there  before 
9  "clock. 

18.  Danc^  in  the  town  house  with  Mr.  Mascarene. 

19.  Came  home  with  Mr.  Putnam. 

23.  Drank  tea  at  Waters*  in  North  Fields. 

24.  At  old  Mr.  Bartons  with  Mrs.  Sarjant  &  Mr.  Griffin  &  Mrs. 

Aug.  8.  Scoured  Pewter.  Nancy  Cabot  here.  Father  &  mother 
came  from  the  Hamlet  here  to  Breakfast.  Mr.  Serjant,  Pickman, 
Blany,  &  Miss  Saltonstall  here.     Dined  at  Colonel  Pickmans. 

12.  We  went  to  Marblehead,  dined   at  Colonel  [Jacob]  Fow'». 

22.  Mrs.  divert  brought  to  bed. 

23.  Mrs.  Woodbridge  brought  to  bed. 

25.  Young  Mr.  Clarke  Preached. 
28.  Mrs.  Putnam  Brought  to  bed. 

30.  Mr.  Kneeland  Came  for  his  wife.  Mrs.  Higginson,  Mrs. 
Lynde  &  Miss  Jackson  here. 

Sept.  1.  The  D'  went  from  home  to  Newbury  at  6  o'clock  to 
Mrs.  [Stephen  ?]  Hooper. 

2.  Returned  home.     Mrs.  Hooper  brought  to  bed. 

3.  Minister's  meeting.     I  went  to  see  Mrs.  Oliver. 

5.  Dance  at  Mr.  Browne  house.     1  was  at  Mrs.  Higginsons. 
7.     Scoured  house. 

24.  At  Mrs.  Pynchons.     Bought  sheets. 
Oct.  1.     Mr.  Eppes  died. 

2.     Mrs.  Brown  &  Mrs.  Curwin,  Miss  Wanton  here. 

4.  Mr.  Ropes  buried. 

6.  Governor  Supp'd  at  Col.  Pickmans. 
18.     Aunt  Fitch  died. 

27.  Polly  &  Peggy  very  poorly. 

28.  Children  kept  chamber. 

29.  Polly  very  ill.    Eunice  watched. 

30.  Polly  worse.   Nancy  Cabot  watched. 

31.  Polly  died  10  Clock  morning, 

Nov.  6.     Mrs.  Kings  here.     Began  box  of  candles. 

9.     Put  up  Bed. 

Jan.  8,  1766.     Mrs.  Grant  bought  to  bed. 

9.     Mrs.  Derby  brought  to  bed. 

22.     Shock  of  an  earthquake. 

Feb.  11.     I  was  Blooded,  took  a  vomit  for  the  headache. 

13.  Received  a  letter  from  my  grandmother. 

*Mrs  Stephen  Waters,  ii^e  Hannah  Frothinghani  of  Charlestown. 

tMrs.  Mary,  wife  of  Hon.  Andrew  Oliver  of  Boston  and  Salem.  Secre- 
tary, Stamp-Distributor,  and  Lieut. -Governor  of  Massachusetts.  During 
this  month  his  office  and  home  were  beset  by  a  mob  and  later  in  the  year 
he  was  compelled  to  resign  the  office  of  Stamp-Distributor  while  standing 
under  "  The  Liberty  Tree." 

Feb.,  1766]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  66 

16.  Mr,  Jewet  Cup*^  for  the  headache. 

16.  I  had  a  tooth  pulld  &  Sal  had  one. 

18.  Capt.  Crowningshield  &  Mr.  Huntington  sailed. 
22.  Bought  black  shoes  for  Peggy,  13/. 

27.     Turned  grey  gown. 

Mar.  12.     Loice  Lee  died. 

21.     Kill-i  the  pig,  weigh^i  164^'^  status  11  months. 

Apr.  7.     Mr.  Walter  brought  us  a  quarter  of  lamb. 

15.  N.  E.  Storm.     Ironed.     Mr.  Ingalls  died. 

19.  Colonel  Brown  came  home.     Mrs.  Brown  first  got  abroad. 
May  10.     Mr.    Orne    went   to   Cambridge   to    Mr.     Winthrop's 


11.     Mr.  Nat  Sparhawk  &  wife  at  meeting. 

13.  Training,     I  dined  at  Capt.  Pickmans. 

16.  News  of  the  Kepeal  of  the  Stamp  Act. 

17.  Peggy's  Shoes  &  Buckles  bought. 
21.     Eejoicings  for  the  Repeal  of  the  Act. 

29.  Mr.  Huntingdon*  died. 

June  2.     Mr.  Huntingdon  buried.     Carried  into  meeting. 
3,     Mrs.  Minot  &  Polly  Simpson  came  in  the  post  Chaise. 

18.  Turtle  at  Jonsons.     I  was  at  Mrs.  Kings. 

19.  Pilled  bed. 

24.  Mr.  Crowinshieldt  Died  at  the  fort, 

25.  Mr.  Ropes,  Col.  Pickman,  Col.  Higginaou  &  their  Ladys 
here.     Mrs.  Eppes,  Cotnam,  Pynchon,  &c.  here. 

July  2.     Turtle  at  the  fort. 
5.     Gathered  first  string  beans. 
11.     The  hottest  Day  known  for  12  years  past, 
18,     Bought  2  pigs,  weigh**  one  11^^,   the  other  12^''»,  at  three 
shillings  a  pound. 

24.  Thanksgiving.     Mrs.  Mascarene  brought  to  bed. 

25.  A  company  Dined  at  the  Fort,  the  D""  &  Miss  Molly  there. 
Aug.  12.     I  was  brought  to  bed  33  m*  after  7  P.  M. 

17.  The  Child  Christened  Edward  Augustus.  Mr.  [Edward] 
Kitchen  died. 

27.  Mrs.  Higginson  Delivered  of  a  Dead  Child.  Mr.  Orne's 
negro  broke  his  leg. 

31.     The  Doctor  went  to  Cape  Ann.     Mr.  Orne's  negro  Died, 

Sept,  1.     Setting  up  week.    Washed. 

2.     Ironing,     Nurse  Call*^  away. 

14.  I  first  went  to  meeting.  The  Child  taken  with  a  sort  of 
fit,  lay  very  bad  for  8  or  9  hours, 

30.  Mr,  Walter  married.  J 

*Rev,  John  Huntington  (1736-1766),  minister  of  the  Tabernacle  church. 
tCapt.  John  Crowninshield  (1728-1766),  master  mariner. 
iLydia  Lynde  and  Rev.  William  Walter,  who  was  minister  of  Trinity 
Church,  Boston. 

66  DIARY    OF  [Oct.,  1766 

Oct.  2.     I  made  the  wedding  visit  with  20  Ladys. 

7.  Training. 

8.  Trooping,  etc. 

16.  Father  &  mother  Came.     I  drank  tea  at  the  farm  with  22. 

17.  Father  &  mother  went  to  the  Hamlet. 

23.  Mrs.  Brown*  set  out  for  Virginia. 

26.  The  Child  taken  unwell  with  the  same  disorder. 

Nov.  2.  I  was  out  all  day  at  meeting.  The  Child  taken  with 
another  turn,  lay  till  5°  in  the  morning  &  then  Died. 

4.     My  Dear  Child  Buried.     Mr.  Brown  went  to  new  port. 

14.     Training. 

20.     Opened  firkin  of  butter,  85  lb. 

24.  Put  things  in  the  Closets.     Club  here. 

27.  M"  Pyncheon  Brought  to  Bed. 

Dec.  1.     D'  Cut  of  Lovetst  hand  back  from  fingers. 
8.     Mr.  Pinchback  Came. 

10.  Mr.  Pinchback  &  Miss  Joe  Davis  went  to  Marblehead  in  the 
afternoon  to  Mr.  Crowningshields. 

11.  Mr.  Pinchbacke  carried  Miss  Joe  home. 

12.  Colone^  Pickman's  Family  Dined  &  spent  the  evening  here. 

13.  Shock  of  an  earthquake,  small. 
20.     Snow  very  high. 

25.  Bought  of  W™  Williams  a  Doe  rabbit  to  which  we  gave  the 
name  of  Sterril.  Jan.  26,  1767,  She  brought  forth  6  young  ones  3 
of  which  died. 

Jan.  1,  1767.  I  went  to  the  assembly  for  the  first  time  this  win- 

3.  Mr.  Jackson  $  and  [Mr.]  Lowell  §  married. 

4.  D'  made  Mr.  Jackson's  wedding  visit. 

5.  Mr.  Bernard,  Mr.  Jackson  with  their  Ladys,  young  Mr.  Ber- 
nard and  Miss  Roberts  Dined  here. 

8.  Made  Mr.  Lowell's  wedding  visit. 

9.  Went  to  see  Mrs.  Jackson. 

13.     News  of  Judge  Russel'sH  death. 

22.     Mrs.  Ropes  brought  to  bed. 

27.     At  a  Dance  at  Mr.  Burnet  Brown's.  ' 

Apr.  2.     Miss  Loice  Gardiner  here. 

3.     We  made  two  Barrels  of  Soap. 

*Wm.  Burnet  Browne,  wife,  child,  and  family,  left  us  to  goe  and  live  at 
Virginia. — Lynde  Diaries. 

tCovets  ? 

t  Jonathan  Jackson  of  Newbury  port,  merchant,  and  Sarah  Barnard, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard. 

§John  Lowell  of  Newbury  port,  eminent  lawyer,  and  Sarah  Higginson, 
daughter  of  Stephen  Higginson. 

llJudge  Chambers  Russell  (1713-1766),  v^ho  died  at  Guilford,  Surry,  Eng- 
land. He  was  born  in  Charlestown  and  was  Judge  of  the  Admiralty  and 
of  the  Superior  Court  of  Judicature  of  Massachusetts. 

Apr.,  1767]         MRS.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  67 

7.     Mantua  maker  here. 

10.  Sowed  Pease.     Seeds  up  in  the  hot  bed.      Began  to  paint 
the  entry. 

11.  Sewed  radishes,  set  out  turnips  &  stumps. 

May  3.    Mr.  Mascarene's  Boy  and  furniture  Came.    Finish'd  the 

4.  Mr.  Mascarene  &  the  maid  came. 

5.  Lodged  at  his  house. 

9.     Scoured   furniture  Brasses  &  put  up  the  Chintz  bed  &  hung 

14.     Mr,  Mascarene  Brought  his  wife  and  son. 

31.     Colonel  Pickman  very  poorly. 

June  17.     Turtle  at  Jonson's. 

18.     Capt.  Tong  Came. 

July  8.     At  the  fort.     Capt.  Tong  sailed  for  Halifax. 

14.  Mr.  Walter,  Capt.  Cotnam,  Mr.  Pickman  and  Ladys,  Mr.  C. 
P.  and  M"  Eppes  here  in  the  Evening. 

18.  At  the  fort  with  Colo.  Brown  &  others. 
28.     Betty  Herbert  buried. 

Aug.  2.  Old  Mrs.  Cabot  Died. 
23.  First  staid  from  meeting. 
Sept.  5.     I  was  brought  to  bed  about  2°Clock  A.  M.  of  a  daughter. 

6.  The  Child  Baptized  Mary. 

7.  The  Baby   very   well  till  ten  o'Clock   in  the  evening  &  then 
taken  with  tits. 

8.  The  Baby  remained  very  ill  all  day. 

9.  It  Died  about  8  o'clock  in  the  morning. 

10.  Was  buried. 

11.  Mrs.  Woodbridge  brought  to  bed. 

Sept.  17.     Mrs.  Vans  &  Mrs.  Cranch*  brought  to  bed. 
23.     Training.     Miss  Brandon,  M"  Brown  here. 
Oct.  2.     Mrs.  Mackey's  baby  Buried, 
8.     Mrs.  Vans  Baby  Buried. 

11.     I  first  got  to  meeting.      M"  [Andrew]    Oliver   brought    to 
bed.    Child  named  Peter, 

15.  Shock  of  an  earthquake  about  11  A,  M. 

16.  Sister  Prisey  went  home  in  the  Post  Chaise. 

19.  Made  M'  Appleton's  Wedding  visit  with  Mrs.  Pynchon,  M" 
Goodale  &  the  Cabots, 

20.  Training.     Peggy  Cheever  altered  gowns. 

30.  Col"^  Wanton  &  Lady  and  M*"  Brown  went  to  Newport. 
Began  upon  22''*  of  Chocolate. 

*Mrs.  Richard  Cranch.  He  was  a  brother-in-law  of  John  Adams  (after 
wards  President),  and  a  watchmaker.  In  Nov.,  1767,  he  was  located  in 
Boston  and  advertised  as  "from  England,"  but  lately  from  Salem.  Mr. 
Cranch  came  to  Massachusetts  in  1746,  and  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Rev. 
William  Smith  of  Weymouth, 

68  DIARY   OF  [Nov.,  1767 

Nov.  7.     Went  to  Cambridge  with  Judge  Trowbridge. 

12.  Spent  the  Day  and  evening  at  Mr.  Winslow's  with  Mrs. 
Minot  &  Aunt  Glover. 

13.  M"  [William]  Walter  brought  to  bed.* 

15.  At  Dr.  Sewall's  in  the  morning,  Trinity  in  the  afternoon. 
Mr.  Walter's  Child  Christen'd  Lynd. 

17.  Afternoon  and  evening  at  College. 

18.  Drank  tea  at  Judge  Foxcrofts. 

22.  Violent  Snow  storm.     Snow  a  foot  deep. 

23.  Fair.     Terrible  travelling. 

25.     We  went  in  the  Slay  to  Charlestown. 

30.  Mr.  Wiggles  worth,  Mr.  Borland,  their  Ladies,  Aunt  Apple- 
ton  &  Miss  Foxcroft  Drank  tea  with  us. 

Dec.  1.  Went  to  Charlestown  Expecting  the  Post  Chaise,  was 
Disapointed,  went  Back  to  Cambridge. 

2.  Came  home  in  the  Stage  Chaise  with  Mrs.  Lee. 
4.     At  the  assembly. 

8.     Mr.  Jo.  Cabot  died. 

10.     Went  to  Mr.  Cotnam's  to  see  Mr.  Cabot's  Funeral. 

15.  Very  slippery.     Mrs,  Webster  brought  to  bed. 

31.  Mr.  Farnum,  Saltonstall,  Pynchon,  Higginson,  Lowell  & 
Porter  Din'd  here.  P.  Cabot  drank  tea  here.  I  was  at  the  assem- 
bly, 34  Ladies  there. 

Jan.  6,  1768.     Salted  Pork,  put  Bacon  in  Pickle. 

16.  Jonny  Mascarene  sick. 

25.  Snow  Storm.     Club  here.     Mrs.  Brown  got  home. 
28.     Snow  Storm.     At  the  assembly. 

Feb.  1.  Miss  Molly  went  from  here  in  Cotes's  Slay  with  10 
people  &  4  horses. 

4.     At  Capt.  Bowditch's  funeral. 

12.     Afternoon  and  Even^  at  M"^  Curwin's  with  14.     Danc^. 

18.  Evening  at  Mr.  Vans.     Danc'd. 

19.  Went  to  see  Nancy  Cabot.     Put  Bacon  up  Chimney. 

26.  Drank  tea  at  Dr.  Princes.  Evening  at  Mrs.  Cotnams.  Went 
at  9  o'clock  to  Vanns  &  Danc'd.     Took  a  walk  in  the  forenoon. 

March  1.     Mrs.  Pickman  Delivered  of  a  Dead  Child. 

3.  At  Mrs.  Pickmans    At  Capt.  Lillys  in  the  evening.    Danc'd. 

4.  Mr.  Pickman's  Child  Buried. 

10.  At  the  assembly. 

11.  Peggy  Cheever  altered  my  olive  &  green  gown. 

14.  Mrs.  Brown,  M"  Pynchon,  her  Sister  and  Daughter  here. 
The  D""  Lodged  at  Lynn. 

17.  Watch'd  with  Nancy  Cabot. 

*Sept.  23d.  A  fine  morning,  but  a  great  storm  by  night.  My  daughter 
Walter  with  her  husband  by  wind  carryed  off  the  wharfe  into  the  water, 
where  she  sank,  and  in  a  most  hazardous  state,  but  got  out,  and  thro' 
God's  great  goodness  not  hurt,  tho'  then  within  2  months  of  her  time. — 
Lynde  Diaries. 

Mar.,  1768]         mrs.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  69 

18.  At  Mr.  Frys  in  the  Evening.     Danced. 
24.     At  the  assembly. 

30.     At  lecture.     Miss  Nancy  Cabot  Died.     I  was  at  Mr.  Cabots. 

Apr.  1.     Violent  Snow  storm.     Good  Friday. 

3.     My  friend  Nancy  Cabot  buried, 

16.     Sewed  Pease.     Set  out  stumps  &  Bushes. 

20.  I  took  a  ride.     Dined  at  Mr.  Bernard^  upon  Salmon. 

21.  I  was  at  the  assembly  for  the  last  time. 

May  2.  Went  to  Boston  with  Mr.  Grant.  Carried  Peggy. 
Lodg'd  at  Mrs.  Minots. 

5.  Dined  at  uncle  Simpsons.  Tea  at  aunt  Holyokes.  Evening 
at  Mr.  Davis. 

9.     Mother  Carried  Peggy  and  me  to  Watertown  to  see  aunt  Hunt. 

11.  Spent  the  day  at  Fathers.     Dudlean  lecture. 

12.  Dined  at  D""  Kneelands.  Came  home.  Afternoon  with  Mr. 

16.     Mrs.  Thomas  brought  to  bed. 

19.  Made  a  g"  of  mead. 

27.     Bought  Bengali  gown,  plates  &  Cruets. 
29.     Mr.  Winget  Preached. 
June  5.     Col.  Bourn  married. 

11.  At  Mr.  Olivers  farm.  Went  with  Mrs.  Eppes,  the  D"^  on 
horse  Back. 

18.  M"  Blythe  Brought  to  Bed. 

20.  Mrs.  Winslow  and  Johnny  Simpson  Came. 

21.  We  spent  the  Day  at  the  fort.  Aunt  Holyoke  Came  in  the 

July  1.     We  quilted  a  coat. 

5.  Mr.  Marrot  Preached,  afternoon  very  hot. 
9.     Drank  tea  aboard  Capt.  Saunders  Brig. 

15.  Mrs.  Kneeland  Brought  to  bed. 

16.  Cut  out  Linnen.     Mrs.  Fisher  brought  to  bed. 

19.  Mr.  Orne  Carried  me  to  Cambridge  at  half  past  11  to  see 
Mrs.  Kneeland. 

21.  Dined  at  fathers.  Drank  tea  at  Henshaws.  Evening  at  the 
town  house. 

Aug.  2.     Father  sent  for  the  Doctor  to  see  him. 
3.     The  D''  returned,  father  very  ill. 

6.  The  D'  at  Beading.     Bought  Sugar  18  lb.  at  6/6. 

14.  Dr.  made  Mr.  Cabots  weddin  visit. 

15.  I  Dined  at  the  fort.     Rid  with  Mrs.  Bartlett  of  Haverhill. 

17.  Mad""  Turner  Buried. 

Sept.  7.     We  all  Dined  at  the  fort.     The  feathered  man  sent  of.* 

•Robert  Wood,  an  informer,  was  stripped,  tarred  and  feathered,  and 
placed  on  a  hogshead  under  the  tree  of  liberty  on  the  Common,  and  then 
carted  through  the  streets.  About  the  same  time  one  John  Row  or  Rowe, 
a  tidesman  at  the  Custom  House,  was  also  tarred  and  feathered  and,  as  he 
was  carted  through  the  streets,  a  live  goose  was  repeatedly  thrown  at  him. 

70  DiAEY  OF  [Sept.,  1768 

15.  I  went  to  see  neighbour  Gardner  &  Mrs.  Wickam  in  the 

19.     Mrs.  Wiburn  &  son,  Miss  Gookin  &  the  Cabots  here. 
Oct.  7.     The  assembly  opened. 

11.  Taken  very  poorly.  Mrs.  Jones,  Mascarene  &  Epps  here. 
I  was  brought  to  bed  j^  after  11  P.  M. 

12.  Child  taken  very  ill. 

14.  Mrs.  Pynchon  here  &  Mrs.  Pickman  &  Mrs.  Jones.  Mr. 
Mascarene  &  wife  &  Mr.  Willard  Drank  tea  here. 

23.     Child  Christened  Anna. 

30.  Child  taken  with  another  turn. 

31.  Died  4°"^'^  P.  M.  Mr.  Locke  &  wife  Came  &  Miss  Molly 
Appleton  here. 

Nov.  3.     Mrs.  Farnum  &  Mrs.  Toppan  here.  Miss  Joe  Davis  came. 

7.  Mrs.  Winslow  died. 

11.     Mrs.  Appleton  here.     Christopher  Died. 

15.  Mrs.  Prentice  of  Hollaston  Died. 

16.  Mrs.  Appleton  brought  to  bed. 

21.  Mr.  F.  Bernard  gave  a  Ball.*     Miss  Joe  there.     Snow. 

22.  My  Cousin  Jonson  &  Miss  Katy  Dowse  here. 

23.  Altered  ray  Blue  Sack. 

27.  At  meeting  all  Day.  Mr.  Appleton's  son  Christened 

30.  Bought  a  Baize  Coat. 

Dec.  1.     Thanksgiving.     Dined  at  Col.  Pickman's. 

13.  Made  a  bonnet. 

21.     Altered  my  grey  sack  &  Damask  gown. 

25.     Mrs.  Andrews  taken  with  a  fever. 

Jan.  1,  1769.     Mrs.  Andrews  Died. 

10.  Mr.  Bernard,  Mascarene  &  Ladies,  Mrs.  Sarjeant,  Mr. 
Smith,  Mr.  Fuller  &  young  Mr.  Bernard  Dined  here.  Neighbor 
Gardener  Drank  tea  here. 

31.  At  Mrs.  Browns.  Invited  to  Mr,  Gillises  Ball.  Did°*  go. 

Feb.  1.     Lecture.     I  was  at  Mrs.  Sarjant's. 

8.  Col.  Pickman's  Birthday.  We  dined  there.  Col.  Brown 
here  in  the  evening. 

18.     I  went  with  a  large  Company  to  Jonsons  in  the  Dutch  slay. 
Mar.  5.     Eid  in  Mr.    Ropes    Chaise    to   meeting.     Mr.    &  Miss 
Eppes  &  Miss  Frye  spent  the  Evening  here. 

16.     Made  Mrs.  [William]  Lilly's  Sitting  up  visit. 

*0n  Monday  Evening,  Francis  Bernard,  Esq.,  Son  to  his  Excellency  the 
Governor,  gave  an  elegant  Ball,  at  the  Assembly  Room,  to  a  very  consider- 
able number  of  the  Ladies  and  Gentlemen  of  this  Town;  at  which  the 
former  made,  as  usual,  a  brilliant  appearance. — Essex  Gazette.  The 
Assembly  Room  stood  at  the  rear  of  the  present  South  Church,  and  had  a 
floor  area  of  forty  by  thirty  feet,  with  two  drawing  rooms  adjoining. 

Apr.,  1769]         MRS.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  71 

Apr,  7.     Sewed  Pease.     I  made  my  Black  Sack.     Mr.   Gardner 
Died.     Sail  ad  up  in  the  Garden. 

May  17.     Heard  of  fathers  Being  very  ill. 

18.  The  D""  Carried  Peggy  and  me  to  Cambridge. 
20.     I  went  to  Sherburn  with  Mr.  Hilliard. 

23.     Judge  Bowman  Buried. 

27.  D''  Brought  me  home.     Took  a  walk  in  the  North  Fields. 

30.  Covered  umbrella. 

June  1.     Father  Died  3  ''clock   A.   M.      I   was   at   Mr.   Hunts 

2.     Dr.  went  to  Cambridge.     Paine's  Father  Came. 

6.     Father  Buried. 

July  4.     I  went  with  M"  Eppes  to  a  turtle  at  Jonsons. 

5.  Mrs.  Brown  sick.     I  went  to  see  her. 

6.  The  Dr.  Carried  me  to  the  fort  to  Drink  tea. 

7.  I  was  at  Judge  Lynds  with  Col.  Pickman  &  Lady. 

10.     Mr.  Ropes,  Col.  Higginson,  Mr.  Mascarene,  Dr.  Putnam  & 
their  Ladies  &  Capt.  Ives  Drank  tea  here. 

19.  Dined  at  the  fort  with  Mr.  Mascarene  &  wife  &  Miss  Molly 
Appleton.     Met  Gentlemen  there. 

28.  Spent  forenoon  at  Mr.  Mascarene.      Dined  there.     Sailed 
of  the  fort. 

31.  Drank  tea  and  spent  the  evening   at    Mr.   Vancolsters  by 
invitation  with  15  Ladies  &  11  gentlemen. 

Aug.  4.     Went  to  see  the  Assembly  room. 

6.     At  Marblehead  &  Jonesons  with  Mrs.  Winslow  at  the  turtle. 

10.  Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Browns,  went  to  the  opera.* 

11.  Went  to  the  Comedy.     Provoked  husband. 

12.  Filled  Bed. 

Sept.  16.     Dined  at  Col.  Pickmans.     Thanksgiving. 

17.  The  Family  dined  here. 

Oct.  10.     Very  Cold.     Went  to  the  opera. 

13.  Paid  M"  Gould  2/5  for  a  quarters  schooling. 

15.     Two  young  Mr.  Bernards  &  Johnny  Willard  Dined  here. 
Nov.  2.     At  lecture.     Dr.  Whitaker  Preached.     Mr.   Vancolster 
in  the  evening. 

6.     Scotch  Gentlemen  Preached. 

20.  First  sat  in  our  own  pew  Bought  of  Ward. 
Dec.  16.     Miss  Leverett,  Barrot  &  Saunders  here. 

18.  Mrs.  Eppes  went  to  Worcester. 

28.  Went  to  Newbury  to  the  Dance.     Slept  at  Mrs.  Jacks  ns. 

29.  Dined  at  Mr.  Farnums.     Evening  at  Mr.  Daltons. 

30.  Dined  at  Mr.  Lowell.     Lodg"^  at  Mr.  Farnums. 

•Wardwell,  an  English  actor,  was  in  Salem.  His  entertainment  con- 
sisted of  recitations  from  the  ballad  opera  of  "  Damon  and  Phillida,"  with 
songs  from  the  opera  of  "  Artaxerxes"  between  the  acts.  The  entertain 
ment  was  given  at  Mrs.  JefEery's  opposite  the  Town  House. 

Y2  DIARY  OF  [Dec,  1769 

On  the  last  page  of  the  Diary  for  1769  occurs  the  following  list 
of  names  under  the  date  July  9th. 

Gardner,  Mascarene,  Mackey,  Dowse,  Turner,  Toppan,  Hall, 
Ropes,  Lee,  Putnam,  Appleton,  Curwen,  Cotnam,  Pynchon,  Hig- 
gins,  Vans,  Cabot,  Goodale,  Higginson,  Prince,  Barton,  Eppes, 
Bernard,  Barton,  Blaney,  Pickman,  Sarjant,  Brown,  Saunders, 
Gardner,  Oliver,  Pickman,  Lynde,  Lilly,  Crowninshield,  Wood- 
bridge,  Thomas. 

Jan.  7,  1770.  S.  E.  storm,  staid  from  meeting  in  the  afternoon. 
Mr.  [Jacob]  Ashton  Died. 

11.  At  Doctor  Putnam.  Mr.  Ecleston*  &  Oliver  here  int  he 

12.  Snow  storm.     Salted  pork,  weight  188  lb. 

16.  Made  young  Mrs.  Gardner  first  visit. 

18.     Dolly  Churchill  worked  here.     Assembly.     Not  there. 
27.     Began  a  Barrel  of  flour. 

29.  We  washed.  Club  at  Mr.  Mascarene.  Mrs.  Hill  Brought 
to  Bed. 

30.  Burnt  5  Chimnies. 

Feb.  1.  I  went  to  the  assembly  with  Mrs.  Brown.  The  Col.  & 
the  D*-  there. 

8.  Col.  Pickman  62  to  Day.  We  Dined  there  with  the  sisters 
and  Children. 

11.     Young  Mr.  Bernard  Preached, 

15.  First  began  to  take  milk  at  Jn°  Felt,  3  pints  per  Day.  At 
the  assembly. 

17.  Eunice  Crowninshield  Died.     I  was  there. 

20.  An  attempt  to  set  Capt.  Putnam's  house  &  Osgoods  on  fire. 

24.  Snow  &  thunder. 

25.  Mr.  Whitwell  Preached.     Mrs.  Appleton  Brought  to  bed. 

26.  Miss  Appleton  spent  the  Day  here. 

Mar.  3.  Drank  tea  at  Newalls  with  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Brown  &  Miss 
Gerrish.     Went  in  a  Closed  Slay. 

5.  Daniel  Murray  Drank  tea  here.  Snow  in  the  night  &  this 
morn  very  deep. 

8.     Evening  at  Eccleston's  Lecture  on  Electricity. 

22.     At  Mrs.  Appleton 's  sitting  up  week. 

24.  Mr.  [Thomas]  Bernard  taken  with  a  Sort  of  Palsy. f 

25.  Young  Mr.  Bernard  Preach^. 

26.  We  wash**.  I  went  at  Dusk  to  see  Mrs.  Bernard.  Club 

27.  Mrs.  [Eichard]  Derby  Died  of  an  appoplexy. 

*D.  Eccleston,  who  was  giving  popular  lectures  on  pneumatics  in  the 
Assembly  Hall. 

"tThis  stroke  of  palsy  much  affected  his  speech  and  prevented  him  from 
preaching  until  1774.  He  died  August,  1776  and  was  buried  by  the 

Mar.,  1770]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  73 

31.     Hung  bacon. 

Apr.  7.     Mr.  Fisk  Buried.* 

23.     Went  with  Mr.  Eppes  to  Mrs.  Thomas.     Took  Down  Beds. 

26.  Put  Salsf  Coat  in  ye  frame. 

27.  Made  mead.     At  the  assembly. 

May  14.     Mrs.  Mascarene  here  &  Mrs.    Crowninshield.     Taken 
very  ill.     The  Doctor  bled  me.     Took  an  anodyne. 
15.     Kept  my  Bed  all  day. 
17.     Brought  to  Bed  at  12  of  a  son. 

19.  The  Baby  taken  with  fits  the  same  as  ye  others.  Nurse 
came.     Mrs.  VansJ  Died. 

20.  The  Baby  very  ill.     I  first  got  up. 

21.  It  Died  at  11  "clock  A.  M.  Was  opened.  The  Disorder 
was  found  to  Be  in  the  Bowels.     Aunt  Holyoke  died. 

22.  Training.     Mother  Pickman  here.     Mrs.  Sarjant  yesterday. 

23.  My  dear  Baby  buried. 

28.  Mrs.  Pickman,  Miss  Dowse  Drank  tea  here.  Mrs.  Jones, 
Lowell,  Brown,  Cotnam,  Miss  Cotnam  &  Miss  Gardner  Called  to  see 

29.  Wrote  to  Boston  and  Cambridge.  Mrs.  Savage  Brought  to 
Bed.  The  widow  Ward  lost  2  children  with  ye  Throat  Distemper 
from  May  25th  to  May  29th. 

30.  Cato  went  to  Boston  &  returned. § 
June  3.     Mrs.  Dodge  Brought  to  Bed. 

6,  Mrs.  Mascarene  set  out  for  Springfield.  Mr.  Mascarene  sick 

8.     Mrs.  Thomas  Brought  to  Bed. 

12.  Put  vinegar  Doing,  12  lb.  Honey  and  About  3  Gallons  of 

20.     Made  Mrs.  Osgoods  wedding  visit.     First  getting  out. 

27.  Mrs.  Pynchon  and  Katy,  widow  Higginson,  Mrs.  Putnam, 
and  Polly  Cabot  here. 

28.  Made  Mrs.  Cabots  wedding  visit. 

30.  I  carried  Nancy  Glover  to  Newalls.  Came  home  with  Mr. 

July  11.     Sailed  to  the  fort. 

14.  Nancy  &  I  went  to  Boston  over  the  Winnissimet.|| 

15.  Doctor  Cooper  [preached]  in  the  forenoon.  Dined  at 
Mr.  Davis,  went  in  the  afternoon  to  Chapel,  evening  at  uncle 

♦Rev.  Samuel  Fisk,  pastor  of  the  First  Church  and  Tabernacle  church, 
Salem,  1718-174,5. 

tSarah  Symmes,  the  maid  servant. 

+Mrs.  Mary,  wife  of  William  Vans,  aged  34  years. 

§It  was  election  day  at  Cambridge.  An  ox  was  roasted  at  Boston  and 
there  was  a  great  dinner. 

II  Chelsea  ferry. 

74  DIARY  OF  [July,  1770 

16.  Spent  the  day  at  Mr.  Winslows. 

17.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  Nancy.  Drank  tea  at  Doctor 

18.  Made  tea  at  Mr.  Locke.     Went  to  meeting. 

19.  At  the  Hall  in  the  evening. 

20.  Mrs.  Davis,  her  two  Daughters  and  Mrs.  Minot  spent  the 
Day  with  us. 

21.  Mrs.  Winslow  and  Joey  Davis  spent  the  Day. 

22.  We  Dined  at  Dr.  Kneelands.  Evening  at  Mrs.  Wiggles- 

23.  I  came  home  in  the  Stage. 

24.  At  Mr.  Pickmans*  Wedding. 

25.  Din'd  at  the  fort  upon  turtle. 

Aug.  1.  Dr.  Din'd  at  the  fort.  I  made  Mrs.  Pickmans  wedding 

4.     Drank  tea  at  Flax  pond  with  Mrs.  Eppes,  Love  Frye,  &c. 

8.  At  a  turtle  of  Clarke  Pickmans. 

9.  At  Castle  hill,t  walked  there. 

10.  Mr.  Douglas,  two  Rowths,J  Mr.  Holyoke  &  Ben  Pickman, 
West  India.  Din'd  here.  Mr.  Winslow  Carried  his  wife  home. 
Began  a  Barrel  of  Sugar. 

13.  Mr.  Rowth  had  a  turtle  at  the  fort.  Paine  Carried  me  there 
in  the  afternoon.     We  took  a  Sail. 

16.  Molly  Morgan  worked  here. 

17.  Evening  at  hoUaboats. 

19.  HoUaboats  in  the  Evening. 
24.     HoUaboats  in  the  Evening. 

27.  Peggy  first  went  to  Mr.  Hopkins§  School. 

Sept.  5.  Mr.  [George]  Whitefeild  preached.  I  heard  him.  We 
Drank  tea  and  spent  the  Evening  at  the  fort. 

6.  Went  with  Mrs.  Epps  to  Mr.  Appleton's.  HoUaboats  in  the 

7.  Went  to  hear  Mr.  [George]  Whitefeild. 

20.  I  went  to  Boston.  D.  at  Mr.  Minot's,  tea  at  Mr.  Quincy's, 
evening  at  uncle  Simpson's,  lodg'd  there. 

21.  Went  to  see  Mr.  Vassal's  Gardens.  || 

28.  Din'd  at  mother's.     Came  home  in  the  Stage. 
Oct.  9.     Made  Mrs.  Gardner  a  sitting  up  visit. 
17.     I  went  to  see  Cousin  Wiburn. 

*Clark  Gayton  Pickman  and  Miss  Sara  Orne. 

tThe  summer  residence  of  Hon.  Benjamin  Lynde,  jr.  was  located  on 
Castle  hill. 

t Richard  Routh  was  commissioned  Deputy  Collector  of  Customs  at 
Salem,  Aug.  23,  1769. 

§Daniel  Hopkins,  afterwards  first  minister  of  the  South  Church,  opened 
private  school  in  Salem  in  Jan.  1,  1770,  for  reading,  writing  and  arithmetic. 

II The  famous  gardens  of  William  Vassal,  a  loyalist  who  lived  on  Pem- 
berton  hill. 


I  726-1  795. 

From   the  portrait   belonging  to   Hon.   David   M.    Little. 

Oct.,  1770]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  75 

26.  I  was  at  the  assembly,  the  first. 
Nov.  1.     We  Drank  tea  at  Capt.  Ives. 

6.     Mr.  Paine  and  Lady  Came.     Mr.  &  Mrs.  Pickman  and  Mrs. 
Eppes  Spent  the  Evening. 

9.     Mr.  Mansfeild  Din'd  here. 
17.     Capt.  Tong  &  Lady  Came. 
22.     Peggy  Sparhawk  married. 

28.  Molly  Wellman  came  to  live  with  us. 

29.  Sal  Symmes  went  away. 

Dec.  1.     Bought  Peggy's  Coat  &  Locket.     Alter'd  her  hat. 

6.  Thanksgiving.     Dr.  &  I  Din'd  alone.     Col.  sick.     We  Drank 
tea  and  spent  the  evening  at  Mr.  Appleton's. 

7.  Murray,  Flag  &  Paine  Din'd  here.     I  was  at  the  assembly. 
11.     At  Sal  Symmes'  wedding. 

20.     I  was  at  the  assembly  with  the  Doctor. 

22.  Scowered  house. 

27.  Mr.  Bernard,  Sewall,  Farnum,  Lowel,  Sarjant  &  Marston  & 
Mansfeild  Din'd  here. 

30.  Mr.  Willard  finished  Preaching. 

Jan.  2,  1771.     At  [David]  Mason's  Lecture.*     Mr.  Lane  Came. 
3.     At  the  assembly.     Danc'd  with  Mr.  Lane. 

9.  Dr.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Routh's  with  Mr.  Lane,  &c.  A  Dance  for 
Mr.  Lane.     We  were  invited,  but  Couldn't  go. 

11.  Watch'd  with  Betsey  Cabot. 

17.  Aunt  Appleton  Died.f 

Feb.  1.  Betsey  Mascarene  here.  We  were  at  Mason's  Lec- 

24.     Dr.  made  Mr.  Proctor  a  wedding  visit. 

26.     Mr.  Paine  Brought  his  Sister. 

Mar.  3.     Small  shock  of  an  earthquake.     Violent  Snow. 

10.  Bad  Storm.  Doctor  kept  house.  Very  poorly.  I  staid 
with  him  in  the  afternoon. 

12.  Doctor  Sat  for  his  Picture.j 

13.  The  Dr.,  Paine  &  Orne  went  to  Danvers  to  take  out  a  poly- 

14.  At  the  assembly  with  Miss  Paine. 

15.  I  made*Mrs.  Hopkins  wedding  visit. 

18.  Mrs.  Brown  Brought  to  Bed  |  after  7  A.  M.  I  was 

19.  I  was  at  Judge  Lynds  with  Mrs.  Stoddard. 

23.  Mrs.  Brown's  Child  very  bad,  it  Died  at  7  P.  M. 

*Col.  David  Mason,  who  lectured  on  "  The  newly  discovered  electrical 
fire."     Admission,  one  pistareen. 

tMrs.  Margaret  (Gibbs)  Appleton,  wife  of  the  Rev.  Nathl  Appleton  of 

{Probably  the  pastel  by  Benjamin  Blythe,  now  in  the  possession  of  Mrs. 
Charles  S.  Osgood  of  Salem. 

76  DIARY  OF  [Mar.,  1771 

27.     First  sat  for  my  picture.* 

Apr.  1.     Peggy  began  her  quarter  at  Mrs.  Gould's. 

6.     Peggy  first  went  to  Dancing. 

6.     Betsey  Cabot  Died. 

9.     At  Col.  Brown's  Setting  up  visit. 

21.  Sal  Campbell  brought  to  Bed. 

23.     The  Dr.  Carried  Peggy  &  I  to  Cambridge. 

25.  At  the  Cambridge  assembly. 

26.  Dined  at  Dr.  Kneeland's,  at  Mr.  Locke's  after  Lecture, 
Evening  at  Mr,  Borland's. 

30.  At  Mrs.  Minott's  &  Davis.  Uncle  Glover  very  ill  with  the 

May  3.  Spent  the  Day  with  Mrs.  Minot.  At  the  Boston  assem- 
bly.    Lodg'd  at  Mr.  Davis'. 

4.  Mrs.  Ornet  buried. 

5.  At  Trinity  Church  all  Day.     Lodg'd  at  Uncle  Simpson's. 

6.  Came  home  with  Mr.  Gillis. 

13.  Sal  Punchard  Came  to  live  here. 

14.  Mr.  Corwin,  Brown,  Putnam,  Barnard,  Pickman  &  Johnny 
Williams  Dined  here. 

15.  M""  Coddington,  Mr.  Gillis  &  T.  Bernard  drank  tea  here. 
Quilted  2  Coats  Since  yesterday  11  "Clock  A.  M. 

19.  Mr.  Merchant  here. 

22.  Training.     Went  on  the  Common  with  Betsey  Mascarene. 

27.  Mr.  Paine  Carried  me  to  Cambridge. 

28.  We  set  out  at  ^  after  5  A.  M.  for  Worcester.  Got  there 
at  3. 

29.  Dined  at  Mr.  Paine's.     Drank  tea  at  old  Mrs,  Chandler's. 

30.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Paine  with  Mr.  Barretts,  &c. 

31.  Din'd  at  Col.  Putnam's. 
June  1.     Dined  at  Col,  Chandler's. 

2.  Dined  at  Gardner  Chandler's.  Tea  at  Col.  Putnam's.  Eve- 
ning at  Mr.  Paine's. 

3.  Went  to  Lancaster.  Din'd  &  lodged  at  Mr.  Willard's.  Tea 
at  Mr.  Ward's. 

4.  Din'd  &  sup'd  at  Mr.  Ward's,     Tea  at  Mr.  Abel  Willard's. 

5.  Came  as  far  as  Cambridge.     Tea  at  Mr.  Locke's. 

6.  Came  home  at  1  "Clock. 

7.  Mrs.  Pickman  Brought  to  Bed.     I  Din'd  there. 
11.     Eunice  Stearns  married, 

13.     Turtle  frolick.     Invited,     Didn't  go, 

20.  Went  to  see  Eunice  Stearns. 

21.  Mrs.  Cotnam  &  Mrs.  Tonge  here. 

*A  pastel  by  Benjamin  Blythe,  now  in  possession  of  Andrew  Nichols  of 
Danvers,  Mass. 
tMrs.  Rebecca,  widow  of  Timothy  Orne,  the  eminent  merchant  of  Salem. 


I  737-1  802. 

From   the   pastel    by    Benjamin    BIythe    made    in    177  1    and    now    in   the 
possession   of  Andrew    Nichols. 

June,  1771]        mks.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  77 

24.     I  was  at  Judge  [Natbaniel]  Ropes. 

July  1.     Made  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickraans  setting  up  visit. 

2.  At  Mv.  Rowth's*  wedding. 

3.  Lower   steeple   raised. t     Mr.  Quiney  &  Lady  Lodg'd.     Mr. 
Pynchon  spent  y"  Evening. 

6.     I  was  to  see  Mrs.  Blaney.     Very  hot. 

6.  Bought  linnen  for  the  Doctor. 

7.  Mr.  Hitchcock  Preach'd. 

13.  At  Dancing  school. 

14.  Mr.  Hall  Preached. 

Aug.  7.     Spent  the  Day  at  the  fort. 

12.     I  was  with  Mrs.  Goodale  &  Miss  Sewal  at  Capt.  Lilly's. 

16.     At  vendue.^ 

18.  Mr.  Willard  Preach'd.     He  Drank  tea  here. 

27.  Made  5  Shirts  in  a  fortnight  for  y®  Doctor,  Besides  other 

Sept.  6,     Mr.  Marrot's  Shoulder  Set  here.     His  Sister  Lodg'd. 
7.     I  rode  up  to  Mr.  Mascarene's. 
9.     Very  poorly.     Put  up  bed. 

12.  Very  ill.  Brought  to  Bed  quite  alone  11  A.  M.  of  a  Daugh- 
ter.    Child  very  well. 

13.  2  Mrs.  Pickmans,  Mrs.  Eppes  &  Mrs.  Rowth  here. 

15.  Mr.  Holyoke  Christened  the  Child  Eliza^^^*^ 

Oct.  7.  Sitting  up  week.  Mrs.  Eppes,  2  Pickmans,  Mrs.  Rowth 
&  Miss  Dowse  here.     Club  here. 

22.  Dr.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Mascarene's.     First  got  out  today. 

23.  Col.  Brown  Carried  me  to  ride. 

Nov.  5.     Polly  Cabot  Buried.     I  went  to  the  house. 
11.     Mrs.  Crown^*^  here.     Mad™  Oliver  called  to  see  me. 

13.  Molly  Morgan  worked  here. 

15.     Molly  finished.     Violent  pain  in  ray  breast. 
22.     The  D'  opened  my  Breast. 

30.     Left  off  the  poultice.     Put  on  a  frog  Plaister.     In  a  good 
deal  of  pain.     Col.  Higginson  &  Lady  here. 
Dec.  13.     Neighbor  Lee  &  Mr.  Bernard  here. 

19.  Major  Erye,  two  Pickmans,  Mr.  Appleton  Din'd.  Mrs. 
Eppes  &  Mrs.  Mascarene,  Mrs.  Lee,  Mr,  Bernard  &  his  Son  In  the 

Jan.  1,  1772.     Peggy  at  a  Dance  at  Capt.  Mackey's. 
4.     Compared  Books.§ 

14.  Mr.  Paine  Carried  me  to  Indicott's. 

*Richard  Routh,  deputy  collector  of  customs  at  Salem,  and  Miss  Abigail 
Eppes,  daughter  of  William  Eppes,  deceased,  of  Salem. 

tThe  new  steeple  of  the  remodelled  East  meeting  house. 

+A  public  auction  of  cloth  and  small  articles  at  Goodhue's  Tavern. 

§Doctor  Holyoke's  charge  books  are  now  preserved  by  the  Essex 

78  DIARY   OF  [Jan.,  1772 

16.     Sheheen  Executed.* 

25.  Mr.  Ropes,  Oliver,  Brown,  Curwin,  Blaaey,  Sparhawk,  Hig- 
ginson,  Putnam,  &  Miss  Appleton  Din'd  here. 

29.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Pynchon'sf  with  Mrs.  Mascarene,  Prisy, 
Mr.  Appleton  &  two  French  luen  &  S.  Cabot. 

Feb.  1.  Mother  Pickman  here.  Betsey  Ward  died.  At  meeting 
in  the  afternoon  for  the  first  time  since  last  October.  Mr.  Holt 

Mar.  13.     Miss  Farnum  at  Mr.  Turner's.     French  men  here. 

14.     Went  to  see  the  Children  Dance. 

28.  Mrs.  Brown  Brought  to  Bed. 
Apr.  3.     Violent  snow  storm. 

11.  We  went  to  Dancing  with  Peggy.     She  first  Began. 

20.  At  Neighbor  Lee's.     Club  here.     Sarah  went  away. 

23.  At  Col.  Brown's,  setting  up  visit. 

26.  At  Sarah  Cloutman's  wedding. 

30.  At  Mrs.  Eppes't  wedding. 

May  4.     Made  Mrs.  Eppes  wedding  visit. 

11.  Took  leave  of  Mrs.  Eppes. 

12.  Dr.  Gardner  Carried  his  wife  home. 
16.     I  was  to  see  Mrs.  Car  wick. 

June  19.     Paper'd  Chamber. 

20.  Scower'd  Chamber. 

21.  Mrs.  Routh  Brought  to  Bed. 

24.  I  was  at  Mr.  Goodale's  with  Mrs.  Debois  &  Miss  Sheaf. 
July  14.     Made  Mrs.  Routh  a  Sitting  up   visit.     Hitty  Andrew 

Came  to  live  here.     Court  set  here.     The  new  meeting  house  Began 
to  be  raised. § 

16.  I  was  at  raising. 

17.  Meeting  house  finish'd  raising. 

19.     Mr.  Routh's  Child  Christen'd  Abigail. 

22.  Mr.  [Asa]  Dunbar  ordain 'd. 
24      Miss  Hannah  Paine  Came. 

28      I  went  to  Boxford  at  5  A.  M.  with  Bill  &  Peggy. 

29,  We  came  home.     Mrs.  Oliver  &  Miss  Atkins  here. 
Aug.  2.     At  old  Mr.  Bernard's  meeting. 

8.  Smart  lightning  In  the  night. 

9.  I  heard  Mr.  Story  at  Dr.  Whitaker's. 

*Bryan  Shehan,  born  in  Ireland,  tried  for  rape  and  found  guilty,  was 
executed  on  Salem  Neck.    Some  12,000  people  were  present. 

tWilliam  Pyncheon  (1723-1789),  distinguished  Salem  lawyer,  who  mar- 
ried a  daughter  of  Mitchell  Sewall  of  Salem. 

tMrs.  Abigail  Eppes,  widow  of  William  Eppes  of  Salem,  and  Dr.  Sylves- 
ter Gardner  of  Boston. 

§Rev.  Asa  Dunbar  of  Bridgewater  having  been  chosen  minister  of  the 
First  Church,  fourteen  voting  in  his  favor,  the  minority  of  nine  resolved 
with  other  parishioners  to  build  a  new  meeting  house,  the  North  church, 
and  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard  became  its  pastor. 

Aug.,  1772]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)   holyoke.  79 

10.  I  went  with  Mrs.  Pickraan  to  Dancing  and  at  Mrs.  Top- 
pan's.     Evening  at  Routh's. 

20.     I  went  at  night  to  see  y^  Goal.* 
23.     First  met  In  the  new  meeting  house. 
Sept.  5.     Ironed.     Preserved  Damsons. 
7.     Scowered  Pewter  &  Olean'd  house. 

23.  At  Mr.  Cabot's  with  Mr.  Isaac  Winslow  &  Lady  Evening. 
Mrs.  Orne  Brought  to  Bed. 

Oct.  1.     Bought  my  negligee. 

5.  Went  in  to  see  Billy  Brown  with  the  measles. 

6.  Training.     A  little  rain. 

14.     To  Marblehead  to  see  the  shell  work.     Made  Mrs.  Gardner 
a  Sitting  up  visit.     Paid  Hitty  £12.10  for  her  first  quarter. 
17.     Steeple  Began  to  be  raised. t 

19.  At  Dancing.     Made  Mrs.  Goodale  a  sitting  up  visit. 

20.  Finished  negligee. 

26.  Made  Mrs.  Flags  |  wedding  visit. 

Nov.  2.     Made  Mrs.  Dunbars§  wedding  visit. 

24.  Mrs.  Fisher,  Mrs.  Routh  &  Miss  Dowse  here.  President, 
Mr.  Wigglesworth  &  Mis.  Holyoke  here  Evening. 

25.  Mr.  [Joseph]  Willard  ordained  [at  Beverly]. 

Dec.  3.  Thanksgiving.  Din'd  at  Col.  Pickman's.  First  Sat  in 
our  own  Pew  By  the  Pulpit. 

17.  First  assembly.  I  was  there  &  Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Deblois.|| 
Sitting  up  visit. 

Dec.  18.  Mr.  McGilchrist,  Nichols,  2  Bernards,  Mr.  Sparhawk 
&  Capt.  Macky  Din'd  here.  Miss  Appletou,  Brandon  &  Mascarene 
in  the  Evening. 

27.  Mr.  Symns  Preached  for  us.  He  read  Mr.  Bernard'sIF 

28.  I  made  Mrs.  [George]  Lilly  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

29.  Mrs.  Harry  Gardner  here. 

30.  Made  Mrs.  Lee  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

Jan.  4,  1773.     Made  Mrs.  G.  Pickman  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

7.  Stove  put  up.     Chimneys  Burnt. 

11.  Betsey  very  ill  in  ye  Evening.  Measles  turn'd.  Betsey 
Mascarene  watch'd. 

♦The  new  jail,  built  in  1763,  at  that  time  was  located  at  what  is  now  4 
Federal  street. 

tThe  North  meeting  house,  at  the  corner  of  North  and  Lynde  streets. 

tShe  was  Mrs.  Dorothy  Drowne  of  Dunstable,  N.  H.,  who  married  Sam- 
uel Flagg  of  Salem,  dealer  in  English  and  India  goods. 

§Miss  Mary  .Tones  of  Weston,  who  married  Rev.  Asa  Dunbar,  the  new 
pastor  of  the  First  Church,  Salem. 

IIGeorge  Deblois  was  a  merchant  of  Salem  and  Newburyport,  dealing  in 
dry  goods  and  hardware.     He  was  a  loyalist  and  went  to  London. 

IFRev.  Thomas  Barnard,  jr.,  accepting  the  pastorate  of  the  new  North 

80  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1773 

13.  Mr.  [Thomas]  Bernard  ordain'd.     About  30  Din'd  here. 

22.  Peggy  at  Nabby  Eopes'  Dance. 

28.  Capt.  [Daniel]  Eppes*  Died. 

29.  We  all  Din'd  at  Mr.  Kouth's.  Mrs.  Carwick  Brought  to 

Feb.  4.  Dr.  Paine,  Mess"  Pickmans,  Gillis  &  Dalglish  Din'd 

5.     At  Mr.  Pynchon's  afternoon  &  Even^  By  Invitation. 
7.     Col.  Pickman's  Venus  Died. 

12.  I  was  at  neighbour  Saunders. 

13.  Mrs.  Camel*  here. 

20.     Bought   Straw   Petticoat   at   Mrs.   Cotnam's.     Drank    tea 


26.     Miss  Sally  Curwin  Died. 

Mar.  8.     I  Drank  tea  at  y®  wid.J  Curwins.    Betsey  took  a  vomit. 

11.  Betsey  very  Bad.  Mrs.  Mascarene  &  Mrs.  Brown  here. 
Hitty  watched. 

12.  She  was  much  Better.  Betsy  Mascarene  spent  y®  Day  & 
watch'd.     Mrs.  Cotnam  call*^  in. 

13.  Betsey  very  cleverly.     Hitty  &  I  watch'd. 

14.  I  staid  at  home  with  Betsey.     P.  Wellman  watch'd. 

15.  Betsey  much  Better. 

May  1.     Din'd  at  Mr.  Mascarenes  upon  Salmon. 

7.     Peggy  Began  with  Mr.  Shimmin. 

9.     Mr.  Hitchcock  Preach'd.     Mrs.  B.  Pickman  Brought  to  Bed. 

14.     Made  soap  &  ironed. 

16.  Mrs.  Pickman's  Child  named  Thomas. 

26.  Mr.  Goodhue  Din'd  here.  I  rode  out  with  him.  Uncle 
Glover  Died. 

June  17.     10  People  Drown'd.§ 

22.     Mrs.  Minott  Came  in  y^  Stage. 

24.     We  Drank  tea  at  the  Fort.     Walked. 

28.  Mrs.  Minott  &  Betsey  went  home.     I  lodged  at  Newbury. 

29.  Two  Miss  Farnhams  went  with  us  to  Portsmouth.  At  Mr. 
Cutts.     Walked  in  the  Evening. 

30.  Drank  tea  at  Kittery.     Stop**  at  New  Castle. 

July  1.  Went  from  Portsmouth  to  Newbury.  Din'd  at  Mr. 
Farnhams.     Tea  &  Even^  at  Mrs.  Dalton. 

2.  Mrs.  Dalton  Carried  me  to  the  farm.  Evening  at  Mr. 
Lowells  dance. 

3.  I  Din'd  at  Molly  Appletons.     Got  home  at  5  "Clock. 


tTea  drinking  was  quite  generally  under  the  ban  at  this  time  in  certain 
very  patriotic  circles. 

§The  Custom  House  boat,  with  twelve  persons  on  board,  was  overset  by 
a  squall  while  returning  from  Baker's  Island  with  a  picnic  party  and  ten 
were  drowned  including  seven  women. 



From  the   portrait   by  Greenwood  now   in   possession  of  the   Essex   Institute, 

July,  1773]        MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  81 

4.     Staid  from  meeting  in  the  afternoon,  very  much  fatigued' 

7.  Very  hot.     Club  at  C.  G.  Pickmans. 

13.  We  Din'd  at  the  Fort  upon  Turtle. 

14.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Farnara,  Toppan,  Col.  Saltonstal,  Mansfeild, 
Porter  Din'd  here.     Mrs.  Sewal  Drank  tea  here. 

18.     We  Din'd  alone. 

Aug.  12.     Mrs.  [Richard]  Routh  Brought  to  Bed. 

14.  Billy  Farnham  &  Winslow  Din'd.  Miss  Partridge  &  Nancy 
Drank  tea  here. 

16.     Col.  Pickman  very  ill. 

20.     Col.  Pickman*   Died.     I  was  there. 

Sept.  7.     At  Mrs.  Lillys.     Both  lost  their  children. 

13.     I  at  Mrs.  Crowninshieldsf  funeral. 

27.     Nancy  at  Quaker  meeting. 

Oct.  21.     Ernes  J  hanged  at  Boston. 

31.     News  of  Caty  Brown's  Death. 

Nov.  3.     Miss  P[eggy]  Sewall  Died.     Turner  went  of. 

6.     New  Hospital  raised.  § 

Dec.  1.  Judges  Oliver,  Ropes,  Brown,  Dr.  Paine,  Curwin,  Mc 
Gilchrist,  Appleton,  S[tephen]  Higginson  Din'd  here. 

3.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Mascarene,  Dr.  Dabney,  Warren,  Shimmin,  Wet- 
more,  Sarjant  Din'd  here.  I  went  with  Mrs.  Mascarene  to  see  the 

9.  First  Class  inoculated.  || 

Mem°  of  Silk  sent  to  England.  7  Breadths,  12  small  peices  of 
Blue  Padusoy  to  Be  Dyed  Bloom  if  it  will  take  the  Colour  if  not 
a  full  Green  &  water'd  with  a  large  water  which  Ever  Colour  it 

Jan.  1,  1774.  Dr.  inoculated  M.  Hacker.  [J.  Ward  moved  to 
Pest  house. — Margaret's  Diary']. 

3.  Mr.  [George]  Gardner  Buried. 

4.  Capt.  [Jonathan]  Orne  buried. 

8.  Miss  [Hannah]  Stone  &  J[ohn]  Ward  Died  of  the  Small 
Pox  at  the  pest  house. 

10.  [begun  my  Pappas  shirt. — Margarets  Diary.'] 

11.  Mrs.  Carwick  Brought  to  Bed. 

15.  [Betty  Frye  died  with  small  pox. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

20.     Very  Poorly  all  Day.     Brought  to  Bed  i  past  9  P.  M.  of  a 

*Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  (1707-1773),  member  of  the  Council,  justice  of 
the  Inferior  Court,  colonel  of  the  1st  Essex  County  regiment,  and  one  of 
the  most  eminent  merchants  in  the  Province. 

tMrs.  Anstes,  widow  of  Capt.  John  Crowninshield,  aged  73  years. 

+Levi  Ames,  aged  21  years,  executed  for  burglary. 

§The  small  pox  hospital  in  the  Great  Pasture,  consisting  of  two  build- 
ings, one  48  feet  long  and  20  feet  wide. 

yOf  the  "  first  class"  of  patients,  132  in  number,  that  went  to  the  new 
small  pox  hospital  for  inoculation  all  recovered. 

82  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1774 

Daughter.  Mrs.  Mascarene  &  Mrs.  Jones  here,  [four  men  tard  & 
feathered.* — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

23.  Child  Baptized  Judith,  ther'"  6  Below  0.  Knot  in  my 
breast.  Nurse  ointed  it  with  Parsley,  wormwood  &  Camomel 
Stewed  in  Butter. 

Peb.  5.     Mr.  Jo°  Cabot  Died. 

7.     Hitty  very  Poorly.     Blooded. 

11.  Took  a  vomit  for  a  Pain  in  my  stomach.  Much  better. 
Baked  Cakes. 

14.     Sitting  up  week. 

16.  Mrs.  Pickman,  Mrs.  Routh,  Orne,  Deblois,  Lilly,  Miss  Caty 
Dowsef  here. 

17.  Mrs.  Prince,  Mrs.  Mackey,  Mrs.  Bernard,  Mrs.  Harry  Gard- 
ner Drank  tea  here. 

25.     Jail  Broke  open.  J 

Mar.  1.     Mrs.  Jonston  &  Miss  Rankin  here. 

4.     Nancy  at  Mr.  Vans  and  up  in  the  Steeple.     Peggy  11  years 
old  to  Day.    D-^  Din'd  at  Col.  B.  Pickmans. 
7.     Old  Mrs.  Osgood  Buried. 
16.     [betsey  went  to  Scool  for  first  time. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

18.  Judge  Ropes§  Died. 

Apr.  6.     Mrs.  Woodbridge  brought  to  Bed. 

7.     We  were  at  Mrs.  Jonstons  «&  at  D"".  Lathams  ||  Ball. 

19.  Goodhue,  Nancy  &  I  went  to  the  Hospital. 

20.  Went  to  hear  singing  at  our  meeting. 

21.  Evening  at  Concert. U 

*Iu  the  January  18,  1774  issue  of  the  Essex  Gazette  appears  the  follow- 
ing advertisement:  "  Wanted. — A  Quantity  of  damaged  Feathers — also 
an  old  one-horse  Cart.  Enquire  of  the  Printers."  Two  days  after,  four  Mar- 
blehead  men,  suspected  of  attempting  to  steal  clothing  from  the  Hospital 
on  Cat  Island,  were  tarred  and  feathered,  placed  in  a  cart  and  hauled  from 
the  town  house  in  Marblehead  to  Salem  and  return  escorted  by  a  proces- 
sion of  over  a  thousand  people,  many  of  whom  were  in  uniform. 

tJonathan  Dowse  was  commissioned  Deputy  Surveyor  at  Salem,  on  June 
15,  1774. 

jOn  Jan.  26,  1774  the  small  pox  hospital  on  Cat  Island,  off  Marblehead, 
was  destroyed  by  incendaries.  Two  men  suspected  of  being  concerned  in 
the  affair  were  arrested  Feb.  25th  following,  on  a  tishing  vessel  in  Marble- 
head harbor,  and  taken  to  Salem  jail.  That  evening  a  mob  from  Marble- 
head assembled  and  burst  open  the  doors  of  the  jail  and  carried  off  the 
prisoners  in  triumph. 

§  Judge  Nathaniel  Ropes  (1727-1774),  member  of  the  Council,  Chief  Jus- 
tice of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court.  He 
was  a  firm  loyalist.  The  niglit  before  his  death,  his  house  (still  standing 
on  Essex  street)  was  attacked  by  a  mob  and  many  of  the  windows  were 
broken.  John  Adams  says  that  he  was  an  amiable  man,  respectable  and 

II  Dr.  James  Latham,  the  Suttonian  doctor,  who  had  attended  the  first  two 
classes  with  the  smallpox  at  the  hospital. 

^Scholars  from  Mr.  Munson's  singing  school  who  sang  a  number  of  an- 
thems "to  the  general  Approbation  of  the  Audience."  The  following 
evening  there  was  a  vocal  and  instrumental  concert  at  the  Assembly  Boom. 

Apr.,  1774]         MRS.  mary  (vial)  iiolyoke.  83 

23.  Nancy  &  Betsey  walk'd  to  the  hospital. 

24.  Mr,  Bernard  Baptiz'd  his  first  Child  Thomas. 

26.  Nancy,  Peggy  &  I  walk'd  on  the  Common.  Governor* 
Came.     Doctor  spent  the  eve^  with  the  Gov**'  . 

27.  We  were  at  Mv.  Chever  to  see  the  review.  I)""  Din'd  with 
the  Governor.  We  were  at  ISIrs.  Deblois.  Eve^e  at  the  Ball. 
Went  in  D""  Gardners,    Came  home  in  the  Gov"  Coach. f 

May  3.     I  was  at  a  Quaker  wedding. 

13.     Capt.  [Charles]  King  Died  [at  Reading,  while  on  a  journey]. 

20.     Peggys  Chintz  gown  made. 

June  2.     The  Governor  [Gage]  Came  to  town. 

6.  Made  the  wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  Lowel.  At  the  Ball|  in  the 
Eve"8,  110  Gentlemen,  as  Many  Ladies. 

10.  Col.  Farnham  Din'd  here.  Miss  Mumford,  Farnum,  Fluck- 
er,  Mascarene,  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Deblois,  Mr.  Bliss,  in  the  Evening. 

16.  Mr.  Sever,  Gushing,  Cotton,  Gallison,  Pynchon  &  Wetmore§ 
Din'd  here. 

17.  Was  to  see  Mrs.  [Thomas]  Flueker  at  Mr.  Mascarenes. 

18.  At  Mrs.  Browns  with  Mrs.  Flueker  &  Daughter, 

25.  Mrs.  Pickman  Brought  to  Bed.  I  Call'd  to  see  her.  I  was 
to  see  Peggy  Dance. 

26.  Wm.  Pickman  Christened. 

29.  Mr.  [Thomas]  Flucker's  Family  &  Mr.  Mascarenes  Family 
Din'd  here. 

July  8.     We  Din'd  at  Mr.  Fluckers. 

12.     Mrs.  Crowninshield  sent  for  me.     We  walk'd  in  the  Grove. 

16.     Mother  Pickman  Carried  me  to  her  farm. 

26.     Mrs.  [Richard]  Routh  Brought  to  Bed. 

Aug.  4.     I  rode  with  Mr.  Goodhue  to  see  the  Camps.  || 

6.     Mr.  Appleton^  Came  here  to  live. 

10.     I  Din'd  on  Board  Capt.  Hay's  ship. 

•Governor  Thomas  Hutchinson  who  was  superceded  on  May  13,  1774,  by 
Governor  Thomas  Gage,  who  brought  with  him  a  large  force  of  troops. 

tThe  1st  Regiment  of  Militia,  Colonel  Browne,  was  reviewed  on  Salem 
Common  by  the  Governor,  who  was  accompanied  by  General  Brattle  and 
Secretary  Flueker,  after  which  a  dinner  was  given  in  his  honor.  The  ball 
was  given  in  the  Assembly  Room  and  was  attended  by  the  Governor. 

JThe  Ball  in  the  Assembly  Room  was  given  in  honor  of  Governor  Gage, 
who  had  taken  up  his  residence  at  the  Hooper  house  in  Danvers,  about 
four  miles  from  Salem. 

§William  Wetmore  (1749-1830),  Harvard,  1770,  studied  law  with  William 
Pyncheon  of  Salem,  and  married  his  daughter  Catherine.  Representative 
to  General  Court  in  1777.  Removed  to  Boston  in  1785.  Eminent  lawyer, 
judge  of  Court  of  Common  Pleas  and  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Historical  Society. 

llGovernor  Gage  having  established  his  headquarters  at  the  Collins  house 
in  Danvers  on  June  2d,  on  July  22d  two  companies  of  the  64th  regiment 
marched  through  Salem  and  camped  near  headquarters. 

IFNathaniel  W.  Appleton,  M.  D.,  a  medical  student  of  Dr.  Holyoke's. 

84  DIARY  OF  [Aug.,  1774 

12.  Capt.  Hay*  &  Lady,  Mr.  Matthews,  Miss  Farnnara  &  her 
Brother  Din'd  here.     We  Drank  tea  at  Pemonts.t 

16.  Uncle  J  sworn  into  the  Council. 

17.  Went  to  some  shops  with  Mrs.  Hay.  Uncle  Din'd  at  Mr. 

18.  Uncle  went  home.  I  made  Mrs.  [Eichard]  Routh  a  sitting 
up  visit  with  Mrs.  [John]  Fisher.  Mrs.  [George]  Deblois  Brought 
to  Bed. 

19.  Went  to  the  Grove  with  Mrs.  Mascarene  &  Miss  Hutchin- 
son. §  Went  in  the  afternoon  with  them  &  Mrs.  Pynchon  to  the 
Camp.     Drank  tea  at  the  fort.  || 

22.  Judy  very  Poorly,  Kept  Chamber,  I  watch'd.  Sally  Flucker 
Drank  tea  here.     The  Club  here. 

23.  Mrs.  Cotnams  house1[  struck  this  morning  at  4  o'clock.  Very 
hard  thunder.     A  fine  rain  all  day. 

24.  Waked  By  fire.     Harridon  &  Felts  shops  Burnt.** 

28.  Went  in  the  afternoon  to  hear  Dr.  [Mathew]  Byles. 

29.  Dr.  Dun  den  Call'd  in  &  waited  on  us  to  walk. 

Sept.  1.  Betsy  &  Miss  Hutchinson  here.  We  went  to  the 

2.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Stanton,  Mr.  Clarke  &  his  Daughter  Drank  tea 

3.  Took  a  walk  to  Gallows  Hill. 

5.  Jonathan  Simpson  Lodg'd.  Mrs.  Stephen  Higginson  Drank 
tea  here. 

9.     Mr.  Tailor  Din'd  here. 
12.     Billy  Simpson  Came. 

17.  I  was  at  Dancing. 

18.  At  Mr.  Sam.  Ornes  funeral. 

26.     [Col.  [John]  Higginson  buried. — Margaret's  Diary."] 
28.     Lydett  Sail'd  for  London. 

Oct.  6.  Dr.  Whitakers  meeting  house  Burnt  with  12  other 
Buildings.  J  J     We  mov'd  our  furniture. 

*Probably  Capt.  John  Hay  who  had  married  on  Aug.  6th,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Daniel  Farnham,  Esq.  of  Newburyport. 

t  John  Piemont  kept  a  tavern  in  Ipswich  in  1784.  In  the  April  18-2.5, 1775 
issue  of  the  Essex  Gazette,  appears  a  notice  signed  by  seven  citizens  of 
Danvers,  certifying  to  the  good  character  and  loyalty  of  John  Piemont  who 
came  to  Danvers  from  Boston  and  had  been  falsely  accused  of  being  a  tory. 

JJonathan  Simpson  (1712-1795),  merchant  of  Boston,  a  loyalist  who  left 
at  Howe's  evacuation  and  died  in  England. 

§Probably  Miss  Margaret  Hutchinson,  the  daughter  of  the  Governor. 

llThe  drinking  of  tea  was  not  in  high  favor  generally  in  Massachusetts  at 
that  time. 

IThe  house  stood  near  St.  Peters  church.  A  painting  on  copper  that 
hung  over  the  mantle  of  one  of  the  rooms,  was  melted  into  the  glass  that 
covered  it.     The  house  did  not  take  fire. 

**Located  on  what  is  now  Front  street. 

tlThe  captain  of  the  ship  *'  Boston  Packet." 

IIThis  was  the  greatest  fire  that  ever  occurred  in  Salem. 




\  '■ 



\  \ 


^  "">-^ 



"^                "^"^^^m 







^BB^  i'Si^^^^l 














I  731-1  794. 

Commanded  the  British  troops  at  the  North  Bridge,  Salem,  Feb.  26,   I  775, 
From  "  Edinburgh  Characters  "  by  John  Kay. 

Oct.,  1774]        MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  85 

7.  Uncle  Simpson  Came.    Mr.  &  Mrs.  &  Miss  Davis  went  home. 

8.  Uncle  went  home,  [left  of  going  to  school.— Marr/arefs 

11.  Mrs.  Hay  Came.     Mrs.  &  Miss  Pynchon  Drank  tea  here. 
13.     At  M"  Obears.     Mr.  Matthews  Din'd  here. 

15.     Mrs.  Hay  went  to  Charlestown. 

21.     My  yellow  gown  made. 

28.  Walk'd  in  Broad  feilds  in  the  morning.  Afternoon  at  Mar- 

Nov.  15.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Winslow  Came.  Mr.  Tailor  Spent  the 
Evening  here. 

25.  Col.  Frye,  B.  Pickman,  &  Mr.  Porter  Din'd  here.  Put  up 
y*  Green  Bed. 

Dec.  4.  Evening  at  Col.  Fryes.  Miss  Frye  married  to  Dr.  Oliver. 
30  present. 

13.  Mrs.  Mack  ay  Brought  to  Bed. 

14.  Mr.  Borland*  went  home. 

15.  Thanksgiving.     We  din'n  at  Mad™  Pickmans. 

20.  Made  Mrs.  Lilly  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

21.  Mr.  Bartont  Died. 

Jan.  3,  1775.     Bought  Things  at  Mr.  Bartons. 

8.  Mr.  Jonthan  Simpson  Saild  for  S.  Carolina. 

9.  Made  Mrs.  Mackey  a  Sitting  up  visit.  Evening  at  Mrs, 
Cotnams  to  see  Mrs.  Ellis. 

12.  [M""  Pickman  broke  his  arm. — Margaret's  Diary."] 

Feb.  13.     Miss  Caty  Pynchon  &  Mr.  [William]  Wetmore  here.| 
17.     We  Drank  tea  at  Pemonts. 
20.     We  were  on  Board  Capt.  Rogers  Ship. 

23.  M»"  Fisher,  C.  Pickman,  Mr.  Curwin,  Dr.  Putnam,  Mr.  Spar- 
hawk  Din'd  here. 

26.  Souldiers  Came  from  the  Cannon. § 

27.  I  made  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickmans  Setting  up  visit. 

28.  We  Drank  tea  &  S,  Evening  at  Mrs.  Cotnams  By  invi- 

Mar.  2.     My  new  Lutestring  Gown  made. 

4.  Betsey  at  ISTehant.  I  Drank  tea  at  Mother  Pickmans.  Peggy 
12  years  old  today. 

♦Francis  Borland,  M.  D.,  a  medical  student  of  Dr.  Holyoke's. 

tDiED,  last  Wednesday,  John  Barton,  A.  M.  of  this  town,  aged  64  years. 
His  funeral  was  performed,  on  Saturday  last,  agreeable  to  the  plan  of  the 
late  American  Congress.— i^ssex  Gazette,  Dec.  20-27,  1774. 

tThey  were  married  Nov.  .5,  1776. 

§Lieut.-Col.  Alexander  Leslie,  with  about  300  men  from  the  64th  regi- 
ment, landed  at  Marblehead,  and  marched  to  the  North  bridge  at  Salem, 
where  they  found  the  draw  lifted  and  their  furtherprogress  opposed.  After 
a  compromise,  the  troops  were  allowed  to  march  over  the  bridge  condition- 
al upon  there  immediate  return  to  Marblehead.  This  was  the  flrst  armed 
resistance  of  the  Revolution. 

86  DIARY  OF  [Mar.,  1775 

11.     Col.  Pickman*  Sail'd  for  Bristol. 

13.  Mr.  Goodhue  Carried  me  to  Boston.  I  Din'd  at  Mr.  Davis, 
tea  at  Aunt  Glovers.  Call'd  at  Uncle  Simpson's,  Evening  at  Mrs. 
Winslows.     Lodg'd  at  Mrs.  Minotts. 

14.  Came  home  afternoon. 

29.     Betsey  went  home  in  the  stage. 

Apr.  5.  Beam  Catch'd  fire  in  the  little  room.  We  Burnt 

7.     I  went  to  see  M"  Appleton,  a  Sitting  up  visit. 
10.     I  was  at  young  M"  Stephen  Higgiuson. 

19.  Lexington  Battle.  Tea  at  M"  Jonston.  Watch^  with  Mrs. 
Mascarene.     Mother  Came. 

20.  Tommy  Dowse  Buried. 

21.  A  false  alarm  of  the  troops  Landing  at  Ipswich. f  Mrs. 
Cotnam  Called  from  our  house  by  a  mob  at  her  house  in  Pursuit  of 
an  ofBcer.     The  Last  time  I  saw  hev.t 

22.  Packed  up  some  of  our  things. 

23.  Good*  moving  all  day. 

24.  [Nathaniel  W.]  Appleton  went  to  Boxford.  At  Mrs.  Mas- 

25.  Prisey  Came.     We  ironed. 

26.  Packed  up  things  to  go  to  Nantucket.  J  At  Mrs.  Masca- 
renes.     Mr.  Holyoke  here. 

27.  Sail'd  for  Nantucket,  all  sea  sick. 

28.  Fine  weather. 

29.  Arrived  at  Nantucket.§  Breakfasted  &  Din'd  at  the  Brit- 
ish Coffee  house.     Lodg'd  at  our  own  houses.     People  very  kind. 

30.  At  meeting  in  the  afternoon.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Goodales. 
Evening  there. 

May  1.     We  all  Drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Goodales. 

*Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  (1740  1819),  who  remained  in  England  until 
1785.  He  was  proscribed  and  banished  in  1778  but  was  restored  to  citizen- 
ship in  1787.  John  Adams  said  of  him  in  1772: — «' He  is  very  sprightly, 
sensible  and  entertaining,  talks  a  good  deal,  tells  old  stories  in  abundance 
about  the  witchcraft,  paper  money,  etc." 

tThe  "Ipswich  Fright,"  the  humors  of  which  have  been  described  by 
Whittier,  in  his  "  Legends  of  New  England." 

tMrs.  Cottnam  was  living  in  Halifax  in  1781.  In  the  April  25-May  2, 
1775  issue  of  the  Essex  Gazette,  Samuel  Blythe  advertised  to  rent  "  the 
Louse  lately  occupied  by  Mrs.  Cottnam,  near  St.  Peters  church." 

^Doctor  Holyoke,  with  other  Salem  men,  sent  his  family  to  Nantucket 
for  security  as  it  was  thought  that  the  island  would  be  treated  as  a  sort  of 
neutral  ground. 

§Mrs.  Holyoke  writes  from  Nantucket  on  April  29:  — 

"  There  is  no  provision  to  be  bought  here,  neither  salt  nor  fresh.  There 
is  not  a  tree  upon  the  whole  island,  except  two  or  three  round  some  of  the 
doors.  The  town  looks  much  like  Marblehead,  and  the  same  kind  of 
stairs  with  bannisters  to  get  into  the  houses.  The  people  are  very  kind, 
particularly  the  Friends." 

May,  1775]         mrs.  maey  (vial)  holyoke.  87 

2.  Peggy  &  I  at  Mr.  Goodales. 

3.  Mrs.  [William]  Vans  here.     I  walk'd  as  far  as  the  Friend's 
meeting.     Mrs.  [William]  Pynchon  &  Family  arrived. 

4.  I  went  to  see  them  at  Mrs.  Goodales. 

6.     Mrs.  Goodale,  Mrs.  Williams,  Mrs.  Orne,  two  Pynchons,  Mr. 
[William]  Wetmore  &  Mr.  Goodale  here. 
9.     At  old  Mrs.  Husseys. 

11.  Fast. 

12.  At  Mrs.  Roch. 

14.  Afternoon  at  Friends  meeting. 

18.  Sally  Pynchon  here.     I  was  at  Mrs.  Pynchons. 

21.  Mrs.  Vassal  &  Fitchs  Family  arrived. 

23.  Mrs.  Goodale  &  S.  Higginson  here.  Soldiers  Came  for 
whale  boats,  &c. 

25,  Moved  to  Mr.  Timothy  Folgers  house. 

26.  Mrs.  Pynchon  &  Mrs.  Orne  D.  tea  here. 

29.  Mrs.  &  2  Miss  Pynchons,  Mrs.  Goodale,  Miss  Higginson, 
Miss  Roch,  Mr.  Whetraore  D.  tea  here. 

30.  Coffee  at  Mrs.  Folgers. 

June  1.     At  old  Mrs.  Husseys  with  Mrs.  Vassall. 

May  2d.  "  Friend  Tlussey  of  Lynn  &  his  wife  have  been  here  to  see 
me.  She  is  one  of  the  prettiest  faces  I  have  seen.  I  live  with  their 

Doctor  Holyoke  writes  to  his  wife  from  Salem:  — 

May  1st,  1775.  "  There  is  no  news  of  any  consequence  saving  that  the 
people  are  coming  out  of  Boston,  I  hear  Mr.  Wni.  Davis  and  family  are 
bound  to  Halifax,  where  your  Uncle  Simpson's  family  is  already.  Dr.  Prince 
sailed  for  the  same  place  yesterday  noon.  A  vessel  from  Boston,  last 
evening,  brought  about  sixty  of  the  inhabitants  into  our  harbour,  some  of 
whom  are  bound  to  Connecticut  and  Halifax,  and  I  believe  some  will  tarry 
here.  We  hear  today  that  the  General  has  again  put  a  stop  to  inhabi- 
tants going  out,  on  account,  as  is  supposed,  of  the  New  York  news." 

May  7.  "  Mrs.  Higginson  sailed  yesterday  for  Halifax,  with  her  brother. 
Mr.  Robie.  Miss  Polly  Glover  received  a  line  to  desire  her  to  return  to 
Boston  as  soon  as  she  could.  She  will  go  up  to-morrow  with  Billy  Davis, 
in  a  sloop  of  his  father's,  which  sails  to-morrow  from  Marblehead.  We 
remain  as  quiet  at  Salem  as  ever;  the  appearance  of  business  in  the  streets 
but  very  little.  Just  now  indeed  a  number  of  families  coming  in  from 
Boston  occasions  a  little  bustle," 

Mrs.  Holyoke  wrote: — 

May  20th.  "  I  accidently  met  with  Peter  Glover  of  Salem  this  afternoon 
in  a  shop;  we  were  very  glad  to  see  each  other.  He  kindly  offered  to  carry 
a  letter  for  me.     The  brig  has  not  yet  arrived  but  is  daily  expected." 

May  22d.  "A  Brig  from  Salem  arrived  last  night.  I  was  much  disap- 
pointed at  not  having  a  letter,  but  was  glad  to  hear  by  Mr.  Pynchon's 
letter  that  things  were  no  worse  at  Salem.  Friend  Hussey  and  his  wife 
of  Lynn  have  called  upon  me  several  times  and  the  women  who  have  been 
at  my  father's  and  grandfather's  at  Boston.  I  live  now  with  a  nephew  of 
theirs  and  am  going  to  live  with  a  daughter  of  one  of  them.  The  house  I 
am  going  to  is  the  only  one  on  the  Island  that  has  Electrical  Points." 

June  1st.  "We  were  alarmed  last  week  with  the  arrival  of  a  Company 
of  Provincials,  as  they  didn't  let  their  business  be  known  at  first,  but  it 
soon  appeared  they  came  for  flour  &  whale  boats,  of  which  they  carried 

88  DIARY  OF  [June,  1775 

2.  Call'd  at  Several  Places.  Tea  at  Mrs.  Goodales  with  Mrs,  & 
Miss  CoflB.n.     Supped  at  Capt.  Folgers. 

4.  D.  tea  at  Friend  Rochs.  Brig  arrived.  Afternoon  at  Friends 

5.  Dined  at  Capt.  Folgers,  with  Mrs.  Fitch,  Mr.  Brattle,  Mrs. 
Calef  &  her  two  Daughters. 

6.  At  Mrs.  Husseys  of  Lynn  By  invitation.  Peggy  Broken  out 
with  the  rash. 

off  a  large  number  &  750  Barrels  of  flour,  some  arms,  &c.  ...  I  hear 
Salem  is  quite  alive.  I  wish  we  were  all  there  in  peace  &  safety.  I 
shouldn't  chuse  to  be  in  Boston  now,  as  if  is  supposed  the  whale  boats  are 
designed  for  that  place.  We  hear  10,000  troops  are  at  Boston,  a  new  gov- 
ernor &  three  new  Generals  ;  but  we  have  sometimes  such  surprising 
news,  that  now  we  hardly  believe  anything  we  do  hear.  I  went  yesterday 
with  2  Mrs.  Folgers  &c.  in  a  Calash  alias  Horse  Cart  (which  sort  of  riding 
is  in  taste  here)." 

.Tune  2d.  "  I  have  heard  this  afternoon  that  Mr.  Whetmore  goes  to- 
morrow or  next  day.  .  .  .  Drank  tea  yesterday  at  old  Friend  Husseys  with 
Friend  Vassel.  .  .  .  We  hear  there  has  been  another  skirmish.  I  think 
our  people  succeed  in  all  their  undertakings,  if  our  accounts  are  true  ;  it 
grieves  me  to  hear  of  so  much  bloodshed.  .  .  .  The  people  I  live  with  are 
exceedingly  kind  ;  we  live  very  well.  They  have  a  handsome  clock, 
points  to  the  house,  a  fine  walk  on  the  top  which  commands  the  prospect 
of  the  whole  Island." 

June  3rd.  "  Received  a  line  by  Capt.  Folger  this  morning,  but  as  it  was 
of  the  15th  of  last  month  it  afforded  nothing  new.  We  were  all  terribly 
disappointed,  as  we  depended  on  this  vessel  for  supplies.  .  .  .  Dr.  Guil- 
son  has  the  chief  practice  and  is  in  high  esteem.  I  hope  to  return  soon, 
or  I  don't  know  but  we  shall  starve  or  beg.  This  world  is  chequered,  <fc 
I  believe  we  are  now  in  one  of  the  black  checks,  &  if  the  game  is  as  long 
as  chess,  we  may  never  get  into  a  white  one.  .  .  .  Mrs.  Fitch  has  just 
called  to  tell  me  her  husband  will  sail  this  afternoon  for  Salem." 

Doctor  Holyoke  wrote  from  Salem  on  June  3d.  "  Mr.  Davis  and  his 
wife  and  family,  and  one  negro  boy  (for  his  other  four  negroes  ran  away), 
came  and  dined  with  us  and  have  put  up  here  for  the  present  ;  but  he 
gives  one  piece  of  intelligence  which  makes  me  anxious  about  you,  which 
is  that  a  Capt.  Richard  Coffin,  of  Nantucket,  whom  he  saw  at  Boston  just 
before  he  left  it,  told  him  there  were  three  hundred  men  of  our  provincial 
soldiers,  under  ye  command  of  one  Capt.  Davis,  were  gone  to  Nantucket 
to  prevent  the  Kings  troops  or  ships  from  getting  any  supplies  from  that 

On  June  5th.  Mrs.  Holyoke  wrote  : 

"  Mrs.  Williams,  Mrs.  Orne,  &  Mrs.  Goodale  were  so  rejoiced  at  seeing 
their  husbands,  that  Mrs.  Pynchon  &  Sally  talk  of  coming  to  live  with  me, 
as  we  can  sympathize  with  each  other.  .  .  .  As  to  the  place  it  is  hilly  & 
sandy,  no  rocks  no  more  than  there  is  in  Carolina,  nor  trees  except  a  few 
in  gardens.  As  to  the  number  of  inhabitants  I  can't  learn  exactly,  some 
guess  8000,  some  not  so  many.  The  houses  are  almost  as  compact  as  in 
Salem,  they  are  all  wood,  shingled  instead  of  Clapboard;  the  foundations 
brick  instead  of  stone.  I  believe  the  chief  produce  of  the  Island  is  corn; 
there  is  one  cornfield  of  six  miles  long.  .  .  .  Great  meeting  will  be  here 
this  month,  &  Sheep  shearing,  high  Frolicks,  both,  but  I  believe  not  this 
season.  .  .  .  Mr.  Nutting  wonders  we  came  away,  says  we  should  have 
been  safe  at  home,  I  told  him  we  were  more  afraid  of  a  man  of  war,  than 
any  thing  else  &  were  subject  to  constant  alarms." 

June,  1775]        mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  89 

8.  At  Hannah  Orricks. 

9.  At  Capt.  George  Folgers. 

10.  Hitty  &  the  children  took  a  ride  in  the  Calash. 

11.  At  Friends  meeting, 

16.  Mr.  Fitch  Brought  me  letters. 

17.  At  Sheep's  Shearing.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Fitch. 

June  21st.  "  We  have  just  had  an  account  that  Mr.  Porter  the  lawyer 
was  shot  going  to  Quebeck  with  a  letter." 

June  2Gth.  "I  went  last  Thursday  in  a  Calash  to  a  part  of  the  Island 
called  Shimmer  where  a  number  of  Indians  live.  We  carried  our  provi- 
sion with  us.  They  treated  ns  with  roasted  Paqwaws  (a  sort  of  clam). 
It  is  as  pleasant  there  as  at  our  fort — there  is  one  wigwam  left,  which  was 
a  great  curiosity  to  me.  .  .  .  Miss  Caty  Pynchon  has  received  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Whetmore  at  Cambridge  ;  he  says  tlie  Country  is  in  dreadful  confu- 
sion, &  he  thinks  the  Sea  Ports  stand  a  bad  chance." 

On  June  6th.  Doctor  Holyoke  wrote  from  Salem:— "Mrs.  Hitty 
Higginson  is  arrived  safe  at  Halifax." 

June  7th.  "Mr.  Davis  &  Billy  are  gone  to  Mrs.  Gibb's  at  Newton  upon 
a  visit  &  to  see  the  camp  at  headquarters  (as  ye  fashionable  phrase  is)  at 
Cambridge.  .  .  .  The  town  watch  and  the  military  watch,  which  is  kept 
every  night  at  the  fort,  &c.,  make  us  more  than  commonly  still." 

June  10th.  "You  desire  to  know  how  your  friends  are  disposed  of. 
Mr.  Mascarene  and  family  remain  as  they  were,  as  also  Mrs.  Sargent.  Mrs. 
Crowninshield,  who  went  down  eastward,  is  returned  home  again.  Mrs. 
Johnston  is  here  yet,  but  talks  of  going  to  Rowley.  Mr.  Cabot  and  Family 
still  abide  here,  as  does  also  Mrs.  Lowell.  Mr.  Jno,  Appleton's  family 
are  at  Haverhill,  Mr.  N".  Appleton's  are  here  yet,  but  going,  I  believe,  to 
Andover.  .  •  .  The  English  goods  begin  to  fail  here  already.  Our  men 
are  listing  very  fast  here,  between  three  or  four  hundred  are  gone  from 
this  town :  the  sailors  and  fishermen,  as  they  have  no  other  employment 
or  support,  go  to  ye  army,  and  we  are  told  there  is  a  whole  regiment  of 
fishermen  gone  from  Marblehead — good  riddance!" 

June  12th.  "  You  enquire  about  the  alarm;  it  was  nothing  that  need 
have  terrified  anybody,  but  our  people  seem  to  be  afraid  of  everything;  it 
was  all  over  in  an  hour.  .  .  .  Peggy  writes  for  paper,  but  it  is  not  in  my 
power  to  send  any,  as  I  have  none  by  me,  not  a  sheet,  and  there  is  not  a 
single  quire  to  be  bought  in  the  town  of  Salem,  though  Williams  expects 
some  soon  from  Milton,  which,  such  as  it  is,  must  answer." 

June  16th.  "As  to  the  Military  Operations  here,  I  am  not  in  the  secret, 
so  can  give  you  no  news  of  that  sort,  tho'  the  general  voice  is  that  there 
will  soon  be  an  Engagement,  and  perhaps  it  may  happen  before  this 
reaches  you.  It  is  said  our  People  intend  to  take  possession  of  Dorches- 
ter Hill,  tonight,  and  whenever  they  do,  it  is  also  said  they  will  be  at- 
tacked by  the  Regulars.  I  pray  God  to  prevent  bloodshed,  but  I  fear 
there  will  be  a  good  deal.  ...  I  have  some  thoughts  of  sending  oflE  to 
Boxford  a  load  of  necessary  furniture  proper  for  housekeeping,  but  am  a 
little  at  loss  about  it.  Mr  Davis  has  engaged  Mr  Hooper's  house  in  Dan- 
vers;  which  he  thinks  far  enough  out  of  ye  way  and  I  don't  know  but  he 
is  right  enough,  but  it  is  a  situation  I  should  not  admire  upon  several 

June  17th.  "I  have  just  reed  a  letter  from  your  uncle  at  Hallifax;  he 
tells  me  his  situation  is  very  disagreeable  and  that  he  shall  not  continue 
long  where  he  is,  if  he  can  get  away,  which  there  is  very  little  prospect  of 
as  there  are  no  vessels  there  but  from  Salem  &  Marblehead.  Provisions 
very  scarce  &  dear,  no  mutton,  beef  at  half  Pisterene  per  pound,  Pork  & 
Veal  at  6*  8  O.  Tear,  Butter  10*.  He  was  very  much  surprised  to  think  you 

90  DIARY   OF  [June,  1775 

18.  At  Mrs.  Jenkins. 

19.  Friend  Hussey  &  wife  &  Sister,  Mrs.  Coffin  &  Daughter, 
Mrs.  Folger  &  Mr.  Goodale  D.  tea  here. 

22.  Mrs.  Williams  Brought  to  Bed,  |  Past  10  A.  M.  We  went 
to  Shimmers  &  Eat  Paqwaws. 

were  gone  to  Nantucket,  or  anywhere  from  Salem  ;  but  if  you  were  obliged 
to  remove  he  thinks  Nantucket  the  best  place  you  could  go  to  ;  and  he 
heartily  wishes  he  was  there,  &c.  ...  I  suppose  before  you  receive  this 
you  will  have  heard  of  the  resolves  of  the  two  Congresses  about  supplying 
Nantucket  &  we  must  get  leave  of  the  Committee  of  Safety  at  Cambridge 
for  every  article  we  intend  to  put  on  board  for  you — this  will  render  the 
difficulty  of  supplying  you  much  greater  than  it  has  been — however  I 
should  hope  that  you  will  not  be  obliged  to  tarry  longer  than  August ; 
and  if  necessity  obliges  you  to  decamp  sooner  you  can  at  any  time  leave 
the  Island  without  any  difficulty." 

June  18th.  "  Well,  my  dear,  I  am  heartily  glad  you  are  not  here  just 
at  this  time  ;  you  would,  I  know,  be  most  terribly  alarmed.  We  had  an 
appearance  yesterday  of  a  most  prodigious  smoke,  which  I  found  was 
exactly  in  the  direction  of  Charlestown  and  as  we  knew  our  men  were 
entrenching  on  Bunker  Hill  there,  we  supposed  the  Town  was  on  fire, 
and  so  in  fact  it  proved,  for  in  the  evening  (that  is  last  evening)  we  were 
told  the  Regulars  had  landed  at  Charlestown  under  cover  of  the  smoke 
from  ye  buildings  they  had  set  fire  to,  and  forced  the  Entrenchments  on 
the  Hill  and  had  beat  our  men  off  with  loss,  &  this  morning  our  intelli- 
gence was  that  400  of  our  men  were  killed  &  the  Regulars  had  pursued 
our  men  as  far  as  Winter  Hill;  (tho'  we  just  now  learned  that  the  Regu- 
lars still  keep  possession  of  Bunkers  Hill,  &  that  our  men  are  entrenched 
upon  Winter  Hill)  &  that  there  is  a  probability  of  further  action  soon, 
and  that  our  loss  amounts  only  to  about  150  killed.  Among  the  missing 
is  Dr.  Warren  vrho  it  is  said  commanded  a  Regiment  ;  Colo  Bridge  of 
Billerica  is  said  to  be  among  ye  slain,  and  Col.  Gr[ardne]r  of  Cambridge 
had  one  of  his  thighs  shot  off.  The  commotion  here  was  so  considerable, 
though  none  of  our  men  went  to  ye  Battle  (as  the  northwest  part  of  the 
Province  and  not  the  sea  coast  were  called  upon  the  occasion)  that  we 
had  but  one  meeting  house  open  in  ye  morning, — and  this  afternoon  while 
some  were  at  meeting  and  others  talking  over  ye  action  of  yesterday,  we 
were  alarmed  with  an  appearance  of  smoke  at  Marblehead,  which  broke 
up  ye  meeting,  &  the  people  with  their  engines  &  buckets  went  over  to 
extinguish  the  fire,  and  I  among  the  rest,  tho'  I  should  have  been  glad  to 
have  been  excused  on  account  of  the  prodigious  heat  of  the  weather,  but 
as  I  thought  that  under  Providence  I  owed  the  preservation  of  my  House 
to  the  assistance  from  Marblehead,  when  we  were  in  the  utmost  hazzard, 
I  could  not  dispense  with  going  ;  but  we  were  stopped  when  about  half 
way  there,  with  an  account  that  ye  smoke  arose  from  a  field  of  grass  on 
fire,  and  that  no  building  was  hurt,  so  I  returned  home,  and  am  now  set 
down  to  rest  and  cool  myself,  and  to  give  you  this  account." 

June  20th.  "The  destruction  of  Charlestown  by  fire  (for  it  is  all 
burnt  dovrn)  had  struck  our  People  at  Salem  with  such  a  panic,  that  those 
who  before  thought  our  Town  perfectly  safe,  now  are  all  for  removing 
off; — but  I  cannot  be  apprehensive  of  any  danger  we  are  particularly  in. 
...  As  almost  everyone  is  moving  away,  peculiarly  Capt.  Williams, 
Derby,  Gardner,  Ashton,  our  neighbor  Gardner  &  Dodge,  &c.,  &c.,  I  have 
it  in  contemplation  to  send  oft'  some  necessaries  for  house  keeping,  if  we 
should  be  driven  away,  but  as  to  expensive  furniture,  such  as  looking 
glasses,  chests  of  drawers,  &c.,  the  risk  is  so  great  in  removing  them  that 
I  think  unless  we  are  in  greater  jeopardy  than  I  think  we  are  yet,  I  shall 
let  them  abide.^' 

June,  1775]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  91 

23.     At  Friends  meeting  in  y^  morn'^s.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Winslows. 
Mrs.  Swain  Brought  to  Bed. 
25.     At  Mr.  Shaw's  meeting. 

27.     Mrs.  Goodale  sent  for  me.     Friend  Hussey  of  Lynn  there. 
80.     At  Mr.  Joshua  Gardners  with  Freind  Hussey,  Coffin,  &c. 
July  3.     At  INIrs.  Pynchons  with  Freind  Hussey. 
4.     At  Mr.  Timothy  Coffins. 

6.  At  Mrs.  Fitchs. 

7.  At  Mrs.  Gyers. 

8.  Freind  Hussey  &  Friend  Roch  &  wife  here. 

9.  At  Mr.  Shaws  in  the  morning,  Freinds  in  afternoon,  Evening 
at  ]\[rs.  Ornes  &  Pynchon. 

10.  At  M^  Jn°  Coffins  &  Friend  Husseys. 

11.  At  Mrs.  Colmans. 

12.  Nancy  &  Polly  Glover  Came  to  Nantucket. 

13.  Mercy  Coffin  washed  for  me. 

14.  At  Mrs.  Pynchons  &  Goodales.  Delivered  M*'  Williams  for 
M'  Pynchon  1  &  +  100  of  Brown  Biscuits. 

Mrs.  Goodale  Dr  to  1  pound  |  of  Bohea  tea  @  45/.  ^  ditto 
Suchong  @  90/  £5. 12.  6. 

Left  with  M"  Pynchon  to  sell  for  me  about  20^''  of  Salt  Pork,  & 
100 J  of  rice. 

To  send  with  her  own  things — 1  square  Cabinet,  1  Small  Table,  1 
hamper  of  Wine,  1  Large  Bag  of  Woolens,  &c.,  1  Basket  of  Kitchen 
furniture,  1  Basket  of  empty  Bottles. 

15.  Lodged  at  Mr.  Jno.  Coffins.     Things  put  on  Boat. 

16.  Din'd  at  M'  Coffins  &  Lodg'd.     Tea  at  M"  Pynchons. 

17.  Sailed  for  Woods  Hole.     Drank  tea  there  &  Lodg'd. 

18.  Breakfasted  on  Board,  Din'd  &c.,  arrived  at  Providence 
11  o'clock  in  the  Evening. 

19.  Breakfast,  Din'd  &c.  at  Olneys,  tea  at  Skinners. 

20.  Church  in  the  morning.  Meeting  afternoon.  Tea  at  Mrs. 

21.  Set  out  in  the  stage.  Din'd  at  Manns.  Lodg'd  at  Jamaica 

22.  Breakfasted  at  D''  Kneelands.     Dined  at  home. 

23.  At  meeting  all  Day.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Cabots. 
29.     Mrs.  Davis  drank  tea  here. 

July  6th.  "  I  wrote  you  very  larg^ely  by  Capt.  Benj.  Johnson  of  Lynn, 
who  is  for  Nantucket  by  land.  Mr  Wlietmore  tells  me  he  believes  either 
Miss  Catey  or  Miss  Sally  Pynchon  will  come  home  soon,  they  would  be 
good  company  for  you  on  the  passage.  You  enquire  about  the  Pickman 
family,  they  are  all  here  &  well,  but  the  town  is  very  empty." 

July  17th.  "  Mrs.  Curwen,  who  went  to  Dunstable  for  an  asylum,  could 
not  stand  it  but  about  ten  days  or  a  fortnight  &  was  as  glad  when  she  got 
home  as  a  Galley  Slave  when  released  from  his  chains,  &  she  is  determined 
nothing  shall  start  her  again  till  she  hears  one  Gun,  at  least,  fired  against 
the  Town." 

92  DIARY  OF  [July,  1775 

31.     At  Mrs.  Vans.     Evening  at  Mrs.  Mascarene. 

Aug.  1.     M""*  Jonson,  the  Dowses  here,  Betsey  Davis  came  here. 

2.  Training.     We  Dr.  tea  at  Deacon  Smiths. 

3.  Betsey  went  home. 

4.  Mrs.  N.  Appleton  &  Mrs.  Mascarene  here. 

8.  Mrs.  Ropes  &  Mrs.  Sparhawk  &  Miss  Pynchon  here. 

9.  Mrs.  Partridge,  her  Daughter,  Miss  Paine,  Miss  Mascarene 

12.     M'  Paine  Drank  Coffee  here.    I  went  to  see  Mrs.  Partridge. 
18.     Mr.  Goodhue  Carried  Peggy  &  I  to  Danvers.    Lodg'd  there. 

29.  Capt.  Folger  Lodg'd  here. 

31.  Capt.  Folger,  Mr.  Davis,  Mr.  Pynchon,  Mr.  Goodale,  Mr. 
Wetmore,  Miss  Joey  Din'd  here. 

Sept.  4,     We  were  at  Deacon  Smiths. 

6.  Joey  went  home.  Training.  Capt  Folger  Drank  tea  & 
Lodg'd  here.     Dr.  at  Middleton. 

16.  Mr.  Appleton  went  to  Andover. 
25.     We  were  at  Friends  meeting. 
28.     At  Mrs.  Websters  Funeral. 

Oct.  9.     Betsy  very  poorly  with  a  slow  fever. 

10.  Mrs.  Fisher  &  the  Miss  Dowses  here.  We  were  alarmed 
By  a  man  of  war  in  the  harbor.* 

11.  A  fire  at  Beverlyf  in  the  evening. — Margaret^ s  Diary.^ 

12.  General  Lee  Game  to  town,  Reviewed  the  troops. 
18.     Mr.  Bernard  Came  to  live  with  us. 

20.     Dr.  Call'd  to  Boxford  to  see  Betsey  Kneeland. 

25.  Mr.  Goodhue  Carried  me  to  Boxford. 

26.  Our  goods  Brought  from  Peabodys  to  Mr.  Holyokes.  We 
Din'd  at  Mr.  Davis.     Came  home. 

30.  Moved  our  Best  Chamber  furniture  to  Danvers.  Peggy 
Lodg'd  there. 

Nov.  1.     We  went  to  See  the  Entrenchments  at  the  fort. 
14.     Mr.  Powel,  D"^  Cooper,  Deacon  Smith  &  their   Ladys,  Mrs. 
Cabot,  Miss  Bromfield,  Smith,  Vans  D.  tea  here. 

17.  Went  to  Shops  in  the  morning. 

Dec.  1.  Afternoon  at  Mrs.  Ropes,  Evening  at  Mrs.  Mascarenes 
in  the  new  end. 

12.  Dr.  Kitchen  Turner  returned  home. 

17.     Rode  to  &  from  meeting  in  Deacon  Smiths  Chaise. 
Feb.  12,  1776.     Mr.  Goodhue  Came  from  Concord. 

13.  Bought  Cotton  Stockings,  &c.     Call'd  at  Mr.  Carwicks. 

*The  Frigate  Nautilus,  16  guns,  chased  the  Beverly  privateer  into  Bev- 
erly harbor  and  fired  on  her  after  she  had  run  aground.  Some  two  hundred 
Salera  men  went  down  to  the  Neck  and  opened  fire  with  41b.  guns.  The 
Nautilus  replied  and  after  a  time  started  to  leave  the  harbor  but  in  so  doing 
ran  aground  remaining  some  four  hours  until  the  rising  tide  floated  her. 

tThis  was  only  a  barn. 

Feb.,  1776]        mrs.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  93 

14.  Bought  Pork  265i^  at  2/10. 

17.  Mr.  Goodhue  Carried  me  to  Boxford.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Holy- 
okes,  Drank  Coffee  at  Mr.  Davis. 

Mar.  4.     Our  People  took  possession  of  Dorchester  hill. 

5.     Oration  at  Watertown  By  Rev.  Mr.  Thatcher. 

17.  The  troops  Left  Boston.  Our  People  took  Possession  of  it. 
I  spent  the  Evening  at  Deacon  Smith's. 

19.  Molly  Morgan  made  my  Bengali  Gown  here. 

20.  Heard  of  M"  Browns  Being  at  Boston. 

21.  Mr.  Goodhue  Brought  Miss  Davis  here.     She  Lodg'd. 

24.  Troops  Sail'd.* 

25.  Mr.  Bernard  Carried  Peg  gy  to  Leg's  hill  to  see  the  fleet 

28.  Dr.  Morgan  &  Mr.  Custis  Breakfasted  here. 

29.  Mr.  Goodhue  Carried  me  to  Danvers.     We  Lodg'd  there. 

30.  We  Came  home  after  Dinner.  Brought  my  trunk  from 

Apr.  5.     I  walked  to  Puddingtons. 

17.  Betsy  &  I  went  to  Boston  in  the  stage.  Dined  at  Mrs. 
Minott's,  tea  at  Miss  Minott's. 

19.  Tea  at  Mrs.  Bromfeild's.     Walked  Evening. 

20.  Call'd  to  see  Mrs.  Powel  with  Miss  Bromfeild. 

23.  Came  home  in  the  Stage  Coach  with  only  Betsy  Davis.  She 
Lodg'd  here. 

May  15.  Dr.  Carried  me  to  Boston.  Din'd  and  Drank  tea  at 
Mrs.  Minott's.     Went  after  to  Cambridge. 

16.  Came  home  from  Cambridge.     Walked  to  fort  No.  2. 

17.  Continental  fast. 

19.  Our  Goods  arrived  from  Nantucket.  Chased  by  a  man  of 

21.  Cousin  Jonson,  Mr.  Dowse  &  his  Daughters,  Mrs.  Pynchon 
&  Mrs.  Orne  D.  tea  here. 

31.  Betsy  took  a  vomit  for  a  sore  throat  &  the  rash.  I  began 
to  feel  Better  at  my  Stomach  By  the  help  of  Riverius  Pills. 

June  18.     Mr.  Pitts  married. 

July  6.     Mrs.  Pitts,  Mrs.  Lee  &  Miss  Chardon  here. 

10.     Peggy  went  to  Boston,  was  inoculated  by  Dr.  Lloyd. 

15.  Went  to  Boston  with  Billy  Davis.  Found  Peggy  well  at 
Mrs.  Minott's.     We  Lodg'd  there. 

19.  Peggy  Something  Better.     We  walk'd  to  Fort  Hill. 

20.  Peggy  Began  to  Break  out  very  well. 

21.  At  trinity  in  the  morning.  Din'd  at  Mrs.  Minott's.  After- 
noon at  Dr.  Cooper's.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Minott's. 

22.  Tea  at  Mrs.  Amory's  with  20  Ladies.  Walk'd  in  the 

*The  northeasterly  wind  kept  the  fleet  ofE  Nantasket. 

94  DIARY  OF  [July,  1776 

26.  Took  a  ride  with  Peggy  to  see  Mrs.  Pynchon  and  Mrs. 
Minott.  Drank  tea  at  Dr.  Cooper's.  Betsy  Minott  Staid  with 

27.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Bromfeild's.    Josey  Sawyer  Buried. 

28.  Mr.  Ben.  Davis*  taken  &  Put  into  jail  in  Boston. 

30.  Call'd  at  Deacon  Smith's.     Lodg'd  at  Mrs.  Minott's. 

31.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Rice,  Dr.  Pemberton's  aud  Mrs.  Scott's.  Mrs. 
Davis  spent  the  Day  with  us  at  IVfrs.  Minott's.  We  went  to  see 
Mr.  Davis  in  Jail.  Lodg'd  at  Mrs.  Minott's.  Smoked  my  things 
to  Come  home. 

Aug.  5.     Old  Mr.  [Thomas]  Bernard  Died. 

7.  Mr.  Bernard  Carried  into  meeting.!  Dr.  Eliot  Preached.  I 
walked  with  Mrs.  Smith.     She  D.  tea  here. 

17.  I  was  at  shops  in  the  morning.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Pynchon's. 
Betsey  &  Hannah  Davis  D.  tea  here.     Settled  with  .Cato. 

Sept.  3.     Mr.  Goodale  &  wife,  nurses  &  Children  here. 

5.  Dr.  [James]  Lloyd  &  Lady  Call'd  here.  Miss  Chardon  D. 
tea  here. 

6.  Peggy  went  to  Andover  with  Hitty  &  Bill.  I  went  to  see 
the  ships.     Very  Brought  our  things  from  Dan  vers. 

7.  Mother  Came  from  Andover.     Lodg'd  here. 
]  2.     Mrs.  Jn°  Derby  here.  Evening. 

13.  Mrs.  &  Miss  Smith  &  Miss  Kent  here. 

14.  Went  to  Mr.  Pitts  at  Danvers  with  Betsey  Davis.  Mr. 
Goodhue  on  horse  Back. 

19.  Mrs.  Lowel,  Merchant,  Dana  &  Mr.  Jn''  Appleton  Din'd 
here.     Dr.  Lloyd  Drank  tea  here.     Evening  at  Madam  Pickman's. 

29.  Mr.  Goodhue  Brought  Mrs.  Minott. 

Oct.  6.  Mr.  Davis  Carried  Mrs.  Minott  home.  I  was  at  Church 
in  the  afternoon  with  Miss  Smith  &  Miss  Kent.  Chaplain  read 

10.  Our  things  Came  from  Boxford.  Mad™  Sarjant  sent  for 

12.     Deacon  Smith's  Family  mov^  to  Boston. 

21.     Friend  Roch  &  the  Club  Supp^^  here. 

25.  Dr.  Call'd  to  Lynn  to  Asa  Newall's. 

26.  Peggy  &  Hannah  Minott  Brought  my  Shoes  from  Puddin- 

Nov.  9.     I  was  to  see  Mrs.  Wetmorej  at  Mr,  Pynchon's. 
10.     The  Dr.  made  a  wedding  visit  to  Mr.  Wetmore. 

•A  connection  of  Mrs.  Holyoke,  through  her  aunt  Mrs.  Hannah  (Davis) 
Simpson.  He  was  a  merchant  of  Boston,  who  went  to  Halifax  with  his 
family,  and  from  thence  while  on  a  passage  to  New  York  in  the  ship  Peggy 
was  captured  and  taken  into  Marblehead.  He  was  proscribed  and  ban- 
ished in  1778.     Was  living  in  New  York  in  1783. 

tBuried  from  the  meeting  house. 

iJMiss  Catherine  Pyncheon  and  William  Wetmore  were  married  Nov.  5, 



Boston  loyalist.      From  the  portrait  by  Copley  now  in  the  possession  of  Robert  Osgood. 

Nov.,  1776]  MES.  MARY  (vial)  holyokb.  95 

12.  Made  Wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  Billy  Pickman. 
16.     Made  Children  yellow  jams. 

18.     Club  here.     Mrs.  Orne  Buried. 

Dec.  4.     I  had  a  Bad  toothache  (taken  ill  J  after  4).  A.  M.     Got 

5.  to  Bed  Before  8.  Mrs.  Jones  &  Mrs.  Carwick  Spent  the  Day 
here.     Nurse  Came  at  night. 

6.  1  was  very  poorly.  Mrs.  Vans,  Debby  Higginson,  Mrs.  C. 
G.  Pickman  Call'd  to  see  me. 

8.  Child  Baptized  Henrietta.  Judy  Extrem  Bad  all  night  with 
the  quinsey. 

26.  Violent  Storm  N.  E.     News  of  Gen.  Lee's  Being  taken. 

30.  My  Dear  Harriet  Died  at  9  oClock  in  ye  morning. 

31.  She  was  Buried.     Mr.  Bernard  here  &  Mrs.  Carwick. 

On  last  page  for  the  year  1776  occurs  the  following  list  of  names  : 
Ladies  :  Mrs.  Bernard,  Grant,  Dowse,  Mackey,  Eopes,  Flag,  Vans, 
Putnam,  Curwin,  Curwin,  Pynchon,  Cabot,  Goodale,  y.  Barton, 
Barton,  Appleton,  C.  G.  Pickman,  Lee,  Sarjant,  Oliver,  Pickman, 
Derby,  Orne.  Jn°  Gardner,  Hopkins,  Lynds,  Wetmore,  Billy  Pick- 
man,  H.  Derby. 

Jan.  1, 1777.     Set  in  the  front  Chamber.     Sitting  up  week. 

16.     Molly  Morgan  made  my  red  stuff  Gown. 

18.  I  Din'd  at  Mrs.  Derby's.  First  Going  out  of  Doors.  Mrs. 
H.  Derby  Brought  to  Bed. 

Feb.  7.  Went  to  see  Mrs.  Lowel.  Mrs.  Cabot  Carried  me  to 
see  the  Child. 

16.  First  evening  at  Mad°^  Pickman's  since  I  got  abroad. 

21.  Mr.  Appleton  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage  Slay. 
25.  Began  21  lbs.  of  chocolate  and  7  lbs.  of  candles. 
Mar.  1.     Began  a  Barrel  of  Cyder. 

5.  Mrs.  Ropes,  Putnam  &  their  Daug*",  Mr.  Sparhawk  &  Lady 
&  Miss  Sally  Brown  Drank  tea  here.     The  Doctor  at  Fire  Club. 

13.  Mrs.  Howard  Died  at  Mr.  Hasket  Derby's. 
18.     Polly  Glover  Came  in  the  stage. 

22.  Pack^i  up  things  for  the  Hospital. 

25.  I  went  to  the  Hospital  with  Polly  Glover  &  Peggy.  Mr. 
Goodhue  on  horse  back.     Bought  a  peice  of  Linen. 

28.     Hitty  Andrews,  Betsy  &  Judith  &  Inoculated  at  y®  hospital. 

Apr.  2.    I  was  at  Mrs.  Lowel's  Funeral.  Dr.  Lloy*^  Drank  tea  here. 

5.  I  went  to  the  Hospital  to  tend  the  Children,  Judy  had  con- 
vulsion fits  &  Betsy  Poorly. 

10.     Hitty  Broke  out  very  thick. 

17.  Peggy  &  Mr.  Bernard  Brought  Betsey  from  the  Hospital. 
Mrs.  Pickman  &  her  children  Came  home. 

18.  Mr.  Bernard  Brought  Judy  &  I  from  the  Hospital. 
21.     Mrs.  Wigglesworth  Call'd  here  &  Mad™  Pickman. 

27.  Mr.  [Eliphalet]  Pearson  Preach'd  for  Mr.  Bernard.  Cato 
Brought  Hitty  from  the  Hospital. 

96  DIABY  OP  [May,  1777 

May  1.     Fast  Day.     Snow  all  Day.     The  Ground  Covered. 

2.  I  was  at  Mrs.  Derby's  funeral.  2^  Class  inoculated  at  the 

3.  Peggy  went  to  the  hospital. 

6.  At  Mrs.  Wetmore's  with  Mr.  Pynchon,  Mr.  Cabot,  and  their 

7.  At  Neighbour  Derby's. 

8.  Made  a  wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  Stephen  Cabot. 

14.  Drank  tea  at  Capt.  Jn°  Derby's.  Walked  in  the  morning 
to  the  hospital. 

15.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Pynchon,  Miss  Pynchon,  Miss  Debby  Clark, 
Mr.  T.  Oliver  &  Mrs.  Orne  Drank  tea  here. 

24,     Isaac  &  a  number  of  others  came  from  the  hospital. 

31.     Walked  to  Puddingtons  with  Mrs.  Pickman. 

June  8.  [John  Henman  died  at  the  hospital. — MargareVs 

15.    Dr.  first  Lodged  at  the  Hospital. 

18.     H.  Hinman  Died  at  the  hospital  with  Purple  Small  Pox. 

July  1.  [The  Hessians  came  through  the  town. — Margaret's 

31.     I  was  at  Mr.  Prescot's  vendue.     Bought  sheets. 

Aug.  1.     An  alarm  at  Boston.* 

2.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Procter  of  Nantucket  &  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Goodale 
Drank  tea  here. 

3.  Was  Blooded.     Staid  from  meeting  all  Day. 

7.  The  Dr.  with  Mrs.  Wetmore  all  night.  Mrs.  Wetmore 
Brought  to  Bed.     The  Dr.  Came  home  about  2  ''Clock. 

8.  Nancy  Gray  came  to  live  here. 

9.  Scoured  Pewter. 

10.  Esther  Shelton  went  away. 

12.  Bought  things  at  Mrs.  Barton's  Store,  Baize,  &c. 

13.  [Mr.  J.  Andrew's  child  drowned. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
29.     We  made  Mrs.  Dodges  the  first  visit. 
Sept.  7.     Michah  Saunders  Died. 

8.  [I  first  began  to  go  to  Mr.  Watson's  School. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

9.  Old  Mrs.  Bernard  Died. 

11.  Peter  Frye  pardoned. t 

♦A  fleet  of  100  sail  was  said  to  have  been  seen  off  Gloucester  and  a  mes- 
senger was  sent  to  Salem  and  Boston  greatly  alarming  the  inhabitants.  It 
was  a  false  alarm. 

tPeter  Frye,  son  of  Col.  Peter  Frye  of  Andover,  married  Love  Pickman, 
sister  of  Doctor  Holyoke's  first  wife.  Peter  Frye  was  sentenced  to  be 
shot  for  desertion  from  the  Provincial  army,  but  through  the  intercession 
of  his  grandmother,  Madam  Love  Pickman,  with  Washington,  he  was 
reprieved.  '•  Peter  Frye,  Junr.  was  bro't  out  to  be  shot  on  the  Common, 
Boston;  his  coffin  was  bro't  with  him,  and  the  dead  body  of  one  who  was 
shot  for  desertion  was  shown  to  him;  then  he  was  blinded  and  required 
to  kneel,  and  the  soldiers  made  ready;  but  Peter  was  reprieved,  being 
deemed  a  lunatic  (as  he  was  all  his  days)." — Diary  of  William  Pyncheon. 

Sept.,  1777]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  97 

22.  I  went  to  Andover  with  Mr.  Bernard.  Din'd  at  mother's. 
Mr.  Bernard  went  to  Haverhill  after  Dinner. 

24.  Mr.  Pearson  Carried  me  to  Mr.  French's  and  the  Powder 

25.  Major  Phillips  &  Lady  Drank  tea  with  us  at  mother's.  Mr. 
Bernard  Came  from  Haverhill.     Lodged  at  mother's. 

26.  He  Carried  me  to  Haverhill  after  Dinner.  We  Lodg'd  at 
Mr.  John  Bernard. 

27.  Call"*  at  Several  Places.  Went  to  Boxford  to  Dine.  Came 
home  in  the  afternoon.     Brought  the  Plate. 

30.  Mrs.  Pote  &  Mrs.  Mascarene  Din'd  &  Drank  tea.  We 
call'd  at  Mrs.  Lees,  Goodales,  Cabots  &  Wetmores.  Mrs.  Lee's 
Child  Died. 

Oct.  7.  I  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage  with  Mr.  [Nathaniel  W.] 
Appleton.  He  finished  his  Studies  with  the  Doctor.  First  wore 
green  Shoes. 

10.  Went  to  Mrs.  Minots.  Calle**  at  Mrs.  Newels,  Phillips, 
Smiths,  Wendels,  &  Lloyd.  Diu'd  at  Mrs.  Minots.  Called  at  Mrs. 
Cushing.  Drank  tea  &  Spent  y®  Evening  at  Mr.  Pitts.  Lodg'd  at 
Mrs.  Minots. 

14.  Mr.  Kellum  Carried  me  to  Cambridge.  Lodg'd  at  Dr.  Knee- 

15.  Call'd  at  Uncle  Appleton s  &  Mr.  Sewals.  Dined  at  Dr. 
Kneelands.     Came  home  after  Dinner. 

22.  I  made  Mrs.  Goodales  Sitting  up  visit.  News  of  General 
Burgoins  Surrender  of  the  fort  at  Ticonderoga. 

23.  Canon  fired  &  windows  Broke  for  joy.* 

Nov.  1.     [Mr,  Stephen  Cabot  died. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

2.  Mrs.  Billy  Pickman  very  ill  with  fitts. 

11.  Nanny  Gray  went  from  here.  I  paid  her  £10,  for  her 

13.     Betsey  Abbot  came  to  live  here. 

16.  Began  a  firkin  of  Butter  &  tapped  a  Barrell  of  Cyder. 

19.  Bought  188  of  Pork  at  12/  per  Pound. 

20.  Thanksgiving.     We  Dined  at  Madam  Pickmans. 
22.    Peggy  Drank  tea  at  Patty  Derbys. 

25.     Salted  a  quarter  of  Beef. 

Dec.  2.     News  of  Fort  Mifflin  surrender. 

3.  Mr.  McCarthy  &  Mr.  Otis  of  Newport  Din'd  here. 

4.  Dr.  Lloyd  Drank  tea  here.  He  Brought  me  word  of  my 
Cousin  Jn**  &  Peggy  Simpsons  Deaths  at  New  York. 

9.     Peggy  at  Jn°  Carwicks  wedding  [to  Susannah  Vanderfoot]. 
16.     Betsey  &  Judy  took  a  vomit  for  a  Cough. 

*At  a  town  meeting  held  Nov.  29th  a  vote  was  adopted  disapprobating 
the  breaking  of  the  windows  and  recommending  that  the  rioters  repair 
them  and  make  satisfaction  for  all  damages  done. 

98  DIARY  OF  [Dec,  1777 

18.  Continental  thanksgiving.  Mr.  Osgood,  Kellum  &  Bernard 
Din'd  here. 

27.  Molly  Morgan  made  my  blue  Cotton  Gown.  Mr.  Carpenter* 
&  Lady  returned  from  London. 

30.     Hitty  put  up  Mrs.  Goodhues  Bed. 

Jan.  12,  1778.     Miss  Nancy  Toppan  Died. 

15.     Rev.  M""  [Samuel]  Locke  of  Sherbourn  Died. 

20.  I  went  to  y*  hospital  in  a  Slay  with  Dr.  Goodhue. 
Feb.  12.     Mrs.  Whitwell  Brought  to  Bed. 

14.  Wood  30  Dols.  p'  Cord. 

15.  Mrs.  Dodges  Child  Baptized. 

19.  Peggy  at  a  Dance  at  Mrs.  Vans. 

28.  At  Miss  Betsey  Turners  Funeral  with  Mrs.  H.  Derby. 
Isaac  Drove  us. 

Mar.  8.  [M"  Goodhue  brought  to  bed  with  a  Son. — Margaret's 

15.     Billy  Goodhue  Christened. 

18.  I  went  to  BufEums  &  Varney's  in  the  morning.  Afternoon  at 
Mrs.  Floods. 

Apr.  14.     Mr.  Lander  Buried. 

15.  Made  the  D'"*  Green  Gown. 

21.  At  Mr.  J°  Goodhues  funeral.     Mr.  Parsons  Lodged  here. 

22.  [M*^  Landers  wife  &  Son  broke  out  with  the  Smallpox. — 
Margaret s  Diary.'] 

24.  Evening  at  a  Concert  in  the  School  house  Chamber. 

25.  Musick  in  the  Church  all  Day.  I  was  to  hear  it  in  the 

30.  [Richard  Lander  died  with  the  Smallpox. — Margaret's 
Diary. ~\ 

May  3.     [his  wife  died  (Mr.  Lander's  wife). — Margaret's  Diary.] 

5.  Mad«»  Sarjant  &  Mrs.  Sarjant  D  tea  here.  Mr.  [Eli]  Forbes 
of  Cape  Ann  spent  y**  Evening. 

6.  Mrs.  &  Miss  Pynchon  D  tea  here  &  the  little  Miss  Sarjants. 
Mrs.  Pitts  &  Mrs.  Davis  came. 

7.  Mrs.  Goodhues  Child  very  ill.  I  was  there  in  the  morning. 
We  all  went  to  the  store.     I  Drank  tea  there. 

16.  Emmerton  Brought  Linnen  &  Pins. 

22.  Betsy  Abbot  went  away. 

23.  Sally  Gavot  Came  to  Live  here. 

25.     Mrs.  Goodhue  &  her  Child  here,  the  first  time. 
June  4.     Made  Mrs.  R.  Derby  a  wedding  visit  with  Mrs.  Sarjant, 
Vans  &  Derby. 

5.     Drank  tea  with  my  old  neighbour  King. 

♦Benjamin  Carpenter,  who  married  Nabby,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Ger- 
rish.  They  came  from  London  by  way  of  Bilboa,  and  brought  to  Salem 
letters  from  Samuel  Curwen,  then  living  in  Bristol. 



Merchant  of  Salem.      From  the  portrait  by  James  Frothingham  in  the 
possession  of  the  Peabody  Museum,  Salem. 

June,  1778]         mks.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  99 

16.  I  went  in  the  morning  with  Mr.  Sarjant  to  see  Mrs.  Derby 
at  the  Danvers  hospital. 

18.  I  made  Mrs.  Olivers  Wedding  visit.  I  went  with  Mad™ 
Sarjant  &  Mrs.  F.  Cabot. 

July  1.     Drank  tea  at  jMad"^  Pickmans  with  15.     Cherries,  &c. 
28.     Mrs.  [Catherine]  Wetmore  Died.     I  was  there  after  tea. 
Aug.  4.     Mr.  Wiburd  Brought  Mrs.  Mascarene. 

21.  George  Stone  Came  to  live. 
28.     Mrs.  Field  Buried. 

Sept.  4.     The  hottest  season  that  has  been  known  for  several  years. 

8.  Dr.  Call'd  to  Peter  Frye  who  attempted  to  hang  himself.* 
28.     The  young  Ladies  had  a  Ball.     Club  here. 

Oct.  1.     Judge  Oliver,   Mr.  Higginsou,   two  Mr.  Pickmans,  Mr. 
Goodale,  Mr.  Osgood  &  Killum  Din'd  here. 
6.     Mrs.  Ornet  Died. 

9.  Bought  a  Blue  Sarsnet  quilt  for  13  -  10  0.  T. 
11.     Mr.  Camel  lost  on  Ipswich  Barr. 

15.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Jn"*  Derby's  Farm  with  Mrs.  Goodale  Mr. 
Vans  &  Lady,  Miss  Clark  &  Mr.  Bernard  &  Peggv.  Began  a  Barrel 
of  Flour. 

17.  Put  up  Beds  Green  &  Blue. 

18.  Mr.  Wiburd  Preached. 

22.  Began  a  Barrel  of  Sugar. 

27.  We  set  out  for  Sherbourn.  Dined  at  Dr.  Kneelands.  Tea 
at  Dr.  Demmings.     Lodged  at  Mr.  Eliots  at  Natick. 

28.  Mr.  Eliot  Carried  me  to  Mrs.  Lockes  after  Breakfast. 

29.  Mr.  Eliot  Carried  me  to  Natick  after  Dinner.  Tea  at  Mr. 
Badgers.     Lodg'd  at  Mr.  Eliots. 

30.  Breakfasted  there.     Din'd  at  Mrs.  Minotts. 

Nov.  3.  Went  round  to  Cambridge,  Tea  at  Dr.  Kneelands. 
Lodg'd  at  Uncle  Appletons. 

4.  Set  out  at  9  "Clock.    Got  home  at  4  oClock. 
14.     Made  Children  Yellow  Baize  Coats. 

Dec.  2.     [Eunice  Coffrin  came  here  to  live. — Margaret^s  Diary. "] 

5.  Began  to  take  milk  at  Jn"  Felts.  3  pints  \f  Day  at  1  /  6 
L[egal]  m[oney]  p"^  q^ 

9.  Betsey  &  Judy  first  put  on  their  Black  Leather  Shoes.  Car- 
ried them  to  Mrs.  Cabots. 

23.  Bo^  of  Isaac  White,  Candles  59  lb.  @  6  /  6  =  £19.  3.  6. 
25.     Therm.    5    Below   0.     Christmas.      Mr.    Killum    &   Oliver 

Dined  here. 

30.     Continental  Thanksgiving.     Staid  at  home. 

—  Sent  by  Capt.  Rob*  Renthall  20  Hard  Dollars  to  Surrinam 
to  purchase  Linnen. 

*See  ante,  Sept.  11,  1777. 

tThe  wife  of  Dr.  Joseph  Orne  and  daughter  of  Rev.  Dudley  Leavitt. 

100  DIARY   OF  [Jan.,  1779 

Jan.  12,  1779.     Wood  £76.  O.  T.  p-^  Cord. 

13.  The  D'  Din'd  at  Capt.  Jn°  Derbys.  Cap*  E.  Derby  &  Lady 
&  three  Daughters  &  M'*  H.  Derby,  Mrs.  Goodhue,  Mr.  Dowse  and 
two  Daughters  D.  tea  here. 

18.  Wood  30  Dollars  p^  Cord  to  Day. 

31.     Evening  at  Mad™  Piekmans.     Her  Barn  &  out  houses  Burnt. 
Feb.  3.     Peggy  at  the  assembly.     Dr.  Whitakers  Barn  Burnt. 

4.  Bought  Black  Leather  Shoes  for  the  Children,  5  Dollars  for 
Betseys,  2^  for  Judys. 

5.  Began  a  Barrel  of  Flour. 

6.  Sent  by  Capt.  N.  Andrew  2  Hard  Dollars  to  the  Mole  to  pur- 
chase Pins  &  Neddies.    N.  B.     He  brot  Sugar. 

13.     D'  Lloyd  Came  to  see  Mrs.  Lawless. 
Mar.  13.     Mrs.  Sargent  Brought  to  Bed. 

24.  Began  another  Barrel  of  Flour. 

Apr.  1.     D'  Waldo  &  Miss  Ropes  here  in  the  Evening. 
12.     Peggy  at  the  French  Gentlemans  Ball, 

19.  Miss  Charlotte  Saunders  D.  tea  &  spent  Evening. 

21.  Mrs.  Rust  Brought  to  Bed.  I  was  Brought  to  Bed  in  the 
afternoon  4  "Clock. 

22.  Very  well.     Mrs.  Vans  &  Derby  Call'd  In. 

25.  The  Child  Christened  Susanna. 
28.    Peggy  at  a  Ball. 

30.  Peggy  at  quaker  meeting. 

May  1.     Mrs.  Billy  Pickman  Brought  to  Bed. 

3.  Mrs.  Jones,  Frye,  Mad"*  Sarjant,  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickman,  Mrs. 
Vans  &  Mrs.  Pynchon  D.  tea  here. 

4.  Mrs.  Cambell  here. 
8.     Baked  Cakes. 

10.     Sitting  up  week  Began. 
June  6.     Mrs.  Page  Died. 

7.  Cato  walked  to  Boston. 

July  11.  Mrs.  Sarjant,  Mr.  Jn"  Winthrop  &  his  Sister  &  Mr. 
Wetmore  D.  tea  here  yesterday. 

15.     A  man  stood  in  the  Pillory. 

Aug.  4.     Bought  Cotton  &  Linnen  Gown.     Cost  23  Dolls,  p''  yd. 

18.     Put  quilt  in  the  frame. 

24.  Dr.  went  to  see  Sally  Crowninshield  at  her  Uncle  Derby's 

27.  D.  tea  at  Mrs.  Lee's.  Found  Hitty  George  &  Eunice  sick 
when  we  Got  home. 

31.  Sally  Crowninshield  Died. 

Sept.  1.     Took  a  walk  on  Buffum's  Hill. 
6.     Young  Mrs.  Oliver  Brought  to  Bed. 
24.     Mr.  Mascarene  died. 
Nov.  4.     Fast  Day. 

Nov.,  1779]         MRS.  MARY   (vial)  holyoke.  101 

5.  Vendue.     Began  to  sell  Col.  Brown's*  Estate. 

6.  Their  furniture  Sold. 

10.  Mr.  [John]  Prince  ordaind.  The  Dr.  Din'd  at  Judge 
Lynd's.     I  was  at  meeting.     Evening  at  the  assembly. 

12.  Hitty  Put  up  Mrs.  Goodhue's  Bed.  Wrote  to  Loudon  By 
Capt.  Carpenter. 

27.     Candles  8^  &  10  Dollars  per  Pound. 

29.     Mrs.  Mascarene  Came  here  with  Neddy  Cutts. 

Dec.  1.     Dr.  at  the  fire  Club. 

3.  Mrs.  Carwick  Brought  to  Bed. 

4.  Mrs.  Carwick's  Child  Died  in  the  morning.  I  was  to  see  her 
in  the  afternoon. 

6.     Club  at  Mr.  Pynchon's. 

9.  Mrs.  Goodhue  Brought  to  Bed.  Dr.  &  I  there.  Thanksgiv- 
ing.    Dined,  D.  tea  &  Supped  at  Mad™  Pickman's. 

12.     Mrs.  Goodhue's  Child  Christned  Mary. 

24.     Began  upon  200  lb.  of  Brown  Sugar. 

27.  At  Mrs.  Pynchon's  Shop  in  y**  morning  to  see  the  free 

Prices  at  which  Many  of  y®  Articles  of  Housekeeping  were  sold 
at  y®  latter  end  of  ye  year  1779  in  y®  Paper  Currency.  Beef  p"" 
lb,  12/;  Mutton,  15/;  Fowls,  20  to  24/  ;  Geese,  20  to  22/  ;  Turkies 
to  24/  ;  Pork,  24/  ;  Veal,  18/;  Stuff  Shoes,  40  Doll.  pr.  pr. ;  Gause, 
80  DoUr  pr.  yd. ;  Wood,  £35  to  £70 ;  Hay,  £170. 

Jan.  3,  1780.     Violent  Snow  storm. 

4.  Snow.     Mr.  Jn**  Appleton  D.  tea  &  Spent  Evn^. 

5.  Fair.     Betty  Allen  Irond  here. 

6.  Snow.     M"^  Rattle  D.  tea  here. 

7.  Me*^"  Sparhawk,  Appleton,  Goodale,  &  Dr.  Orne  &  Putnam 
Din'd  here.     Snow  very  Deep. 

9.  Bad  walking.     Evening  at  Mad™  Pickman's. 

10.  Aft'i  &  Evens  at  Mad™  Pickman's  with  Mrs.  C.  G. 
12.     We  D.  tea  at  Neighbour  Saunders. 

14.  Aft"   &  Evns  at  Dr.  Goodhue's. 

15.  Bought  a  house  Brush.     Cost  37  Dollars. 

17.  Tea  at  Mad™  Sarjant's.     Evn^  at  W^  Derby*. 

18.  At  Mad™  Pickman's  with  M".  Derby. 

19.  Mr.  Rattie,  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Pynchon  Spent  Evns  here. 

20.  Judith  six  to  Day. 

21.  Mr.  Rattie  Spent  Evns  here. 

23.  Mr.  Holt  Preached. 

24.  Washed.     Club  here.     Fire  Discovered  in  Eastern  house. 

26.  Ironed.     Peggy  at  Dr.  Goodhue's. 

27.  Aff*  &  Evne  at  young  Mrs.  Pickman's. 

♦Col.  William  Browne,  the  absentee  loyalist.  For  a  description  of  this 
estate,  see  Essex  Institute  Hist.  Coll.  Vol.  XLIII,  pp.  290-302. 

102  DIARY   OF  [Jan.,  1780 

28.  Tea  at  Mr"  Hopkins. 

29.  Extreme  Cold.     Ther'^tr  ^  Below  0. 

30.  More  moderate. 

31.  Extreme  Cold.     EvnB  at  M"  Pynchon's. 

Eeb.  1.     After'i  &  Evns  at  Mrs.  Goodal's  with  Mrs.  Orne. 
2.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Lee's. 

4.  Moderate.  Mr.  Bernard,  Mr.  Prince,  Doc*""  Orne  &  two  Mr. 
Pickmans  Din'd  here. 

5.  Mr.  Pynchon  &  Mr.  Moody  D.  tea  here.  Peggy  at  Mrs. 

6.  Mr.  Willard  Preached  for  us.     Evn^  alone. 

7.  Mrs.  Vans  sent  for  me.  I  D.  tea  &  Spent  Evn^  there.  Dr.  & 
a  number  meas"^  the  harbour  on  the  Ice. 

8.  Mr.  Rattie  D.  tea  &  Spent  Evn^  here.  Burnt  Kitchen  & 
Back  room  chimneys. 

9.  Ice  Began  to  Break  in  the  harbour. 

10.  I  was  very  poorly  with  the  Dysentery. 

11.  Much  better.     Relievd  by  Castor  Oil. 

13.  EvnK  at  Mad"^  Pickman's. 

14.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Derby  &  Miss  Ropes  Spent  Evn^  here, 

15.  Rain.     Sledding  Spoild. 

16.  Tea  at  M""^  Derby's,  Evn^  at  the  assembly.  In  Daland's 
Booby  hut.* 

17.  Mad""  Sarjant  &  Miss  Winthrop  D.  tea  here. 

18.  Mrs.  Derby  Spent  Evn^  here. 

20.  Very  slippery.     Evn^  at  Mad™  Pickman's. 

21.  Mrs.  Pynchon  Spent  Evn^  here. 

22.  D.  tea  at  Mrs.  Debby  Cabot's  with  Mrs.  Derby,  Mrs.  Pyn- 
chon &  Mrs.  Barton. 

24.  Peggy  at  Mrs.  Derby's. 

28.  After"^  &  Evn^  at  Mrs.  T.  Oliver's  with  Mrs.  Pynchon,  Vans, 
Goodale,  &c. 

29.  Dr.  Goodhue,  Osgood  &  two  Mr.  Olivers  Din'd  here. 

Mar.  11.  [Capt.  Lampral  brought  us  some  Calico. — Margaret's 

29.     We  made  wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  B.  Orne. 

Apr.  14.  Went  with  Mrs.  Derby  to  see  Mr.  Hobbs'  funeral. 
Went  over  Mr.  Derby's  Brick  house.  Mr.  Bern**  &  Brother,  Col. 
Sarjant,  Mr.  Vans  &  Mr.  Blaney  Din'd  here. 

19.  The  Rev^  Mr.  McGilchrist  Died.f 

20.  Made  Soap.  Betsey  West  Buried.  Dr.  Waldo  &  Miss 
Ropes  married. 

25.  Mr.  Parker  went  home.     My  Crow  CoF  Gown  altered. 

26.  Fast  Day.     Dr.  Bernard  $  returnd. 

*A  kind  of  hooded  sleigh. 

tRev.  William  McGilchrist,  rector  of  St.  Peter's  church,  Salem. 

t  Ed  ward  Barnard,  M.  D.,  a  former  medical  student  of  Dr.  Holyoke's. 

Apr.,  1780]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  103 

27.  Made  a  Cap.     At  M"  Ben  Pickman's. 

28.  Made  Mrs.  Waldo  a  wedding  visit. 
May  10.     Made  Mr.  Princes  wedding  visit. 

19.  Uncommon  Dark.  Began  at  10  oClock  A.  M.  Dind  By 
Candle  Light.* 

23.     Dr.  Bernard  went  to  Wenham. 

June  3.  Dinah  Scowerd  house.  Reod  a  letter  from  Mrs.  Win- 
slow  at  N.  York. 

16.  Mr.  Bernard  Carried  me  to  Andover  to  see  Mad""  Holyoke. 

17.  We  returnd.  D""  [Francis]  Borland  Brought  In  Prisoner. 
Lodged  here. 

19.  D''  Borland  went  to  Boston.     Peggy  at  Dr.  Waldos. 

27.  D""  Bernard  left  us. 

28.  At  Lecture.  Mr.  Willard  Preachd.  They  Began  to  Day  at 
Mr.  Princes. 

July  2.     Evns  at  Mad™  Pickraans. 

3.  Peggy  went  to  Andover  with  Mr.  Swasey. 

4.  I  was  at  Mad™  Pickmans  to  Eat  Cherrys. 

5.  Mr.  Sparhawk  &  Lady,  Mad™  &  Mrs.  Pickman,  Mrs.  J.  Derby 
&  Miss  Clark  D  tea  here. 

8.  At  Mr.  H.  Derby's  farm  with  Mrs.  Vans. 

9.  Evns  at  Mad™  Pickmans. 

11.  At  Mad™  Sarjants. 

12.  Mrs.  Derby  sent  for  me.  I  D  tea  there.  We  took  a  walk 
to  the  Brick  house  after  tea. 

13.  Mr.  Oliver  went  to  Andover. 

14.  He  Brought  Peggy  home. 

16.  Mr.  Prince  Preached  in  the  raorns.  Peggy  staid  at  home 
with  sore  eyes.     Mrs.  Pearsonf  married. 

17.  We  D  tea  at  Mr.  Bernards.  Evn^  at  Mrs.  Pynchons.  Club 
here.  [My  Aunt  Prisey  married  to  Mr.  Pearson.  — Margarefs 

18.  We  were  at  Judge  Olivers  with  Mrs.  Pynchon.  A  letter 
from  my  uncle. 

20.  Fast  Day. 

22.  M"  C.  G.  Pickman  fell  Down  Stairs. 

23.  Evn«  at  Mad™  Pickmans. 

24.  At  Mrs.  Pynchons. 

25.  Went  to  see  Mrs,  C.  G.  Pickman. 

26.  At  Lecture.     Tea  at  Mr.  Cabots. 

27.  Mrs.  Goodhue  D  tea  here. 

*The  famous  dark  day.  Mr.  Pyncheon  records  that  the  people  grew 
melancholy,  all  save  the  sailors  who  "  went  hallooing  and  frolicking 
through  the  streets  crying  out  to  the  ladies  as  they  passed,  '  Now  you  may 
take  off  your  rolls  and  high  caps  and  be  d — d.'  " 

tDoctor  Holyoke's  sister  Priscilla,  who  married  July  17,  1780,  Rev, 
Eliphalet  Pearson,  the  first  principal  of  Phillips  Academy,  Andover, 

104  DIARY  OF  [July,  1780 

30.  Evns  at  MsicV^  Pickmans. 

31.  At  the  Fort.     Evns  at  Dr.  Goodhues. 
Aug.  1.     At  Mrs.  Dowses  with  Mrs.  Waldo. 

2.  Peggy  &  Mrs.  Waldo  at  Capt.  Putnams.  Thunder  and  some 

3.  Mrs.  Pitts  D  tea  here. 

6.     At  Mad""  Pickmans  in  the  evening. 
8.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Dodges. 

10.  At  Mad"^  Pickmans.     She  was  poorly. 

11.  At  Mrs.  D.  Cabots. 

13.  Calld  in  the  Evn?  to  see  Mad""  Pickman. 

14.  At  Mr.  H.  Derbys. 

15.  Extreem  hot.     Opened  a  Barrel  of  Prize  Pork. 

20.  Mr.  Holt  Preachd  for  us. 

21.  Mrs.  Hussey  Died  this  morns  3  "clock.  D'"  there.  Mrs. 
Waldo  D  tea  here.     Club  here. 

22.  Mrs.  Lee  D  tea  here.     Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickman  Brought  to  Bed. 

23.  I  was  at  Mrs.  Ornes  with  Mrs.  Goodale. 

25.  Drank  tea  at  Mad™  Pickmans. 

26.  Opened  a  Barrel  of  Elour. 

27.  Evn^  at  Madam  Pickmans.  Mr.  Pickmans  son  named 
Cartret  Eawlins. 

29.     Mad"^  &  Mrs.  Sarjant  here.     Evns  at  Dr.  Goodhues. 
31.     At  Church  all  Day.     Mes^"^^  Mackey,  Barton,  Dowes,  Cleve- 
land &  Jeffrey  D  tea  here. 

Sept.  21.     The  Brig  Fame  from  Holland  first  miss^. 

23.  Young  Mrs.  Webb  that  was  Allen  Died. 
29.     Mrs.  F.  Orne  Brought  to  Bed. 

Oct.  6.     Sally  Frye  married. 

13.  Joseph  Bowditch,  Esq.,  Died  the  6th,     Buried  the  8th. 
19.     M'«  Paine  of  Worsester  Calld.     Old  Mrs.  Andrew  Died. 
22.     Mr.  Cary  Preached  for  us.     Hittys  Grandmother  Buried. 

24.  Went  to  Boston  with  D""  Bernard.  Dind  and  Lodgd  at 
Mrs.  Minotts,  tea  at  Mrs.  Mascarene.  Calld  at  Mr.  Davis  in  y® 

25.  John  Hancock,  Esq"^  Proclaimed  Governor.  Call'd  at  Mrs. 
Whitwells  &  Mrs.  Morrills.  Went  in  to  King  street.  Dind  at 
Mrs.  Morells  tea  &  Evns  at  Mrs.  Minotts. 

26.  Breakfasted  at  Mrs.  Mascarenes.  Dind  at  Dr.  Kneelands. 
Tea  at  home. 

27.  Large  Eclipse.     Tea  at  Mrs.  T.  Orne. 

Nov.  9.  Mad™  &  Mrs.  &  Miss  Pickman  D  tea  here.  Sarjant 
Daniels  tried.* 

14.  Quilted  my  Black  Stuff  Coat. 

•Convicted  of  manslaughter  committed  when  he  was  between  twelve  and 
thirteen  years  old.    Judgment  was  finally  stayed. 

Nov.,  1780]        MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  105 

15.  Quilted  Peggy's  Black  Coat. 
18.     Made  my  winter  gown. 

20.  Dr.  Bernard  Published  yesterday.  His  Company  Drank 
Punch  here  to  Day. 

30.  [Sally  Putnam  married  to  Capt.  Palfrey. — MarrjareVs 

Dec.  1.     We  drank  tea  at  Mrs.  Sparhawk  with  Mrs.  J.  Derby. 

3.     Morns  at  Mr.  Bernard.     Aft°  at  Mr.  Princes. 

5.     EvnS  to  see  Mrs.  Pynchon. 

7.  Thanksgiving.     Dind  at  Mad™  Pickmans.     Evn^  at  home. 

8.  D"^  Spent  the  Evn^  at  Mr.  Sparhawks. 

9.  Peggy  made  M'■^  Palfray  a  wedding  visit. 

11.  Club  at  Mr.  Sparhawks. 

12.  D  tea  &  spent  Evn^  at  Mrs.  Derby s. 

18.  Mrs.  Goodale  sent  fer  me.  I  D  tea  &  spent  Evn^.  Miss 
Hannah  Minott  here. 

19.  Mad""  Sarjant  taken  ill.     Very  Stupid. 

20.  Afternoon  &  Evn^  at  young  Mrs.  Pickmans. 

25.  Christmas.  Mr.  Steward  read  Prayers  &  Sermon.  We  all 
went  in  the  morn^.     Violent  rain  in  Afternoon. 

26.  We  were  to  see  Miss  Jeffry.  Mr.  Bernard  Spent  Evn^ 

27.  We  D  tea  &  Evn^'  at  M"  Cabots.     Miss  Brown  there. 

30.  Dinah  Scowered  Pewter. 

31.  Evns  at  Mad^'  Pickmans. 

Jan.  6,  1781.  Made  Peggy s  Green  Patch.  Mrs.  Sarjant  Brought 
to  Bed.     Dr.  Bernard  went  to  Wenham. 

7.     D'^  Bernard  married  to  Miss  Judith  Herbert  at  Wenham. 

10.  Mad"^  Sarjant  Died.  I  wrote  to  my  uncle  By  the  Bobbin 
Bound  to  Holland. 

13.  M'  Parker  Carried  our  Letters  to  Boston. 

14.  Mad"^  Sarjant  Buried.  The  Dr.  a  Bearer  with  M"^  Nutting, 
Cabot,  Pynchon,  Derby  &  D''.  Putnam. 

31.     Made  Mrs.  Sarjant  a  Sitting  up  visit. 
Feb.  15.     Stove  alter'd.     Sat  in  y''  front  room. 

16.  Mrs.  Ward  Buried.     News  of  Mrs.  Gardiners*  Death 
25.     First  in  mourning  for  Mrs.  Eppes. 

28.  D""  went  to  Beverly  to  Capt.  Itich'^  Derby. 
Mar.  2.     At  Capt.  Cleavelands. 

7.     Wrote  to  my  uncle  by  Mr.  Winthrop. 
Apr.  7.     Bought  Calico  at  Fosters. 

17.  [Capt.  W[illiam]  Williams  buried. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

*Mrs.  Abigail  (Epes),  the  second  wife  of  Dr.  Sylvester  Gardiner  of  Bos- 
ton. She  was  the  daughter  of  Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  and  married  for  her 
first  husband  Wm.  Epes  of  Virginia.  She  died  at  Pool,  near  Bristol, 

106  DIARY  OF  [May,  1781 

May  24.  At  Judge  Olivers  By  invitation  to  D  tea  &  hear  the 

25.  Capt.  Rattie  here,  arrived  Last  Evn^. 

29.  At  Mrs.  Cabots  with  Mrs.  Harry  Gardner  &  her  sister 

31.  [Mrs.  Waldo  biought  to  bed. — Margaret's  Diary. j  I  made 
Mrs.  Lee  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

June  10.     Mrs.  Waldof  Died. 

July  5.  We  Drank  tea  &  Eat  Cherrys  at  Mad™  Pick  mans  with  a 
large  Company. 

18.  The  D""  &  I  went  to  Commencement,  the  first  time  since  the 

23.    I  made  Mrs.  Ingersoll's  first  visit. 

Aug.  9.     Turtle  [feast]  at  the  fort. 

Sept.  1.     D*"  [Joseph]  Orne  taken  with  Palsey. 

Oct.  4.  Mr.  Haven  Came,  Din'd  &  Lodg<^.  [Mrs.  Palfrey  got  to 
bed. — Margarefs  Diary. '\ 

5.     Judge  [Benjamin]  Lynd  Died. 

22.  At  Mrs.  T.  Oliver.     D'  Orne  married. 

23.  Mrs.  &  Mr.  Vans,  Mrs.  Orne,  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Goodale  D.  tea 
here.     Mr.  Pearson  &  wife  Came. 

26.  News  of  Gen^  Conwallis  Defeat. 

Nov.  6.  Dr.  Bernards  wife  Brought  to  Bed. 
7.  D'  went  to  M^^^'^'^.  Mr.  Whitwell|  Died. 
18.     Mrs.  [Lewis]  Hunt  Died  with  fits. 

21.  D'  Spofford  Dind  here.  Mr.  Killura  Brought  our  Silks. 
Miss  Molly  Appleton  here.     Peggy  at  a  Dance, 

30.  Mr.  C.  G.  Pickman§  Died.     I  was  there  in  the  afternoon. 
Dec.  4.     Mr.  C.  G.  Pickman  Buried.     I  walk'd  with  Ben  Pick- 

14.     Cato  left  us  to  live  in  Boston. 

18.  [I  made  a  Wedding  visit  to  Miss  [Sally  White]  Sprague 
who  married  D'  Stearns.—  Margarefs  Diary.'] 

19,  Made  Wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  Sewal  at  Mr.  Princes.  Mrs. 
Oliver  &  Mrs.  Carwick  Brought  to  Bed. 

25.  Christmas.  Morn^  at  Chh.  aff^  rode  with  Mad™  Pickman 
to  old  Mr.  Thomas's  funeral.     Began  4  lb,  Bohea  tea. 

Jan.  9,  1782.  Dr.  Putnam,  his  nephew,  Mr.  Bernard,  Mr.  Ste- 
ward &  Mr.  Haven  Dind.  Mrs.  Goodhue  &  Polly  Davis  D  tea  & 
spent  Evn^.     Ben,  Tucker  Came  to  live  here. 

*Samuel  Blythe  of  Salem  was  making  harpsicords  about  this  time.  He 
sold  one  to  Mrs.  Margaret  Barton  in  1786  for  £18,  An  instrument  made 
by  him  is  preserved  in  the  museum  of  the  Essex  Institute, 

tMrs,  Mary,  the  first  wife  of  Major  Jonathan  Waldo  and  daughter  of 
Jonathan  and  Mary  (CoflSu)  Ropes, 

tRev,  William  Whitwell  of  Marblehead,  Dr,  Barnard's  colleague. 

§Clark  Gayton  Pickman,  son  of  Benjamin.  He  married  Sarah,  sister  of 
Timothy  Orne. 

Feb.,  1782]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  107 

Feb.  3.     Betty  [daughter  of  Capt.]  Goodhue  Buried. 
15.     Peggy  at  Concert.* 

17.  Rode  to  meeting  in  Col.  Sarjants  Slay.  Billy  Pickmans 
Child  Baptized. 

Mar.  10.     Capt.  Harriden  married,  f 

29.  Mrs.  Pearson  $  Died  this  morns  4  "Clock. 

30.  Mrs.  Gardner  Brought  to  Bed. 

Apr.  8.  Sent  for  Mrs.  Jones  &  Mrs.  Carwick.  Very  Bad  till  ^ 
Past  11  A.  M.  when  I  was  D*^  of  a  son.  Mad™  &  Mrs.  Pickman  & 
Mrs.  Derby  Called  in. 

9.  Mrs.  Goodale  &  Miss  Higginson  Called.  Miss  Minott  &  her 
Brother  D  tea  here. 

10.  Two  W^  Pynchons  Call^^  &  Mad'"  Oliver  &  her  son  &  D' 
Goodhue  Calle*^.     Dr.  Bernard  Called. 

14.     Child  Baptized  Edward  Augustus. 

25.     Fast  Day.     Dr.  at  Reading.  D'  Goodhue  very  Bad. 

28.     Sitting  up  week. 

May  11.    News  of  the  Death  of  Mr.  Carwick. 

20.  Mrs.  Higginson§  arrive*^  from  Halifax. 
22.    Nurse  went  to  nurse  Mrs.  Derby. 
June  14.     News  of  Bill  Andrews  Death, 

July  10.     Mrs.  Goodhue  sent  for  me.  Hejl  Died  at  10  Mock  A.  M. 

22.  We  made  Mrs.  Fisher^  wedding  visit. 

23.  My  teeth  set.** 

Aug.  8.     At  Mrs.  Goodhue  Last  time. 
13.     At  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickman.     Her  child  Died  yestei'day. 
23.     Mrs.  Goodhue  Left  Salem. 

Sept.  1.  My  Dear  Child  Died  9  A.  M.,  which  makes  the  8**^ 

Oct.  20.     Mrs.  Billy  Pickman  Died. 

21.  Club  here.     Eunice  Sister  Died. 

23.  Eunices  Gown  made.     Her  Sister  Buried. 

24.  Peggys  white  Lutstring  made.  Mad™  Pickman  &  I  at  Billy 

25.  We  made  Mrs.  Wetmoresff  wedding  visit. 

*In  aid  of  the  families  of  Continental  Soldiers  belonging  to  Salem. 

tCapt.  Jonathan  Harriden  and  Eunice  Mason.  He  was  one  of  the  brav- 
est seamen  who  sailed  out  of  Salem  harbor. 

{Doctor  Holyoke's  sister  Priscilla. 

§Mrs.  Higginson  was  a  sister  of  Thomas  Robie  and  had  been  living  in 
Halifax.  With  her  daughter  Mehitable,  she  kept  in  Salem  for  many  years 
a  well  known  school. 

llDr.  William  Goodhue,  aged  .35  years. 

IfRev.  Nathaniel  Fisher,  rector  of  St.  Peter's  church,  and  Miss  Silence 
Baker  of  Dedham. 

**In  1781,  a  dentist  named  Templeman  was  located  in  Salem.  Two  years 
later  Mr.  Brown  from  Boston,  was  extracting  teeth. 

t+William  Wetmore  married,  second,  Oct.  8,  1782,  Sally,  daughter  of 
Samuel  Waldo,  of  Falmouth,  Me. 

108  DIARY  OP  [Dec,  1782 

Dec.  1.  Mr.  [William]  Bentley  Preachd  all  Day.  Mr.  Parker 
Sail'd  for  France.* 

7.     Made  the  Child"^  Lamskins  Cloaks. 

11.  Peggy  at  Mrs.  Stearns.  I  D  tea  at  Mrs.  Northeys.  The 
ChiW  at  Capt.  Jn°  Derby s. 

20.  Mes*'*  Wetmore,  Appleton,  Pullen,  Bernard,  3  Osgoods 
Dind.     Mrs.  Derby,  Goodhue,  Miss  Pickman  spent  Evening. 

Jan.  1,  1783.  I  was  in  the  Evn^  at  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickman,  with 
the  Children  at  a  Ball. 

2.  Altered  my  white  Sattin.  [Dr.  Osgood  calld  to  invite  me  to 
a  Ball. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

3.  At  a  Ball  in  the  New  Room.f     Peggy  there.   Dr.  not  there. 
7.     Child"^  at  Polly  Goodales  Ball. 

13.  D  tea  at  Dr.  Blanchards.  Evn^  Danced  at  Mr.  [Hasket] 

15.     At  the  assembly. 

17.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince,  D'  Waldo,  Miss  Messenger,  Mr.  Jeffry 
&  Sister  D  tea.  [I  was  at  a  Concert!  with  D'  Ogood. — Margaret's 

23.  Mr.  Cleaveland,  Jeffry,  Flag,  J.  Pynchon,  Mr.  Bartlet  Din'd 

24.  Evening  at  Concert.  § 

29.  At  the  assembly  with  the  Dr  &  Peggy. 

31.     [We  were  at  a  play||  at  the  Brick  Store. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
Feb.  2.     Extreem  Cold.     Them.  10  Below  0. 
13.     Children  at  Waits  Ball. 

20.  Made  Wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  Waldo.^f  Peggy  at  a  Concert 
in  the  Evn^. 

21.  Bought  striped  Lutestring  for  half  a  dollar  pr  yd. 

25.  Mrs.  Goodale,  Vans  &  S.  Higginson  tea  &  Evening.  Chil- 
ren  at  Mrs.  Hillers. 

26.  All  at  the  assembly. 

Mar.  21.     Mrs.  Fisher  Brought  to  Bed. 

22.  Tom  Carried  Mrs.  Goodhue  to  Lynn.  Mr,  Templeman 
Called  in. 

30.  Measles  first  Broke  out  at  Capt.  Holmes. 

*In  the  ship  "  General  Galvez,"  Capt.  Smith,  18  guns,  owned  by  the 

tThe  new  Assembly  Hall  on  what  is  now  Federal  street. 

JGiven  in  the  new  "  Concert  Hall"  by  the  Massachusetts  Band  of  Music 
belonging  to  Col.  Crane's  Artillery  and  home  on  furlough.  Tickets,  six 
shillings.  Two  hundred  and  twenty  tickets  were  sold  and  Parsons  Bar- 
nard and  Prince  were  present  and  remained  until  the  dancing  began. 

§Similar  to  the  concert  of  the  17th  but  this  time  given  in  aid  of  the 

II"  The  Distracted  Mother"  presented  by  Mr.  Bartlett's  school.  Music, 
two  tiddles  and  a  drum. 

HDr,  Jonathan  Waldo  of  Salem  and  Miss  Amelia  Messinger  of  Wrenthen 
were  married  Feb.  5th,  1783. 


1741-181  2. 

Merchant  of  Salem.      From  the  portrait  painted  in   I  809  by  Gilbert  Stuart. 

Mar.,  1783]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  109 

31.    News  of  Peace. 
Apr.  1.     News  of  Peace  Confirmed. 

4.  Capt.  Jn°  Derby  arrived  from  France.*  [Mrs.  Palfrey  got 
to  bed. — Margarets  Diary.'] 

6.  Nurse  Called  here  with  Mrs.  Palfray's  Child. 

7.  Sukey  first  went  to  school.  Betsy  &  Judy  to  Miss  Bab- 

14.  Young  Mr.  Oliver's!  Family  moved  to  Providence. 
17.     Hitty  at  vendue. t     Very  hot,  them  86«. 

28.  Mr.  Parker  arrive'^  from  France. 

29.  Mr.  Ben  Pickman,  Bartlet,  D''  Bernard,  Oliver  &  Parker 
Din*^  here.  We  were  at  a  Play§  in  the  Evening.  Betsey  acted 
Lucy  in  the  West  Indian. 

30.  [I  went  to  see  Mr.  Carpenters  Office  illuminated. — Marga- 
rets Diary.'] 

May  5.     2  Miss  Derbys,  Capt.  Carnes  ||  &  Lady  D  tea  here. 

7.  22  young  Lady's  Drank  tea  and  Dance*^  here. 

8.  25  young  Lady's  Drank  tea  &  Dane'*  again  to  Day. 
10.     Made  Soap. 

20.     Peggy  &  Betsey  at  Mr.  Cloutmans  funeral. 

22.  Betsy  Mascarene  Died.  Ben  &  Sukey  Began  to  Break  out 
with  the  measles.  Mrs.  Davis  &  Mrs.  Goodhue  Din**  here.  Tea  at 
Mrs.  Cabots. 

28.  Betsey  in  south  field  with  Eunice. 

29.  Made  a  wedding  visit  to  Mrs,  West.^ 
June  17.     Our  Box  Came  from  Boston. 

20.     Very  hard  thunder.     [W.]  Liscombs  house  struck. 
July  14.     Made  Gauze  Bonnet. 

15.  Dr.  Bernard  Carried  me  to  Cambridge. 

16.  Went  to  meeting  all  Day.     Dind  at  Uncle  Appletons. 

17.  Went  in  the  morning  to  College. 

22.     Rode  in  the  mornS  round  Dor[che]st'"  Square. 

26.     Came  home  in  the  Stage. 

Aug.  5.     Peggy  at  a  Party  at  Flax  Pond. 

Sept.  2.     Chd''  went  in  the  Evn^  to  the  Puppet  Show. 

4.     We  went  to  the  Puppet  Show.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Cleavelands. 

*In  a  twenty-two  days  passage,  bringing  the  first  official  confirmation  of 
peace.  Capt.  Derby  also  was  the  first  to  carry  to  London  the  news  of  the 
battle  of  Lexington. 

tThomas  Fitch  Oliver,  son  of  Hon.  Andrew  Oliver.  He  began  the  study 
of  law  with  William  Pynchon  and  married  his  daughter  Sarah.  In  1783 
he  removed  to  Providence,  where  two  years  later  he  was  ordained.  The 
following  year  he  returned  to  Marblehead  as  rector  of  St.  Michaels. 

^Auction  of  "  European  goods"  at  Bartlett's  office. 

§Another  exhibition  by  Mr.  Bartlett's  scholars. 

llCapt.  Carnes  in  the  "  Porus"  had  been  captured  in  September,  1781  and 
was  released  February,  1783. 

HCapt.  Nathaniel  West  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Elias  Hasket 
Derby.     See  Dr.  Bentley's  Diary,  Vol.  Ill,  pp.  259-262. 

110  DIARY   OF  [Sept.,  1783 

6.     Cato  Came  from  Boston. 
24.     Mr.  Bentley*  ordained.     All  at  meeting. 
Oct,  7.     Child'"'^  Began  at  Mrs.  Mannings  School. 
13.     [Miss  Sally  Crowninshield    married   to  Mr.   [John]  Saun- 
ders.— Margarefs  Diary.'] 

15.  First  assembly,  Peggy  there.     We  D.  tea  at  D'  Waldos. 

16.  Mr.  Prince,  Bernard  &  Bently  Din'd  here. 
21.     At  ministers  meeting. 

Nov.  9.     Mrs.  Rusts  Child  Christned  Polly. 

13.  At  Capt.  Derbyst  funeral. 

15.  Mr.  E,ead$  took  leave  of  his  school. 
19.     [Fire  cried. — Margarefs  Diai'y.'] 

23.  [Miss  Betsy  Barton  married  to  Mr.  [William]  Cleveland. — 
Margarefs  Diary.] 

Dec.  5.     Brigadere  Farley  §  Din'd  here. 

24.  [Mr.  Pearson  came  here  to  live. — Margarefs  Diary.] 

Jan.  6,  1784.  Mrs.  Turner  ||  Died  this  morning.  Lydia  King 

14.  The  D'  »&  Peggy  with  me  at  y®  assembly. 

16.  We  went  to  Shops  in  ye  afternoon.  Old  Capt.  [John] 
Gardner  Died  Aged  79. 

23.     Mrs.  Sewal  Died  at  Cambridge. 

28.  At  the  assembly  with  Peggy.  D'  Din'd  at  D'  Putnams  with 
Col.  [Timothy]  Pickering. 

31.  Went  to  [Samuel]  Pages  [dry  goods  and  hardware]  store 
in  ye  afternoon. 

Apr.  1.     [Clark]  Gayton  Pickman  Died. 

23.     M"^  Prince  spent  aft«^  &  Evn«  here.     Air  Balloon. 

28.  The  Children  Began  Dancing  with  Mr.  White. 

29.  Paid  James  Noland  the  fidler  for  Instructing  Children. 
May  3.     Miss  Nancy  Cutts  &  I  walk'd  round  Buffums  Corner.^ 
10.     Club  here.     Mr.  Goodale  moved  into  their  own  house. 

14.  Master  [Belcher]  Noyce  &  [Jeremiah]  Smith  after'*  & 
Evn^  here. 

*Rev.  William  Bentley  (1759-1819),  the  famous  pastor  of  the  East  Church, 
Salem.    See  his  Diaries,  in  four  volumes,  published  by  the  Essexinstitute. 

tCapt.  Richard  Derby  (1712-1783),  the  eminent  merchant  and  father  of 
Elias  Hasket  Derby. 

ifNathan  Read  opened  a  school  near  the  town  house  in  June,  1783.  He 
afterwards  studied  medicine  with  Doctor  Holyoke,  and  opened  an  apothe- 
cary shop,  then  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  iron  atDanvers,  invented  a 
steamboat  that  successfully  was  navigated  on  Danvers  river,  was  Member 
of  Congress  in  1800,  Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  removed  to 
Belfast,  Me.  in  1807  and  was  Chief  Justice  of  the  Court  in  Hancock  County 
for  years. 

§Maj .-Gen.  Michael  Farley  of  Ipswich,  leading  member  of  the  General 
Court  for  several  years,  member  of  txecutive  council,  and  delegate  to 
United  States  Constitutional  Convention. 

II  Mrs.  Mary,  wife  of  John  Turner. 

KCorner  of  what  is  now  Essex  and  Boston  streets. 


171  5-1  802. 

From  the  pastel  made  by  Benjamin  BIythe  in   1772,  and  now  in  the 
possession  of  the  Essex  Institute 

Apr.,  1784]       MRS.  MART  (vial)  holyoke.  Ill 

15.  Mr  Pearson  &  the  young  Lady*  went  into  Mr.  Bernards 

27.  I  went  to  Boston  in  the  stage. 

28.  Dined  at  Mrs.  Mascarenes,  tea  at  Mrs.  Whites.  At  old 
South  Evn^  Lecture.     Saw  Cato. 

June  3.     Cato*  Died  Last  night.     I  was  there. 
5.     Mr.  Reed  Din'd  with  us,  af"  at  College  &  D  tea  at  Mr.  Gan- 

7.     Came  home  in  the  stage  over  Winnisimet  [ferry]. f 

22.  Mad'"  Oliver,  Mrs.  Pynchon,  Mrs.  Cleaveland,  Miss  Jeffry, 
Mr.  Cleaveland,  Jeffrey,  Blany  &  Prince  D.  tea. 

July  3.     Betsey  went  to  Andover  with  Master  Smith. J 
11.      Mr.   Bern[ar]d  Prea[che]d    all  Day.      First   Began  at  3 

30.  At  shops  after  tea. 

31.  D.  tea  at  Mrs.  Carwicks.     First  rode  with  the  new  horse. 
Aug.   2.      Mrs.   Barton  &  her  3  Daug*'^''^  &  Miss   Jeffey  here. 

Extreem  hot,  therm  98  . 

9.  Peggy  &  Judy§  at  Mr.  Turners  Danc^.  Betsey,  Mr.  Pearson 
&  I  on  Gallows  hill. 

11.     Children  at  Dancing,  very  hot. 

13.  Very  hard  thunder.    Sugar  house  struck. 

18.  At  Dancing.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Jeffreys.  D'^  Prince  ||  ar- 

23.  D'  Dined  at  Mr.  Wetmores  with  Dr.  Prince. 

27.  D''  Prince,  H.  Derby,  Goodale,  Prince,  Bern*^,  Wetmore, 
Dowse,  Fisher,  Pickman  Din'd  here.     Tea  at  D""  Blanchards. 

Sept.  2.  [Mrs.  [Sarah]  Palfrey  married  to  Capt.  [Stephen] 
Webb. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

11.  We  Drank  tea  at  Capt.  Jn°  Derby  s  farm  on  the  neck.  [Mr. 
Chased  buried. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

14.  First  made  a  fire  in  the  stove  in  the  Evn^. 
27.     Billy  Cabot  &  Mr.  Curwin**  Got  home. 

*Cato  was  their  negro  servant  who  had  gone  to  live  in  Boston. 

tChelsea  ferry. 

JJeremiah  Smith,  who  succeeded  Nathan  Read  in  teaching  a  small  school 
for  young  ladies  while  reading  law  with  William  Pynchon.  He  afterwards 
became  Crovernor  of  New  Hampshire. 

§.Judith,  in  1795,  married  William  Turner,  the  dancing  master. 

llDr.  John  Prince  of  Salem,  a  loyalist  who  had  been  living  in  Halifax. 

if  Abner  Chase,  aged  44  years,  painter  and  glazier  and  member  of  the  So- 
ciety of  Friends. 

**Samuel  Curwen.  William  Pyncheon  in  his  Diary  relates  that  Mrs.  Cur- 
wen,  who  had  been  living  alone  since  her  husband  deserted  her  in  1775, 
had  "an  hysterick  fit  on  hearing  the  news"  of  his  arrival  in  Boston.  On 
Sept.  16,  1785,  Mr.  Curwen  wrote  from  London  to  a  friend  in  Salem  as  fol- 
lows: "Should  she  [Mrs.  Curwen]  obstinately  resolve  to  live  and  die  in  Sa- 
lem, .  .  .  it  is  my  express  and  peremptory  order,  command,  and  injunc- 
tion on  my  heirs  that  on  no  consideration  her  dead  body  be  entombed  with 

112  DIARY   OF  [Oct.,  1784. 

Oct.  2.     After  tea  walk'd  to  the  Sugar  house. 

5.     Mr.  Badger  &  his  Dau^^**  Came  in  the  forenoon. 

9.     D^  went  to  see  D'  Kneeland*  with  the  palsey. 

20.  Capt.  Dodge  &  Lady  D.  tea  &  spent  Evn^. 

21.  We  D.  tea  at  Capt.  Wests.  Evn^  at  Mrs.  Pynchons  to  see 
Mrs.  Brown. 

23.  At  Mr.  [Jeremiah]  Smiths  School  in  the  morning.  Mrs. 
Smith  D.  tea  here. 

29.  The  Marquiss  D  Lefayet  arrived.  Din'd  [at  Concert  Hall. — 
Margaret's  Diary.']     We  were  at  the  Ballf  in  y®  Evn^. 

Nov.  1.     Mrs.  ClarkJ  Died  yesterday, 

5.  Mr.  Bernard,  Curwin,  Prince  &  Fisher  D.  tea.  Peggy  at  a 
Ball.     D'  Payne§  Came. 

9.  Gov.  Brown  II  &  Lady,  Mr.  Pynchon  &  Lady,  Mr.  Oliver  & 
Lady,  Mrs.  Goodale,  Mrs.  Jackson,  Drank  tea  &  spent  Evn^  here 
By  invitation. 

24.  Thanksgiving.  All  Din'd  &  S.  Evn^  [at]  Madam  Pickman. 
Mrs.  Farnham  there. 

26.  [A  violent  storm,  the  tide  uncommonly  high. — Margarets 

27.  My  neighbor  Mrs.  Cleaveland1[  Died. 
Dec.  20.     Club  here.     I  went  to  see  the  Childrens  Dance  at  Mr. 


24.  Dr.  Bern*^,  Osgood,  Sterns,  Pullen,  Oliver,  Mr.  Smith  Din'd 

Jan.  12,  1786.     Bottled  Lisbon  wine,  136  Bottles. 

15.     We  First  Put  Books  in  the  B— . 

24.     Put  Bacon  in  Pickle. 

30.  D'  Lloyd  Came  to  See  Mr.  Dowse.  At  home  in  the  after". 
President  Willard  P[reache]d  in  the  morn*.  Mr.  Dowse**  Died  in 
the  EvnK. 

my  late  niece  or  any  of  my  family,  being  unwilling  that  her  dust  should  be 
mixed  with  that  of  a  family  to  which  she  bore  enmity;  and  I  should  be  not 
a  little  deranged  in  the  Resurrection  morning  to  find  Abigail  Curwen  start- 
ing up  by  my  side  .  .  .  and  to  be  put  out  of  sorts  at  a  season  so  solemn 
and  important  is  too  mortifying  a  thought  to  indulge." 

•William  Kneeland,  M.  D.  of  Cambridge,  who  married  Dr.  Holyoke's 
sister  Elizabeth. 

tThe  Marquis  had  a  stiff  knee  and  didn't  dance.  The  festivities  ended 
at  12.30  P.  M. 

itMrs.  Anna,  widow  of  Capt.  John  Clarke  of  Salem. 

§Dr.  Wm.  Paine  (1750-1833),  who  had  married  Lois  Orne  of  Salem,  had 
just  arrived  from  Halifax  with  his  wife  and  child.  lu  1768-1772  he  had 
studied  medicine  with  Dr.  Holyoke. 

II Perhaps  William  Browne  of  Salem,  who  was  a  loyalist  and  had  been  ap- 
pointed Governor  of  Bermuda  in  1781. 

ITMrs.  Margaret,  wife  of  Stephen  Cleveland,  merchant. 

♦*Joseph  Dowse  (1709-1785),a  merchant  in  Boston  who  was  burned  out  in 
the  great  fire  of  1760.  On  May  22,  1761  he  was  commissioned  surveyor  of 
the  port  of  Salem,  and  in  1765  was  comptroller  at  a  salary  of  £40.  He  did 
not  leave  the  country  at  the  time  of  the  Revolution. 

Feb.,  1785]         mrs.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  113 

Feb.  7.  I  was  at  Mr.  Dowses  funeral  with  the  Dr.  &  Child''.  He 
was  Carried  into  [St.  Peters]  Chh,  a  sermon, 

8.  Mrs.  Safford  Brou*  to  Bed,  Dr.  there. 

17.  We  D.  tea  at  Mrs.  Dowse.  Mr.  Pearson  from  Andover  Came 
here.  The  Miss  Ropes  &  Putnam,  Mr.  Prince  &  Ber[nar]d  D  tea 
&  spent  Evns. 

21.  Miss  Caty  Atkins  &  Mrs.  Anderson  D  tea  liere.  Spent 
Evn^  at  Mrs.  Goodale.     She  sent  for  us. 

24.     We  were  at  Mr.  Sam  Ornes  funeral. 

Mar.  21.  Club  here.  Peggy  at  Polly  Pickmans.  Child"  at  Polly 

29.  Betsey  &  Judy  had  Comply,  40  misses  D.  tea  &  S.  Evn*. 

30.  Snow  &  Clap  thunder  Evn*. 

May  3.  Peggy  &  Miss  Jeifry  at  old  Mrs.  [Mary]  Bowditch's 

9.  At  Mrs.  [Thankful]  Saffords  funeial  with  Nancy  Jeffrey. 
16.     Sally  Ormond  Came  to  Live  here. 

18.  Col.  Pickman*  arrived  after  10  years  absence. 
June  4.     Peggy  at  New  Mills  to  see  Becky. 

8.     Mr.  Parke  from  York  Lodg^  here. 

10.  Mr.  Pearson  &  Peggy,  Hitty  &  Sukey  at  Becky  Dales  fune- 

12.  At  Mrs.  Nuttingt  funeral.  Peggy  watch'd  with  Mrs. 
[Elizabeth]  Cabot. 

13.  We  Drank  tea  at  [Jonathan]  Twiss*  By  invitation. 
15.     Mrs.  Cabot  Died  this  morn^. 

22.  We  spent  Evn^  at  Mr.  Cabots. 

30.     Went  to  see  the  fireman  on  the  Common. 

July  7.     Alter'd  my  Laylock  Gown.     D"^  Parker  here. 

11.  I  was  at  singing  at  our  meeting  house  in  the  Evn*. 

14.  Went  to  Boston  with  Mrs.  C.  G.  Pickman  &  Daug"  in  the 
Stage.     Spent  Day  at  Mrs.  Minotts. 

15.  Din'd  at  Mrs.  Mascarenes.  Tea  at  Mrs.  Parkman,  walk'd 
in  the  mall.     Lodg**  at  Mrs.  ^Mascarenes. 

16.  Din'd  at  Mrs.  Morrils.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Townsends. 

17.  At  Chappel  in  y®  morn^.  Dined  at  Mr.  Davis.  Mr.  Clarks 
aft'',  tea  &  Evn^  at  Mr.  Whitwels. 

19.  Went  to  Cambridge  with  Mrs.  Simpson,  spent  Day  there. 

20.  Com[mencemen]t  meeting  all  Day. 

21.  Din'd  at  D^  Kneelands.     Tea  at  Mrs.  Walley. 

22.  Din'd  at  Mr.  Simpsons. 

23.  Went  round  to  Boston  &  home  in  the  after". 

26.     [Mr.  [Samuel]  Page  buried. — Margaret's  D{ary.'\ 
Aug.  10.     At  Phillips'  Beach  with  the  Dr.  &  Co. 

*Col.  Benjamin  Pickman  (1740-1819).     See  ante,  Mar.  11,  1775. 

tMrs.  Elizabeth  (Pickman),  wife  of  John  Nutting,  a  noted  schoolmaster. 

114  DIARY  OF  [Aug.,  1785 


29.     Club  first  met  at  Col,  Pickmans. 
Sept.  16.     Peggy  at  Lydia  Fisk*  funeral. 
18.     Betty  Alien  Died. 
Oct.  12.     Mrs.  Ingersol  Brought  to  Bed. 

13.  Hitty  first  went  out  to  work. 

14.  Newall  Carried  Mrs.  Winslow  &  Mrs.  Minot  to  Cambridge. 

15.  Polly  Goodale  here.     Very  Dark. 

Oct.  26.  At  Mr.  Smiths  School  in  the  morn^.  Af^  at  Mr.  Spald- 
ings*  ordination. 

29.  [Our  books  came  from  England. — Margaret's  Dlary.~\ 
Nov.  1.     Mr.  Prince  &  D"^   Waldo,  Mr.  Bern**,  Cleaveland,  their 

Lady«,    Mrs.  Barton  &    Miss  Peggy,   Mr.  Jeffry  &    Sister  &  Mr. 
Blaney  S[pent]  aft*^  &  Evn^. 

8.  [The  Pyrates  tried. f — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

9.  Bought  50^*  cheese  at  16. 

14.     Bought  8  BP*  of  Cyder  at  8/6.     Bought  of  Spofford. 
18.     Pinks  in  bloom  in  our  Garden. 

30.  Mrs.  [John]  Fisk  Died. 

Jan.  2,  1786.     Bought  butter  30^»  at  ^^  and   20^*  at  10*. 
4.     Mr.  &  Mrs.  Goodale,  Mr.  Jeffrey  &  Sister,  Miss  S.  Higginson 
D  tea  &  S  Evn«  here.     Bought  230^  of  Pork  at  14"*. 
6.     Eliza  Simpson  died. 

17.  Peggy  at  the  assembly.    Froze  mercury.    Ther"**  10  Below  0. 

18.  Therm.  11  Below  0. 

25.     At  Mr.  Olivers  School  with  Mrs.  Goodale. 
28.     Dr.  [Joseph]  Orne  Died  Last  night. 

30.  Began  to  take  milk  at  Benj™  Osgoods  2  qts  p*"  Day. 
Feb.  20.     [Fire  at  Marblehead.— ^^i«a^>e?JA's  Diary.'] 

Mar.  15.  Mrs.  Ingersol  &  Miss  Bridge  here  aft°  &  Evn«.  Mrs. 
Waldo  Brought  to  Bed. 

20.      [The  launching. — Elizabeth' s  Diary.] 
23.     We  made  first  visit  at  D'^  Fisher*. 
25.     Af"  at  Chh  to  hear  the  organ. 

31.  Peggy  &  I  at  the  assembly.     The  Last  for  this  season. 
Apr.  1.     Suow.     Violent  Storm. 

3.     Peggy  at  Mrs.  Ropes  funeral. 

10.  Mrs.  Pickman  Brot  to  Bed  in  ye  morn«.  [Love  Pickman 
born. — Elizabeth's  Diary.] 

12.     Mr.  [Francis]  Cabot  Died. 

14.  Good  f riday.  In  the  morn«  at  Chh.  D  tea  at  Mrs.  Cabots. 
Evn«  at  Mr.  Goodales. 

*Rev.  Joshua  Spaulding,  ordained  pastor  of  the  Tabernacle  church. 

tFive  men  were  tried  for  taking  possession  of  the  schooner  Amity,  bound 
from  Virginia  to  Africa,  and  recaptured  and  brought  into  Salem.  At  the 
same  session  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court,  Cato  Frye  was  found  guilty  of 
theft  and  sentenced  to  receive  twenty  stripes  at  the  whipping  post  and  to 
sit  on  the  gallows  for  one  hour.  The  gallows  were  erected  on  Salem  Com- 


Apr.,  1786]         MRS.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  116 

18.     Mr.  Buckminster  Call^. 

21.  Greys  Shop*  &  Walsh'  house  Burnt  5  a.  m. 

29.  Mrs.  Mascarene  &  her  2  maids  Came  here  from  Mr.  Cabots. 
Sew"^  Sweet  marjoram  &  Lavender. 

May  2.     At  Miss  H[annah]  Gardner's  funeral. 

9.  C.  Cutts  &  L[ydia]  Kneeland  Lodg'^  here. 

18.  Mrs.  Pote  D  tea  here.  She  Carried  Mrs.  Mascarene  to 

16.  Mrs.  Mascarene  return*^  from  Marblehead  &  went  to  Cam- 
bridge.    Sarah  Brimblecomb  went  from  here. 

16.     Mrs.  Appleton  Came  here  from  Cambridge. 

24.  [An  Indian  woman  found  dead  in  the  Great  pasture.! — Mar- 
garets Diary. "^ 

26.  [Mrs.  John  Derby  buried. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 
June  9.     Mad""  PickmanJ  Died.     I  was  there. 

10.  Made  mourning.  §  Bought  Lutestring.  Mrs.  Goodale  & 
Miss  Jeffrey  help*^  us. 

11.  We  work^i  all  Day. 

12.  At  Mad™  Pickmans  funeral. 
14.     Oven  finish^. 

16.  I  Drank  tea  at  Col.  Pickmans. 

17.  Charlestown  Bridge  finish**. 

19.  [Painted  kitchen  chamber. — ElizabetJi's  Diary.] 

22.  Miss  Appleton,  Judy  &  I  went  to  Boston  over  the  new 
Bridge.  Dined  &  tea  at  Mrs.  Minots.  Evn^  walk**  over  the  Bridge 
to  the  ale  house  at  Breeds  hill. 

23.  [Mr.  [Joseph]  Blaney  died. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

27.  [Papered  kitchen  chamber. — Elizabeth's  Diary.] 

28.  Made  morn^  visit  to  Mrs.  Davis,  Masc[are]ne,  Townsend, 
Barrel,  Perkins,  Parker  &  Story. 

July  1.  Din**  at  Mrs.  Walley',  at  Dancing,  tea  at  Mr.  Pearsons, 
took  a  walk. 

3.  At  the  Exhibition,  at  Chapel,  Din**  at  Mr.  Simpsons,  tea  at 
Mrs.  Bradish,  walk**  in  Mr.  Brattles  Gardens. 

4.  I  Came  home  in  the  stage.     Found  Miss  Locke  here. 
10.     At  Mrs.  Ingersols.     Went  to  see  the  Court  house. |1 
14.     [We  went  down  to  the  new  fort. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
Aug.  8.     Young  Ladies  at  Mr.  Derby*  Farm. 

9.     Peggy  &  two  Betseys  at  Mr.  Websters  Lecture. 

*A  painter's  shop  on  Essex  street. 

tSbe  was  murdered  by  her  husband,  Isaac  Coombs,  who  confessed  the 
crime  and  was  hanged  Dec.  21,  1786. 

+Mrs.  Love  (Rawlins),  wife  of  Col.  Benjamin  Pickman. 

§Her  cash  account  shows  that  the  "  mourning"  cost  24  shillings,  the 
black  lutestring,  £4,  black  shoes,  13  shillings,  and  a  shawl,  15  shillings. 

llThe  new  court  house  built  in  1785  in  the  middle  of  Washington  street 
nearly  opposite  the  Tabernacle  church  and  was  removed  when  the  railroad 
tunnel  was  built  in  1839. 

116  DIAKY    OF  [Aug.,  1786 

15.  At  Party  at  the  Beach.  Mrs.  Pynchon,  Prince,  Jeffry  & 
Mr.  Webster  D  tea  here. 

16.  We  all  D  tea  at  Miss  Jeffry ^     At  Webster s  Lecture,*  Last. 
24.     We  D  tea  at  Mrs.  Andersons  By  invitation. 

28.     [Mama  at  Sam  Gardiners  funeral. — Margaret's  Diary. "] 
Sept.  1.     Made  the  first  visit  to  Mrs.  Gray. 

20.  Judy  &  Philo  sick.     We  washed. 

21.  Sukey  taken  with  the  Chicken  Pox. 
26.     Mrs.  Hiller  &  Dr.  Ornes  wid"''  here. 

28.  Judy  &  Sally  Cloutman  took  a  Puke.  Mrs.  Penhallow 
Lodg*^  here. 

29.  She  went  to  Portsmouth. 

Oct.  4.     The  Dr.  &  I  at  tuitle  at  Mr.  Toppans. 

9.     Tom  painted  the  Entry  floor. 

19.     Heard  of  Mrs.  Winslows  Death. 

23.     Evn^  to  hear  musick  at  Bartlets. 

Nov.  8.     M""  Griffint  came  to  live. 

9.     We  were  at  a  Ball  in  the  Evn^  made  for  the  Court. 

12.     I  made  setting  up  visit  to  Mrs.  Prince. 

16.  S[upreme  Judical]  Court  S[pent]  Evn**  here. 

17.  Hitty  watch*^  with  Mrs.  Ashtons  Child. 

Dec.  10.  Snow  very  Deep.  All  staid  from  meeting.  No  meet- 
ing in  town  but  Mr.  Bentleys.     Began  a  Barrill  of  Sugar. 

11.  Club  first  met  at  Dr.  Plummers.J  The  Dr.  taken  very  ill 
after  Club. 

21.  Isaac  Coombs§  hung  for  the  murder  of  his  wife. — Margaret's 

22.  Our  Little  room  Chimney  Catch"*.  Mr.  [John]  Turner 
Buried.  Miss  Jeffry  &  I  rode  in  Mr.  Derbys  Slay.  Miss  Jeffry  & 
her  Brother  &  iMr.  Pullen  D  tea  &  S  Evn^  here.  Mr.  Pearson  &  T. 
Farley  ||  watch**  the  fire. 

Feb.  17, 1787.  Mrs.  West  Brought  to  Bed.  Pero  swept  Kitchen 

18.  Mrs.  West«  Child  Call**  Patty. 

19.  The  Miss  Ropes,  Putnams,  Miss  P.  Pickman  &  Miss  Frye 
D  tea  S  Evn^  &  Dane**  here. 

*This  evening  he  gave  an  account  of  his  travels  through  several  of  the 
Southern  States  and  most  of  the  Northern  States.  On  the  previous  Mon- 
day he  lectured  on  the  education  of  youth. 

tJames  Griffin,  a  medical  student. 

tUr,  Joshua  Plummer  (1756-1791),  born  in  Gloucester,  removed  to  Salem 
in  1785,  had  a  high  reputation  as  a  surgeon.  His  daughter  Catherine  be- 
queathed the  funds  with  which  Plummer  Hall  was  erected. 

§Coombs  was  an  Indian  who  murdered  his  wife  in  the  Great  Pastures. 
Before  execution  he  was  taken  to  the  Tabernacle  Church  where  Rev. 
Joshua  Spaulding  delivered  an  appropriate  sermon.  The  execution  took 
place  on  the  Neck. 

IIAbiel  Pearson  and  Thomas  Farley  were  studying  medicine  with  Doctor 

Feb.,  1787]         mks.  mary  (vial)  holyokp:.  117 

28.  Tho^  Farley*  return*^  here  from  the  army. 
Mar.  1.     Thos  Farley  went  to  Ipswich. 

2.  Major  Hiller,  Major  Sprauge,  Dr.  Stearns,  Rev*^  Mr.  Ber- 
[nar]d,  Mr.  Jeffry  Dined  here. 

8.     Dr.  Osgood  S  Evn^  here.    Invited  Betsey  &  Peggy  to  the  Ball. 
15.     Mrs.  Webb  Bronght  to  Bed. 
Apr.  3.     Peggy  &  Betsey  Painted  Picture. 
12.     Mr.  Griffin  returned  &  Mr.  Lane  &  Capt.  Flag  Call**. 
19.     Training.     [I  went  to    Capt.    Putnams    to    see   the   Cadet 
Company. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

23.     Mrs.  Ingersoll  &  Miss  Bridge  return**. 

29.  Mrs.  Olivet  Died  this  morning. 

May  11.  Dr.  Peggv  &  I  Din^i  &  S  Day  at  Mr.  Goodales  with 
Judge  Wendell  &  Lady. 

17.  Miss  Jetfry  &  I  went  in  the  morn«  to  Mr.  Derby^  store  & 
house  to  see  the  Ostrich,  &c.1: 

18.  Bough*  a  Dressing  Box. 

23.     At  Mr.  Derby ^  to  see  the  Artillery  Company. § 

June  16.  I  walk^  to  the  old  fort||  with  the  Pickman  Family, 
Mrs.  Carpenter  &  the  Miss  Dimans. 

28.     Turtle  at  Lynn.     Invif*  but  couldn't  go. 

July  3.  We  D  tea  at  Miss  Jeffry^  with  Mrs.  Prince  &  Miss 
Willard  &  went  to  the  Court  House. 

Aug.  6.     Mr.  Reedll  Came  to  live.     Young  Lady^  at  Mr.  Derby«. 

10.  Betsy  had  Company.  We  S.  af°  at  Mrs.  Goodales.  Evn^ 
at  Mr.  Spaulding^  Lecture. 

22.     Mrs.  [Samuel]  Bljth  Buried. 

30.  We  all  D  tea  at  Capt.  Fisk^  Doctor  Walter**  &  Lady  arriv-*. 

31.  D"^  Walter  Call^.  I  Call^  at  Judge  Olivers  to  see  Mrs. 

Sept.  2.     Susy  West  Died  Last  night. 

3.  We  all  D  tea  at  Capt  Billy  Orne. 

4.  Lydia  Kneeland  &  I  rode  around  the  town  in  the  Hack. 
Peggy  &  Betsy  at  Susy  West^  funeral. 

6.  We  went  to  Beverly.  D  tea  at  D""  Fisher^  Walk'i  i^  Mr. 
Cabot^  &  Capt.  Brown^  Gardens. 

•Son  of  Gen.  Michael  Farley  of  Ipswich. 

tMrs.  Anna,  wife  of  Capt.  John  Olive. 

tCapt.  Sanders,  from  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  has  brought  home  a 
Young  Ostrich:  it  is  now  about  three  months  old,  and  about  the  bigness  of 
a  turkey.  Another  one  died  on  its  passage.— Soie»i  Mercury,  Maij  15, 1787. 

§The  first  appearance  of  the  new  company  under  Capt.  Bulfiiigtoii.  The 
flag  was  blue  with  federal  stripes  in  the  canton  and  the  uniform  was  black 
faced  with  scarlet. 

Illn  1787  there  were  three  forts— William,  Lee  and  Juniper. 

UNathan  Read,  a  medical  student. 

*»Rev.  William  Walter  who  married  Lydia,  daughter  of  Judge  Benjamin 
Lynde  of  Salem.  He  was  rector  of  Trinity  church,  Boston,  and  went  to 
England  in  1776.     In  1792  he  became  rector  of  Christ  Church,  Boston, 

118  DIARY  OF  [Sept.,  1787 

7.     Lydia  Kneeland  went  home. 

15.  Miss  Appleton  Came  home  in  the  Portsmouth  stage. 

20.  Miss  Willard  went  to  Mr.  Ber[nar]d.     Mrs   Walter  Call** . 
[the  Cadets  appeared. — Margaret's  Diary."] 

Oct.  12.     I  went  to  the  shops  in  the  morn^.     Mr.  Noyce  S.  the 
Evn«.     Bought  Marseilles  Quilt. 

15.     Made  the  wedding  visit  to  Capt.  John  Derby.* 

17.  We  went  to  Mr.  Derby ^  to  see  training. 

18.  D'-  [William]  Paine  &  D''  [Isaac]  Osgood  D.  tea  here. 
Nov.  29.     Thanksgiving.     Mrs.  Prince,  Miss  Bayly,  Miss  Lee  & 

D'  Parker  Din<^  here.   Mr.  Goodale  &  Lady,  &  son&  Daugh*®"",  Miss 
S.  Higginson  S.  Evn^  here  with  them. 

Dec.  11.     Mr.  Jn°  Ropes  &  Miss  [Hannah]  Harridon  married. 

14.     Mad™  Dimanf  Died  very  suddenly  this  morn*^. 

24.  [We  had  a  concert  at  M'  Lane^. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

25.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Dimans.     Evn^  at   Mr.  Princes.     Betsey 
Jeffry  &  Miss  Ashton  Din^  here.     D"".  at  Mr.  Graftons. 

Jan.  12,  1788.     Jacob  Ashton  died. 
17.     Jacob  Ashton  Buried  &  Deacon  Bickford. 
Feb.  20.     Hear"i  of  M"  Locke"  Death.  + 

Mar.  22.  M""  [Joseph]  Grafton  &  M"  Pynchon  married  in  Church 
this  afn. 

31.     [Old  Mrs.  Cleaveland§  buried. — Margaret' s  Diary.] 
Apr.  15.     Mr.  Griffen||  Inoculated  at  the  Hospital. 

21.  Sukey  nine  toDay  &  had  7  Misses  here. 
24.     The  President  Call'd. 

May  1.     Mr.  Learnardlf  Came  here  to  Live. 

21.  [I    walked  down  to   see   the   New   Bridge.** — Margaret's 

22.  M'  Read  mov*^  his  trunk  to  Mr.  Princes. 

June  17.     Mrs.  Parker  &  her  Sister  here.    June  Green  Pease  first 
Bro*  to  Sell,  1/6  p'  peck. 

19.  Began  to  gather  white  roses. 

22.  News  of  N.  Hampshire  adopting  the  Constitution. 

23.  Training.  Court  house  illuminated.  [Rejoicing  for  the 
adoption  of  the  new  Constitution. — Margarets  Diary.] 

July  15.  Peggy  &  I  rode  in  Chaise  to  Cambridge.  M'  Learned 
on  horse  Back. 

16.  Commencement.     At  meeting.     Din'd  at  D""  Kneelands. 

*Capt.  John  Derby  married  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Peirce  of  Boston. 

tThe  wife  of  Rev.  James  Diman,  former  pastor  of  the  East  Church. 

tMrs.  Holyoke's  mother  married  2nd,  Rev.  Samuel  Porter  of  Sherburne, 
whose  daughter  Mary  married  Rev.  Samuel  P.  Locke  and  died  Feb.  1, 

§Mrs.  Susanna  (Porter),  widow  of  Rev.  Aaron  Cleveland. 

II  James  Gritfin,  who  was  studying  medicine  with  Dr.  Uolyoke. 

ITEbenezer  Learned,  who  came  to  study  medicine  with  Dr.  Holyoke. 

**The  new  Essex  bridge  between  Salem  and  Beverly. 

July,  1788j         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  119 

18.  Mr.  Learn*  Carried  me  to  Boston.  S.  Day  &  night  at  Mr. 
Minots.     Evn«  at  M"  Games. 

19.  Breakfast  at  M"  Mascarene^  Call'd  at  M""  Morril,  Carrells, 
Whitwels.     Walk'd  in  the  mall. 

21.  Breakfas"^  at  M"  Mas[carene]s.  ('all'd  at  M""  Amory,  Wen- 
dais,  Appletons.  Din'd  at  M"  Minot.  Came  home  in  the  Stage. 
Turnips  first  Brou*  to  sell, 

Aug.  7.     I  made  Mrs.  Gardner  a  Setting  up  visit. 

12.     D""  [Ebenezer]  Putnam  Died. 

15.  I  was  at  D""  Putnam^  funeral  with  M''^  H.  Derby.  D.  tea  at 
Col.  Pickerings. 

21.     Peggy  &  Judy  at  Dancing  School  in  Evn«. 

Sept.  2.     Heard  of  D'  Locke"  Death.* 

3.  Heard  of  Nancy  Cutts  Death. f 

9.  Mrs.  r[rancis]  Cabot  Died. 

10.  Rev*^  M''  Fisher  &  Lady  D.  tea  here. 

12.     The  young  Lady^  at  Capt.  Putnam^.     New  Chaise  Came 
home.     D'  &  I  rode  to  the  Bridge. 
15.     D''  &  I  at  a  Turtle  at  Putnams. 

24.  Essex  Bridge  open'd.  Vast  numbers  Past.  We  all  Rode 
over.     Major  Hiller  &  Lady  here  &  M"  Bill  Orne. 

27.     M""  Learned,  Polly  Locke,  &  Sukey  &  I  walk'd  over. 
Oct.  3.     General  Review  on  the  Common  in  the  forenoon.     At  a 
Ball  in  the  Evn*. 

4.  Mr.  &  Mrs,  Carter  J  went  from  here  this  morn^.  Came  yes- 

9.     Rev<i  Mr.  Diman  Died.§ 

Nov.  2.     Dr.  [William]  Kneeland  Died. 

27.  Thanksgiving.  Mrs.  [Mehitable]  Higginson  &  Daug',  Miss 
Beaty  &  Miss  Lee  Din'd  &  D,  tea  Evn^. 

28,  Mr,  Griffin  went  from  here  To  Keep  School  at  Menotomy, 
Dec.  2.     Miss  Hannah  Minot  mar*  To  Mr.  Logier. 

7,     M"  Waldo  Brot  to  Bed, 

19.     The  D"",  Betsy,  Judy  &  myself  at  a  Ball  made  for  the  Court. 
23.     Mr.  Hooper,  Lowel,  Ber[nar]d,  Bradbury,  Parsons,  Smith, 
Col.  Wiggles^"  &  Capt.  Fletcher  Din'd  here. 

25.  At  Chh.  in  the  forenoon.  M"  Carwick  &  Sal  Punchar* 
Din'd  here.  Three  Judges,  Mr.  Pickman,  Pullen,  Pickering  & 
Cabot  S,  Evng,  here. 

Jan.  5,  1789.  Mrs.  Webb,  Mrs.  Clarke  &  Miss  Putnam  here. 
We  went  to  the  Hall  to  See  the  Ballance  Master.  || 

•Samuel  Locke,  M.  D.  of  Sherburne,  Mass. 

tAnna  Holyoke  Cutts  of  Portsmouth,  daughter  of  Dr.  Holyoke's  sister 
tEliza  Eppes  Cutts  of  Portsmouth,  married  Nathaniel  Carter,  jr, 
§Predecessor  of  Rev.  William  Bentley  as  pastor  of  the  East  church, 
llAn  Irish  rope  dancer  who  exhibited  in  the  Assembly  Room, 

120  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1789 

10.     We  were  at  Mrs.  [Kachel]  Wards  funeral. 
Feb.  4.     Rec"i  a  Pig  from  D"-  Atherton  the  weight  268  lb.  at  3*. 
Bo*  56^t  of  Butter  at  6^. 

15.     Astrea*  Sail*^  for  Cauton. 

21.  Priscey  Abbot  Died. 

28.  Betsy  took  a  Puke  in  the  Morn^.  [I  went  Shops  with  Suky. 
Bought  a  Gown  at  Miss  Hathorne*. — Margaret's  DiaryJ] 

Mar.  6.  We  D.  tea  at  Judge  Oliver^  with  M""  &  Mrs.  Prince. 
They  Spent  Evn^  here.  Peggy  at  a  Ball  with  Mr.  Larned.  Kitchen 
Chimney  Swept. 

7.  Mr.  [William]  Pynchon  very  ill.  [Betsy  very  poorly  with 
the  jaundice. — Margarei^s  Diary.'] 

12.     Peggy  made  the  Wedding  Visit  to  M'^  [Michael]  Webb. 

14.  Mr.  [William]  Pynchon  Died  12  "Clock" A.  M. 

15.  D'  &  I  Spent  the  Evng  at  M}^  Pynchons. 

22.  Betsey  taken  With  vomiting.  Very  Poorly  all  Day.  I  Staid 
at  home. 

23.  Betsey  very  Bad. 

25.  Mrs.  Carwick  Came  to  Stay  with  Betsy. 

26.  Betsey  Died  this  Day  5  "Clock  P.  M. 

27.  House  full  of  our  Condoling  Friends. 

28.  Mr«  Kneeland  &  M"^  Pearson  Came. 

29.  My  Dear  Betsey  Buried.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Logier  &  M'  Minot 

31.  Miss  Jeffry,  Miss  Pickman,  Frye,  M'^  C.  G.  Pickman  here 
2  Miss  Derby«  S.  Evn^  here.  [Miss  Charlotte  Ives  died. — Marga- 
ret^ s  Diary.] 

Apr.  1.     Mr.  Bernard  &  Polly  Goodale  here. 

2.  Mrs.  Goodale  &  Miss  Higginson  &  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince  &  Miss 
Mellen  here. 

3.  Mrs.  Pickman  D.  tea  here.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Appleton  S.  Evn*^ 

4.  Miss  Charlotte  Ives  &  Betsey  Mansfield  Buried. 

6.  M"  Harridon  &  Mrs.  T.  Ropes  here.  Miss  Jenny  Ropes  S. 
Evn^  here. 

7.  Mr.  Prince,  T.  Lane,  D"-  Pain,  M^'  Goodale  S.  Evn^. 

8.  Nurse  Brewer  D.  tea  here.  M"  Higginson,  P.  Pickman  & 
Betsey  Frye  S.  Evng.  here. 

9.  Col.  Pickman  &  wife,  Betsey  Orue,  P.  Lander,  P.  Ashton  S. 
Evn^  here. 

22.  Peggy  went  to  Beverly  in  Mr.  Derby^  Waggon.  [I  went  to 
the  manufactory.! — Margaret's  Diary.] 

May  3.     [Miss  Bridge  married.  J — Margaret's  Diary.] 

*This  vessel  also  made  several  early  voyages  to  India  and  in  1793  was 
seized  by  the  Sultan  of  Pegu  and  used  to  transport  his  troops  to  Siam. 

tThe  cotton  manufactory  set  up  in  Beverly. 

JMoses  Brown  of  Beverly  married  Polly,  daughter  of  Rev.  Matthew 
Bridge,  late  of  Framingham. 


From   a  medallion  cut  in  wood  by  Samuel  Mclntire  of    Salem, 
after  drawings  from  life,   made  by  him  during  Washing- 
ton's visit  to  Salem  in  I  789.      It  is  38x56  inches 
in  size  and  formerly  decorated  the  western 
gate   of  the   Common. 

May,  1789]         mrs.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  121 

12.     Mr.  &  Mrs.  Jackson  Broiig*  their  Son  here. 

22.  Peggy  &  the  Miss  Dimans  &  Judy  made  Mrs.  Browns  wed- 
ding Visit  at  Beverly. 

June  3.  Training.  Mrs.  Fisher  of  Beverly,  Mrs.  Grey  &  Miss 
Chipraan  here. 

24.  Spent  Afn.  at  Mrs.  Vans  in  Northfeild,  Dr.  with  M' 
Goodales  family. 

July  6,     Peggy  at  the  Play  at  Marblehead.* 

22.  At  Donegan's  Rope  dancing. 

23.  We  S.  afn.  at  Capt.  Derby^  farm  with  a  large  Company. 

24.  Very  hot.  Evg.  at  Miss  Jeffry*.  Peggy  was  at  the  Rope 

27.  Afn.  at  Capt.  G.  Derby.  Evng.  at  Old  M"  Jeffry.  D"^  & 
Sukey  at  Donagan's. 

Aug.  13.  Major  Sprauge  Carried  Mrs.  Walley  home.  The  D'' 
Carried  Sukey  &  I  to  Beverly.  Drank  tea  at  Mr.  Browns.  Mrs. 
[Margaret]  Gerrish  Died. 

16.     Mrs.  Gerrish  Buried. 

22.  Our  Neighbour  M"  [Anstis]  Chipman  Died. 

28.  [I  went  to  the  Card  manufactory.  Mr.  Learned  carried  me 
to  Cambridge. — Margarefs  Biarr/.'] 

Sept.  19.     Sally  Grant  Buried. 

23.  Mr.  Loger  &  Mr.  St.  Mark  Call*^  in  the  morn^.  Peggy  & 
Betsy  Minot  rode  out. 

Oct.  20.  [M'  Ben  Pickman  married  to  Miss  Derby. — Margaret's 

29.  General  Washington  Arrived.  We  Spent  the  Day  at  Mrs. 
Putnams.f      [At  a  Ball. — Margarefs  Diary.'] 

Dec.  26.     Mr.  T[imothy]  Orne  Died. 

Jan.  8,  1790.  Bought  my  Black  Mantua  Silk  Gown  at  Mr. 

Feb.  26.  Mr.  Prince,  Mr.  Prescott,  Mr.  Bently  &  Major  Hiller 
Dined  here.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince,  Miss  Bayly,  Miss  S.  Putnam  & 
Mr.  Prescott  D.  tea  &  S.  Evg.  here. 

Mar.  1.  We  S.  afn.  at  Judge  Rope%  Evn^  at  Mrs.  JefEry*. 
M''^  Goodale  came  to  town. 

3.  The  D'',  Peggy,  Judy  &  I  at  the  assembly. 

4.  Mr.  Lowel  &  Mr.  Jackson  Call'd  to  See  us.  We  were  all  at 
Mr.  Ashton's. 

20.     Mad*"  Holyoke  Died. 

24.  The  D""  &  I  &  three  Child"  went  to  Cambridge  in  Newel's 
Coach.     Mother  Buried. 

•An  exhibition  in  the  new  Marblehead  Academy.  "The  youth  per- 
formed the  Tragedy  of  Cato  by  Mr.  Addison  &  several  other  pieces." 

tMrs.  Putnam's  house  was  at  the  corner  of  Washington  and  Church 
streets,  and  from  the  windows  a  good  view  could  be  obtained  of  the  new 
Court  house  where  Washington  was  received. 

122  DIARY    OF  [Mar.,  1790 

25.     We  all  return*  Except  Peggy. 

Apr.  8.  Fast  Day.  At  meeting  in  the  morn^.  Dr.  went  to 
Cambridge,  Wigglesworth*  with  him.  I  Staid  at  home.  Polly 
Goodale  Lodg*^  here. 

22.  Mrs.  Brown  Brot  to  Bed. 

23.  Mr.  [Benjamin]  Ropes  &  Sister  [Sarah]   Buried. 

24.  President  Willard  &  Mr.  Ber[nar]d  D.  tea  here. 

29.  [I  was  at  M''  Gardiner^  child's  funeral. — Margaret's  Diary."] 
May   3.     Club  here.     [M"   Whitwell«   child   &\edi.— Margaret's 


8.  Peggy  Came  home  with  Mr.  Pickman.  I  Drank  tea  at 
Nancy  JefEry^. 

11.     Sukey  Began  Dancing.f 

19.  Made  the  wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  WestJ  at  Capt.  Mackey. 

22.  We  all  Drank  tea  at  M""^  Lee*  By  Invitation  to  see  Miss 

23.  At  M"^  [John]  Nutting^  funeral. 

25.  We  went  to  See  the  factory. 

31.     Madam  [Mary]  Lynde  Died.     I  was  to  See  her  Last  Evg. 
June  23.     [Mrs.  Michael  Webb  died. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

30.  Mrs.  [John]  Appleton  Died. 

Aug.  21.  Mr.  Arthur  Jeffry  very  ill.  I  Call'd  in  the  Evn*  to 
See  his  mother  &  Sister. 

22.  Mr.  Jeffry  Died.     M""  Eliot  Preach'*. 

23.  I  was  at  Mr.  Jeffry^  funeral.     Club  here. 

24.  I  Spent  Evn^  at  Mr«  Jeffry  with  D'^  Walker. 

26.  Mrs.  Putnam§  from  S*  Johns  &  Miss  Sally  Putnam  &  Col. 
Pickman^  Family  here. 

27.  I  rode  to  Mr^  [William]  Vans^  funeral.  Mr.  Prince  & 
Family,  the  Miss  Willard  &  M"  Ingersol  there. 

Sept.  9.     [Thorndike  Proctor  hung  himself. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
Oct.    12.     Young   Lady«   at   Miss    Lander^     Training.     [Sally 
Pickman  married. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

20.  Made  Mrs.  Osgood's  wedding  visit  with  Mr^  Prince,  &c. 
They  all  Spent  Evn«  here.  Mr.  [Nathan]  Read  married.  Judith 
at  wedding. 

28.  We  all  made  Mr.  Read  wedding  visit.  28  Gentleman  & 

29.  Peggy  went  to  Beverly.  M"  Frye  &  Miss  Sophy  Willard 
S.  Day.  Pres'*  [Willard],  Mr.  Bernard,  &  Prince  &  Mr.  Read  S. 
Evn«.     D'  Din**  with  them  at  Mr.  Prince's. 

*Edward  Wigglesworth,  a  new  medical  student,  who  died  within  a 

tSusannah  was  then  eleven  years  old. 

+Capt.  Edward  West  married  Betsey,  daughter  of  Capt.  Daniel  Mackay. 

§Mrs.  Elizabeth,  widow  of  James  Putnam,  the  loyalist.  He  was  "  the 
ablest  lawyer  in  all  America." 

Nov.,  1790]  MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyokb.  123 

Nov.  2.     Chimney  Peice  finish**.     Room  Clean*. 

11.  Miss  Hickling  D.  tea  here.  Polly  Goodale  came.  Pero 
Swept  the  K.  Chimney. 

12.  Young  Lady^  all  at  the  Court  Ball. 

22.  We  made  the  wedding  visit  to  Mrs.  S.  Ward.  [Went  to 
See  the  Balloon.* — 3Iargarei's  Diai'y.'\ 

25.  Thanksgiving.  Miss  [Catharine  G.]  Hickling,  M"^  Pres- 
cott,t  Mr.  Putnam  Dind  &  D.  Tea  here.     Eve«  all  at  Concert. 

26.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  the  assembly.  Miss  Hickling  went  to 

Dec.  8.  Dr.  Ber**  Call'd  &  Monsieur  Moree.  Dr.  Plummer  S. 

9.     Play«»  Quadrille. 

19.     Dr.  a  Bearer  to  old  Mrs.  [Thomas]  Lee. 

Jan.  2,  1791.  Mr.  Logier  Lodg*  here  Last  Night.  Morn^  alone, 
at  meeting  afn.     Snow  very  Deep. 

3.  Mr.  Logier  went  to  Mbhd.  Returned.  Club  here.  Sam 
Sparhawk  here. 

4.  Mr.  Logeir  went  to  Boston. 

9.  At  Mr.  Prince's  meeting  all  Day.     Dr.  Bern*  S.  Evn^  here. 

10.  D'-  &  I  Drank  tea  &  I  spent  Evn«  at  old  Mrs.  JefEry  with 
two  Mrs.  Cabot  from  Beverly. 

12.  D"^  &  Mrs.  T.  Orne  &  I  Drank  tea  at  Capt.  T.  Lee».  Evn* 
Peggy  Came  from  Boston. 

13.  Judy  at  Capt.  G.  William^. 

14.  Mr.  Read  Spent  the  Evn^  here.     Peggy^  Cloak  made. 

15.  Mr.  Pearson  Came  from  Cambridge. 

16.  I  was  at  Mr.  Prince's  all  Day.  Mr.  Pullen  S.  Evn^  here  & 
S.  Sparhawk.     Coz.  Peggy  Minot  Died. 

18.  Mr.  Prince  &  Lady,  Mr.  &  Miss  Jeffry,  Mr.  Pullen  &  Mr. 
Prescott  S.  afn.  &  Evn«. 

19.  We  S.  EvnK  at  Mrs.  Ingersol's.  Mr.  Moody  &  Mr.  Prescot 

20.  Major  Waldo  &  Lady  &  Mrs.  Messenger,  Mr.  Prince  &  Lady 
here.     Miss  Eliot  &  Miss  Russel  S.  Day  here. 

21.  I  was  at  the  Assembly. 

22.  Mr.  Learned  returned  from  Cambridge. 

23.  Mr.  Bernard  Pre*  all  Day.  Mr.  Jn"  Derby  &  Lady  Sat  in 
our  Pew.     Mr.  Pullen  &  Peggy  Sander^  S.  Evn«  here. 

24.  Club  here.     Mrs.  [Mary]  Ingersol  Died. 

25.  Eliza  Grey  Died.  I  call'd  to  see  Mr.  Grey.  The  Miss  Lan- 
der* here  &  Betsey  Frye. 

•Exhibited  by  a  travellings  Irishman.     The  balloon  fell  into  the  harbor. 

tWilliam  Prescott,  son  of  Col.  Prescott,  who  fell  at  Bunker  Hill,  then 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  in  Salem.  Miss  Hickling,  the  daughter  of 
Thomas  Hickling,  afterwards  became  his  wife.  They  were  the  parents  of 
William  Hickling  Prescott,  the  historian. 

124  DIARY    OF  [Jan.    1791 

26.  Peggy  at  Co^  Pickman^  with  Mrs.  Thorudike. 

27.  Judy  at  Mr.  Appleton^     Eliza  Grey  Buried. 

28.  We  S.  afn.  &  Evn^  at  Mrs.  T.  Orne^  with  Mrs.  Jeffry  & 
Mrs.  Eead,  &c. 

30.  At  Mr.  Ber^  in  the  Morn«,  Mr.  Prince  afn. 

31,  Mr.  &  M"  Ashton  &  Daug"*  S.  Afn.  &  Evn^  here. 

Feb.  2.  We  made  Wedding  visit  to  Miss  Peggy  Barton.*  Evn* 
Mad^i  Jeffry. 

12.     Deacon  [Abraham]  Grey  Died. 

Mar.  5.     Old  Mr.  [Ebenezer]  Ward  Died. 

Apr.  1.  Major  Sprauge  Carried  Miss  Locke  to  Cambridge.  We 
were  at  Mr.  Fisher's.     We  S.  Evn^  at  Mr«  Orne's. 

12.     [Mrs.  Carwick  was  here  to  quilting. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

15.     Flower  Garden  laid  out. 

17.  M''^  Fisk  &  the  young  Lady^  here  &  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince.  Mr. 
Prescott  &  Pullen  here.  D""  &  Judy  T.  Pickman  &  Sukey  went  to 

30.     Made  M""^  [Nathaniel]  Ropes  wedding  visit  yesterday. 

May  3.  We  were  at  Launching,  f  Went  on  Board  the  Grand 
Turk.     [We  went  to  the  Duck  manufactory. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

19.  Grand  TurkJ  Launch**.  We  Saw  her  fromM''^  West«.  She 

20.  She  was  finis**  Launching.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince,  Mrs.  Parker 

June  2.  Made  Mrs.  [Ebenezer]  Putnam  Wedding  visit  at  Gen- 
eral Fisk**. 

29.  Copper  Plate§  Bed. 

30.  Put  up  the  Bed. 

July  1.  D''  &  Peggy  went  to  Cambridge.  Hersy  Derby  D.  tea. 
I  Call**  upon  Miss  Oulton,  M'«  Osgood,  &  S.  Ev^  M"  Orue. 

2.  D"^  &  Peggy  returned. 

3.  Mr.  Ber^  in  the  Morn«,  M""  Prince  afn.  Mrs.  Orne  S.  Even* 

5.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Goodale,  Rev*  Mr.  Bernard,  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince  & 
Mrs.  Orne  S.  af«  &  Evn«. 

6.  M''  Harris  &  M"^^  Orne  went  with  nie  to  See  Sukey  Dance. 

7.  Miss  Oulton,  M"  Lee  &  Miss  Newall  D.  tea  here.  Mrs.  Read 
Got  to  Bed. 

*Miss  Peggy,  daughter  of  late  Capt.  Samuel  Barton,  married  Capt.  Sam- 
uel Derby. 

tA  brig  launched  sideways  from  Derby's  wharf,  by  Enos  Briggs.  The 
first  vessel  launched  in  Salem  in  this  manner. 

JThis  was  not  the  famous  "  Grand  Turk  "  which  visited  Canton,  China. 
That  voyage  was  made  in  1786.  About  9000  people  were  present  at  this 

§The  hangings  were  made  of  "copper  plate,"  so  called  because  the 
design  on  the  cotton  fabric  was  printed  from  engraved  copper  plates. 

July,  1791]  MRS.  MARY  (vial)   holyoke.  125 

8.  The  Dr.  &  Peggy  Sat  out  for  Cambridge,  returned  on  ace*  of 
the  heat  &  Dust. 

10.  At  meeting.  Mr.  Holt  Preach**.  [Mr.  Read*  Child  baptized 
Elizabeth  Holyoke. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

11.  We  D.  tea  at  Capt.  Jn"  Derby*. 

12.  Sally  Punchard  Cover'd  Chairs. 

18.  Simeou  Carried  Peggy  &  Judy  to  Cambridge. 

20.  Mr.  Kead  Carried  me  to  Cambridge.  At  meeting  in  the 
moruK.  Din'd  &  Lodg**. 

21.  We  return^  to  Dine. 

25.  Simeon  went  to  Cambridge.  1  Spent  afn.  &  Evn^  at  Mrs. 

26.  Peggy  &  Judy  return**  from  Cambridge. 

27.  Nighbour  Sauuder*  family  D.  tea  here.  Mad™  Jeffry  taken 
with  the  Palsey. 

28.  I  was  at  Mad™  Jeffry  forenoon,  afn.  &  Evn^. 

29.  Young  Lady"  at  Col.  Pickman.  I  Spent  Evn^  there.  Call'd 
at  Mrs.  Reads. 

Aug.  1.     Mrs.  N*  Ropes  Got  to  Bed.     A   Son. 

2.     We  made  Mrs.  Read  a  Sitting  up  visit. 

4.     Mr.  T.  Treadwel  went  to  Live  at  Mhd. 

6.      [Harry  Gray  broke  his  leg. — Margaret^ s  Diary ^ 

10.     Mrs.  [Isaac]  Osgood  Died  this  Morn«. 

23.  At  D'  [Joshua]  Plummers  Funeral  with  Mr.  Appleton. 

24.  Jane  Appleton  Died.  I  Call**  there  &  Drank  tea  at  M"  Hig- 

Sept.  28.  Miss  Appleton  S.  Day  here.  Peggy  Came  from  New- 
bury Port  with  Mr.  Putnam  &  wife  In  the  Hack. 

Oct.  1.  Polly  Goodhue  Came.  Sukey  Din'd  with  the  Spaniard.* 
She  Bro*  the  Little  Girl  home. 

21.  Peggy  &  Pr'^y  Cutts  made  Mrs.  Peabody®  wedding  visit. 
26.     Tea  at  Mad™  Jeffry*.     Evn«  at  the  Wax  Works.f 
Nov.  2.     Tontine  Club  here. 

8.  At  ministers  meeting.  Mr.  Wads  worth  Pre"*  afn,  &  Evn*^  at 
M'  Princes.  [Judy  made  Mrs.  Gray  a  wedding  visit  with  me. — 
Margaret' s  Diary.] 

9.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  Mrs.  Anderson's.  Mrs.  T.  Derby  Call'd  in 
the  morn^. 

17.  Thanksgiving.  Little  Jn°  Rogers*  Din'd  here.  Dr.  at  Mrs. 
Hodges*.  Mr.  Killum  D.  tea.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Rogers  S.  Evn^.  Betsy 
Read  here. 

22.  Mr*  B.  Pickman  Got  to  Bed. 

26.     D'  AthertonJ  made  us  a  Short  visit  after  25  year*  absence. 

*Probably  Sieur  de  la  Tombe,  who  dined  at  General  Fiske's  with  several 

tNathan  Bowen  of  Boston  was  exhibiting  in  the  Assembly  Room. 

ilsrael  Atherton,  M.  D.,  who  was  Dr.  Holyoke's  tirst  medical  student. 
He  settled  at  Lancaster,  Mass. 

126  DIARY  OF  [Nov.,  1791 

30.     We  all  made  the  Wedding  visit  to  M"  Jii°  Derby.* 
Dec.  2.     Judy  at  the  assembly.     Peggy  &  I  Spent  Evn^  at  Mrs. 
Ingersol  with  D""  Perkins  &  Lady  of  Bridgewater. 

9.  I  went  to  the  Printing  Officef  with  Mr.  Pullen.  Miss  Jeffry 
&  Judy  Call**,  at  Mrs.  E,.  Princes. 

20.  A  Large  Company  to  Dine.  Mr.  Bently,  M.  S*  Mara  &  M. 
Egoar,J  Rev^  M'  Ber[nar]'*,  Mr.  Prince,  Mr.  Pulling,  Read,  Dr. 
Little  &  Mr.  Jeffry,  Mrs.  Ashton  &  Daug'^  Drank  tea  &  S.  Evn«. 
&  Mr.  Ashton. 

28.  Afn.  &  Evn«  at  M"  C.  G.  Pickman«.  Gen'  Fisk,  Col.  Pick- 
ma",  Mr.  G.  Roger^  Mr.  Prince,  &  Mr.  E.  Putnam  here.     Dined. 

Jan.  3,  1792.  Simeon  Styles  Bro*  Mr.  Sprauge  from  Cam- 
b  [ridge]. 

4.  Mes«"  T.  Appleton,  W.  Pickman,Rev<^  Fisher  &  Bern^  Major 
Hillar  &  D'  Paine  Din'd  here.     Mr.  T.  Osgood  Invited.  Engaged. 

13.  P.  Kneeland  &  Judy  at  the  Assembly  with  Mr.  Sprauge. 

14.  News  of  Betsy  Minots  Death.     She  Died  12. 
23.     Ther.  12  Below  0.     Club  here. 

26.     Peggy  made  Wedding  visit  to  M"  Page.§ 
Feb.  1.     Sukey  went  on  a  Slaying  Party. 

10.  I  Call'd  to  See  Mrs.  Pynchon.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  the 
Assembly  with  Mr.  Deblois. 

Mar.  1.     Rev"*  M'  Bernard,  Prince  &  Mr.  Read  Din'd,  Venison. 

5.  Club  here.     We  Sat  with  them. 

14.     Peggy  &  I  were  at  old  Mrs.  [Jane]  Sparh[awksJ  Funeral. 

Apr.  24.  Afn.  &  Evn^  at  Mad""  [William]  Jeffry.  Her  old 
House  Taken  Down.  || 

30,  Mr.  Pearson  went  home,  Left  Maria,^  Mr.  Learn*^  &  Waldo 
&  their  Lady^  D,  tea  here. 

June  9,     The  Paving  Bro*  to  our  Do  [or].** 

July  3.  Tea  at  Mr.  E.  Putnam «  with  Gen^  Fisk  &  Lady  &  M" 

4.     Tea  at  M"  Greys  with  M"  Waldo  &  M"  Prince. 

6.  M'  Tread'  D.  tea  here.  Sukey  at  Dancing.  Peggy  &  Judy  at 
Mr.  Read* 

*Capt.  John  Derby  married  Miss  Sally  Barton. 

tThomas  C.  Gushing  then  printed  The  Saiem  Gazette  at  No,  8  Main  street, 
near  Washington  street, 

lEgout,  a  pupil  of  Dr.  Bentley  was  from  Martinique,  W.  I.,  and  Mario, 
alias  Grammond,  is  mentioned  in  Doctor  Bentley's  Diary,  on  Dec.  5,  1791. 

§Esther,  daughter  of  Capt.  Daniel  Mackay,  married  Col.  John  Page. 

llThis  was  the  old  Gardner-Bradstreet-Bowditch  house,  built  about 
1655,  that  stood  in  front  of  what  is  now  the  museum  building  of  the  Essex 
Institute  and  projected  far  into  the  street.  In  this  house  died  Governor 

HHis  daughter  who  came  to  Salem  to  attend  Mrs.  Higginson's  school. 

**The  stone  paving  of  Essex  Street  put  in  by  private  subscription.  Dr. 
Holyoke  contributed  £10. 

ttNear  the  iron  works  at  Waters'  river,  Danvers. 


Pastor  of  the   East   Church,   Salem.     From  the   painting  by   Frothinghann,   now   in  the 
possession  of  the   Peabody   Museunn,   Salem. 

July,  1792]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  127 

9.  Mr.  Prescot  here.     Ask^  P.  &  J.  to  the  pla[y].* 

10.  We  were  all  at  the  Play  in  the  Evn^. 

20.  Peggy  with  me  at  the  Play.  Sukey  at  Osgood^  with  a  Party 
of  Misses. 

Aug.  1.     Rev*^  M'  Holtt  Died. 

3.  M"  Holyoke  &  I  at  M"^  Holts  funeral.  Evn^  at  the  Play. 
5.  Mr.  Quarles  All  Day.  Old  M"  [Miriam]  Nothey  Buried. 
16.     Peggy  made  M"  Rope*  Sitting  up  visit  with  Mrs.  Prince. 

30.  A  Merciful  Escape  from  fire.  M"  Manings  House  &  M" 
Bickford*  House,  &  [Joseph]  Young*  Shops   Burnt  &  PuU^  Down.} 

31.  A  number  of  our  Friends  Call'd. 

Sept.  1.  M"  Walley  Came  from  Cambridge  [on  account  of  the] 
Small  Pox. 

12.  Young  Lady*  at  Becky  Pickman.  Peggy  went  to  Boston 
with  Sukey  to  Be  Inoc[ulated]. 

15.  Mad""  [William]  Jeffry  very  ill.     D'  &  I  there. 

16.  She  Died  this  Day  12  ^Clock  A.  M.  in  88*''  year  of  her  age. 
D""  &  I  there  in  the  evn^. 

19.  Walked  to  Mad™  Jeffry  funeral  with  Mr.  Harry  Gardner. 

20.  S.  EvnK  at  Nancy  Jeffry*. 

21.  Capt.  Cutts  &  Mr.  Deblois  of  Halifax  Call'd. 

Oct.  19.  Coz.  Betsy  &  Judy  at  Powels  Lecture.  §  I  went  to 
Shops.     D.  tea  at  Mr*  Oliver*. 

20.  Hitty  &  Sukey  Carried  Sally  Ormond  to  the  Hospital  to  Be 

26.  Hitty  &  Sukey  Rode  to  the  Hospital. 

27.  Sukey  Walk^  to  the  Hospital. 

30.  I  rode  with  Mr.  Ward  to  the  Hospital,  A.  M.  Nancy  & 
Beckey  Jeffry  Call'd  P.  M. 

Nov.  25.  Snow  very  Deep.  All  Staid  from  Meet^.  Betsy  Orne 
Died  this  Mor^. 

28.  New*  of  the  Death  of  Sidney  Cutts.  || 

29.  Thank^.  Dr.  Ber[nar]'i  &  Lady  &  Son,  Mr.  Lee  &  Putnam 
Din'd  here. 

Dec.  7.     Mrs.  Pagelf  Died  Last  Night. 

11.  I  went  with  Miss  Jeffry  to  See  M"  Derby*  Twins. 

13.  Sukey  Came  from  Beverly  with  Miss  Lee  &  Miss  Cabot. 

*A  stroUiDg  company  of  actors  with  a  comic  entertainment  with  songs 
and  dances. 

tRev.  Nathan  Holt,  minister  of  the  Middle  Precinct,  now  the  town  of 

+The  Sun  Tavern  narrowly  escaped.  Dr.  Bentley  writes  that  he  helped 
supply  water  to  the  volunteer  firemen,  all  the  while  standing  in  the  mud 
up  to  his  waist  in  the  dock  below  the  Tavern. 

§"  At  the  Assembly  Room  will  be  delivered  by  Mr.  Powell,  the  Cele- 
brated Brush  for  rubbing  off  the  Rust  of  Care.  The  songs  will  be  accom- 
panied by  a  select  party  of  Gentlemen  from  Boston.'' — Salem  Gazette. 

ySon  of  Dr.  Holyoke's  sister  Anna. 

ITMrs.  Esther,  wife  of  Col.  John  Page. 

128  DIARY   OF  [Dec,  1792 

14.  They  Came  over  to  tlie  Assembly.  Judy  went  with  them. 
Miss  Cabot  Lodg'd  here. 

19.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  Placeade's*  Entertainment. 

20.  Peggy  went  to  Boston  to  See  her  Aunt. 

21.  Mr^  Mascarenet  Died  this  morn^. 

24.  1  went  to  Boston  with  Burril.  Mrs.  Mascar[en]e  Buryed. 
Carried  to  Chh. 

Jan.  1,  1793.  Mrs.  Prince,  Miss  Jeffry  &  her  Bro***  &  Mr.  Pul- 
len,  M'«  Jeffry,  Mr.  &  M"  Read,  Mrs.  Ashton  &  Sukey  D.  tea  &  S. 
Evn^.     [Auction  at  Aunt  Mascarene^  house. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

3.  M^  Grey,  Co^  Pickman,  M'  Jeffry,  M'  Pullen,  Master  Rogers, 
D'  Little  Dined  here. 

5.  Peggy  Return'd  from  Boston. 

25.  Mr.  Pearson  went  to  the  Hamlet.  He  broke  his  leg.  The 
D''  went  to  Set  it. 

Peb.  4.     Sukey  had  Company  to  Repeat  a  play. 

21.  Peggy  Made  Wedding  visit  to  Cap*  [Jonathan]  Ingersol. 

22.  Pres*  Birth  Day.  Dinner  at  Washington  Hall.  Ball  in  the 
Evn«  at  Cone*  Hall.  Miss  Hickling  &  Miss  Sophy  Willard  Din'd. 
[I  went  to  hear  Mr.  Bently®  Oration. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 

17.  Mr.  McKean  Preach"*.  Mr.  Pearson  Returned  home  After  7 
weeks  absence  with  a  Broken  Leg. 

22.  M'  Prescot,  Miss  Hickling,  Miss  Locke  &  Peggy  went  to 
Marblehead  in  West^  Hack. 

25.     [Sukey  had  an  exhibition. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
Apr.  2.     At  M"  Curwin'st  funeral  with  Mr.  E.  Putnam. 

12.  Rain  Prevented  our  going  to  M""^  Plummer.  D''  Little  S. 
Evn*^  here.  Sewed  Sweet  Marjoram  &  Thyme.  Planted  Six  weeks 

19.  Mr.  Prince,  Prescot  &  Soderstram,  a  Swede,  Din'd  here. 
Judy  at  Beverly  Afn.  &  Evn».     First  turnip  top^  Cut. 

23.  Afn.  at  Mr.  John  Saunders  with  Mrs.  Prince,  Mr.  &  Miss 
Jeffry.  Planted  Corn  &  Beans  &  Sabea  Bean.  Mr.  Deblois,  Put- 
nam, Master  Turner,  Dr.  Pain,  Lee  &  Pickman  Din**. 

May  19.  D'  taken  with  Shivering,  went  to  Bed,  at  6  oClock, 
took  a  Sweat  of  Solu°  of  Tartar. 

June  1.  Planted  Potatoe^  in  y®  new  Gard[en]  &  Sewed  Rad- 
dishs,  Pepper  Grass  &  Lettuce. 

4.  Peggy  at  Debby  Wait^  funeral  with  Polly  Pick[ma]n. 

6.  Th«  Wiggles  [worth]  &  Coffin  D.  tea  here.  Bo*  first  Green 

13.  T.  Minot  Came.  M"  Isaac  Winslow  &  Miss  Winslow,  Mr. 
&  Miss  Appleton  D.  tea. 

15.  Call'd  on  M"  Osgood  of  Ha"  at  Major  Sprauge. 

♦Placide's  entertainment  consisted  of  rope  and  other  dancing,  songs,  etc. 
tDr.  Holyoke's  sister  Margaret  who  married  John  Mascarene. 
JMrs.  Abigail,  wife  of  Samuel  Curwen. 

July,  1793]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  129 

July  8.  [Turtle  feast  at  Washingt'i  Hall.*  My  papa  there.— 
Margarets  I)iaryr\ 

9.  Miss  Minot,  Judy  &  Miss  Cabot  went  to  Boston  in  the  Cape 
Ann  Stage. 

15.  [I  went  with  my  Papa  &  Mama  to  see  a  Cat  of  Mount. f — 
Margarets  Diary.'] 

16.  Peggy  &  I  went  to  Cambridge  with  Newal. 

17.  Commenc*.  Young  Lady^  at  Meeting.  They  Din'd  at 
Pains  Chamber.     M"  Kneeland  &  I  there  P.  M. 

18.  We  Din'd  at  Mrs.  Walley^ 

19.  M""  Pearson  Carried  me  to  See  his  Child. 

20.  Walked  in  M""  Brattles  Mall. 

21.  Mr.  Holmes  Vve^.  I  Drank  tea  at  M''^  Walley«.  Evn^  at 
Mr.  Wiggl[esworth]  &  y*'  president. 

22.  M"  Walley  &  Miss  Appleton  Spent  Day  at  Mrs.  Kneeland^ 
Betsey  Holyoke  Read  Died. 

23.  President  Carried  me  to  Boston. 

24.  Went  to  See  the  Bridge.     Tea  at  M"  Winslow. 

25.  Came  home  in  Stage. 

27.  [M''^  Read  brought  to  bed  with  another  daughter. — Mar- 
garets Diary.'] 

28.  M'  Read«  Child  Christened  Elizabeth  Holyoke. 
Aug.  5.     Peggy  &  I  went  to  See  the  Large  Child. 

14.  Sukey  at  Dancing.  Judy  at  D""  Pains.  Mr.  Soderstron  D. 
tea  here. 

23.  Mrs.  Neal,  Ward  &  Miss  Ward,  Miss  Hiller,  Miss  Greenleaf 
&  Miss  Betsey  Derby  here. 

Sept.  13.     Hambden  Cutts  Brot  Miss  Betsey  Kneeland. 

14.  I  went  to  Portsmouth  with  him.  Dind  at  Mr.  Carter's,  N. 
Port.     Got  to  M"^  Cutts  8  o''. 

15.  At  M"^  Buck  minster «  Meeting  all  Day. 

16.  Walkd  out  in  the  morn^  to  See  the  Church  &  Assembly 
Room.  M""^  Spooner  &  Dau"^  Call'd  to  see  me.  M'"  Penhallow  & 
Sons  Dind  with  us.     We  walk'i  to  M''  Chauncy^  Evn^. 

17.  We  Drank  tea  at  D''  Bracket  yesterday.  Priscey  &  Charles 
went  to  N^Port.     M"  Carter  Sick. 

18.  Dind  at  D'  Bracket's.     Walkd  in  the  Evn«. 

19.  Walkd  to  the  Brick  kiln. 

20.  Walked  in  the  Evn^  to  the  ferry. 

22.  At  Meeting  at  Mr.  Buck[minster]s  all  Day.  Evn^  Call*^  at 
Mr.  Penhallow^     Walk"^  to  See  the  Large  Ship. 

23.  Came  as  far  as  N.  Port.     Lodg'i  at  M'  Carter's. 

24.  Coz.  Charles  Bro*  me.     We  Got  home  to  Dine  to  Day. 

•Given  by  the  Marine  Society,  Mr.  Derby  having  presented  the  turtle,  the 
shell  of  which,  in  which  the  pie  was  served,  measured  3  ft.  by  3  ft.  7  in. 
The  dinner  tickets  were  two  dollars  each. 

tA  catamount  exhibited  at  4  3^  pence. 

130  DIARY   OF  [Sept.,  1793 

26.  Mr.  Preston  &  Mr.  Lee  Dind  here.  Mr,  Preston  went  home. 
Set  out  Bushes  in  new  Garden. 

Oct.  5.  [D""  Oliver  return'd  from  the  Southward. — Margarets 

8.  M'^  Gibaut*  Died.     Govrnor  [John]  Hancock  Died. 

9.  General  Training  at  Dan  vers. 
11.     Betsy  Lang  Died. 

14.  Judith  at  Beverly  with  Miss  Coffin,  &c.  Made  Grass  plat 
in  y®  flower  Garden. 

Nov.  7.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  Putnam,  Miss  Roger^,  Mr.  Soder- 
strom  &  Lee  Din*^  here.  Mr.  Rogers,  Mr.  Read  &  their  Ladys  & 
Dr.  Little  S.  Evng. 

Dec.  18.     M"^  Prescott  married.     Came  to  Salem. 

26.     Peggy  at  Mr^  Prescot's  &  y^  play.  J 

Jan.  6,  1794.     Betsy  Frye  married.     D""  Oliver  Call'd. 

9.  Peggy  at  Danv[ers]  Ordinat[ion].  Peggy^  Coat  quilted. 
[We  quilted  my  Pink  skirt. — Margarefs  Diary.'} 

15.  We  were  all  at  Frind  ]Srorthy's,§  afn.  &  Evn«.  With  the 
D""  &  Mr.  &  Miss  Jeffry.     Rode  home. 

17.  Gen^  Fisk,  Col.  Pickman,  Mr.  Appleton,  Mr.  Bently  Dind 
here.  M'  W.  Pickman,  E.  Putnam  Engaged.  D'^,  Sukey  &  I  at 
the  Play. 

23.  Mr.  Fisher,  D""  Pain,  Major  Sprauge,  D"",  Stearns  &  Mr.  Van" 
Dind  here.     M'  Ber^  &  Prince  Engag'^. 

Feb.  8.     Miss  Pynchon  Calld  to  take  Leave. 

10.  Miss  Pynchon  Set  out  for  Springfield. 

15.  Portsmouth  Stage  Broke.  ||  Judy  Lodg*  at  Mr.  Prescot's 
Last  night. 

Mar.  1.  Coz.  T.  Mascarene  went  home  yesterday  in  the  Cape 
Ann  Stage. 

Apr.  22.  Peggy  at  Beverly  with  Mr^  Prescot  &  her  Comy.  I 
Spent  Evn^  at  M"  Ashton*.  Under  Pinning  Began  of  the  Addi[tion] 
to  the  Back  Room.  Primas  Manning  Began  to  help  Simeon  in 
the  Garden. 

29.     Made  M"  West  Sitting  up  visit. 

May  13.     Mr.  &  M"  &  Miss  Appleton  return^  wed  [ding]  visit. 

*Mrs.  Sarah,  wife  of  Capt.  Edward  Gibaut. 

tThe  parents  of  William  Hickling  Prescott. 

tMr.  Kenny  presented  the  comedy  "  Barnaby  Brittle,  or  a  Wife  at  her 
Wits'  End,"  followed  by  "  Thomas  and  Sally,  or  the  Sailer's  Return,"  and 
"  The  Romp,  or  Cure  for  the  Spleen." 

§Wiliiam  Northey,  who,  as  chairman  of  the  selectmen  in  1789,  had  wel- 
comed Washington  to  Salem  in  the  following  words:  "Friend  Washing- 
ton, we  are  glad  to  see  thee;  and,  in  behalf  of  the  inhabitants,  bid  thee  a 
hearty  welcome  to  Salem." 

llWhile  standing  in  front  of  the  Sun  Tavern  the  horses  took  fright  and 
dashed  through  the  streets,  finally  reaching  Ward's  wharf,  where  the 
stage  struck  the  boom  of  a  fishing  schooner  and  was  badly  smashed. 

May,  1794]        mks.  mary  (vial)  holyoke.  131 

14.  Sukey  &  Maria  at  Dancing.  [They  began  to  alter  our  back 
room. — Margaret's  Diary"] 

17.  Mr.  Pearson  bro*  Margrita.  [Our  addition  was  raised. — 
Margarefs  Diary.'] 

June  19.     Book  Store  Raisd  A.  M. 

24.     Mr.  Lee  Dind  here  in  the  new  B.  Room. 

July  3.  William  Tread [we]ll  Died.  [The  back  room  began  to 
be  painted. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

30.  At  M"  [Benjamin]  Carpenter"  Funeral.  [Large  fire  in 
Boston.     Mr.  Appleton  lost  his  house. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

Aug.  11.  Judy  &  Sukey  at  N[athaniel]  Osgood's  funeral.  Sally 
Lander  D.  tea  here. 

Sept.  3.  [Mr.  J[ohn]  Derby  fell  out  of  a  Chaise. — Margaret's 

11.     Peggy  &  Polly  Locke  at  Concert  Exhibition.* 

26.  We  went  to  Boston  In  the  Stage,  with  Suky.  Dind  & 
Lodgd  at  M"  Minotts. 

28.  At  D"^  Thatcher's  Meeting  all  Day.  After  Meeting  M" 
Amory,  Davis,  Selby,  Miss  Hannah  Willard,  2  Miss  Calahons, 
Miss  Betsey  Green,  Call'd.     I  Spent  Evng  at  Mrs.  Morrill's. 

30.  Mr.  Morril  waitd  on  me  A.  M.  to  see  the  Theater,  Tontine 
Building,!  &c.  Din'd  at  his  House.  Tea  at  M"  Amory  with  a 
Large  Company  of  Lady* 

October  1.  At  M"  Parkman's  With  20  Gentleman  &  Lady«. 
Call^  in  the  morn^f  at  M"  Whitwels,  Dowses,  Judge  Minot%  M" 
Selbys,  Lucys,  Mrs.  Derby,  &  Mr.  Appletons. 

7.  Dind  at  Mr«  Simpson^  M"  Kneeland,  Miss  Dan  ford,  Brom- 
feild,  Pearson,  Waterhouse  D.  tea  with  us. 

9.  At  the  Library  Museum,  A.  M.  D.  tea  at  Mr.  Mason*. 
Dind  at  M"  Knee  [land]. 

11.     Came  home  with  Burril.     Left  Suky  at  Cambridge. 

Nov.  12.     Judy  Made  M"  H.  Derby"  Wedding  Visit. 

14.  At  the  Ball.  Assembly  Began.  M""  Robert  Paine  Brot  his 
Sister.     Court  Invited. 

20.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  &  M"  Prescot,  Miss  Cabot,  Mr.  Lee, 
Preston,  D""  Little,  M'  Turner  Dind  here. 

21.  Jn<»  &  Nat'i  Rogers  t  Dind  here.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  Mrs. 
Gray".     Mr.  Pearson  Came. 

*A  vocal  and  instrumental  concert  by  Mess.  BouUay,  Granger,  Pick  and 
Mallet  and  Mrs  Pick. 

tThe  Tontine  Segment  on  Franklin  street  accommodating  a  library  and 
the  Historical  Society. 

JMr.  and  Mrs.  [Nathaniel]  Rogers  present  their  respects  to  Doctor  and 
Mrs.  Holyoke  and  would  inform  them  of  their  determination  to  relinquish 
the  School  which  they  have  heretofore  kept  for  the  tuition  of  young  La- 
dies. The  only  motives  which  could  have  led  them  to  entertain  the  de- 
sign of  discontinuing  a  School,  in  every  respect  so  agreeable  to  them,  are 
— the  apparent  injury  done  to  Mrs.  Roqebs'  health  by  a  sedentary  employ- 

132  DIARY  OP  [Nov.,  1794 

25.  Mr.  Appleton,  Prince,  Waldo  &  their  Lady^  Mrs.  Orne  & 
Dau',  Miss  Appleton   &   Mr.  Turner   S.   afn. 

29.     Mrs.  [Hannah]  Ward  Buried. 

Dee.  24.  Mr.  Turner*  Carried  Judy  to  Boston.  We  made  Mrs. 
Osgood^  Wed^  visit. 

25.  [Christmas  day  so  warm  that  the  gallery  windows  of  the 
Church  were  several  of  them  open. — Margaret's  Diary."] 

Jan.  1,  1795.     Began  a  W^  of  Flour.     Tap^  a  B»>i  of  Cyder. 

3.     Hersyt  Hatter  Died. 

7.  Mrs.  [Ebenezer]  Putnam  Died.     Young  Mr^  Frye  Dind  here. 

8.  Mrs.  Bell  D.  tea  here.  Peggy  Dress^  for  the  Assem^.  Dis- 

11.     Mr.  Soderstrom  &  Lee  S.  Evng.     Mr.  Lee  J  took  his  Leave. 
Feb.  17.     P.  &  Judy  at  Mrs.  Ashton^     Sukey  had  a  Dance,  26 
Lady^  &  Gentlemen. 

18.  Mr.  Deblois  CalP  from  Boston. 

19.  Thanksgiving. §  Gentleman  to  Dine,  D"^  Oliver.  D'  Little 
Mr.  Koger^,  Mess'*  Putnam  &  Barn**.  Judith  With  a  Party  at  Os- 
good«.     D'  [Tread we]"  S.  Evn«  here. 

Mar.  27.     Mrs.  Prescot  Got  to  Bed  yesterday. 

Apr.  1.     French  Gentlemen  &  Ladys  |(  here. 

6.     At  W"  Carpenter  Funeral. 

15.     D'  AppletonlF  Died. 

24.     New  floor  Cloth  Laid  P.  M.  front  room  Paint*. 

28.  Went  to  Boston  with  Burril.  Mr.  Turner  waited  on  me  & 
Mrs.  Minot  to  the  Panorama. 

29.  Peggy  went  home  with  Mr.  Turner.  I  spent  all  Day  at 
M"  Minot«. 

ment — the  duty  she  owes  to  a  family,  which  now  calls  for  her  undivided 
attention, — and  the  apprehension  of  not  being  able,  under  these  circum- 
stances, of  doing  complete  justice  to  a  deserving  School.  On  this  occa- 
sion, while  they  take  the  earliest  opportunity  of  informing  them  of  their 
determination,  they  cannot  forbear  to  make  them  every  acknowledgment 
which  gratitude  and  the  highest  sense  of  favour  can  dictate ;  and  assuer 
them,that  although  they  have  not  been  insensible  to  the  charms  which  the 
recompence  of  their  services  have  held  out  to  them,  yet  the  generous  po- 
liteness of  the  PAEKNTS  and  respectful  attention  of  the  ohildben  have  at 
no  time  been  secondary  considerations  in  their  minds,  nor  will  they  ever 
cease  to  occupy  the  first  place  in  their  gratitude  and  affections. 

November  6,  1794. 

[The  school  was  reopened  again  Mar.  1,  1796,] 

*William  Turner,  the  dancing  master,  who  married  Judith  Holyoke. 

tAbel  Hearsey,  aged  27  years,  a  hatter  by  trade,  who  committed  suicide. 

jProbably  Nathaniel  C.  Lee,  a  medical  student. 

§A  national  thanksgiving  appointed  by  Washington  because  the  pros- 
pect of  a  foreign  war  had  greatly  decreased. 

II  Probably  the  four  daughters  of  Count  de  Grasse  who  were  living  at 
that  time  in  a  bouse  adjoining  Col.  Pickman's  mansion. 

tNathaniel  Walker  Appleton,  M.  D.,  a  highly  esteemed  physician  of 

May,  1Y96]         mrs.  mart  (vial)  holyoke.  133 

May  1.  Dind  &  tea  at  M"  Turner.  Went  Over  Mr.  Roger* 
House.     EvnK  at  the  Theater.     Tea  at  M"  Selby^  yesterday. 

3.  At  D"-  Thatcher^  A.  M.  At  Mr.  Clarke^  P.  M.  Dind  &  D 
tea  at  Judge  Paines. 

8.  Went  to  Boston  in  Cambridge  Stage.  Dind  at  M"  WhitweP 
Evn«  at  the  Theater. 

June  26.     Judy  &  Sukey  at  M"  [Joseph]  Gavet  Funeral. 

July  6.  M"  Prescot  A.  M.  &  D'  Ber<*.  Mr.  &  M"  Pearson  Din<» 
In  their  way  to  Boxfor^.  Rev"*  M'  Ber[nar]'*  &  Miss  De  Grass, 
P.  M.     Mrs.  Ashton  &  M"  Saunders  Evn«. 

11.  M"  Turner  went  home  to  M'  Hewes'  funeral.  Sukey  went 
with  Her.     T.  Mascar[ene]  Came. 

16.  Sally  Saunders  Died. 

17.  Peggy  &  Judith  made  M"  Emery  Weddg.  visit. 
22.     Peggy  &  Judy  went  to  Boston  in  our  Chaise. 
Sept.  7.     M"  H.  Clarke  Got  to  Bed. 

14.  Mr.  &  Mr^  Prince,  Pres*  Balch  &  old  Mrs.  Prince  D  tea 

29.  Mr"  Grey  Got  to  Bed  Sunday  Last. 

30.  Mr.  T[urner]  Came.  Sent  for  home,  P.  M.  His  brother 
Augustus  Died. 

Oct.  26.     M'^  Chipman  work*  here.  Made  Judy'  Wedding  Dress. 

27.  Peggy  &  Judy  at  Capt.  John  Derby^. 

28.  Mr,  Turner  Bro*  His  Sister.     M.  Kneeland  Came. 

29.  Judith  marryed  by  Dr.  Ber[nar]'^. 

31.  Sukey  at  Nelly  Forrester^  Funeral. 

Nov.  1.     First  Snow.     Mr.  &  M"  Turner  at  meeting. 

2.  M"  Waldo,  Prince,  Inger^  M"  Osgood,  Miss  Pickman  & 
M"  Hiller  &  Sister. 

3.  M"  &  Miss  Appleton,  M"  Prebble,  Miss  Hatch,  M"  Stearns. 

4.  M"  Wests.     Beverly  Lady^ 

6.  M'^  Plummer  &  Dau^.     Miss  Degrass,  P.  Orne. 

7.  M"  Frye  &  P.  Ashton. 

8.  Mrs.  &  Miss  Higgin^  Mr.  &  M"  Read  S.  Evn^. 
10.     Mr.  Turner  Carry"*  Sophy  home. 

14.     Mr.  Fraiser  Call"*  P.  M.     M""  Turner  Bro*  his  Brother. 

19.  Thank«.  Mr.  &  M"  Prescot,  Miss  Green  &  Dr.  Little 
Dind  Here.  Dr.  Oliver,  Mr.  Roger",  Mess"  Putnam  &  Barn[ar]d 
Din'd  here. 

Dec.  4.     Judy^  furniture  put  on  Board  Wyat.* 

6.     Judy  &  I  at  home  all  Day.     Wyat  Sailed. 

10.  Mr.  &  M"  Turner  &  Peggy  Left  us. 

11.  Had  the  News  of  the  Death  of  Uncle  Simpson.f 
16.     Evn*f  at  the  Atomata. 

•The  captain  of  a  coasting  vessel  bound  for  Boston, 
t  Jonathan  Simpson  (1712-1796),  a  merchant  of  Boston  and  a  loyalist  who 
died  in  Bristol,  England. 

134  DIARY  OF  [Dec,  1795 

19.     Balloon*  Kais*  from  our  New  Garden. 
Jan.  4,  1796.     Mr.  Frazier  took  Leave. 
14.     Blackbournf  Hang*. 
21.     Betty  Hewes  Died. 

25.  Letters  from  Boston.     Betty  Buried. 

Feb.  4.     D"^  LawJ  D.  tea.     Began  teach*  Sukey  to  Sing. 

11.  Singing  at  M'  S.  Wards. 

18.     Singing  here.     M'  &  Mr«  Ashton  &  Daug'^  here. 

Mar.  12.     I  went  to  Boston  with  Burril. 

14.  Dind  at  M"  Morril*.  Evn^  at  the  Theater.  The  Jew  and 
Osca"^  &  Melvin. 

16.  [M.  E.  Storm.  Archers  chimney  blown  down. — Margarets 

18.  Miss  Dowses  &  Miss  Pain  at  Mr.  Turners.  Miss  Pain 
Lodgd  with  M.  Kneeland.  [Sally  Goodhue  buried. — Margarefs 

21.  At  Bowin^  Museum,  A.  M.     Spent  the  Day  at  M"  Minots. 
Apr.  12.     M"  Osgood  Got  to  Bed  A.  M.     A  Daugh--. 

22.  Mr.  Pullen§  Marry*^  Last  Evn«.     Sent  me  Cake  this  mor*. 

26.  Miss  JefEry  walk-^  With  me  A.  M.  to  See  Mr«  Fitch.  Ber* 
Mackey  &  Osgood,  P.  M.  Call*  on  M"  Harridon.  D.  tea  with 
M"  Prescott. 

May  15.     M"  Presrot  Child  Christn*. 

16.  At  M'»  Mackey  II  funeral  yesterday. 
18.  M'^  Lakeman^  Died  yesterday  afn. 
June  16.     We  made  M"  Lang«  Wedd*  visit. 

17.  Mr.  Burrell**  Bury'd. 

22.     Mr.  Turner  Bro*  my  Plate  from  Boston. 
25.     I  was  at  Singing  Concert. 
July  5.     M'»  Logeir  Got  to  Bed. 
9.     2  Little  Tytlerstt  liere. 

12.  Receiv*  news  of  our  Daug'  Judith  Turner  Getting  to  Bed 
this  morn*'.     A  Son. 

*Mr.  Blanchard,  Pensioner  of  the  Republic  of  France,  etc.  etc.,  exhi- 
bited a  parachute  balloon.     Tickets,  three  shillings. 

tHenry  Blackburn,  a  sailor,  executed  for  the  murder  of  a  companion, 
George  Wilkinson.  Blackburn  was  dressed  in  a  white  frock,  trousers  and 
cap,  trimmed  with  black.  The  rope  broke  and  the  body  was  hoisted 

JRev.  Andrew  Law  of  Connecticut,  for  forty  years  a  teacher  of  music 
and  composer.     He  first  arrived  in  Salem  in  July,  1795. 

§Edward  Pulling  and  Miss  Lois  Robinson  of  Salem. 

llMrs.  Esther,  wife  of  Capt.  Daniel  Mackey,  aged  57  years. 

lAt  Hamilton,  Mrs.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Nathan  Lakeman,  and  youngest 
daughter  of  Peter  Frye  of  Salem. 

♦*Ezra  Burrill,  aged  48  years,  the  owner  of  the  daily  stage  between  Salem 
and  Boston. 

ttChildren  of  James  Tytler,  a  Scotch  author  who  removed  to  Salem  in 
1795,  and  was  drowned  on  the  Neck  in  1804. 

July,  1796]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  135 

13.  I  went  to  Boston  to  See  her  Nurse  yesterday.  Found  her 
very  Well. 

26.  Came  home  A.  M.  in  a  Boston  Hack  with  Mr^  Gushing  & 
P.  Orne. 

Aug.  21.  [M"  Turner's  Child  baptized  Edward  Augusts — Mar- 
garet's DiaryJ] 

22.     [We  were  at  Lilson's  Cixcn^.— MargareV s  Diary.'] 
Sept.  7.     [Sukey  &  I  at  Falcon's  exhibition. — Margaret's  Dinrij.'] 
Oct  25.      [I  was  at  Mr.  Miles  Ward  funeral. — Margarets  Diary.] 
Nov.  14.     [At   M"    [Jonathan]   Haradons  funeral. — Margaret's 

15.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prescot,  D'"  Little,  M""  Deblois 
&  Turner  Dind  here.     M""  Jeffry  &  2  Miss  Jeffry «  S  Evn« . 

16.  We  were  at  a  Ball  at  M''^  B.  Pickmans. 

17.  Afn  &  Evns  at  Capt.  West  By  Invitation.  Mr.  T.  &  Mr. 
Deblois  went  home  A.  M. 

22.     [M''*  Gerrish  came  here  to  live. — Margaret^ s  Diary.] 

Dec.  8.  [We  kept  in  the  front  room.  The  Stove  taken  down. — 
Margaret s  Diary.] 

Feb.  11,  1797.     News  of  Mr.  Oliver*  Death. 

Mar.  6.  Mr.  Turner*  house  Burnt  A.  M.  4  "clock.  Peggy  at 

9.  Mr.  Turner  &  wife  &  Child  Came. 

10.  Freind*  CalF  to  See  us.     Sukey  Came  home  In  Burril. 
Apr.  5.     We  went  over  Mr.  Derby^  House  A.   M.     Mr.   &    Mr.s. 

Turner  at  Mr.  Read*  Farm  P.  M.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prince,  M""  &  Miss 
Jeffry  here. 

May  19.  M""  Turner  &  Judy  &  Child  went  home  to  Boston.  S. 
Ashton  went  In  the  Hack  with  them. 

June  2.     M"  [Samuel]  Grey  Died  this  [day]. 

5.  Went  to  See  the  Iron  works  &  Mills.*  D.  tea  at  Mr.  Reads 

July  4.  [Cousin  B.  Kneeland  went  to  Boston  with  me.  We 
went  to  see  the  Governor. — Margarets  Diay.] 

7.     Caty  Andrews  Buried. 

18.  We  movd  into  the  Back  Room. 

19.  Commence[ment].   D"".  went  to  Camb'^  in  the  Early  Stage. 

20.  Saw  the  Elephant.f — Margarets  Diary.] 

29.     [Miss  MarquandJ  died  at  M""  Ashton's. — Margarets  Diary.] 
Aug.  20.     My  Cousin  Whitwel  Died. 

Sept.  18.  Miss  Appleton  went  to  Board  at  M"  Bowditch.  Miss 
Jeffry  Calld  with  me  on  Mrs.  Hay. 

*Mr.  Nathan  Read's  iron  works  at  Waters  river,  Danvers. 

tExhibited  at  the  Market  House.  The  first  elephant  seen  in  America  was 
brought  to  Salem  in  April,  1796  by  Capt.  Jacob  Crowninshield  in  the  ship 

iRebecca,  daughter  of  Joseph  Marquand  of  Newburyport. 

136  DIARY  OF  [Sept.,  1797 

20.     Launching*  at  Boston. 

29.  [Gen.  [John]  Fisk  buried,  under  arms. — Margaret's  Diary.'] 
Oct.  7.     M"  Kneeland  Walls'^  A.  M.     Miss  Jeffry  waited  on  Her 

to  Mr.  Derby's  House  &  the  Printing  OflBce. 

12.  [Smith  was  hanged  in  Boston. — Margaret's  Diary.] 
16.     [Robinson  poisoned  himself. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

19.  At  Mr.  Turner*  Ball.     A  Large  Company. 

24.  Sami  Turner  Dind.  D'-,  Peggy,  &  Sukey  at  M'^  [Elizabeth] 
Jeffry*  funeral. 

Nov.  21.     D^"  Ber[nar]d  first  Came  to  Post  Book^ 

30.  Than^i''^  Mr.  &  M'^  Prescot,  Miss  Calahon,  D'  Little  &  Mr. 
Bancroft  Dind.     Mr.  &  Miss  Jeffry  S.  Evng. 

Dec.  10.     Mrs.  [Sarah]  Bowditch  Buried. 

20.  [Sukey  &  I  made  M"  [Thomas]  Bancroft  a  wedding  visit. 
— Margaret's  Diary.] 

22.     [At  Mrs.  H[itty]  Dodges'  funeral. — Margaret's  Diary.] 

25.  J[ames]  Jackson  Came  to  study  [medicine]. 

27.  Company  to  Dine  Here.  10  Gen.  14  at  table.  Eev^  Mr. 
Fisher,  Bern**  &  Prince,  Major  Sprauge  &  Son,  Dr.  Stearns,  M^  S. 
Putnam,  M'^  W.  Grey,  M'"  Curwin  &  Mr.  Jackson.  Mr.  B.  Pick- 
man  &  his  Brother  Engaged. 

Jan.  1,  1798.     Kaleb  Dodge  Drownd.f 

13.  Mr.  J[ohn]  Derbys  wife  Died  this  morn^. 

15.     Sukey  at  Mr.  OutangsJ  Ball.     100  Lady^  there. 

22.     Mr.  Bradstreet§  first  Came. 

Feb.  17.     Lydia  Gerry  ||  Died. 

19.     Club  first  met  at  Major  HillarMT 

22.  President  Washington's  Birthday. 

26.  Rev*^  D'  Bern"^,  Mr.  Appleton,  Mr.  Prescot,  Perkins,  Big- 
low,  Jackson,  Bradstreet,  Din*^  here.  Mr.  B.  Pickman,  &  Mr.  Dana 
Invited  but  Engag*^.  Mr.  Bachelor,  Brod'*  &  Jackson  D.  tea. 
Club  here.  Major  Hiller  the  first  time.  Miss  Jeffry  &  J.  Ward 
Spent  Evn». 

Mar.  16.     M'^  [Nathan]  Read  Got  to  Bed  yesterday. 
19.     M"  Ropes  Died. 

23.  M"  Ropes  Buried.  The  D'  a  Bearer.  Peggy  &  Sukey 
there.     Hambden  Cutts  Came. 

26.     Stove  taken  out  of  my  chamber. 

*The  frigate  Constitution. 

tCommitted  suicide  by  drowning  in  a  cistern  of  fermenting  molasses  in 
his  distillery  at  Beverly. 

JMr.  Outein,  a  French  dancing  master. 

§Nathaniel  Bradstreet,  M.  D.,  a  medical  student,  afterwards  settled  at 

ilMrs.  Lydia,  wife  of  Capt.  George  Gr.  Lee,  and  daughter  of  the  widow 
of  General  Fiske,  by  her  first  husband. 

ITMaj.  .Joseph  Hilier  (1748-1814),  silversmith,  Revolutionary  officer,  and 
first  Collector  of  the  Port  of  Salem. 


Schoolmaster   in   Salem,    Boston  and   Natick.       From   the  wax 
bas-relief  in  the   Essex   Institute, 

July,  1798]         MRS.  MARY  (vial)  holyoke.  137 

July  30.     Extreem  hot.     Club  here. 

Aug.  29.     At  Major  Hillar".     A  Large  Company. 

30.  Peggy  &  Judith  Rode  A.  M.     Both  sick  P.  M. 

31.  Judith  got  to  Bed,  a  Son.     10  o«  P.  M. 

Sept.  1.  Judith  &  Child  Both  Well.  Mary  Paine  &  Henry 
Came.     Mr.  Turner  Came. 

Oct.  7.     Mrs.  [Sarah]  King  Died. 

11.     Heard  of  Mrs.  Wallys  Death. 

19.  Pres*  Adams«  Birth  Night.  A  Ball  this  Evng.  Peggy  & 
Suky  there  with  Mr.  J.  Ward. 

25.  Mr.  Hedge  Bro*  Coz.  P.  Kneeland,  Mr.  T[urner]  &  wife  & 
Children  Went  home. 

Nov.  5.     Thankful  Smith  Alter^*^  P«  Sattin. 

16.  Judges  S.  EvnK  here  &  M'  Grey  &  B.  Pickman  &  Read.  Mr. 
Fisher  with  them. 

23.     Assembly  Began. 

27.  Made  Paste  A.  M.  Young  Lady«  at  Miss  Jeffry.  Mr.  T. 
Lane  CslW^  Evn^. 

29.  Thanksgiving.  Company  to  Dine,  M^.  &  Mrs.  Prescot,  Miss 
Calahou,  Mr.  Bancroft,  Mr.  Perkins,  D"^  Little  Din^.  Mr.  &  Mrs. 
Perkins,  Miss  Melicut,  Miss  Orne  D.  tea  &  S.  Evg.  Mr.  &  Mrs. 
Read,  Mr.  Jeffry  &  Sister,  Mr.  J.  Ward  &  Sister  &  D.  Pickman  S. 

30.  M'«  Frye,  Carwick  &  Swazey  S.  Day. 

Dec.  25.     Staid  from  Chh.    Mr.  Ward  &  his  sister  &  Prisy  Ward 
Dind.     Susan  had  a  Large  Party  afn.  &  Evng. 
Jan.  7,  1799.     Betsey  Page  Buried.* 
Mar.  9.     Heard  of  William  Pickman^  Death. 

19.  Dr.  S.  Evn^  at  Mr.  B.  Pickmans  with  the  Court. 

20.  Gentlemen  to  Dine  here.  Master^  Parker  &  Biglow.  2 
D""  Ber[nar]ds,  D'"  Oliver  &  W  Jackson. 

29.     Good  Friday.     I  was  not  at  Chh. 

Apr.  1.     Peggy  &  Sukey  at  Mr.  Biglowsf  Exhibition. 

10.     Mr.  Turner  Came  &  Began  His  [Dancing]   School. 

June  6.  M'  Hedge  Dind  here  yest^.  He  went  home  this 

Aug.  1.  Our  Daug"^  Susannah  married  to  Mr.  Joshua  Ward  Jun'. 
His  father,  mother  &  Sister,  Mr.  Turner,  Maria  Pearson  &  Mr. 
Jackson  here. 

2.     They  all  Dind  here. 

*"  Daughter  of  the  late  Samuel  Page,  aged  23:  her  funeral  will  be  at  3 
o'clock  this  afternoon,  from  the  house  of  her  uncle,  Capt.  Abel  Law- 
rence."— Salem  Gazette. 

tWilliam  Biglow  (1773-1844),  schoolmaster  in  Salem,  Boston  and  Na- 
tick.  Author  of  text  books  and  political  writer.  Kept  his  school  in  the 
Stearns  building  and  afterwards  in  the  building  near  the  first  Baptist 
meeting  house. 

138  DIARY   OF   MRS.    HOLYOKE.  [Aug.,    1799. 

3.  I  went  to  See  M'  Ward*  house.  A.  M.  M""*  Frye,  Misses  C. 
Danforth,  A.  Turner,  S.  Oliver  &  L.  Pickman. 

4.  They  were  at  D"^  B[ernarjds  meeting  all  Day. 
6.     Visiting  Week.     Miss  Pullen,  Jonson,  Barton. 

6.  16  Lady*  &  Gentlemen. 

7.  18  Do. 

8.  Mr.  Turner  from  Boston  yesterday.     19  Lady^  &  Gentle™. 
12.  Mr.  &  Mr*  Ward  Set  out  on  a  journey. 

19.  Mrs.  Bean  wed  the  Garden.     Club  here. 

20.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Ward  Eeturnd  Safe  from  their  Journey. 
Sept.  12.     Mad™  Demeregue  went  home. 

Nov.  2.  Dodge  altered  the  Back  Parlour  Chimney  &  movd  the 

4.  Nabby  Green  Workd  here  on  Peggy's  Gown.  Dodge  altered 
Our  other  Chimney.     Chadwick*  Barn  Burnt. 

8.     Peggy  &  S[ukey]  made  wedding  visit  at  Capt.  Gardner. 

29.  Thanksgiving  Day.  All  Dind  here.  Mr.  &  M."  Turner  & 
Son,  Mr.  &  M"  Ward,  &  M'  Perkins  &  M"^  Kendall.  Read  Spent 

Dec.  23.     News  of  the  Death  of  Gen^  Washington. 
Jan.    2,    1800.     Funeral   Oration   for    Gen^  Washington  at  Dr. 
Ber[nar]ds  Meeting  house.     Great  Assembly. 

Feb.  2.     Snow  Deep.     All  from  meeting  but  the  D"". 

3.  Mrs.  West  &  M""  &  M"  H.  Derby,  Miss  Derby,  Miss  Prince, 
Mr.  Jeffry  &  Sister,  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Ashton  &  3  Dau**,  Mr.  H.  Derby  & 
Mr.  T.  Prince  S.  afn  &  Evening  here. 

16.     Capt.  [Nehemiah]  Andrews  Died  P.  M. 

21.  Meetingsf  at  all  the  Churches  A.  M.  Mr.  Biglows  Exhi- 
bition, P.  M.t 

30.  Mr.  Thomas  Ber[narjd§  Died. 

Apr.  16.     Mr.  Turner  Movd  Into  Deacon  Hall's  house. 
May  2.     Sukey  Got  To  Bed  with  a  Daug^ 

4.  Child  Cris''*  By  the  name  of  Mary  Holyoke. 

Sept.  13.     We  Dind  at  Sukey's.     Went  Into  hear  the  Organ.  || 

14.     At  Home  all  Day,     They  Played  New  Organ. 

Dec.  15.     D^  Ber[nar]d,D'- Prince,   Mr.  Fisher,    Mr.  Grey,  Col. 

Pick[ma]n,   &  His  Son  Benjamin,    Mr.  S.  Putnam,    Mr.   Appleton, 

Mr.  Prescot  Dind  here.lF 

*The  Franklin  stove. 

tEulogies  on  George  Washington. 

t  William  Biglow's  pupils  at  the  Concert  Hall. 

§The  only  son  of  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard  of  the  North  Church.  Ruined 
by  intemperance. 

II The  new  organ  in  the  First  Church,  imported  from  London  at  a  cost  of 

ITIf  Mrs.  Holyoke  continued  her  diaries  during  the  next  two  years,  the 
originals  have  not  been  preserved.    She  died  April  15,  1802. 





Jan.  1,  1801.  Uncle  P[earson]  &  Edward  returned.  I  went  to 

2.  Tea  at  Mrs.  Ward's  with  Mrs.  Pulling  &  Mrs.  Jeffery  & 
Mrs.  Read. 

6.  Mrs.  Ward  carried  Sukey  &  me  to  see  Mrs.  Rogers  in  a 

7.  My  eyes  very  weak.     Eveg  at  Miss  Jeffrys. 

9.     At  Mrs.  Pullings  with  Sukey,  Mrs.  Read  &  Miss  Jeffiy. 

12.  Mrs.  Read  &  Miss  Jeffry  eveg  &  Sukey.     Club  here. 

13.  I  was  at  Sukey's.  Miss  Jeffry  &  Mrs.  Read.  Mrs.  [Eliza- 
beth] Bancroft  died. 

14.  Sukey  with  me  at  Mrs.  Ashton's. 

15.  Mrs.  Bancroft  buried. 

16.  Doct*  Osgood,  Pickman,  Little,  Masters  Parker  &  Biglow  & 
Spalding  dined  here. 

17.  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  &  Mary  here.     Mrs.  Hutchinson. 

18.  Cold.  At  Meeting.  Eve^  call'd  at  Mrs.  Osgood  &  Mr. 
Wards.     He  was  unwell. 

20.  Snow  storm. 

21.  Mrs.  B[enjamin]  Goodhue  died. 

22.  I  was  at  the  Assembly  with  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife.  Very 

23.  Ther  0.     Doct  Oliver  called. 

24.  Mrs.  Read  call'd.  Had  a  piece  of  M"^^  Hodge's  wedding 

25.  At  Meeting  all  day.     Rode  home  with  Mrs.  Pickman. 

26.  Two  Mrs.  Wards  &  Miss  Ward,  Mrs.  Biglow  eve«,  Miss 
Jeffry  &  Mrs.  Read  here. 

27.  M'  W[ard]  &  wife  &  child  spent  the  day  here. 

28.  I  was  at  Mrs.  N[athaniel]  Bowditchs  with  Mrs.  Biglow  & 
Sisters  &  Mrs.  Little. 

30.  Sukey  rode  with  me  to  Shillaber's  shop.  Call'd  at  Mrs. 


140  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1801 

31.    I  drank  tea  at  Capt.  Webb's. 

Feb.  2.     We  bought  3  barrels  of  flour  at  11  doll.  50  cents. 
12.     At  Capt.  West's  with  a  large  party. 

16.  Hannah  brought  Mary  here.  Dr.  Prince  called.  I  began  to 
Post  books  with  Mr.  Spalding.* 

23.  Dr.  Treadwell  spent  the  evening  with  me. 

24.  Assembly.     News  of  Mr.  Jefferson  being  chosen  President. 
Mar.  3.     Nurse  Howard  spent  the  day  here. 

May  5.  We  Tapped  a  Cask  of  Lisbon  bot  of  Mr.  W.  at  7/3  per 

15.  Mr.  Braxtont  of  Virginia  died. 

16.  I  was  at  Mr.  Braxton's  funeral. 

20.  Hannah  H.  &  I  at  Mrs.  West's  ball  with  Mrs.  T[urner]. 

21.  Mr.  S.  Grey  &  wife,  Mrs.  Robinson  &  Pulling,  Miss  Jeffry 
&  brother  here. 

June  23.  We  were  at  Mrs.  Ashton's.  Miss  Appleton  went  to 
Mrs.  Bowditch's  to  board. 

July  3.     Sophia  Plummer  died. 

7.     Mrs.  Hemingway  came  to  live  here. 

Aug.  12.     Din'd  at  the  new  tavern. 

14.  I  went  to  Phillips  beach  with  my  Papa,  Miss  Jeffery,  Mr. 
Ward  &  wife. 

18.     Hannah  Jopline  went  from  Sukey. 

20.  A  child  murdered  in  Dan  vers,  t 

21.  A  child  drowned  in  the  Mill  pond.§ 

29.  Mrs.  [Eebecca]  Osgood  died  with  a  fever.  I  call'd  there 
with  Sukey. 

30.  I  walked  to  Mrs.  Osgood's  funeral  with  Mrs.  W.  Pickman. 
Oct.  7.     Mr.  [Samuel]  Dana  ordained  at  Marblehead. 

9.     Sukey  &  I  called  to  see  Miss  Appleton.     She  was  worse. 

11.     Mrs.  Hedge  got  to  bed. 

20.     Mrs.  Carter  came  in  the  Stage.     Miss  Appleton  ||  died. 

Nov.  17.  I  called  at  Mrs.  Webb's.  She  was  sick.  Col.  Derby's 
child  buried. 

26.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  Prescott  &  wife,  Miss  Calahan,  Mr,  J. 
Prescott  &  George  Turner  dined  here. 

Dec.  15.  Mama  quite  unwell.  Large  fire  in  Boston  in  the 

23.     S.  E.  Storm.    Mrs.  [Sarah]  Ropes  buried. 

Jan.  1,  1802.     I  made  Mrs.  J.  Derby  a  wedding  visit. 

'Matthias  Spaalding,  a  medical  student. 

tGeorge  Braxton,  aged  38  years,  who  had  come  north  for  his  health. 

tAn  illegitimate  child  of  Rebecca  Skidmore  found  dead  near  the  Iron 

§Paul  Leach,  aged  15  years,  drowned  while  bathing. 

II Miss  Mary  Appleton,  aged  68  years,  daughter  of  Daniel  Appleton  of 

Jan.,  1802]  Margaret  holyokb.  141 

5.     My  eyes  very  weak.     Tom  Jones  came  here  to  live. 

13.  I  went  to  see  the  Ventriloquist  with  my  Papa. 

Feb.  14.     Mrs.  Ward  got  to  bed  with  her  second  Daughter.  Mrs. 
Carwick  there. 

17.  Mrs.  [Olive]  Plummer  buried. 

18.  Our  front  Chamber  Painted. 

21.     Mrs.  W[ard's]  child  baptized  Mehitable. 
Mar.  23.     Mama  taken  much  worse.     I  set  up  with  Hitty.     Her 
sister  died.     Mrs.  Prescott  call'd. 

24.  Mama  had  blister  on  her  neck.   Very  ill  in  the  night.   Mrs. 
Hibbert  &  S.  Ashton  watched. 

25.  Mama  rather  brighter.     Mrs.  W.  &  Lydia  More  watched. 

26.  Mama  out  of  her  head.     Mrs.  Robinson  and  Sarah  Ashton 
set  up. 

27.  Pricey  Ward  set  up.     The  Work  house  Store  burned, 

28.  Very  windy.     Our  Chimney  caught  fire. 

29.  Mrs.  Phelps  watched.     Sukey  here. 

30.  Mrs.  Hibbert  sat  up. 

31.  Sukey  here.     Mr.  T[urner]  came  to  open  School. 
Apr.  3.     Mrs.  Phelps  sat  up. 

4.  Mrs.  Henfield  watched.     Mama  very  low. 

5.  B.  Ashton  &  L.  More  watched. 

6.  Charles  Turner  died  with  the  measles. 

8.  Fast  day.     Dr.  Barnard  calld.     I  sat  up  with  Mama.    Nurse 
Howard  with  me. 

9.  Mr.  Ward  &  wife  calld.     Mrs.  Webb  &  Mr.  Curwin*  died. 

14.  Mrs.  W.  Gray  calld,     Mrs.  Read  &  Mrs.  Prescott.     Mama 
worse.     Mrs.  Frye  watched. 

16.     Mama  died  about  10  o'Clock  P.  M.     Sukey  here. 

16.  Mr.  W.  Pickman  &  Dr.  E.  Barnard  call'd.     S.  Ashton   and 
Mrs.  Ashton,  Mrs.  Prescott,  Mrs.  Robinson,  Miss  Jeffry. 

17.  Thankful  Smith  &  Nancy  Cross  Call'd.     Mr.  Turner  &  wife 
came.     They  lodgd  at  Mr.  W[ard]s. 

19.  Aunt  Kneeland  &  Mr.  Hedge  came.     Mama  buried. 

20.  Mrs.  Prince,  Mrs.  Prescott  &  Mrs.  Biglow  call'd. 

21.  Aunt  K.  &  Mr.  Hedge  returned.     Mrs.  Ashton  calld.    Mrs. 
Read  &  Mrs.  Sumner,  Dr.  Barnard,  Oliver  &  Treadwell  called. 

May  6.     My  Papa  at  Mrs.  [John]  Treadwell's  funeral. 

12.  Mr.  Verstillet  the  limner  Called. 

13.  Mr.  Verstille  din'd  here  with  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  &  Su[key]. 

23.  At  Dr.  Princes  to  hear  Dr.  McWerter.     Ev'g  the  Miss  Ash- 
tons  &  Mr.  Verstille  here. 

24.  I  went  to  Newbury  with  Mr.  W[ard]  in  company  with  Mr. 
T[urner]  and  wife.     Slept  at  Mr.  Carter's, 

•Samuel  Curwen  (1714-1802),  son  of  Rev.  George  Cnrwen.    He  was  grad- 
aated  from  Harvard  College  in  1735,  and  prepared  himself   for  the  minis- 
try, but  afterwards  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits. 
William  Verstille,  the  miniature  painter. 

142  DIAEY  OP  [May,  1802 

25.     Kain.     Went  to  Portsmouth.     Slept  at  Aunt  Cutts. 

27.  Mr.  W[ard]  &  Mr.  Turner  went  to  Portland.  Judy  &  Pricay 
went  to  the  Bridge. 

28.  Call'd  at  Dr.  Brackets  &  Mr.  Penhallows.  Tea  at  Cousin 

Juue  1.  We  din'd  in  Exeter  at  Folsom's,  tea  at  Haverhill,  & 
slept  &  Breakfasted  at  Andover.  Din'd  at  Upton's  at  Danvers  & 
tea  at  home. 

July  4.     Orne  Perkins*  died  at  Chebacto. 

13.     Mrs.  S.  Derby's  funeral. 

19.  We  went  to  Doct  Oliver's  to  hear  the  Organ. t 

21.     My  Papa  din'd  at  Mr.  Gray's  with  Col.  Humphries.  $ 
Sept.  10.     Maria  thrown  from  her  horse.     My  Papa  went  to  see 
her  at  Plains.     Mrs.  Northey  &  Mrs.  Biglow  calld. 

13.  At  Mrs.  Ashton's  with  Mrs.  Black  &  Mrs.  Moody  &  Gush- 

14.  Mr.  Verstille  calld. 

21.  Mrs.  [William]  Prescott's  child  died. 

Oct.  2.  We  heard  of  Mrs.  Turner  having  a  daughter  [Margaret 
Holyoke].     We  dind  at  Nahant.     Tea  at  Phillips  beach. 

22.  Miss  Molly  Grafton  buried. 

25.  Club  here.  Mr.  Turner  brought  Master  Hickson.  They 
din'd  here.     He  slept  at  Mrs.  Ward's. 

Nov.  10.     I  went  to  Mrs.  Slewman's  shop. 

15.  Heard  of  Mrs.  Prince  getting  to  bed. 

24.  W"*  Appleton  died  with  throat  distemper. 

25.  Mr.  Prescott  &  lady,  Mrs.  Whetmore,  Mr.  Versatille  &  Mr. 
Ward  &  wife  dined  here.  Evng  Miss  Jeffry,  Mr.  Sumner  &  sister, 
Mrs.  Pulling  here. 

Dec.  8.  Made  wedding  visit  to  Dr.  [Thomas]  Pickman's.  Large 

28.     Committee  of  meeting  house  met  here. 

Account  of  wood  purchased  in  1802.  About  3  Cords  of  Beach 
and  Maple,  all  the  rest  Oak,  29)^  Cords,  at  about  30  shillings  per 

Jan.  15,  1803.  We  went  to  see  the  E[ast]  India  Museum. 
Call'd  at  Col.  Derby's. 

20.  I  was  at  Mrs.  [Samuel  C]  Ward's  funeral  from  Capt. 

31.     I  went  to  Capt.  Haraden's  shop. 

*Timothy  Orne,  only  son  of  Joseph  Perkins,  Esq.,  of  Salem. 

tBenjamin  Lynde  Oliver,  M.  D.  (1760-1835),  who  studied  medicine  with 
Dr.  Holyoke  and  practiced  in  Virginia  and  Salem,  had  built  for  his  private 
use,  by  Hamuel  Mclntire,  the  first  organ  made  in  Salem.  The  pipes 
were  imported  from  London.     See  Dr.  Bentley's  Diary,  Vol.  II,  p.  427. 

JCol.  David  Humphreys  (1762-1818),  Revolutionary  soldier,  diplomatist, 
poet  and  biographer  of  Gen.  Israel  Putnam  of  Danvers. 



Merchant  of  Salem  and  Member  of  Congress,     From  the  portrait  now  in 
possession  of  the  Essex  Institute. 

Feb.,  1803]  Margaret  holyoke.  143 

Feb.  27.     Belknap's  Psalms  first  sung  at  our  meeting. 

28.     Mr.  Perkins  died. 

Mar.  15.     My  Papa  bought  Mr.  Grafton's  house. 

Apr.  4.     Sukey  &  Maria  made  Mr.  W"  Ashton's  wedding  visit. 

6.     Miss  Dana*  died  at  Col.  Derby's.     I  calPd  there. 

20.  Mr.  [Samuel]  Worcester  Installed.  My  Papa  &  Mr.  Turner 
din'd  at  Col.  Pickman's. 

May  16.  B[etsey]  Biglow  died  &  was  buried.  Mrs.  Pulling  & 
Mrs.  Read  calld.     H[annah]  Holyoke  came  with  her  brother. 

18.  Thankful  Smith  worked  for  me. 

24.  Mrs.  Biglow's  son  died. 

June  30.     Mrs.  [Joshua]  Ward  moved  into  their  new  house.! 
July  5.     Tea  at  Sukeys.     Help'd  make  carpet. 
6.     I  went  to  Dr.  P[rince]s  Meeting  to  hear  Dr.  Barnard's  sermon 
to  the  Female  C[haritable]  Society.     Mr.  Bowen|  dined  here. 

10.  P.  M.  Thunder  Shower.     A  Man  &  Woman  Killed  at  Lynn. 

19.  At  Mrs.  [Margaret]  Barton's  funeral  with  Mrs.  Webb. 
Aug.  10.     B[etsey]  Ashton  died.     I  calld  there  in  eve^. 
27.     Heard  of  Dr.  Toppans§  death. 

Sept.  1.     Edward  Turner  broke  his  arm. 

9.  I  was  at  Capt.  Webbs  with  W™  Turner.  My  Papa  dined  at 
Col.  Derby s  with  Gen^  [Charles  C]  Pinc[kney]. 

11.  I[srael]  Dodge  buried. 

14.     We  rode  on  the  turnpike. || 

27.  Sukey  went  to  Boston  with  me  in  stage. 

28.  Walked  to  Mrs.  Minotts  funeral  with  Mrs.  G.  Green,  Aunt 
Kneeland,  and  din'd  at  Mr.  Turners. 

29.  Sukey  &  I  call'd  at  Mrs.  Minotts.  I  came  home  in  the  stage. 
Oct.  14.     Training.    Militia  officers  din'd  at  Gen.  Derby.  Cadets 

&  Artillery  treated  there. 

18.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Carter  dined  here.  Call'd  at  Mr.  Derbys.  The 
B.  Room  painted  Blue. 

19.  My  Papa  &  I  at  B.  WardsH  wedding. 

25.  Black  Lucy  came. 

27.     Margaret  made  Mrs.  Appleton  a  wedding  visit  with  Sukey. 
29.     Thankful  Smith  altered  a  Pelice.     Lucy  went  home. 
Nov.  8.     I  went  to  Boston  with  my  Papa  in  the  Stage.     Call'd 
at  Mrs.  Minotts.     Went  to  see  the  Galvanic  Machine. 

*Miss  Abigail,  daughter  of  Judge  Dana  of  Amherst,  N.  H. 

tOn  Central  street,  south  of  the  present  Fraternity  building. 

tDaniel  Bowen  of  Boston,  proprietor  of  the  Columbian  Museum,  which 
had  been  destroyed  by  fire  Jan.  3,  180.3.  Mr.  Bowen  was  in  Salem  collect- 
ing curiosities  for  his  new  museum  which  was  opened  Nov.  29,  1806,  and 
again  destroyed  by  fire  the  following  January. 

§Rev.  David  Tappan,  D.  D.,  Hollis  Professor  of  Divinity  at  Harvard  Col- 

llThe  Salem  and  Boston  Turnpike,  over  the  floating  bridge  at  Lynn, 
which  had  been  finished  in  June  as  far  as  Lynn. 

1[Miss  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Joshua  Ward,  married  Nathaniel  Appleton. 

144  DIARY  OP  [Nov.,  1803 

9.  We  went  to  Cambridge.  Call'd  at  Mr.  Hedges.  Miss  Hughes 
&  Judge  Paine  at  Mrs.  Turners. 

10.  We  returned. 

14.     Mrs.  Pjnchon  died. 

19.  Hitty  was  run  over  by  a  chaise. 
25.     Capt.  Haraden  died.* 

Dec.  14.    I  went  to   Mr.  Abbotsf   Installation.      Dined   at  Mr. 
Thorndikes  with  a  large  Company. 
23.     Capt.  West's  ship  took  fire. 
31.     G.  Schaffer  brought  Hitty  home  in  a  Sleigh, 
Jan.  4,  1804.     The  Marine  Society  paraded. 
9.     Snow  &  wind.  Mr.  TytlerJ  lost  in  the  Storm  upon  the  Neck. 

13.  Dr.  Br.  &Dr.  Little,  Mr.  Jeffry,  Mr.  Tucker,  &  Saltonstall, 
Mr.  S.  Putnam  &  Bancroft  dined. 

14.  Sukey  got  to  bed  with  a  daughter.  Nancy  Morrill  slept 

15.  Mr.  Wards  Child  baptised  Elizabeth  Holyoke. 

27.  Col.  Pickman  &  brother,  Capt.  Peabody,  two^Mr.  Derby s, 
Mr.  Prescott  &  Dr.  Prince  dined  here. 

Feb.  1.     Mr.  S.  Grays  child  died  in  consequence  of  being  burnt. 

8.     At  Ball  at  Mr.  Hersey  Derbys. 

15.     Mrs.  Fiske§  buried. 

Mar.  3.  Snow  very  deep.  The  stage  was  obliged  to  turn  back 
after  going  4  or  5  miles  on  the  turnpike, 

13.     M' W[ard]s  brig     Stormy. 

20.  Mrs.  Webb  got  to  bed  with  a  son. 
May  2.     Tapped  a  barrel  of  Cyder. 

6.     Mr.  BiglowH  preached  for  us. 

June  12.     Made  Dr.  Tread  wells**  wedding  visit  with  Sukey. 

27.  At  the  tragedy  of  Macbethft  with  Mr.W[ard]  &  wife  & 
Mr.  Turner. 

30.  G.  Schaffer  came  for  Becca  &  Margaret,  Aunt  Cutts  & 
Madam  Whipple  &  George  call'd  &  went  on  to  Newbury. 

*Capt.  Jonathan  Haraden,  a  native  of  Gloucester,  who  removed  to  Salem 
and  was  a  famous  privateersman  during  the  Revolution. 

tRev,  Abiel  Abbot,  installed  pastor  of  the  First  church  in  Beverly. 

JJames  Tytler  (1747-1804),  Scotchman,  author,  drowned  at  the  entrance 
to  the  Neck, 

§Mrs.  Sarah,  widow  of  General  Fiske,  aged  59  years. 

II  Brig  Pompey,  Capt.  James  Gilchrist,  48  days  from  Bourdeaux. 

II  William  Bigelow,  the  schoolmaster. 

**Dr.  John  Treadwell  married  Miss  Dorothy  Goodhue. 

tt"  Mr.  Powell  respectfully  informs  the  Ladies  and  Gentlemen  of  Salem, 
and  its  vicinity,  that  the  Theatre  will  be  opened  on  Monday  evening  next, 
May  21st."  Later  advertisements  are  headed  "  Salem  Theatre."  The  en- 
tertainments were  given  in  Washington  Hall,  located  at  the  corner  of 
Essex  and  Washington  streets  and  among  others  were  presented  the  fol- 
lowing :  "  Taming  of  the  Shrew,"  "  Wives  as  they  were,"  the  comic  opera 
"  Rosina,"  Cumberland's  "  Jew,"  "Merchant  of  Venice,"  and  "  Macbeth." 

July.,  1804]  MARGARET   HOLYOKE.  146 

July  1.     Our  meeting  house  painting. 

4.  Oration  at  Church  by  Mr.  Pickering,  Sukey  here.  We  were 
at  Gen^  Derbys  eve^  at  ball. 

6.  Thunder  shower.     Grays  son  killed  in  a  boat.* 

7.  Burrows  son  drowned.f 

10.  I  watched  with  B.  Lander.     B.  Appleton  got  to  bed. 

22.  Mrs.  Appletons  child  baptised  Elizabeth. 

30.     I  was  at  B.  Landers  t  funeral  with  Mr.  Peale. 
Aug.  4.     Our  meeting  house  opened. 
25.     Capt.  Peabodys  son  drowned. 

Sept.  3.  My  Papa  din'd  at  Gen^  Derbys  with  Mr.  R[ufus]  King 
&  lady. 

8.  Mr.  Dean§  moved  into  the  Printing  office. 

9.  Mrs.  Emerys  child  baptized  Thomas  Barnard. 

11.  P.  M.  wind  &  rain.  Mr.  Hopkins  new  Steeple  blown  down.|| 

23.  Mrs.  Emerys  child  lay  dead. 

29.     President  [Joseph]  Willard  buried. 

Oct.  4.  My  Papa  went  to  Boston  in  stage  to  meet  Medical 

9.  A  violent  N.  E.  storm  with  thunder  &  lightning.  Philo's 
chamber  window  blew  in.  There  was  much  damage  done  in  this 
and  neighbouring  towns.  Chimneys  thrown  down,  houses  unroofed 
&  several  Steeples  &  meeting  houses  injured.  Mr.  Grays  three 
Chimneys  blown  down. 

Nov.  7.  E.  I.  Marine  Society  walked  in  procession.  The  Cow 
strayed  away  the  11*''  Oct.  and  came  back  today. 

19.     Tea  at  M"  Wetmores  with  M"  Pulling. 

29.  H.  Langier  came.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Prescott, 
Mrs.  White,  Sweat,  M'^  W  &  family  din'd  here.  We  began  upon 
half  a  quarter  Cask  of  Madeira. 

Dec.  3.     I  made  Mrs.  Goodhue  a  wedding  visit. 

16.     Gen^  Fosters**  Mill  burnt  at  Danvers, 

21.     Mr.  Wetmore  call'd  .     Dr.  Oliver  call'd. 

29.     Eve^  at  exhibition  of  invisible 

•A  son  of  Samuel  Gray  while  coming  up  the  harbor  in  a  small  sail  boat 
which  was  struck  by  lightning. 

t A  ten  year  old  son  of  Giles  Burroughs,  while  fishing,  fell  from  a  wharf 
near  the  North  Bridge. 

4:Miss  Rebecca,  daughter  of  Capt.  Peter  Lander,  aged  36  years. 

§Henry  Dean,  a  copperplate  printer. 

IIThe  new  South  church  steeple,  designed  by  Samuel  Mclntire. 

HThe  Massachusetts  Medical  Society  organized  in  1781.  Doctor  Hol- 
yoke  was  its  first  president. 

•*Gen.  Gideon  Foster's  chocolate  mill. 

ttThe  Proprietor  of  the  Philosophical  and  Mechanical  Museum  at  Wash- 
ington street,  Salem,  announced  in  the  Salem  Gazette  that  his  museum  was 
opened  for  eight  days,  in  which  might  be  seen  the  "  Invisible  Conversant," 
proving  that  sound  may  be  focused;  the  "Penetrating  Spy  Glass,''  by 
which  it  was  possible  to  see  through  a  solid  substance   of  any  thickness; 

146  DIARY  OF  [Jan.,  1805 

Jan.  1,  1805.     Mr.  Hopkins  Meeting  house  dedicated. 

2.  Mr.  [Samuel  R.]  Trevett  came  here  to  study. 

3.  Dr.  Torry  here. 

Feb.  11.  Mrs.  H.  Derby,  Miss  Pitts,  Miss  Swan,  &  two  Miss 
Ashtons  here,  Mr.  W.  &  wife. 

13.  Mrs.  Peabody,  Little,  Gardner,  Prescott,  Calahan,  Mrs.  & 
Miss  Cabot,  Mrs.  Pulling  here. 

22.     My  Papa  bearer  to  Madam  Gardner.* 

Mar.  19.     We  had  first  dandelions. 

Apr.  23.     Mrs.  [William]  Biglow  calld  to  take  leave. 

May  8.     Mr.  T[urnerJ  opened  School  at  M[arble]head. 

13.  Mrs.  W.  Gray  called.  P.  M.  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage 
with  my  Papa. 

14.  Judith  went  with  us  to  Inauguration  of  Mr.  Wearet  &  Mr. 

15.  I  call'd  at  Mrs.  Biglows.    P.  M.  came  home. 
22.     Opened  a  box  of  oil. 

29.     Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  &  children  kept   Election  here.    Mr. 
T[urner]  went  a  fishing. 
June  8.     Heard  of  Richard  Ashtons  death,     I  call'd  there. 
18.     Our  house  finished  shingling.     Ther.  93°. 

21.  My  Papa  calld  to  Mrs.  Story§  in  the  night. 

22.  She  died  in  the  even^. 

July  3.     Philo  drove  Sukey  &  me  to  Boston  through  Cambridge. 

4.  My  Papa  came  to  Boston.  Eve^  at  Mr.  Rogers  to  see  the  fire 

5.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Biglows.     P.  M.  came  home. 

12.  We  began  upon  a  quarter  cask  of  Lisbon.  11  doz.  &  9  Bottles. 

13.  Ther.  99'>.     At  Mrs.  [Betsey]  Clevelands  funeral. 

14.  Mrs.  Cushing  buried. 

23.  A  mason  fell  from  Hathornes  store. 

Aug.  13.     Mrs.  Smith  thrown  from  a  Chaise.     Broke  her  arm. 
17.     My  Papa  din'd  at  the  Iron  factory. 

27.  I  went  to  Boston  with  Mr.  W[ard]  in  the  Stage.  Our 
Chaise  broke  down  going  to  Cambridge. 

28.  Went  to  Commencement  with  Sukey  &  went  to  meeting. 
Din'd  at  Mrs.  Hedges. 

29.  At  Church  to  hear  the  Oration.  Din'd  with  Uncle  P.  Went 
to  Boston  with  Mr.  Biglow  &  wife. 

the  "  Writing  Figure,"  an  automaton;  nine  wax  figures  including  the 
scene  of  "  Othello  and  Desdemona,"  and  the  "Salem  Beauty."  Admis- 
sion 25  cents. 

*Mrs.  Mary,  widow  of  Capt.  Jonathan  Gardner,  aged  90  years. 

tRev.  Henry  Ware,  installed  Hollis  Professor  of  Divinity  at  Harvard 

JWilliam  D.  Peck,  Professor  of  Natural  History.  Citizens  of  Salem  had 
contributed  liberally  to  the  endowment  of  this  professorship. 

§Mrs.  Mary  Lynde  Fitch  Story,  wife  of  Joseph  Story,  Esq.,  aged  23  years. 

Aug.,  1805]  MARGARET   HOLYOKE.  147 

30.  We  all  went  to  Gen.  Badlams.     Walked  up  Milton  Hill. 

31.  Calld  at  Greenwood's  &  Mrs.  Minotts.  Came  home  in  the 
Stage  with  Siikey.     Hitty  at  her  Nephews  wedding. 

Sept.  8.     Twine  factory  burnt  at  11  P.  M.* 

23.  New  Aqueduct  laid  down ;  brought  into  the  cellar.  Danvers 
Meeting  house  burnt. 

28.     We  first  made  a  fire  in  the  back  room. 

Oct.  6  My  Papa  at  Mrs.  [Joshua]  Fisher's  funeral  with  Dr. 

26.  Mrs.  Pricey  Clark  buried  from  her  fathers  house. 
Dec.  24.     Mrs.  H.  Derby  had  a  daughter. 

Remarkably   dry  this  summer.     Not  one  rainy  day  from  9**^  of 
June  to  11**^  of  September,  yet  we  had  a  good  supply  of  vegetables. 
Jan.  16,  1806.     3  Houses  burnt  in  Carpenter  Street. 
22.     Philo  went  away. 

27.  Josh^  Cushings  printing  Ofl&ce  burnt. 

Feb.  4.     Philo  died  at  12  °C.  at  Mrs.  Cromwells,  a  black  woman. 
6.     My  Papa  &  Hitty  &  Polly  at  Philos  funeral.     Mr.  Abbot 
calld  with  his  daughter  &  Mr.  Bowen. 
22.     Sam  Redfield  came  to  live. 
26.     Mrs.  Pulling,  Mr.  &  Miss  Read,  &  Miss  Versatile  here. 

28.  We  were  at  Mrs.  N.  Appletons.  Mr.  Webber  chosen  Presi- 
dent. Uncle  Pearsons  resigned  his  office  of  Professor  of  Languages 
in  this  month. 

Mar.  2.     Indians  came  to  town.f 

4.  Phillips  I  lost  both  arms  by  firing  cannon. 

5.  He  died. 

29.  Dr.  Little  call'd  for  Books  for  Medical  Library. 
31.     Mr.  Holyoke§  of  Boxford  died. 

Apr.  1.     Medical  society  met. 

5.  I  went  to  shops.  Calld  at  Mr.  Grays.  At  Mrs.  Ingersols 

8.  Sukeys  first  son  born  eve^  9  o'clock. 

9.  Gen.  Derby  &  brothers,  Capt.  S.  Derby,  Mr.  Gray,  Mr.  E. 
Putnam  &  Dr.  Bernard  dined  here. 

12.  Doct.  Little,  Oliver,  Treadwell,  Torrey,  Pickman  dind  here. 

13.  Sukeys  son  baptized  Joshua. 

22.     Polly  taken  with  a  pain  in  her  side  &  was  bled. 
May  13.     Mrs.  Richardson  brought  me  Articles  belonging  to  the 
Salem  Female  Charitable  Society.  || 

*Fisher's  twine  factory  on  County  street. 

tTen  chiefs  of  the  Osage,  Sac,  Missouri,  Fox,  and  Powtoowatomee 
tribes,  travelling  through  the  eastern  states  at  the  expense  of  the  govern- 
ment. In  Salem  they  walked  about  the  town,  visited  the  wharves  and  the 
East  India  Museum  and  called  on  General  Derby  and  Colonel  Lee. 

t  James  Phillips,  whilecelebrating  the  inauguration  of  President  Jefferson. 

§Rev.  Elizur  Holyoke. 

llMiss  Holyoke  had  just  been  elected  Treasurer  of  the  Society. 

148  DIARY  OF  [May,  1806 

20.     Mrs.  Dabney  and  Mrs.  Pulling  calld.     Paid  me  165  Dollars. 

June  16.  Total  Eclipse  of  the  Sun.  Many  stars  appeared.  Fowls 
went  to  roost, 

25.     Zachary  Bray  came  to  live  here. 

July  4.  Went  to  see  the  tents*  on  the  common  with  Sukey  & 
Dr.  B. 

Aug.  10.  At  Mr.  [Nathaniel]  Hopes  funeral.  Mr.  Tuckerman 
prech*^  for  us. 

23.  Mr.  Flag  came  to  study  here. 

31.     Mrs.  Appleton's  son  baptized  W™  Ward. 

Sept.  9.  Mr.  Derby s  house  struck  with  Lightening.  Mrs.  Glover 
knock'd  down. 

17.  Dr.  Prince  preach'd  the  Annual  sermon  to  the  S[alem] 
F[emale]  C[haritable]  Society. 

19.  Dr.  Pickmans  wife  died. 

30.     My  Papa  Bearer  to  Mrs.  [Mary]  Eobie. 

Oct.  1.  Dr.  Brown  brought  his  son  [John  B.  Brown]  to  study 

9.  H[annah]  Holyoke  &  brother  [Samuel]  came  to  Concertt  in 
Mr.  Hopkins  meeting  house. 

Nov.  14.  The  S.  J.  Court  granted  Mrs.  [Nathaniel]  West  a 
Divorce.  J 

Dec.  4.     Mrs.  [Mary]  Prince  died. 

6.     Bought  8  feet  Peat  at  24  shillings.  § 

8.     Mr.  H[enry]  Jackson  died  at  Capt.  Sweats. 

14.  Mrs.  I[chabod]  Tucker  died. 

15.  Mr.  A[twater]  Phippen  died. 

Jan.  16,  1807.  Bowen's  Museum  burnt  &  6  men  Killed  by  the 
wall  falling. 

Feb.  3.     New  Mills  burnt. 

14.  My  Papa  dind  at  Young  Col.  Pickmans.  Mrs,  Carwick  &  I 
turned  back  room  carpet. 

17.  Mr.  Baldwin  cleaned  the  Clock  &  put  it  up.  Zachary  Bray 
went  from  here.     Jno.  Symonds  came  to  live. 

25,     My  Papa  went  to  Dr,  Whitney's  ||  funeral  in  a  Sleigh, 

Apr,  18.     Alarm  of  fire  at  JaiLU" 

20.  Sally  Phelps  began  to  go  to  school. 

24.  Young  Mrs.  [John]  Jenks  buried. 

*In  which  the  military  dined. 

tGiveu  by  Samuel  Holyoke,  the  composer  and  musical  instructor. 

tSee  Doctor  Bentley's  Diary,  Vol,  III,  pp.  260-262. 

§  Between  Mar.  20  and  Dec,  12,  the  family  bought  28  cords  of  firewood, 
including  2  cords  of  "eastern  wood"  (brought  by  vessel  from  Maine), 
costing  36  shillings  per  cord,  which  was  an  advance  of  about  3  shillings 
over  the  cost  of  oak  firewood  cut  in  the  vicinity  of  Salem. 

IIElisha  Whitney,  M,  D,,  of  Beverly, 

llSet  on  fire  by  one  of  the  prisoners,  but  extinguished  with  but  little 


I  739-1  808. 

From   a  silhouette  in  the  possession  of  the 
Essex   Institute. 


May,  1807]  Margaret  holyoke.  149 

May  2.  My  Papa  called  to  Mrs.  [Joseph]  Sprague.  She  died. 
Dr.  Prince  drank  tea  here.     Opened  medicines  from  London. 

6.  At  Annual  Meeting  for  S.  F.  C.  S.  for  choice  of  officers. 

16.  Mr.  Birchmore*  died. 

Aug.  13.  "We  spent  the  day  at  Phillips  beach  with  Judy,  Dr. 
Putnam,  Mr.  Cazneau  &  Mr.  Pulling. 

Sept.  14.     Sukey  made  Mrs.  Swett  a  wedding  visit. 

17.  W-^  P.  Oliver  died. 

Oct.  6.     Medical  Meeting.     Dr.  Parker  from  Virginia  here  to  tea. 

7.  At  Managers'  Meeting.  Eveg  Dr.  Putnam,  Mrs.  Pulling,  Mr. 
Read  &  wife  and  Uncle  Pearson  here. 

8.  President  Dwight  &  Mr.  Goodhue  calld.  I  calld  at  Mrs. 
Saunders  &  Col.  Pickmans. 

29.     At  Mr.  T[urner]s  Ball  in  the  new  Assembly  rooms. f 
Nov.  4.     E.  I.  Marine  Society  paraded.     Mr.  J.  JeffryJ  died. 
Dec.  26.     Madam  01iver§  died. 

28.  News  of  Embargo  came. 

29.  My  Papa  Pall  holder  to  Madam  Oliver. 
31.     Embargo  took  place. 

Jan.  20,  1808.  At  Capt.  [George]  Dodges  funeral  with  Mrs. 

Feb.  6.  Master  Parker  &  Toppan,  Pitts,  Drs.  Osgood  &  Oliver. 
Barstow,  Treadwell  &  Pickman  dined.     Dr.  Prince  P.  M. 

13.     Major  Sprague ^  died. 

17.     John  Symonds  went  away.     John  Chatham  came, 

20.  Foster  Derby  died  of  dropsy. 
Mar.  2      Mrs.  E[benezer]  Putnam  died. 

9.  Papa  dind  with  fire  club. 

21.  Young  Mrs.  Ashton  died. 

26.  Mrs.  H.  Derby's  carriage  overset  &  hurt  her. 

28.     Club  here.     Mrs.  Baldwin  died  with  taking  ArsenicH 
31.     Tom  Jones  died  [a  black  man]. 
Apr.  15.     Old  Mrs.  Putnam**  died. 

27.  Mrs.  Appleton  got  to  bed. 

May  4.     Annual  meeting.     Mrs.  Hodges  chosen  Treasurer. 

*Capt.  Zechariah  Burchmore,  aged  64  years. 

tHamilton  Hall,  built  in  1805  and  named  in  honor  of  Alexander  Ham- 

tJames  JefEry,  aged  76  years,  unmarried,  and  for  many  years  clerk  for 
E.  H.  Derby. 

§Widow  of  Hon.  Andrew  Oliver.  "  She  was  feeble,  limited  in  her  en- 
quiries, and  a  century  too  late  in  her  manners." — Doctor  Bentley. 

llJoseph  Sprague,  aged  68  years,  who  came  from  Medford  and  kept  a 
distillery.  Representative  and  moderator,  active  at  the  North  Bridge  at 
••  Leslie's  Retreat." 

HWidow  Abigail  Baldwin,  aged  65  years,  caused  by  using  flour  in  which 
arsenic  was  mixed  to  kill  rats. 

**Mrs.  Margaret,  widow  of  Dr.  Ebenezer  Putnam,  aged  82  years. 

150  DIARY  OF  [May,  1808 

7.  I  gave  up  the  Property  of  the  Asylum  to  Mrs.  Hodges. 

21.  Mr.  [Simon]  Lamb  buried  as  a  free  Mason, 

24.     Col.  [Timothy]  Pickering  dind  at  Concert  Hall. 

29.     Mrs.  Little  died.* 

June  1.  Josh[ua]  W[ard]  taken  with  fits.  M"^  Turner  watched 
there.     Mrs.  Pitts  came  here. 

2.  Mr.  T[urner]  carried  Margaret  home.  Joshua  died  at  quar- 
ter past  six  P.  M. 

6.  Our  Organ  first  used. 

17.     I  at  Mrs.  [Thomas]  Beckford's  funeral. 

24.     Eain.  Masons  Procession.f 

July  4.  Mr.  Saltonstall  d[elivere]d  Oration  in  our  Meeting  house. 

19.     I  rode  to  New  Mills  to  see  the  children. 

22.  Mrs.  Waldo  &  daughter  &  Miss  Franklin,  Mrs.  Pulling, 
Mrs.  Treadwell  &  Miss  Ashton  here. 

28.     Mr.  [Thomas]  Manning  killed  by  a  fall  from  a  house. 
Sept.  7.     Mr.  Spalding  preach**  a  lecture  in  our  M.  house  to  the 
Charitable  Society. 

8.  Papa  &  Mr.  T[urner]  dind  at  Iron  factory. 

26.  Tea  at  Sukey's.     E.  Ward  came  home  from  Danvers. 

27.  She  went  to  Boston  with  Mr.  Turner  &  Hitty.  Essex  Hus- 
sars j,  fine  appearance.     We  were  at  a  Party  at  Mr.  Ashton's. 

28.  Uncle  [Eliphalet]  Pearson  Inaugurated  at  Andover  Profes- 
sor of  Theology.     Went  to  Baches, § 

Oct.  5.  Gen.  Badlam  calld.  Cousin  B went  to  the  Muse- 
um.    Jn°  Chatham  died  at  Charleston,  U.  S.  Hospital. 

7.  Jno  Morineax  slept  in  Jail.  Mrs.  Ashton  &  daughter,  Miss 
Marquand,  Mrs.  Cabot  &  Mrs.  Pulling  here.     Mr.  Flag  calld. 

8.  Jno  Morineax  was  liberated. 

Nov.  1.     Mob  from  M.head  tarred  &  feathered  Ireson.H 

27.  Dr.  Prince  A.  M.,  Mr.  Nichols  P.  M.  Dr.  B[arnard]  at 
Newburyport  to  preach  Mr.  [Thomas]  Carey's  funeral  sermon. 

Dec.  3.  A  Whale  brought  into  this  harbour  who  was  found  dead 
floating  a  little  without  the  harbour.  He  measured  69  feet  5  inches 
in  length  &  more  than  15  feet  from  one  fork  of  the  tail  to  the 
other.  He  was  supposed  to  be  about  one  year  old.  He  was  shown 
at  Stage  point  a  few  days  &  then  carried  to  Boston. 

6.  We  rode  over  to  Stage  point  to  see  the  whale.  Col.  [Thom- 
as] Cushing's  funeral. 

*Mrs.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Moses  Little,  M.  D.,  and  daughter  of  George 

tThe  celebration  of  St.  John's  Day,  with  an  oration  by  Doctor  Bentley 
at  the  East  Church  and  a  banquet  at  Concert  Hall. 

JThe  first  appearance  of  the  new  troop  of  Salem  cavalry,  commanded 
by  Capt.  John  Fairfield. 

§Bache  was  making  silhouettes  in  Salem  about  this  time. 

ilCapt.  Benjamin  Ireson,  the  victim  of  the  incident  described  in 
Whittier's  poem,  '«  Ould  Flud  Ireson." 

Dec,  1808]  MARGARET  HOLYOKE.  151 

10.  Dr.  Little,  Hemenway,  Barstow,  Peabody,  Tread  well,  Brown 

16.  Gov.  Sullivan  buried. 

17.  Sukey  went  with  me  to  Dow's*  shop. 
22.  Mr.  Jno  Norrisf  died. 

Jan.  6,  1809.     Mr.  Bowen  &  Dr.  Paine  here. 

22.  New  Stoves  first  used  in  the  Meeting  house. 
26.     At  a  concert  for  the  poor  in  the  Museum. 

Feb.  2.     Judith  &  Miss  A.  Paine  came  in  their  sleigh. 

3.  We  rode  over  the  New  South  Bridge. 

16.  My  Papa  had  a  bad  fall  on  the  ice  going  to  Capt.  W. 

20.     Mrs.  [Peter]  Frye  buried.     Sukey  &  I  went  to  the  house. 
Mar.  17.     Mr.  [Joseph]  Henfield  buried. 

24.  Capt.  B[enjamin]  West  buried. 
31.  Good  friday.  Mrs.  Reaf  died. 
Apr.  2.     Mr.  Ward's  mother§  died. 

20.  Miss  N[ancy]  Jeffry  died  in  a  fainting  fit.  I  was  there  in 
the  morning. 

26.     Began  to  repair  the  barn. 
May  3.     Mrs.  Dumaresq||  died. 

21.  At  Mrs.  [Mercy]  Gibbs'  funeral. 

23.  Mr.  W[ard]s  Elms  cut  down  in  Market  street. 
June  4.     Capt.  Clifford  Crowniushield  buried. 

5.  Mr.  W[ard]  in  Boston.  Great  procession  in  honor  of  Gov. 

6.  My  Papa  at  Library  meeting.^ 

July  3.     I  went  to  Andover  with  my  Papa  over  the  turnpike. 

4.  Calld  at  Mrs.  Phillips.  Went  over  the  Institution.  Returned 

6.     Eppes  Carter  came.     I  calld  at  Mr.  Appleton's.    We  walked 
in  the  Mall.     Calld  at  Mrs.  Webb's. 
Sept.  7.     Mrs.  [Joseph]  Osgood  died. 

20.  Gov''  Gore  dind  in  town  at  Hamilton  Hall.  Mr.  T[urners] 
sister  Skillings  died. 

21.  The  Gov.  went  out  of  town  escorted  by  Cavalry. 

25.  Club.     Mrs.  Emery**  died. 

*Josiah  Dow,  who  kept  a  dry  goods  store  on  "Cheap  Side,"  a  part  of 
Essex  street  nearly  opposite  the  First  Church. 

tJohn  Norris,  merchant,  State  senator,  and  benefactor  of  Andover 
Theological  Seminary. 

4:Mrs.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Capt.  Archelaus  Rea,  aged  29  years. 

§Mrs.  Sarah,  wife  of  Joshua  Ward,  aged  55  years. 

llWidow  Mary  Dumaresq,  aged  91  years,  in  Boston. 

^The  "Social  Library,"  1760,  and  the  "Philosophical  Library,"  1781, 
were  united  in  March,  1810,  and  became  the  "Salem  Athenaeum." 

**Mrs.  Sarah,  wife  of  Capt.  Robert  Emery  and  only  child  of  Rev.  Thomas 
Barnard,  aged  34  years. 

162  DIARY  OF  [Sept.,  1809 

27.  Mr.  Worcester  preach"*  charity  lecture.  My  Papa  and  I  at 
Mrs.  Emery's  funeral. 

28.  Call'd  to  see  Mrs.  N.  Appleton  in  their  new  house. 

Oct.  6.  Capt.  [Jonathan]  Peele  died.  [Nehemiah]  Adams' 
shop  took  fire. 

Nov.  22.     Hitty  put  down  straw  carpet  in  the  entry. 

29.  Mr.  T[urner]  brought  his  children.  He  had  a  bad  fall  on 
the  Kitchen  hearth.     Was  blooded. 

30.  Thanksgiving.  Mr.  T[urner]  blooded  again,  in  great  pain. 
Dr.  T  [read well]  &  Pickman  called.  Williams  sat  up  with  him. 
Dr.  Massey  &  Barstow,  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife,  Dr.  Flag  dined  here. 

Dec.  2.  Mr.  T[urner]  came  below.  Dr.  L[ittle],  Dr.  Oliver, 
Mr.  W[ard],  Capt.  Emery  called.  Mrs.  Turner  got  to  bed  with  a 

3.  Nurse  Howard  went  to  Boston. 

4.  Mr.  T[urner]  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage.  At  Mr.  W[ard8]. 
Helped  make  carpets. 

Jan.  3,  1810.     Aunt  Curwin*  died,  aged  91. 

5.  Sukey  &  Mr.  W[ard]  eve^.     Papa  at  Aunt  Curwins  funeral. 

6.  Mr.  Turner  &  E.  Pearson  came.  Sukey  called.  Warm,  bad 

7.  At  meeting.     Eve^  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife. 

8.  Mr.  Oilman  &  W™  Hedge  calld.  Mr.  T[urner]  carried  Mar- 
garet home.     I  was  at  Mr.  W[ard]s. 

11.  S.  Holyoke  came.     Mr.  Oilman  calld. 

12.  Col.  Pickman  &  Dr.  M*^  Appleton,  Dr.  Prince,  Capt.  Emery 
&  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  dind  here. 

13.  Papa  unwell. 

14.  He  staid  from  meeting.  Dr.  Mussey  called.  Dr.  Pickman, 
Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife. 

15.  S.  Holyoke  returned  from  Portsmouth.  Eve^  at  Mrs.  Rob- 
insons with  Sukey. 

16.  Tea  at  Sukeys.     Call'd  at  Mrs.  Pullings. 

17.  Call'd  at  Col.  Pickmans  &  Mrs.  Northeys. 

18.  My  Papa  din'd  at  Capt.  Peabodys.  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife 
here.     Rain.     Col.  Pickman  eve^. 

19.  Extreme  cold  &  windy.     Dr.  Mussey  &  0[liver]  call'd. 

20.  Ther.  5  below  0.  Miss  [Susanna]  Beadle  found  dead  in 
her  bed. 

21.  At  Meeting  all  day.     Ther.  6  below  0. 

22.  Ther.  2  below  0.     Club  here. 

23.  My  Father  confined  with  rheumatism.  Eve^  Mr.  W[ard]  & 
Dr.  Treadwell. 

25.  Tea  &  eve«  at  Sukeys.     Call'd  at  Mrs.  Pullings. 

26.  Hitty  kept  Chamber.     Dr.  L[ittle]  &  Sukey  eve«. 

•Mrs.  Sarah,  widow  of  George  Curwen,  and  sister  of  Col.  Benjamin  Pick- 

Jan.,  1810]  MARGARET    HOLYOKE.  153 

27.  Hitty  kept  bed.     I  call'd  at  Sukeys.     Mr.  Ward  unwell. 

28.  At  meetiug  A.  M.     Hitty  same. 

29.  Hitty  the  same.  Mrs.  Phelps  watched.  Very  cold.  Sukey 

30.  Hitty  rather  better.     Mrs.  Still  watched. 

31.  Polly  taken  sick.     Took  an  emetic. 
Feb.  11.     Dea.  [Jacob]  Sanderson  died. 
Mar.  14.     Dr.  [James]  Lloyd  died. 
Apr.  16.     Began  upon  a  bag  of  Coffee. 
17.     We  made  10  Gallons  of  Ginger  wine. 
23,     James  Derby*  shot  himself. 

May  13.     Mr.  W[ard]  went  to  Boston  to  his  fathers  wedding. 

20.  Mr.  Nicholls  preached.  Miss  Gleason,  Miss  Russell  &  Miss 
Lane  at  our  meeting, 

30.  Election.  Dea.  [Nathaniel]  Bachelor  hung  himself  in 
Broad  fields. 

June  1.     I  rode  with  Mr.  T[urner]  P.  M. 

2,  Mr.  T[urner]  carried  home  his  sons.     Dr.  Waterhouse  calld. 

3.  Dr.  Waterhouse  sat  in  our  pew,  P.  M.  Eve^  Mr.  W[ard]  & 

5,  I  calld  at  Col,  Pickmans,  Mr.  Tucker  &  Dr.  Pea[bodys]. 

6,  Mr.  Osgood  call'd  here.     Dr.  Marsh  &  Dr.  B.  call'd. 

7,  Aunt  Cutts  &  Mrs.  Carter  came  to  breakfast.  Mr.  [Ward] 
&  wife,  P.  M,     Dr.  Parker  call'd, 

9.  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  din'd  here.  Aunt  &  Mr.  Carter  went  to 
Boston  in  the  Stage. 

10.  At  meeting.     Eve*  Dr.  E.  Barnard,  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife. 

11.  Club  here.     Tea  at  Mr.  Wards. 

12.  R.  Cross  worked  here.     S.  Ormond  slept  here. 

13.  Mr.  T[urner]  came,  P.  M.     Eve*  at  Sukeys, 

14-     Mr.  T[urner]  returned  before  dinner.     Dr.  L[ittle]  call'd. 
15.     Aunt  C[utts]  &  Mrs.  Carter  call'd  &  went  along  in  the  Stage. 

17.  M''  Ward  went  to  our  meeting.     Din'd  here, 

18.  M"^  W[ard]  &  wife  went  to  Concord,  Eve*  I  was  at  Mrs. 

19.  News  of  a  Shipf  overset  at  G[rand]  Bank  with  a  number  of 
Persons  aboard. 

20.  Mr.  W[ard]  &  wife  returned.     Eve^  there. 

22.  Call'd  to  see  Mrs.  Appleton  with  Sukey.  Eve*  at  Mrs. 

23.  Nurse  Punchard  call'd  with  Mrs.  Appletons  child. 

24.  E.  Ward  went  to  our  meeting, 

26.  I  was  at  Sukeys.  Very  warm.  We  put  up  an  iron  back  in 
the  front  room, 

*Son  of  Samuel  Derby.     A  suicide. 

tThe  ship  Margaret,  Capt.  William  Fairfield;  fifteen  escaped  in  the  long 
boat  leaving  thirty-one  clinging  to  the  hull  of  the  vessel. 

154  DIARY  OF  [June,  1810 

26.     Dr.  L[ittle]  call'd. 

28.  Mr.  T[urner]  returned  before  dinner.  Miss  Hannah  Adams 
call'd  in  the  Morning. 

29.  Tea  at  Sukey's  with  his  father  &  mother. 

30.  Thunder  Shower  at  Noon.  Tea  at  old  Mr.  Wards,  with  my 
Father,  Sukey  &  Mr.  W[ard],  Mr.  &  Mrs.  Cole.     Very  warm. 

July  3.     We  went  to  see  the  Universal  Meeting  House  dressed.* 

4.     Old  Mrs.  Proctor  died  suddenly. 

17.     President  [Samuel]  Webber  died  suddenly. 

22.     Three  men  got  home  from  the  wreck. f 

25.  I  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage.     Call'd  at  Mrs.  Minotts. 

26.  At  Lecture  with  Mrs.  Merrill.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Whitwells 
My  Father  came  to  Boston. 

27.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Borlands,  Dr.  Eand  &  Mr.  Simpsons.  Ke- 
turned  in  the  Stage. 

Aug.  19.     N.  Carter  returned  from  Naples.     Eve^  here.  J 

21.  Went  to  Lynn  Spring  with  my  Papa,  Judith,  Mr.  W[ard] 
&  wife. 

Sept.  11.  We  were  at  old  Mr.  W[ard]s  with  Gov.  Clayburn§  & 
a  party. 

17.     Trimmed  our  Trees  &  bushes. 

21.     Mrs.  Appletons  child  buried. 

Oct.  4.     B.  Clark  II  died. 

10.     Gen[eral]  training.     Very  cold.     At  Atheneum. 

]  8.     Zachary  Stanley  went  away.     James  Dyer  came. 

Nov.  23.     At  Mr.  Wards,  news  from  his  vessel.H 

Dec.  11.     At  Emily  Waldo's  funeral  with  my  Father  &  Sukey. 

12.  Heard  of  Mrs.  Holyoke  &  child*  death  at  Havana  in  the 

14.     Mr.  [Nathan]  Frye  buried. 

Jan.  5,  1811.  Gen.  Derby  call'd.  Judge  [John]  Tredwell 

Feb.  11.     Mr.  Mclntireft  buried. 

*In  which  a  Fourth  of  July  oration  was  delivered  the  next  day  by  J.  E. 

tThese  men,  with  two  others  who  died  in  the  boat,  escaped  from  the 
ship  Margaret. 

JHe  came  in  the  ship  Francis  with  two  hundred  others  whose  vessels 
had  been  seized. 

§Gov.  William  0.  0.  Claiborne  of  New  Orleans,  La. 

IIMiss  Elizabeth  Clarke,  aged  47  years. 

IThe  schooner  Madockawando,  77  days  from  Gottenburg,  bound  for 
Salem,  but  blown  from  her  course  and  spoken  two  days  out  from  Bermuda. 

**Mrs.  Elizabeth  (Bourne),  widow  of  Oliver  Peabody  Holyoke.  She  was 
a  passenger  on  the  brig  "  Sally  and  Betsy,"  Boston  to  Havana.  The  vessel 
was  wrecked  in  Havana  harbor,  October  9,  1810. 

ttSamuel  Mclntire,  the  architect  and  woodcarver,  designer  of  the  South 
church,  Salem,  the  steeple  of  the  Park  street  church,  Boston,  the  old 
Salem  Court  House,  and  many  other  handsome  dwellings. 

Mar.,  1811]  margaret  holyoke.  155 

Mar.  6.  Rode  to  Lydia  Lander's  funeral.  M.  Pearson  came  to 
keep.     Lilicks  much  broken  by  the  weight  of  snow. 

21.     M"  [Mary]  Norris  died. 

24.  Thunder  storm  night.  Lightening  struck  M"^  [Joseph] 
Sprague's  house  &  the  old  South  in  Boston. 

28.     Marblehead  Poorhouse  burnt.* 

Apr.  3.  M'"  T[urner]  began  School.  I  call'd  at  Major  Waldo* 
Eve«  at  M"^  Ashton's. 

15.  Began  upon  a  cask  of  Sicily  Madeira  of  13  doz.  bottles  in 
the  cask. 

May  4.     Our  front  fence  finished. t 

21.     Made  Ginger  wine,  9  Gall. 

28.  Sukey  got  to  bed  with  a  son  dead.  H.  Holyoke  and  M" 
Henderson  watch**. 

29.  I  watch**  &  P.  Ingalls.     Sukey  rather  better. 

30.  M"  Biglow  &  M"  Frye  watch**. 

31.  M'^  Robinson  watch**.  A  great  fire  happened  in  Newbury 
Port  which  destroyed  150  or  160  buildings  in  the  most  central  part 
of  the  town — occasioned  by  Incendiary  it  was  supposed. 

June  28.     M"^  Putnam's  child  very  much  hurt. 

Aug.  21.     Mr.  Pickering  buried.  J 

Sept.  5.  About  this  time  a  large  Comet  was  seen  for  the  first 

17.  We  had  a  pretty  large  eclipse  of  the  Sun.  It  began  about 
1  o'clock  &  ended  about  4.  It  was  a  very  clear,  serene  sky,  but  at 
the  time  of  the  eclipse  the  sky  was  of  a  very  deep  blue  &  a  chilli- 
ness in  the  air  was  very  perceptible. 

24,  Mr.  Peele  &  wife  thrown  into  the  Mill  pond  in  their  Chaise 
&  something  bruised. 

Oct.  1.  At  Charitable  lecture,  M""  Emerson.  At  N[athaniel] 
Ropes'  funeral  with  Sukey. 

12.  M"  Hedge  got  to  bed. 

13.  D'  [Moses]  Little  died. 

21.     Sukey  &  I  made  M"  [Ichabod]  Tucker  a  wedding  visit. 
Nov.  9.     My  Father  at  Court  on  account  M""*  Norris  will. 
12.     M"  Norris  Will  confirmed  by  jury. 

•There  were  110  inmates  at  the  time  and  all  escaped  in  safety.  The  tire 
began  in  a  room  containing  a  quantity  of  picked  oakum. 

+An  indenture  signed  by  Judith  Turner,  widow,  Susannah  Ward,  and  Ed- 
ward A.  Holyoke,  dated  28  June,  1830,  in  relation  to  the  laying  out  of 
Holyoke  court  between  their  lands,  mentions  "beginning  at  a  point  on 
Essex  street  as  the  same  street  now  is  widened  since  the  mansion  house  of 
the  late  Edward  A.  Holyoke,  Esq.,  has  been  moved  back  eleven  feet,  ten 
and  one  quarter  inches  from  the  underpining  at  the  northeast  corner  of 
the  building  late  said  Mansion  house." 

tHon.  John  Pickering  (1740-1811),  Speaker  of  the  Massachusetts  House 
of  Representatives,  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and  Register  of 
Deeds  for  twenty  years. 

156  DIARY    OF  [Nov.,  1811 

30.  We  heard  of  the  death  of  M'  Turner's  brother  &  Sister  at 
Orleans  County. 

Dec.  Began  upon  half  hundred  Coffee  bought  of  Jos.  Andrew 
for  14  cents  p""  lb. 

3.  M"  N.  Appleton  call'^.  D"^  [John]  Drury  [of  Marblehead] 

15.  M^  [Thomas]  Robie  died. 

16.  A  Gentleman  from  Virginia  here  &  M'  W[ard]. 

Jan.  9,  1812.     D'  Mussey  &  D'  Johns,  M'  Sachrider  call'd. 

10.  M'  E.  H.  Derby  &  D'  Prince,  M'  W.  &  wife  eves. 

11.  D'^  Waterhouse  call'd. 

13.     M""  Wadsworth  brought  M"  Pitts. 

21.  Alarm  of  fire,  Marlborough  street. 

22.  Alarm  of  fire  at  Goodrich's  store. 

Mar.  23.  Made  M"  J.  Prince  a  wedding  visit.  Rode  in  M' 
W[ard]s  Chaise  with  Sukey. 

24.     Town  meeting.     Federal  ticket  preva[iled]. 
28.     Aunt  Cutts  died.* 

31.  We  heard  of  Aunt  Cutts'  death  at  Kennebunk,  of  Palsy, 

April  6.     Great  disturbance  at  town  meeting.f 
10. .   At  D'^  Mussey*  Chemical  lecture. 

13.  I  went  to  Boston  in  the  Stage.  Snow  fell  two  inches  deep. 
Bought  first  Dandelions. 

14.  Call'd  at  Greenwoods  &  W  Morrill's. 

15.  Call'd  at  M"  Parkmans,  Minot,  Biglow. 

16.  Call'd  at  M"  Thordikes  &  Gray.  P.  M.  returned  in  the 
Stage.     Tea  at  M''  W[ards]. 

May  3.  Dr.  Osgood  had  his  toe  taken  off.  D'  T  [read well] 

4.  M"  S[amuel  G.]  Derby  died.     Storm  snow  &  rain. 
31.     Election  week  quite  cold.     No  lilacs  blows. 

June  6.     M'  J[ohn]  Jeffry  buried.     Walked  with  Sukey. 

9.  At  M""  Worcester^  ministers  Meeting.  M'^  BuckminsterJ 

22.     We  heard  of  War  being  declared. 

26.     Dr.  [Joseph]  Osgood  died  very  suddenly. 

July.  June  &  July  very  wet  &  cold  for  the  season,  had  fires  in 
the  parlour  till  after  the  beginning  of  July. 

4.     Oration  by  B[enjamin]  Peirce. 

20.     Whitewashed  B.  Room  &  front. 

Aug.  2.  M'  Eaton  preach*^.  Heard  of  a  riot  in  Baltimore.  M' 
S[amuel]  Ward  buried. 

*Doctor  Ilolyoke's  sister  Anna,  who  married  Samuel  Cutts  of  Ports- 
mouth, N.  H. 

tBetween  the  Democrats  and  Federalists  over  balloting  for  State 

Jin  Boston,  Rev.  Joseph  S.  Buckminster,  aged  28  years. 

Aug.,  1812]  MARGARET   HOLYOKE.  157 

6.     M"  [Michael]  Shepard  died. 

8.     Eve*  at  H.  Derby  to  see  [night  blooming]  Cereus. 

18.  Miss  Mason,  M"  Oliver,  Mis«  Gilman  &  Borgham  here. 
Sept.     Very  cold  for  the  season.    Began  to  make  fires  5th  of  the 

month.  Very  few  Peaches  in  Market.  None  in  our  garden. 
Plumbs  plenty. 

2.     News  of  Gen.  Hulls  defeat  at  Detroit. 

8.     Hitty  &  M.  Carter  at  M'  [William]  Phelps  funeral. 

26.     M"  C[lark  Gay  ton]  Pickman  died. 

Oct.  19.     We  put  up  a  Franklin  Stove  in  the  Back  room. 

30.     M'  T[urner]  at  Palconys  ball. 

Nov.  12      Old  M"  Ashton*  buried  from  M'  [Jacob]  Ashtons. 

13.  At  M"- T[urner]s  exhibition  with  two  M"  WTardls,  M" 

22.  M.  Turner!  went  to  keep  at  her  Aunt  W[ard]s. 

26.  Thanksgiving.  Dr.  Hubbard  &  Ann  Turner  dined  here 
with  M''  T[urners]  &  Wards  familys.     J.  Dyer  went  h[ome]. 

27.  We  all  dined  at  M'^  W[ard]s  with  his  father  &  mother. 

30.  M"-  Cross  died. 

Dec.  1.     At  a  Concert  in  D'  P[rince]s  Meeting.  J 
10.     Pirate  [John  Tulley]  hung  in  Boston. 
15.     Capt.  Webb  &  wife  here. 

19.  Account  [in  newspapers]  this  week  of  an  extraordinary 
Pillar  of  fire  seen  near  the  city  of  Jerusalem  in  April  last,  for  three 
days  &  three  nights  in  which  time  neither  Sun,  Moon,  nor  Stars 
appeared,  to  the  great  terror  of  the  Inhabitants. 

20.  M*"  [Nathaniel]  Fisher  died  suddenly  between  meetings. 
Jan.  24,  1813.     Russian  news  of  Defeat  of  France. 

26.     Three  shops  burnt  on  long  whf. 

Feb.  21.  Hannah  H[olyoke]  at  Church,  the  Bishop  [Griswold] 

23.  Old  M"  [Mary]  Orne  died,  burnt. 
Apr.  5.     Federal  major^  for  Gov.  &  Senator. 

6.  H[annah]  Holyoke  went  to  M''  W[ards]  to  keep. 

7.  At  M"  Richard  Ward*  funeral. 
May  24.     At  M"  W™  Orne«  funeral. 

31.  Augustus  T[urner]  carried  H.  Holyoke  &  Margaret  home. 
June  1.     Chesapeak  taken  by  the  Shannon. 

25.     Rode  to  the  cotton  factory  with  M"^  W[ard]. 

28.  Thunder  shower.  A  Vessel  struck  [by  lightning]  at  South 

July  19.  M"  W[ard]  got  to  bed  with  a  daughter.  I  Call'd 
there.     Children  here. 

*Mrs.  Mary  Ashton,  aged  97  years,  the  oldest  person  in  Salem, 
t Margaret  Turner,  then  ten  years  old. 

JThe  oratorio,  the  "  Messiah,'^  directed  by  Mr.  Graupner,  with  Doctor 
Jackson  at  the  organ. 

158  DIARY  OF  [July,  1813 

25.     M"  W[ard]s  child  baptized  Susanna. 
Aug.  11.     Gen.  [Stephen]  Abbot  buried. 

23.  My  Father  went  to  Boston.  Capt.  Lawrence  &  Liet.  Lud- 
low buried  here  with  great  parade.  M''*  W[ardj  &  M'*  Pierce  & 
M"  Wells  came  to  see  it.     Went  to  see  the  meeting  house. 

25.  Commencement.  D'  Pickman  here.  James  Dyer  painted 
Kitchen  floor  over  once. 

Oct.  16.     Eliza  Derby  buried. 

21.  Master  Young  came  to  the  Ball  &  W™  Turner. 
25.     [Thomas]  Phippen  cut  his  throat  [aged  30  years.] 
27.     Jane  Nicholls  hung  herself  [aged  72  years]. 
Nov.  14.     Cut  a  Dana  cheese. 

29.  M"  Turner  got  to  bed  with  a  daughter.  I  call'd  at  M" 
Carwicks  &  shops. 

Dec.  3.  D'  Prince,  two  D''  Barnards,  Mussey,  Pickman  & 
Oliver,  M"^  W[ard]  &  wife  dined  here. 

22.  Great  fire  at  Portsmouth,  seen  from  here  &  from  Boston. 

24.  News  of  Embargo  came  to  town. 

25.  M'  W[ard]  &  wife  &  children  spent  Christmas  here.  D 
Peabody  call'd.     Cut  a  cheese. 

Jan.  4,  1814.     News  of  defeat  of  French.     Leipsic  taken.     My 
Father  at  medical  meeting.     D'  T[readwell]  called. 
25.     M"  [Hannah]  Neal  died  suddenly. 
Feb.  11.     Jesse  Richardson  Hanged  himself. 
27.     My  Father  went  to  see  M"  West  at  Danvers. 
Mar.  9.     M'*  West*  died  at  her  Farm  in  Danvers. 
11.     M'*  West  buried  in  this  town  from  the  farm. 

13.  M"^  Nicholls  preach*!.  Eve^  D' T[readwell|],  M' W[ard]  & 
wife.     M'*  Turner's  child  Judith  Pickman  died  with  lung  fever. 

14.  Town  meeting.  Fed.  Maj.  of  380.  Sukey  call'd  and  Mr. 

15.  Town  meeting.  Fed.  Maj.  409.  D""  T [read well],  M'  Thomas 
&  son. 

16.  Went  to  Boston  in  the  stage  with  M'  W[ard]  to  see  the 
Panorama  of  Quebec. 

17.  Cousin  B.  Kneeland  at  M""  Turners  to  see  the  Glass  house. 

18.  Returned  with  M'  W[ard]  &  Eliza.     Call'd  at  M'  Minotts. 

19.  Heard  of  M""  Leechmeres*  death  16  Dec.  last. 

24.  D'  B[arnard]  call'd.  News  that  the  Allies  were  near  Paris. 
D"-  T[readwell],  D"^  P[rince],  D'  M[ussey]  call'd. 

27.  Our  Congregation  began  to  stand  in  Singing. 

28.  Began  upon  a  bag  of  Coffee. 

31.     Army  of  the  Allies  entered  France.     Tapp*^  a  B'  Cyder. 
April  3.     No  meeting.     D'  B[arnard]  preach'd  at  Wenham.     I 

•Mrs.  Elizabeth,  divorced  wife  of  Capt.  Nathaniel  West  and  daughter 
of  Elias  Hasket  Derby,  aged  52  years. 

Apr.,  1814]  MARGARET    HOLYOKE.  159 

was  at  D'  P[rince]s.  Constitution  chased  into  M'head.  Eve*  D' 
E.  B[arnard],  M'  W[ard]  &  wife. 

4.     Federal  Majority  for  Gov.  Strong. 

29.  D'  P[rince]  &  M'  W  [ard]  call'd.  M"  Robinson  &  Pulling, 
M"  Ward  &  Neice,  M"^  Appleton  &  wife,  Sukey  &  Mary  here. 

May  10.  M'  T[urner]  brought  Ann.  I  was  at  Ministers  meet- 
ing at  T>^  P[rincesJ.    M'  &  M""^  Carwick  went  home. 

11.  News  from  France  that  Paris  &  Bourdeaux  were  taken. 
Judge  [Robert  Treat]  Paine  died. 

13.  S.  Holyoke  call'd.  M''^  Pulling  moved  out  of  the  neighbor- 

14.  D'  Nicholls  call'd. 

24.  My  Father  chosen  President  of  A[merican]  Academy  [of 
Arts  and  Sciences]. 

25.  M'  Hedge  &  wife  &  Sarah  came  to  dine.  P.  M.  at  the 

26.  We  all  dined  at  Glocester.     Tea  at  Manchester. 

28.  M'  Hedge  &  wife  &  daughter  returned.  M'  T[urner]  & 
W™  came  from  Chelmsford. 

June  1.     Bt.  a  bag  of  rice.     93  lb. 

6.  By  an  arrival  from  Halifax  accounts  were  received  that 
Buonaparte  had  been  defeated,  that  the  Allied  Army  had  en- 
tered Paris  with  the  Emperor  Alexander  of  Prussia,  the  King  of 
Prussia  &c.  at  their  head  the  31^*  March  and  were  received  with 
the  warmest  emotions  of  joy.  That  Buonaparte  had  abdicated  the 
throne  &  Louis  IS'''  was  declared  King. 

11.     Heard  of  Judge  [Samuel]  Sewalls  death  at  Wiscasset. 

22.  S.  Lander  &  H.  Biglow,  Miss  Ashton  &  D''  Pickman  call'd. 
74  Launched.* 

24.  We  bottled  a  cask  of  Cyder  wine  which  was  made  in  the 
Autumn  of  1812.  There  was  6  doz.  &  3  bottles.  We  began  upon 
it  the  same  day  it  was  bottled. 

July  10.  M""  Lovring  preach<*.  Miss  Badlam  &  M"  How  call'd. 
Heard  of  Essex  Frigate  being  taken. 

15.  My  Father  at  M"  [Eliphalet]  Kimballs  funeral. 

25.  My  Father  went  to  Almsbury  I.  Factory. 

28.  Dutch  Ambassador  arrived  from  Holland,  caused  alarm 

29.  M'  B[enjamin]  Goodhue  buried. 

Aug.  1.  M"^  &  M"  Ward,  M"^  Hall,  two  Miss  Biglows  &  Sukey 

24.  My  Father  met  the  Academy  of  A.  &  S.  at  Cambridge,  the 
first  time  since  he  was  chosen  President  of  it. 

•The  frigate  "Independence,"  built  under  the  direction  of  Commodore 

tThe  two  Dutch  vessels  bound  for  New  York  put  into  Marblehead 
harbor  in  consequence  of  contrary  winds.  The  alarm  brought  out  (he 
Essex  Guards. 

160  DIARY  OF  [Aug.,  1814 

26.  We  call'd  at  M"  Olivers,  M"  Eobinsons  &  M"  Carwicks. 
P.  M.  D""  Goodhue  from  Vermont,  D^  Mussey,  Rollins,  Pickman 

29.  News  of  Washington  being  taken  by  British  troops. 
Sept.  5.     D^  E.  Barnard  call'd.     People  alarmed.* 

7.     I  sent  a  trunk  to  M'  Upton's.     People  moving  out  of  town 
for  fear  of  the  British  troops. 
23.     Fire  by  the  Mills  at  night.j 

25.  Alarm  of  British  troops  landing  at  Beverly.  Guns  fired  & 
Beacon  lighted.  J  At  Meeting  all  day.  A.  M.  Prov.  17  :  3.  P.  M. 
Acts  20 :  21.  These  two  texts  were  preach**  by  Rev*^  D'  Barnard 
the  last  Sunday  before  his  death. 

28.     Another  alarm.    Eve^  of  British  landing. § 

30.  Miss  H[annah]  Holyoke  came  from  Cambridge  with  Capt. 

Oct.  1.     D'^  [Thomas]  Barnard  taken  with  apoplexy. 
2.     D''  B[arnard]  died  at  12  o'clock.     No  meeting.     I   staid  at 

4.     Gen[eral]  training  on  Legge's  hill. 

6.  D'  [Reuben  D.]  Mussey  call'd  to  take  leave. 

7.  D'  Mussey  moved  to  Hanover. 

Dec.  14.  Call'd  at  M"  Carwicks  &  shops.  D""  [Daniel]  Hop- 
kins died.     Began  a  new  bag  of  coffee, 

17.  M'  Pickman,  Judge  Putnam,  M"  Tucker  &  Miss  Gay  call'd. 
D'  Pickman,  Kittridge,  Oliver,  M'  W[ard]  at  tea, 

22.  Church  Meeting  at  Capt.  Peabody's.     We  were  there, 

23.  My  Father  Pall  holder  to  Old  M"  [Margaret]  Peele. 

26.  Andrew  Oliver  died. 

Jan.  1,  1815.     At  meeting.     Eve*  M""  W[ard]  &  wife. 

2.  Call'd  to  see  M"  Carwick.  She  had  a  fall.  Call'd  at  Shops, 
My  Father  eve*^  at  Judge  Putnams. 

3.  Tea  at  M"^  Ashton  with  H[annah]  H[olyoke]  &  A[nn] 

4.  D'  0[liver]  call'd. 

5.  D'  Mussey  call'd  P.  M. 

6.  We  went  to  Church.     Epiphany.     M"^  W[ard]  &  Wife  here. 

7.  D'  0[liver],  D'  Hubbard  &  Pickman  call'd. 

8.  M''  Abbot  preach^.  Call'd  at  M"  Carwicks.  H[annah] 
H[olyoke]  at  D'  Eaton's.     M"-  W[ard]  &  wife  eve«. 

12.  M'  Abbot  preach^.  National  fast.  D'  Pickman  call'd  & 
D'  T [read well], 

*In  consequence  of  the  attacks  on  Washington  and  on  Stonington,  Conn. 
Three  days  later  came  the  landing  at  Sandy  Bay,  Gloucester. 

tA  barn  on  Mill  street,  Salem. 

tA  false  alarm,  caused  by  a  nervous  sentinel  who  observed  a  boat  drift- 
ing towards  shore  and  received  no  answer  to  his  hail. 

§Caused  by  a  herring  boat  near  West  Beach,  Manchester,  that  did  not 
answer  the  hail  of  the  sentinel.    Musket  shots  were  exchanged. 

Jan.,  1815]  margaeet  holyoke.  161 

13.  M'  Abbot,  M"-  Tucker,  D'  Prince,  D'  Pickman  dined  here. 
Call'd  at  M'  Ashton's  to  see  Miss  Greenleaf. 

14.  Capt.  [Edward]  Russell  died. 

16.  M'  Hurd  preach**.  Eve^  Miss  Greenleaf,  R.  Pickman  &  N. 
Ashton  call'd. 

16.     Augustus  kept  house.     Burnt  K.  Chimney. 

19.  M'  W[ardJ  &  wife  eve^.  Augustus  better.  My  Father  at 
Capt.  Russell^  funeral. 

21.  D^  Pickman  call'd. 

22.  Sukey  went  to  hear  M'^  Abbot.  P.  M.  M'  W[ard]  &  wife 
&  D'  E.  B[arnard]  eve*^.     Snow  storm. 

23.  Snow  12  inches  deep.     M*-  W[ard]  &  D-"  T [read well]  eve«. 

25.  Miss  H[annah]  H[olyoke]  at  M""  W[ard]s  with  a  party. 

26.  M"  Abbot  &  M»«  Tucker  eve^  M'  J.  Abbot  at  tea.  M" 
W[ard]  &  Mary. 

27.  Ther.  2  below  0.  Eves.  M'  W[ard],  M-^^  Pulling  &  Mack  call'd. 

28.  A[nn]  Turner  confined  with  swell'd  face. 

29.  M""  Channing  preach**  for  us. 

30.  M.  Ward  eve^.  M"^  Tucker,  Dabney,  Ashton,  Judge  Put- 
nam call'd.     ISf[urse]  Howard  took  leave  of  us. 

31.  Ther.  11  below  0.  Coldest  day  known  for  many  years.  4 
below  0  at  Noon.  Nurse  H[oward]  set  out  for  the  eastward  with 
her  son. 

Feb.  5.  M'  Abbot  preach**.  Church  meeting  at  Capt.  Peabody^ 
voted  to  give  M'  Abbot  a  call.  D'  Pickman  &  E.  Barnard  here  eve^. 

6.  Parish  meeting.  They  voted  to  give  M'  Abbot  a  call.  M' 
T[urner]  brought  Huggerford. 

7.  My  Father  waited  on  M'  Abbot  with  Judge  Putnam  &  M' 

8.  M""  T[urner]  carried  Augustus  &  his  chum  home. 

10.  M""  Abbot  &  M'  Tucker  call'd.  Rejoicing  for  a  victory  at 
N.  Orleans  by  Gen.  Jackson. 

13.  Report  that  a  treaty  of  Peace  had  arrived  at  N.  York.  Can- 
non fired.  Bells  rung.  D""  Stearns  building  illuminated.  D'" 
0[liver]  &  Pickman  &  Barnard  called.  An  Express  arrived  here 
from  Centinel  office  in  Boston  with  a  hand  bill  containtaing  a  letter 
from  M'  Goodhue  in  N.  York  stating  that  a  British  vessel  had 
arrived  there,  which  brought  two  Messengers  to  our  government, 
with  a  treaty  of  Peace  which  was  signed  at  Ghent  the  24  Dec.  last 
&  in  England  Jan^  2**.  This  News  created  great  j  oy.  The  bells 
were  instantly  set  to  ringing,  cannon  were  fired,  several  companies 
paraded  &  in  the  eve^  several  buildings  were  illuminated. 

21.  Treaty  of  Peace  with  G.  Britain  came  from  Washington 
ratified  by  P[resident]  Madison  17"*  Inst.  Bells  were  rung.  Can- 
non fired. 

22.  Sukey  &  children  spent  day.  Eve^  I  Went  to  see  fire 
works  &  Illuminations.     We  were  awaked  with  bells   &   cannon. 

162  DIARY  OP  [Feb.,  1815 

Independent  company"  paraded.  In  the  eve^  all  the  public  Offices 
&  Banks,  M'  B.  Meeting  house,  steeple^  of  other  meeting  houses  & 
many  private  houses  were  handsomely  illuminated  &  the  Essex 
Hotel,  at  the  expense  of  the  Light  Infantry  Company,  elegantly 
decorated  with  coloured  lamps  &  transparencies,  figures  of  Peace  & 
Plenty  as  large  as  life  over  the  Portio  on  each  side.  A  large  num- 
ber of  rockets  were  thrown  from  the  top  of  the  house  and  an  exhi- 
bition of  fire  works  from  the  front  yard. 

26.  M'  Everett  preach^  for  us.  Read  M'  J.  E.  Abbots  answer 
in  the  affirmative. 

28.  M'^Tucker  &  Miss  Dabney  call'd  with  a  subscription  for  a 
Gown  &  Cloak  for  M'  Abbot.  M'  Tucker  P.  M.  H.  &  E.  eve*. 
M""  Ward  &  wife,  Mary  &  H.  Holyoke  at  a  Ball  for  Peace. 

Mar.  14.  Nurse  Gould  attempted  to  hang  herself.  D'  0  [liver] 
eves.  M""  W[ard]  &  wife  &  H[annah]  H[olyoke]  here.  M'  Tucker 
&  M'  Abbot  call'd. 

19,     Cold.    We  moved  into  the  front  room. 

22.     Russell  began  to  paint  back  room. 

25.  B.  room  finish*  &  Entry  doors  painted  Mahogany. 
31.     Major  [Jonathan]  Waldo  died  in  an  apoplexy. 
Apr.  1.     We  got  into  the  back  room. 

8.     D'  Batcheldor  din'd  here.     D'  Warren  buried.* 

13.     Thanksgiving  for  Peace. 

16.     My  Father  at  M"  Richard  Gardners  funeral. 

18.  My  Father  at  Church  meeting.  Capt.  [Bartholomew]  Put- 
nam Died. 

19.  Bible  Society  met  at  D'  P[rince]s. 

20.  M'"  Hedge  &  wife,  M"  Turner  &  Aug[ustu]s  came.  M'  J. 
E.  Abbot  ordained  over  our  society,  North  M,  House.  M^  Channing 
preach**.     We  had  a  large  company  to  dine.     Capt.  Putnam  Buried. 

21.  Tea  at  M"*  W[ard]s  with  M"  Hedge.  D'  Kirkland  call'd. 
W  Abbot  &  father.     M"  Hathorne  &  M"  Hall  call'd. 

27.  News  that  Buonaparte  had  returned  &  got  Possession  of 

May  6.  M"^  Abbot  &  M'  Ashton  call'd.  Children  here.  M' 
W[ard]  eve*.     Planted  beans,  Giraud,  Saba  &  Cranberry. 

8.  My  Father  at  Church  meeting  at  M'  T.  Tucker's.  M'  Simp- 
son call'd.     Bread  fell  to  5  cents. 

26.  A.  Turner  &  Fay  came  from  Andover,  A,  M.  I  call'd  at 
M"  Carwicks. 

27.  E.  Fay  walk'd  to  Boston. 

June  18.  My  Father  Pall  holder  to  Capt.  G[eorge]  Crowning- 

July  10,  My  Father  &  M'  W[ard]  dined  at  [Lynn]  Mineral 

*  John  Warren,  M.  D .  of  Boston,  famous  surgeon  and  President  of  the 
Massachusetts  Medical  Society. 

















I      E 

July,    1815]  MARGARET   HOLYOKE.  163 

31.     M'  W[ard]  went  to  Almsbury  factory. 

Aug.  1.  A  most  severe  shower  of  hail  happened  this  day  between 
3  &  4  °clock  P.  M.  attended  with  much  wind  &  some  thunder  & 
lightening.  The  hail  stones  larger  than  were  ever  seen  here  before 
by  the  oldest  persons.  Some  weighed  two  ounces  &  others  more. 
They  were  of  different  shapes,  some  resembling  turnips  rather  flat 
than  globular.  They  broke  vast  numbers  of  windows.  Scarsely  a 
house  but  lost  several  panes.  In  the  South  &  west  sides  of  our 
house,  183  paines  were  broken.  The  violence  of  the  shower  was 
supposed  to  last  about  ten  minutes.  The  weather  previous  to  this 
was  extreme  hot  &  dry.  No  rain  had  fallen  of  any  consequence 
for  more  tha)i  a  month.  Since  that,  which  is  14  days,  the  weather 
has  been  very  cold  for  the  season. 

3.    News  that  Buonaparte  was  confined  in  France. 

6.  M''  J[erathmael]  Peirces  House  caught  fire. 

12.  Put  up  two  new  windows  in  back  rooms. 

15.  Hitty  sick  with  the  shingles.     D'  T[readwer]  call'd  eve«f. 

16.  Publick  dancing.     Hitty  better. 

23.  D'  Almon  from  Halifax  called. 

24.  My  Sister  W[ard]  got  to  bed.     The  child  dead,  a  son. 

26.  News  that  Buonaparte  had  surrendered  himself  to  the 
Commander  of  a  British  ship  Bellerophon. 

Sept.  5.  Began  to  take  Milk  at  Thorn.  NewalP,  p"^  day  (a)  6  cents 

7.  Began  upon  a  barrel  of  Coffee. 

10.  M'^  Prentiss  preach'*.  M'  Abbot  went  a  journey.*  Eve^  D"" 
B[arnard]  &  D'  Cook  here. 

23.  A  violent  storm  happened.  It  began  about  8  "Clock  A.  M. 
&  continued  about  6  hours,  with  great  violence,  blowing  down 
Steeples,  unroofing  Houses,!  tearing  up  trees  &  doing  vast  damage 
to  shipping.  We  lost  several  fruit  trees  &  very  large  Lilac  tree  & 
the  leaves  of  the  trees  were  shrivelled  &  turned  black  with  the 
spray  from  the  ocean  &  windows  were  covered  with  particles  of  salt. 

Oct.  13.     Capt.  B[enjamin]  Webb  died. 

14.  D'  Torrey  call'd.  Capt.  W"'  Orne  died  in  a  fit.  Tapped  a 
Bi  Cyder. 

Nov.  3.     M^  W™  Pickman  died  aged  67. 

6.     M""  Ware  preach*^  at  M"^  W™  Pickman  s  funeral. 

13.  They  began  to  take  down  Gen.  Derby*  large  house  nextus.t 

•He  preached  again  in  Salem  on  Oct.  1st. 

tThe  Lynda-Derby  summer  house  on  Castle  hill  was  totally  destroyed. 
The  steeple  of  the  Wenham  meeting  house  was  blown  down  and  at  Mar- 
blehead  fourteen  vessels  went  ashore. 

JThe  mansion  was  built  by  Elias  Hasket  Derby  in  1799  at  a  cost  of  $80,000 
on  the  site  of  the  three  story  mansard-roof  house  previously  owned  by  Col. 
William  Browne,  the  loyalist.  Mr.  Derby's  heirs  conveyed  the  property  to 
the  town  of  Salem  and  the  present  market  house  was  elected  on  the  spot 
in  1816. 

164  DIAEY  OF  [Nov.,   1815 

17.  D"^  E.  Barnard,  M'  W[ard]  &  wife  din'd  here.  M'  Pun- 
chard  call'd.     Left  taking  milk  at  T.  Newalls. 

30.  Mf  Abbot  &  D'  Hubbard,  M>^  W[ard]  &  wife  &  family  dind 
here  &  M"^  Turners  children.     Thanksgiving. 

Dec.  7.     M""  W™  Hathorne  died  suddenly. 

20.  D'E[ichard]  Derby  died.  D'  Eaton  call'd  &  M'  J.  E. 
Sprague  &  D""  Pickman. 

21.  Fire  in  the  new  store  of  Hinman  &  Stodder.  I  call'd  to 
see  S.  Ormond.     She  sick. 

Jan.  2,  1816.     M'  W""  Cleveland  buried. 
3.     Committee  met  here  on  College  business. 
5.     My  Father  Pall  holder  to  M'"  Jo°  Gardner. 
Feb.  9.     Began  upon  4  Gall  Sicily  Wine.     We   made   five    legs 
Bacon  &  two  Shoulders. 

12.     M'  E.  Sprague^  child  burnt  in  the  bed. 

15.     M'  E[ben]  Bickford  died. 

Mar.  11.     Town  meeting.     Federal  moderator  chosen. 

12.  Democratic  town  ofl&cers  chosen. 

13.  News  came  of  Henry  Prince's  death  from  Holland.* 

28.  Obear's  house  burnt  in  Bridge  street  by  himself. 
Apr.  1.     Democratic  Majority  of  37  for  Gov.  &  Senator. 
2.     Meeting  house  burnt  at  Newbury,  Newtown.f 

8.  My  Father  met  Committee  for  College  business  at  M'  Ash- 
ton's  office, 

11.     C[harles]  Forester  died  suddenly. 

25.  My  Grandfather  Ordained  at  Mhead  this  day  a  hundred 
year  [ago].  D*^  Peabody,  M"^  Morgan  &  M*"  Secomb  called.  D' 
0 [liver]  eve^. 

29.  Went  to  see  an  Elephant  weigh'i  6000,  8  feet  high.| 
May  8.     News  of  M'  S[amuel]  Dexters  death. 

9.  Call'd  at  Sukey^  &  Shops.  Went  to  Boston  with  my  Father. 
M""  Clap  &  Miss  Paine  a  M'  T[urners]. 

10.  We  spent  the  day  at  Cam  [bridge].  Call'd  at  M"  Biglows 
&  Hedges.     Fire  on  the  long  wharf.     M'  Fogharty  died  suddenly. 

11.  Call'd  at  M"^  Miuots  &  Morrills.     Eeturned  in  Stage. 
13.     S.  Grays  house  sold  for  5210  f 

June  14.     Mended  front  chamber  paper  &  back  D°. 

19.  M''  Bowditch  call'd.  Hitty  &  Polly  were  thrown  from  M' 
T[urners]  chaise  &  bruised.  Josh.  Ward  fell  into  the  river.  M' 
T[urner]  had  public  dancing. 

*William  Henry  Prince,  aged  29  years,  son  of  Rev.  John  Prince  of  Salem. 
He  was  supercargo  of  the  ••  Salus,"  Capt.  Pillsbury,  and  was  buried  at 

tThe  meeting  house  at  Belleville,  Newbury,  struck  by  lightning. 

XA.  female  elephant  exhibited  at  the  Essex  Ooffee  House.  Admittance, 
25  cents. 

June,  1816]  margaret  holtoke.  165 

20.  D^  T[readwell]  &  D'  Oliver  called.  Heard  of  D^  Griffins* 
death,  murdered  by  his  Slave. 

22.  D'  Pickman  informed  me  of  R.  Webbs  marriage. 
Aug.  22.     Large  fire  in  Norris'  Distillery.f 

Oct.  1.  M"""  W[ard]  &  Mary  helped  me  make  carpet  for  F. 

4.     I  went  with  Sukey  to  Mary  Cushings  funeral. 

16.     Printing  Office  boarded  &  shingled  on  the  West  side. 

19.  Liverpool  packet  launch**.  J 

20.  My  Father  Pall  holder  to  M'  Abijah  Northey. 

21.  G[eorge]  Crowningshields  Brig  launched.  §  Roof  raised 
on  Non  Market  house. 

24.  Russell  began  to  paint  Printing  Of[fice].  Barn  finish*. 
Shingling  on  West  side. 

Nov.  10.  H.  Ward  at  our  meeting.  D'  P[rince]  publish**  to 
M"  Waldo. 

23.  M""  W[ard]  waited  on  us  to  see  the  new  Market  House. 

27.  M'"  T[urner]  &  children  came.  W"*  came  by  water.  Eve^^ 
at  Col.  Pickman^     D""  P[rince]  married. 

Dec.  3.  W™  Turner  went  on  board  a  Coaster.  I  made  M''* 
Prince^  morn^  visit  with  Sukey  &  M*"'  Hathorne. 

8.     My  Father  made  D""  Prince  visit  with  D'  Oliver. 

14.  Went  on  Board  Capt.  Cronsel  II  barge  with  M'  W[ard]  & 

20.  Sukey  call'd  with  me  at  M"^  Bowditch's,  M"  Carwicks,  D' 
Pickmans,  M"  Ashtons,  M"  Henfield.     Churned  2  lb.  Butter. 

27.    At  M-^  H[enry]  Ornes'  funeral.     D"^  HubbardlT  call'd. 

Jan.  2,  1817.     D'  [Thomas]  Pickman  died  aged  43. 

6.     I  walk'd  to  D'  Pickman^  funeral  with  D""  Barnard. 

12.     D'  Pickman's  child  baptized  Mary  Toppan. 

20.  Began  upon  a  box  of  candles. 

21.  M'  Carlisle  ordained  Priest  by  B.  Griswold, 

22.  M'  Carlisle  Instituted.     Churned  2^  lb.  Butter. 

29.  M'  Parkers  school  took  fire.** 

30.  I  subscribed  to  a  society  for  employing  poor  females. 

Feb.  14.  Ther.  2  below  0  at  Noon.  11^  below  eve«.  D'  0 [li- 
ver] &  T[readwell]  call'd. 

♦Probably  James  Griffin,  who  studied  medicine  with  Doctor  Holyoke 
from  1786  to  1789. 

tAt  the  corner  of  Liberty  and  Water  Streets.  Nineteen  buildings  were 

JThis  ship  was  built  by  Enos  Briggs. 

§The  famous  **  Cleopatra's  Barge"  which  was  at  first  called  the  "  Car  of 
Concordia."  The  vessel  was  in  reality  the  first  American  yacht.  See 
Essex  Institute  Hist.  Coll.  Vol.  XXV.  p.  81. 

ilCrowninshield.     The  "  Cleopatra's  Barge." 

lOliver  Hubbard,  M.  D.  (1770-1846)  who  practiced  in  Salem. 

**The  school  house  stood  near  the  Baptist  meeting  house. 

166  DiABT  OF  [Feb.,  1817 

15.  Ther.  11  below  0.  Strong  vineagar  &  spirit  &  water  frozen 
in  closet  by  the  chimney ,  in  which  was  a  Franklin  stove.  Churned 

19.  Eliza  Foster  buried  from  Asylum.* 

Mar.  4,     M'  Jn<*  Appleton  died  with  Apoplexy, 
7.     Erode  to  M'  Appleton*  funeral.     He  was  buried  with  Hearse. 
First  in  town. 

20.  My  Father  &  M'  W[ard]  at  Meeting  of  N.  H.  Stock- 

24.  M"  Ashton  broke  her  leg  on  the  ice.  My  Father  there, 
with  D'  T  [read well]  &  Barstow.     I  call'd  there. 

25.  D"^  T[readwell]  &  D^  0[liver]  call'd.  D'  Peabody  here 

Apr.  11.  D'  [Benjamin  Lynde]  Olivers  house  took  fire  inside 
at  Noon. 

12.     Opened  Firkin  Butter  79  lb. 

16.  M"  J[oseph]  E.  Sprague  died. 

21.  M"  [Jacob]  Ashton  died  suddenly  at  1  A.  M. 

28.     M""*  [Benjamin]  Pickraan  died,  aged  73.     We  gardened. 

May  7.  At  Asvlum  Meeting.  Eve^  at  Concert  Universal  Meet- 
ing with  M"  W[ard]  &  E.  &  M.  Turner.  D>^  0  [liver]  Morns  At- 
tended annual  meeting  of  Salem  F[emale]  C[haritable]  Society  in 
Carpenters  street  to  choose  officers  &  hear  transactions  of  the  year 
past  which  were  read  by  M""*  A.  Dabney  the  first  Directress.  It 
was  found  that  the  whole  expense  for  the  past  year  for  those  chil- 
dr[en],  twenty  in  number,  amounted  to  $693.  The  following  la- 
dies were  then  chosen  into  office  and  accepted :  M''*  A.  M.  Dabney, 
First  Directress ;  M"  R.  Dodge,  Second  Directress  ;  M"  M.  Nich- 
olls.  Secretary  ;  Miss  H.  Clarke,  Treasurer ;  M"  G.  Hodges,  M'" 
E.  0.  Tucker,  M"  S.  Pickering,  M"  E.  Phillips,  M'"^  L.  R.  Peirce, 
M"  A.  Adams,  M"  C.  Saunders,  M"  C.  Stone,  Managers.  N.  B. 
All  of  last  year  except  M"  M.  Nicholls  &  M"  A.  'Adams. 

20.  I  was  at  M"  Johonnots  with  a  party. 

21.  M"-  T[urner]  at  M'  Gigon«  ball. 
July  6.     Capt.  [Simon]  Forester  buried. 

7.  We  went  to  see  Town-hall  dress'd  for  President. 

8.  President  Munroe  came  by  M.  Head.  My  Father  Din'd  with 
him  at  S  Hotel. t  Sukey  &  H[annah]  Holyoke  at  Concert.  M' 
T[urner]  came  with  Epes. 

9.  M'  W[ard]  and  wife  at  Judge  Story «.  Eve«  with  P[resi 
dent]  Munroe. 

10.  They  were  at  Sec[retar]y  CronsilJ  with  my  Father. 

*She  was  "  the  first  child  received  under  the  protection  of  the  Salem 
Female  Charitable  Society"  in  Carpenter  street. 

tThe  "Essex  Coffee  House,"  previously  the  mansion  of  "Billy"  Gray, 
and  now  the  •'  Essex  House." 


July,    1817]  MARGARET    HOLTOKE.  167 

29.  Aug[ustu]s  Turner  came  to  study.* 

Aug.  4.     Susan  Hedge  died  &  was  buried,  with  Dysentery. 
5.     M"  Thorndike  buried.f 

12.  M""  [Jeremiah]  Shepard  buried. 

16.     M"-  Bowditch  call'd  with  M'  Pierce  of  Brooklyn. 

19.  I  went  to  the  new  Poor  house  t  with  Capt.  Webb. 

25.  Capt.  R[obert]  Stone  died. 

30.  Jno.  Geyer  stabbed. 

Sept.  13.  At  M""^  [Abigail  D.]  Rogers  funeral  with  my  Father. 
Judge  [Daniel  Appleton]  White  call'd. 

18.  Began  to  mend  Stair  carpet. 

20.  Mrs.  M[ichael]  Webb  died. 

23.     A[ugtistus]  Turner  finished  cleaning  Shop. 
27.     Jon»  Waldo  died. 

29.  Kept  house.  Rheumatical.  M'  &  M"  Sales  went  to  live 
at  M'  Turners. 

Oct.  1.     Began  upon  4  Gall.  Sicily  wine. 

5.  A  considerable  shock  of  an  Earthquake  in  Meeting  time,  in 
communion  time. 

6.  My  Hedge  &  wife  came.  M""  &  M"  Dunham  &  Col.  Lull 
supped.  '  Judge  White  &  M'  Bowditch  even^. 

14.     My  Father  at  M'  [John]  Jenks'  funeral. 

19.  M'  Loring  preach«i.     M'"  A[bbot]  gone  to  N.  York. 
Nov.  2.     M'  A[bbot]  taken  sick. 

3.  My  Father  visited  M""  Abbot  with  D""  T [read well].  He  was 
quite  ill  with  cough,  &c. 

9.  Mr.  Abbot  of  Byfield  preach"*. 

10.  M"  [Robert]  Brookhouse  died. 

13.  Straw  carpet  laid  down  in  entry. 

14.  Entry  floor  painted  round. 

26.  Capt.  G[eorge]  Crowninshield  died  [suddenly]  on  board 
his  barge.  S[amuel]  C[urwen]  Ward  died  &  M"  [Catharine] 

Dec.  1.     Bought  59  lb  Tapiocha  for  $3.  54. 

2.  D'  Fisher  &  D""  Channing  to  visit  M'  Abbot  with  D""  Tread- 
well  &  my  Father. 

Jan.  7,  1818.  D'"  Peabody  call'd.  Began  upon  a  bag  Calcutta 
Sugar,  1^  Cwt.  to  use  common. 

8.  Call'd  at  M"  Carwicks,  M"  Dabney.  M'  Bentley,  M""  Nich- 
olls,  Capt.  Osgood,  M'  Robinson  call'd. 

*Edward  Augustus  Turner,  son  of  Doctor  Holyoke's  daughter  Judith. 
He  came  to  study  medicine  with  Doctor  Holyoke,  and  afterwards,  at  his 
request,  changed  his  name  to  Holyoke  and  succeeded  to  the  Doctor's  prac- 
tice and  lived  at  the  corner  of  Essex  and  Newbury  streets. 

tMrs.  Anna,  wife  of  Hon.  Israel  Thorndike  of  Beverly. 

JThe  present  brick  almshouse  on  the  Neck,  designed  by  Charles  Bul- 

168  DIARY  OF  [Jan.  1818 

16.     We  went  to  Oratorio*  with  Capt.  S.  Webb  &  Aug[ustu]s. 
16.     Began  upon  4  Gall.  Sicily  Madeira. 

20.  M"  [Mehitable]  Higginson  died  aged  94.  I  call'd  there  & 
at  M^^  Carwicks. 

Feb.  2.     M''  Carliles  house  took  fire. 

15.  Aug[ustus]  at  M'  Howard^  funeral.f 

16.  H[eDry  Anderson]  Clark  buried  from  Capt.  Webbs. 
Mar.  1.     Thomas  Osgood  died. 

14.  E.  Pearson  came.     Slept  at  Mr.  W's. 

24.  My  Father  gone  to  meeting  of  Savings  bank. 

25.  Sukey  watch'd  with  M"  Bowditch. 
27.     M"  [John]  Stone  buried. 

Apr.  1.  James  Dyer  went  away.  Calvin  Batchelor  came  to 

May  7.  M""  E.  H.  Derby^  furniture  sold  at  auction.  Aug[ustu]s 
at  M'  Peeles  on  a  party. 

10.  Capt.  W"'  Marston  buried. 

21.  I  was  at  Meeting  of  E[vangelical]  Missionary  Soc^. 

29.  Tea  at  M'  W[ards].  Went  to  the  Still  house  with  him  & 
wife.     Judge  White  call'd. 

June  11.     M"^  Abbot  set  out  for  home. 

13.     S[usan]  Ward  vaccinated  by  E.  A.  H[olyoke].t 

15.  Gen.  Derby^  lady  call'd. 

20.     Calvin  [Batchelor]  vaccinated  from  Susan. 

24.  Young  D'^  Warren  called.     Gathered  Strawberries  first. 
July  4.     M[echanic  Light]  Infantry  din'd  in  Town  Hall. 

Aug.  11.  My  Father  rec<^  a  letter  from  M'  Abbot  by  M.  D.  Pick- 

12.     I  made  a  wedding  visit  to  M"  Aug^  Neal. 

16.  M'  P.  Osgood  preach*^  &  read  a  letter  from  M'  Abbot  to  our 

25.  News  of  E[ssex]  Bank  being  robbed  by  W'"^  S.  Gray,  Cash- 
ier, &  James  King. 

Sept.  4.     M""  J.  Orne  &  Miss  Susey  Sanders  buried. 

5.     M"  W°^  Hathorne  buried. 

16.     M''  T[urner]  brought  W"  to  go  to  sea. 

20.     W"  Turner  Sail'd  for  Baltimore. 

30.  Call'd  at  old  Mr.  W[ard]s,  M"  Tuckers,  Miss  Higginsons, 
Col.  Pickmans.     Eves  at  M'  W[ard]s.     D""  Pierson  call'd  here. 

Oct.  8.     Mr.  Abbot  returned. 

11.  M""  Abbot  at  Meeting.     M'  Nicholls  preach*. 

22.  M--  [Holten]  Dale  buried. 

*The  Handel  Society  of  Salem  celebrated  their  first  anniversary  with  a 
concert  in  the  Universalist  meeting  house. 

tEzekiel  Eloward,  son  of  Rev.  Bezaliel  Howard  of  Springfield,  a  student 
at  Harvard  University. 

JAugustus  Turner  had  now  assumed  the  name  Edward  Augustus  Hol- 



Centenarian  physician  of  Salem.      From  the  portrait  painted  in  I  824  by  his 

grand-daughter,  Mary  Holyoke  Ward,  now  in  the  possession 

of   Miss   Mary   W.    Nichols. 

Oct.,  1818]         MARGARET  HOLYOKE.  169 

30.  E.  Augustus  Holyoke  left  us  to  go  to  D"^  Jacksons  in  Boston. 

Nov.  4.     M"  [Edward]  Pulling  died  suddenly. 

8.  M'  J.  E.  Abbot  our  minister  sail'd  for  Havana  for  the  re- 
covery of  his  health,  with  his  Aunt,  Miss  Margaret  Emery.  M' 
Kimball  preach*^. 

21.  At  M"  Reb[ecca]  Cabot«  funeral  with  my  Father. 

Dec.  3.  Thanksgiving.  Judge  White,  D""  Hubbard  &  Pierson, 
M""  W[ard]  &  family,  M'  T[urner]  &  family  dined.  M'  Hathorne 
&  wife  eve*. 

17.  Went  to  M'  [James]  Frothingham's  picture  room  with 
M"  Hathorne. 

22.  M'  N[athaniel]  Appleton  died. 

24.  M"  [Elisha]  Mack  died. 

25.  Letters  rec*^  from  Miss  Emery  at  Havana,  that  M'  A[bbot] 
was  much  as  he  left  Salem.  Arriv*^  there  Nov.  Suffered  from  sea 
sickness.  From  thence  Sail'd  for  Charleston,  S.  Carolina,  where 
they  passed  some  time.  From  thence  to  Philadelphia  &  from 
thence  to  Salem,  arrived  here  1819,  May  28,  very  sick.  He  return'd 
home  to  Exeter  in  June  &  died  7''"  Oct.  following  in  his  24*** 

26.  Opened  a  box  of  candles,  10  to  a  pound. 
Jan.  21,  1819.     Posted  Books  with  my  Father. 

Feb.  2.  With  my  Father  went  to  M'"  [James]  Frothingham's 
Picture  room.f 

6.  Capt.  James  Barr  call'd. 

14.  At  Meeting  P.  M.  M'  Fuller  preach^,  read  two  letters 
from  M""  A[bbot]  from  Havana  &  Charleston. 

18.  Four  Pirates  hangedt  in  Boston. 

22.  Oration  in  our  meeting  by  D""  Pierson. 

26.     In  night,  high  tides.     Damage  on  wharves. 
Apr.  4.     Miss  [Mary]  Fessenden    [aged  66  years]    buried  from 
M'  Derby  ^  farm. 

7.  M'  T[urner]  opened  [dancing]  school  with  27. 
13.     At  Sally  West's  funeral  with  S  ukey. 

19.  My  Father  atD"^  [Francis]  Gerrish*  funeral. 

23.  Tea  at  M"^  W[ard]s.  His  sister  [Mrs.]  Appleton  died  sud- 

24.  D""  [William]  Stearns  died.     Eclipse  of  sun,  A.  M. 
26.     Heard  from  M''  Abbot  at  Phyladelphia. 

May  12.     Col.  B.  Pickman  died  aged  78. 

15.  M"  [Edward]  Lang  died. 

16.  Dinah  died. 

18.     M""  N.  Appletons  furniture  sold  at  Auction. 

*The  latter  portion  of  this  paragraph  was  written  the  following  year. 
+The  life  size  portrait  of  Doctor  Holyoke  painted  by  James  Frothingham 
is  now  in  the  picture  gallery  of  the  Essex  Institute. 
JFor  murder  and  piracy  on  board  the  sehooner  Plattsburgh. 

170  DIARY  OF  [May,  1819 

28.  M'  Abbot  got  home  very  sick.  Bought  51  lb.  of  Coffee  at 
25J^  cents. 

June  2.  Violent  storm  of  Hail.  We  had  76  Panes  Glass  broken 
the  South  side  of  the  house. 

7.  Cross  finish**  windows. 

30.  E[ssex]  Bank  charter  dissolved.*  Majority  voted  to  take 
the  Prop[erty]  from  Directors  &  appointed  trustees. 

July  13.     M"  Barnardf  buried. 

21.  F[ront]  room  Papered.  M''  [Elias]  Cornelius  ordained 
Assistant  to  D'  [Samuel]  Worcester. 

Aug.  6.  My  Father  &  we  were  at  M'  [James]  Frothingham's 

9,     My  Father  at  J.  White's  $  wedding  visit. 

12.  My  Father  91  years  old. 
21.     Y[ellow]  Fever  in  Boston. 

Sept.  7.  Thunder  shower.  Capt.  Landers  wharf  struck  by  it  & 
wood  carried  away. 

16.     M.  Turner  came  on  account  of  Malignant  Fever. 

Oct.  11.  M'  Abbot§  buried  at  Exeter.  M'  Hurd  preach"*  funeral 
sermon.     M'  Dabney  dyed. 

Nov.  7.     Gov.  Strong  died  suddenly.     M""  Clark  preach"*. 

8.  Our  neighbour  [Jabez]  Baldwin  died. 

Dec.  2.  Thanksgiving.  D""  Hubbard  &  E.  Pearson  &  Mr.  Wards 
family  dined  here.     M*"  Cloutman  eve^. 

13.  M^  W[ard]  called.     M'  Turner  went  there  to  keep. 

26.  C[hurch]  Meeting  at  M""  Ashtons.  Voted  to  call  M'  Colman 
of  Hingham. 

29.  Rev.  W"  Bentleyll  died  suddenly. 

Mar.  12,  1820.     Trees  covered  with  rimef  &  injured.  Very  cold. 
May  5.     Jn"*  Derby^  old  shop  moved. 
8.     M'  Derby^  new  shop  moved. 

26.     My  Father  din'd  at  Col.  Pickmans  with  Gov.  Brooks. 
June  2.     I  first  rode  out  with  M[ary]  Ward.     Eve^  D'^  T  [read- 
well]  and  M'-  W[ard],  D'  Paine  &  M'  T[urner]. 

3.  Began  to  take  butter  of  M"^  Dodge,  3  lb  p'  week. 

4.  Eves  D"^  B[arnard],  D'  T [read well] ,  M'  W[ard]  &  family. 
6.     D"-  0  [liver]  eve^  &  D""  T [read well]  called. 

6.  M'  T[urner]  came.     M""  W[ard]  &  family. 

7.  Eve8  M'  W[ard]  call'd. 

*At  that  time  it  was  the  oldest  bank  in  the  county,  it  having  been  incor- 
porated in  1799,  though  beginning  business  July  2,  1792. 

tMrs.  Lois,  widow  of  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard,  aged  78  years. 

JJudge  Daniel  A.  White  married  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Wetmore. 

§Rev.  .John  E.  Abbot,  the  minister  of  the  North  Church,  Salem. 

liThe  famous  pastor  of  the  East  church,  Salem.  Eminent  as  a  linguist, 
patriot  and  divine.     His  Diaries,  in  four  volumes,  have  been  published. 

Ulncrusted  with  ice  to  a  greater  extent  than  before  known. 

June,  1820]      margaret  holyokb.  171 

8.  D'  0  [liver]  &  T[i-eadwell]  eve^,  &  M'  W[ard].  Publick 
dinner  for  Capt.  N[athaniel]  Silsbee.* 

10.  Mary  W[ard]  finished  painting  Bird.     Butter,  3  lb. 

11.  M""  Brazierf  preach*.  Eve^  Miss  Ashton,  D'^  B[arnard], 
M'  W[ard]  &  family. 

12.  My  Father  went  in  the  Stage  to  Boston.  Two  M' W[ard]s 
&  Miss  Gibbs  called. 

13.  D""  0 [liver]  eve^.     M'  T[urner]  came. 

14.  I  rode  with  M'^  W[ard  &  two  daugh[ters].  My  father  re- 
turn'd.     M'  W[ard]  &  family  P.  M.     D'  T[readwell]  called. 

15.  M'  Jn*'  Dodge  buried. 

16.  Eve«  D' 0 [liver],  M"  W[ard]  &  M"  Prince  called.  M' 
T[urner]  returned  P.  M. 

17.  E.  A.  Pearson  came  &  slept  here.     Butter,  3  lb. 

18.  He  din'd  at  M'  W[ard]s.  M'  Brazier  preach**.  Eve«  M' 
W[ard]  &  family. 

19.  Rode  with  M'  W[ard].  E.  Pearson  return'd.  D'  0 [liver] 

20.  M"-  T[urner]  came.     I  rode  with  M'  W[ard]  A.  M. 

21.  H[annah]  Holyoke  &  two  brothers  here.  Capt.  Wheatland 
called.  D"-  Holmes  called.  Ther.  98.  H[annah]  H[olyoke]  & 
brothers  went  to  Boxford. 

22.  D'  B[arnard]  call'd  &  M'  Jn"  Appleton.  Eve^  D'  0[liver], 
M'  W[ard]  &  daughters.     Ther.  100  in  the  shade. 

23.  Col.  Pickman  &  D'  Holman  &  Sanderson  called. 

24.  Free  Masons  walk'd.}  Oration  by  M'  Clark  in  North 
Meeting  house.     Butter,  3  lb. 

25.  D'  P[rince],  A.  M.  Eve«  D'  Peabody  &  T[readwell]  & 
M'  W[ard]  &  wife. 

26.  M"  Webb  calPd.  D'  B[arnard]  P.  M.  M"  W[ard]  & 
daughters  eve*^. 

27.  S.  Ormond  eve^.     Mary  drank  tea  at  home. 

28.  H[annah]  H[olyoke]  &  brothers  &  M'  T[urner]  came  to 
dine.     Return'd  to  Boston,  P.  M.     Eve^  D'  0[liver]  &  E.  Ward. 

29.  M'  T[urner]  return'd.  M[ary]  &  H[itty]  Ward  at  Judge 
Whites.     D"-  0  [liver]  call'd. 

30.  D'  T[readwell]  &  Judge  Story  call'd. 

Aug.  5.     Sea  Serpent  seen  from  Phil[lips  beach]. 
12.     My  Father  92  years  old. 

20.  M"-  Brazer  preach**.  Col.  Pickman,  M'  Nichols,  &  M'  T. 
Tucker  call'd. 

21.  D""  Holman  &  Brown  call'd.  My  Father  at  Church  meet- 
ing.    Voted  to  call  M""  Brazer. 

•At  that  time  he  was  Representative  to  Congress. 

tRev.  John  Brazier  of  Worcester,  who  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  North 
Church  the  following  November. 
tA  procession,  address  and  dinner  in  celebration  of  St.  John's  Day. 

172  DIARY  OF  [Aug.,  1820 

22.     Proprietors  Meeting.     Voted  to  call  M'  B[razier]. 

29.     Epes  T[urner]  came  in  Steamboat.* 

Sept.  1.  Capt.  Rea  called  to  pay  my  Father  Div^  from  S[alem] 
I[ron]  Facty, 

4.  E[pes]  Turner  &  J[osliua]  Ward  went  to  Boston  in  Steam 

Oct.  Ladies  of  North  Parish  subscri^  $453  for  Pulpit  Curtains 
&  Gown  &  Cloaths  for  Rev'^  Jn°  Brazer. 

12.     Bought  127  lb.  Cheese  @  Tj^  cents.     12  Cheeses. 

14.  Rev.  Jn"*  Brazer  Ordained  at  North  Meeting  house.  My 
Father  din'd  with  Counsil  a  E[ssex]  C[offee]  House. 

27.  I  began  to  try  Electricity  for  my  Ancle  &  eyes. 
Dec.  20.     Dan  Andrew  died. 

22.  Anniversary  of  the  landing  of  our  forefathers  at  Plymouth 

■Jan.  24,  1821.     Extreme  cold.    Ther.  at  16  below  0  at  12  "clock. 

25.     Ther.  15  below  0.     The  coldest  day  ever  remembered  here. 

29.  Miss  E,  Peabody  call'd.  A  wild  Cat  taken  at  Reading. 
Some  seen  at  Lynn  this  season  owing  to  extreme  [cold]. 

Feb.  16.     Clark  condemned  for  N  Port  fire.f 

March  27.     M"  Judge  White  died. 

31.  Eunice  Ropes  buried.  D'"  Peabody,  H[ubbard]  &  Oliver 
call.     Aug[ustus]  went  home.     M"^  Brazer  called. 

Apr.  4.     D'  B[arnard]  &  G'son  came  to  be  electrified. 

11.     Aug[ustu]s  came  to  live  in  town, 

17.     M'  Brazer  married  at  Worcester. 

20.     M'  Brazer  brought  his  wife  home.  J 

24.     Aug[ustu]^  Holyoke  opened  his  room  in  Franklin  Place. § 

28.  D^  Bowditch  &  Hon.  M'  Silsbe  call'd.  My  Father  Pres- 
[ident]  of  Essex  His[torica]'  Society.  Began  upon  74  lb.  Coffee 
which  I  sold  my  father  @  29  cents. 

May  1.     Clarke  attempted  to  blow  up  the  Jail. 

6.     My  Father  sat  in  the  pulpit,  A.  M. 

10.  Stephen  Merrill  Clarke  hanged  at  Winter  Island  for  setting 
fire  to  building  in  Newbury  Port.  Brother  to  him  who  occasioned 
the  great  fire  in  that  town  in  1811. 

16.     Murder  committed  at  Glocester  by  G[orham]  Parsons. || 

31.     M'^  Phelps  worked  here. 

June  7.     M"^  Brazer  &  wife  went  to  N.  York. 

*The  steamboat  Massachusetts  was  then  plying  daily  between  Boston 
and  Beverly,  touching  at  Nahant,  Marblehead  and  Salem. 

tStephen  Merrill  Clark  of  Newburyport,  aged  seventeen  years,  convicted 
of  arson,  was  hanged  on  Salem  Neck,  May  10th  following. 

JShe  was  Miss  Anne  Warren  Sever  of  Worcester. 

§He  afterwards  lived  in  the  house  now  at  the  corner  of  Essex  street  and 
Washington  Square,  West. 

IIA  youth  of  seventeen  killed  Ebenezer  Davis,  jr.  aged  twelve,  with  an 

June,  1821]  margaret  holyokb.  173 

23.  M'  W.  &  M.  &  E.  went  to  Boston. 

27,  M'  Mead  broke  his  leg  at  Rowells  house  raising. 

29.  Mead  died. 

30.  Account  of  D'  Worcester's*  death  in  Tennessee. 

July  4.     M'  J.  E.  Sprague  del**  Oration  in  our  M[eeting]  house. 

6.     Jn**  Mascarene  came  in  Steamboat. 

Aug.  27.  Eclipse  of  sun,  A.  M.  M'  Carlisle^  youngest  child 
died  with  whooping  cough. 

Sept.  19.  M"-  Flint  Installed  in  East  Parish.  My  Ffather]  dele- 

24.  M"  [Sarah]  Carwick  died  [of  dysentery]  at  1  Clock  A.  M. 
Oct.  30.     Ned  Brooks  negro  tried  for  the  Murder  of  Tom  Fuller 

&  acquitted.     Gorham  Parsons,  a  lad,  for  the  murder  of  Ebenezer 
Davis,  jr.  also  cleared. 

Nov.  3.     M"^  T[urner]  very  much  derange*. 

10.     He  was  removed  from  his  own  House,  deranged. 

Dec.  12.     M'  T[urner]  confined  with  M--  Badlam. 

28.  Master  Parker  buried. f 

Jan.  21,  1822.  My  father  visited  M"  Phelps.  She  had  Apop- 

22.  M"  Phelps  died.  M'  Fuller,  D""  Mussey,  M"^  J.  Abbot  & 
M'  Bobbins  call'd. 

25.  M""  Turners  house  took  fire. 
Mar.  10.     M"  Dean  died  suddenly. 

14.  News  of  W™  RogersI  dea[thj.     Mrs.  [Mary]  Osgood  died. 

26.  M'  Carlisles  house  sold  at  Auc[tion]  to  B.  W.  Crowninshield 
for  1060  doll"  . 

Apr.  23.     M"^  Turners  furniture  sold  at  Auc[tion]. 

May  17.  M"  T[urner]  went  to  board  a*  M"  Huggefords  from 

June  2.     M"  S[amuel]  Ward  died  in  a  fit  with  fright, 

Aug.  8,  E[liza]  E[pes]  Carter  [daughter  of  Nathaniel  Carter  of 
Andover]  married  at  Andover  [to  Rev,  David  Kimball], 

9,  Boston  Infantry  encamped  on  the  Mall.  Dined  at  Coffee 

16.     My  Father  was  syringed  for  deafness. 

Sept.  27.     M'  P.  Dodge  moved  into  Capt,  Wests  house. 

Nov.  3.     I  was  at  meeting.    M'  Brazer  began  at  l/^  past  10  A.  M. 

6.     S[tephen  C]  Phillips  married  to  J[ane  A.]  Peele. 

15,  M""  G[eorge]  Peirce  died  [aged  39  years]. 
July  4,  1823.     Dreadful  explosion  eve^  by  F.  Works. 

•Rev.  Samuel  Worcester,  pastor  of  the  Tabernacle  Church,  Salem,  who 
died  while  travelling  in  search  of  health. 

tDaniel  Parker,  aged  70  years,  a  graduate  of  Harvard  University,  an 
officer  in  the  Revolutionary  army  and  a  teacher  in  the  grammar  schools  of 
Haverhill  and  Salem  for  many  years, 

JCapt,  William  A.  Rogers,  master  of  the  brig  Texal,  at  Siam. 

174  DIARY  OF   MARGARET   HOLYOKE.        [July,  1823 

6.  D'  [Benjamin]  Webbs  son  [Benjamin]  &  [Aaron]  Osborns 
[son  Aaron]  buried.     Killed  by  accident.* 

14.    M"  W.  Prescott  died. 

Oct.  5.  Contributions  for  Sufferers  in  Wiscasset  [by  fire]  at  our 

*A  chest  containing  about  three  hundred  rockets  was  accidentally  set  on 
fire.    Three  boys  were  killed  and  a  number  were  injured. 



I  779-1  860. 

From  the  miniature  painted  by  Verstille  about  I  803, 
now  in  the  possession  of  Miss  Mary  W.  Nichols. 




Feb.  11,  1793.     Acted  a  play  at  M'  Joshua  Wards. 

June  14.     60  here,  &  E.  R.  &  Miss  Wells  here. 

July  23.     At  Betsy  H.  Reeds  Funeral. 

Oct.  3.     At  Mrs.  Rogers',  certificate  day. 

Jan.  21,  1794.     At  Patty  Wards,  1st  visit. 

Feb.  18.  The  26*^  of  September  I  left  of  going  to  M"  Rogers 

Apr.  1.     Drank  tea  at  M"^^  Rogers'  Certificat  day. 

18.     Maria  and  I  acted  play  at  M"^^  Boardmans. 

Nov.  14.     At  the  lirst  Assembly  I  ever  was  at. 

Dec.  17.     At  Patty  Wards,  the  2"^  visit. 

Apr.  1,  1795.     I  began  to  go  to  M"  Rogers  School. 

31.     I  at  the  Automatons  with  Joshua  Ward. 

May  12,  1796.  Joshua  Ward  junior,  spent  eve  here,  his  birth- 
day 19  years. 

Aug.  15.     I  had  a  large  company,  very. 

Dec.  25.     Sally  Ward  died  aged  21,  M"^  J.  Wards  daughter. 

May  30,  1797.  Went  to  Hitty  Ward's  funeral,  walkd  as  rela- 

Jan.  29,  1798.  On  a  sleighing  party  to  Osgoods  with  Joshua 
Ward,  j'. 

July  16.     J.  Ward  jun'^,  sail'd  for  Penobscot. 

July  4,  1799.     At  Quaker  meeting  in  the  morning. 

31.     Herbert  Harthorne  married  Miss  Hall. 

Aug.  12.  M"^  Ward  &  I  sat  out  on  a  [wedding]  journey,  Mon- 
day, dined  at  M""  Turner's,  Boston,  stopt  at  Watertown,  slept  at 
Flagg's  Tavern  in  Weston,  breakfasted  at  Cutlers  in  West  Sudbury, 
dined  at  Pease's  in  ShrewsWry,  call'd  at  M""^  Sumners,  stopt  at  a  Tav- 
ern in  Worcester,  slept  in  Spencer  at  Jenks'  Tavern,  stopt  at  a  Tavern 
in  East  Brookfield,  dined  at  Western  at  Cooks,  went  in  Turn  Pike 
road,  stopt  at  a  Tavern  in  Palmer,  stopt  at  a  Tavern  at  the  entrance 
into  Springfield,  lodged  &  breakfasted  at  Williams'  Tavern  in 
Springfield,  went  to  see  the  old  Brick  house  166  years  old,  call'd  at 
M"  Pynchons,  dined  at  Williams  Tav[ern],  crossed  the  Connecticut 


176  DIAKY  OF  [Aug.,  1799 

river,  supped  &  lodged  at  Sikes's  Inn  in  Suffield,  breakfasted  there, 
crossed  the  river  again,  stopt  at  Williams'  Tavern,  stopped  at 
another  Tavern  in  Springfield,  dined  at  Bates'  in  Palmer,  stopt  at 
an  Inn  in  Western,  supped  &  lodged  in  the  West  Parish  in  Brook- 
field  at  Hitchcocks  Tavern,  breakfasted  there,  stopped  at  Jenks' 
Inn  in  Spencer,  stopp'd  again  at  Leicester,  dined  at  Barkers  Tavern 
in  Worcester,  call'd  on  M""^  Flagg,  call'd  on  M"  Sumner  in  Shrews- 
bury, supped,  lodged  &  breakfasted  at  Pease's  Tavern  in  Shrews- 
bury. Went  to  meeting  with  M""  Sumner,  rode  to  East  Sudbury, 
lodg'd  at  Cutler's  Tavern,  breakfasted  at  Flagg's  Tavern,  stopp'd 
at  Cambridge,  dined  in  Boston  at  M"^  Turner's,  returned  to  Salem 
in  the  evening,  19th. 

29.     Went  to  housekeeping. 

Sept.  30.     I  went  in  M'  Wards  boat  to  see  the  Frigate  launched.* 

May  2,  1800.     Mary  Holyoke  born  at  six  o'clock  at  night. 

July  19.     On  a  party  at  Phillip's  beach  with  my  husband's  club. 

21.     Judith  [Turner]  got  to  bed  with  twins. 

Aug.  19.     At  mamas.     Made  3  barrels  3^  of  soap. 

Feb.  14,  1802.     Mehitable  born  at  8  o'clock  in  the  even'g. 

May  12.     M"^  Verstille  came  to  take  M'^  Wards  picture. 

July  22.    Mary  Holyoke  began  to  go  to  School. 

June  24,  1805.     Our  stove  taken  down. 

29.     We  had  our  keeping  room  paper'd. 

Nov.  16,  1809.  At  M'  Turners'  ball.  Mary  a  scholar.  Hitty 
danced  as  one. 

Jan.  10,  1810.  Papa  made  me  a  present.  Peggy  gave  children 
scarlet  bonnets. 

Aug.  28,  1811.     Went  to  dine  at  Governor  Grays. 

June  13,  1812.     Made  ginger  wine,  had  i^  barrel  powder  sugar. 

Sept.  1,  1813.     Hitty  began  to  go  to  M'  Cole's  school. 

Jan.  31,  1814.  William  Turner  came  for  Augustus  &  brought 
Antineno  with  him,  a  South  American. 

Sept.  5.  At  home,  were  alarm'd  by  the  report  that  the  English 
were  coming  to  destroy  Salem. 

Feb.  28,  1815.  At  the  Peace  Ball  with  H.  Holyoke,  M'  Ward, 
Mary.     There  were  300  people  there. 

Aug.  1.     A  most  remarkable  storm  of  Hail. 

3.     M""  Ward  mending  windows,  187  squares  broken. 

Oct.  9.     Miss  M.  Saunder's  old  Barn  pull'd  down. 

Nov.  20.     Had  a  tailoress,  Lydia  Dale. 

July  10,  1816.     Mary  began  to  go  to  drawing  school. 

Aug.  22.  A  great  fire,  at  half  past  4  o'clock  in  morning,  19 
buildings  burnt  at  the  bottom  of  Liberty  St.,  Norris's  distillery, 
Upton's  large  house,  &c,  &c. 

Sept.  24.     Went  Whortleberrying  with  M'  Ward. 

»The  frigate  Essex  built  on  Salem  Neck  by  public  subscription. 

Oct.,  1816]        MRS.    SUSANNA    (HOLTOKE)    WARD.  177 

Oct.  12.     Went  to  Doctor  Peabody^  about  my  teeth. 

Mar.  1,  1817.     M"  Jonathan  Ward  died. 

July  29.  Augustus  Turner  come  to  study  physic  with  his  grand- 

Nov.  5.     Joshua  began  to  go  [to]  M""  Clarke's  school. 

Nov.  7,  1818.  Went  i;p  to  M^'^  Wards  in  evening,  she  heard  of 
her  brother  Gibbs  death. 

May  13,  1819.     At  Old  M^  Micklefields  funeral. 

Sept.  8.     Rode  with  M""  Ward  &  Elizabeth  to  see  the  sea  serpent. 

M*"  Nat  Appleton's  house  &  furniture  sold  18*''  May.  The  two 
boys  &  Betsey  Skinner  came  and  staid  here  till  27*'^  and  then  all 
three  went  to  M"  Hendersons  to  board  at  15/  per  week. 

Elizabeth  Appleton  went  to  M^'^  Coles  to  board  at  4  dollars  &  50 
cents  per  week  May  31**. 

Betsey  Skinner  went  home  from  M"  Henderson's  19*"^  August. 

Elizabeth  Appleton  went  from  M""  Coles  to  M*'-^  Osgoods  6**^  Dec. 
to  board  at  3  dollars  &  50  cents  per  week. 

Feb.  21, 1820.     Charles  Bowditch  died,  aged  10. 

25,     Heard  of  Sam  Holyoke's  death. 

June  16.     Had  the  entry  marbled. 

Dec.  8.  William  H.  Turner  arriv'd  in  Boston,  after  an  absence 
of  2  years  &  3  months. 

March  19,  1821.     Heard  of  John  H.  Ropes  death. 

28.  Eunice  D.  Ropes  died. 

July  6.     Heard  of  Theodore  Neal's  death  at  Havannah. 

August  9.     Paperd  the  keeping  room. 

November  25.     M""  Turner  went  to  the  Insane  Hospital. 

December  5.     M'^  Turner  came  home  from  the  Insane  Hospital. 

12.     M'  Turner  carried  away  crazy. 

June  2,  1822.     M"  Sam  Ward  frightened  to  death. 

July  17.     We  all  went  to  Manchester  to  get  Magnolias. 

July  14,  1823.     Mary  kept  charity  school. 

August  8.     M"^*  Skates  died. 

16.     M"  Jane  Philips  had  a  son. 

29.  Jacob  Ashton  sail'd. 

Sept.  14.  M''^  [Mary]  Prescott  died  [widow  of  late  George  W. 
Prescott  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.]. 

November  19.     M"^  Henry  Appleton  died. 

25.     Hannah  Quiner  died  aged  15  years. 

December  16.     Heard  of  M^^  [Elizabeth]  Minott's  death. 

January  22,  1824.  Deacon  Safl'ord  moved  to  Boston  to  keep 
boarding  house. 

29.  M"  Nat  Silsbee  had  a  daughter. 

30.  M"  Francis  Peabody  had  a  son. 

February  9.     M""  B.  Herbert  Hathorne  died  aged  50  years. 
June  26.     M"  Hathorne  went  to  Boston  to  live. 
August  30.     At  home  preparing  for  LaFayette. 

178  DIARY  OP  [Aug.,  1824 

31.     LaFayette  came  to  this  town. 

September  20.  M'  Edward  Cutts  of  Portsmouth  died,  aged  61 

December  20.     M*"  John  Sparhawk  Appleton  died. 

January  25,  1825.  I  spent  day  at  Peggys.*  She  died  half  past 

Sept.  13.     Heard  old  M"^  [Joshua]  Ward  was  sick. 

14.     He  died  at  Charleston  last  eve,  aged  73, 

30.     Joshua  began  his  College  life.     He  went  to  Cam[bridge]. 

December  10.     Heard  of  Perkins  Biglows  death. 

January  13,  1826.     Heard  of  the  rebellion  at  College. 

20.  The  Furniture  of  M"^  Wards  house  sold  at  auction. 
March  18.     Went   to   the   top   of   fathers  house  to  see  Doctor 

Princes  meeting  house  pulled  down. 

19.     Went  to  meeting  in  the  Court  House. 

The  meeting  house  began  to  be  torn  down  Monday  14**^.  The 
steeple  pull'd  down  Saturday  lO^''  12  o'clock  at  noon. 

16.     Susan  began  to  go  to  M'  [Thomas]  Coles  school. 

29.  Rev.  Mr.  Upham  married  to  Ann  Holmes,  and  came  directly 
to  Salem  that  night. 

April  27.  Corner  Stone  laid  of  the  new  Meeting  house,  Mr. 
Brazer  made  the  prayer,  M"^  Upham  made  the  Address,  Colonel 
Pickering  read  the  inscription  on  the  Plate,  Captain  Peter  Lauder 
put  the  plate  down  on  the  Stone. 

28.  Edward  Hedge  call'd,  and  bid  us  farewell  he  was  going  to 
Portsmouth  to  Sail  for  South  America. 

June  9.     M"^*  Garrish  had  a  son. 

10.     M"  Oliver  got  to  bed. 

21.  M'"®  Ben  Dodge  had  a  daugher. 
July  14.     M''  Ben  Peirce  fail'd  &  his  father  &  brothers  George 

Nichols  &  H.  Peirce. 

21.     M'"  Edward  Lander  fail'd. 

August  10.     A  funeral  procession  for  Adams  &  Jefferson. 

September  12.  Uncle  Pearson  died  in  Greenland,  buried  14*^ 

October  18.  Augustus  married  to  Maria  Osgood  in  Andover  by 
Rev'i  M"^  Loring. 

December  7.     Heard  cousin  Betsey  Kneelands  death.  i 

16.     Spent  day  at  M""^  Turners  boarding  house. 

25.  Dear  little  Augusta  died  between  3  and  4  a.  m.  She  died 
with  the  croop,  aged  3  years  7  months  &  19  days. 

March  17,  1827.     M''*  Jarvis  died,  M"  Wards  sister. 

23.     Put  up  chimney  8  legs  bacon. 

20.     Mrs.  Doctor  Choate  had  a  son. 

April  20.     M""^  Nathan  Robinson  died  aged  49  years. 

*Her  sister  Margaret  Holyoke. 


I  776-1  840. 

From  the  miniature  painted  by  Verstille  about   I  803. 
now  in  the  possession  of  Andrew  Nichols. 

Apr.,  1828]  MRS.  susanna  (holyoke)  ward.  179 

24.  Mr.  Joshua  Ward,  Painter,  died,  which  makes  M'"  Ward 
obliged  to  leave  out  the  jun'". 

May  23.     Doctor  Abiel  Pearson  died  very  suddenly, 

June  20.  Heard  of  Jacob  Ashtons  death,  he  was  20  years  &  4 
months  old,  he  died  on  board  the  Janus  after  it  left  Batavia,  IS*** 

August  7.  M^  Ward  sold  his  fathers  house.  Store,  &  Distillery 
at  auction  for  7  thousand  dollars. 

9.     He  sold  the  south  held  land  for  5  thousand  dollars. 

19.     M''*  [Edward  Augustus]  Holyoke  had  a  son. 

September  5.     Polly  Goldthwait  died. 

8.     Polly  Goldthwait  buried  from  my  Fathers. 

December  18.     E.  ]\Ielvill  bewitched  about  going  to  the  Factory. 

27.  E.  Melvill  went  to  the  Factory. 

Feb.  13,  1828.     Heard  of  Mary  Monies  death. 
March  13.     Walk'd  twice  to  Danvers  Dye  house. 

14.  Din'd  at  my  Fathers  on  Venison. 

April  24.     Heard  of  M^  [William]  Turner's  death. 

May  1.     At  M""^  P.  Dodges  working  for  the  Greeks. 

24.     Hitty  spent  day  at  Augustus'  helping  them  move. 

31.     M''^  Turner  came  in  town  to  live. 

June  10.     Heard  of  Doctors  Abbot  &  Cooks  death. 

11.     M"  Putnam  had  a  son. 

August  13.     My  fathers  birthday  celebrated,  he  was  100  years. 

28.  At  P.  B.  K.  society  to  hear  H.  Hedgs  Poem. 
Dec.  23.     Joshua  came  home  on  the  Volocipede. 

Jan.  26,  1829.  George  Varnum  Crowninshield  died  aged  21, 
his  birthday. 

Feb.  16.     Polly  Ingalls  sister  M"  Ingalls  died. 

March  31.  My  father  died  at  six  o'clock,  aged  100  years,  7 
months,  19  days. 

April  8.     Miss  Lydia  spent  the  day,  we  divided  plate. 

11.     At  my  fathers  dividing  books. 

18.     At  my  fathers  house  dividing  china. 

24.     Spent  day  at  Doctors.     She  got  to  bed,  Son. 

May  4.     M"^*  Taylor,  Polly's  sister  died. 

15.  At  fathers  house  dividing  pictures. 

June  11.     At  my  fathers  house  dividing  tins  &  stone  pots. 

22.     Mrs.  Upham  had  a  daughter. 

July  4.     Went  in  to  see  the  Picture  of  King  George  4*^.* 

15.  Joshua  finished  his  College  life,  being  21  years  and  1  week 
old.  M""^  Mary  Holyoke  Abbot  died  at  Westford  aged  47  years 
&  4  months,  she  was  buried  in  Harvard. 

Aug.  6.     M"  Turner  went  to  housekeeping. 

*A  full  length  portrait  in  coronation  robes,  exhibited  in  a  room  over 
the  Bank  building  on  Central  street.    Admission  twenty-five  cents. 

180  DIARY  OP  [Sept.,  1829 

Sept.  8.  Joshua  began  to  study  law  with  M'  [Leverett]  Sal- 

10.  M'^  Briggs  hung  herself. 

Oct.  22.  We  heard  of  AVilliam  Turners  arrival  in  Philadelphia 
the  16*^ 

November  3.  My  fathers  house  sold  at  Auction  to  the  Dr.,  for 
four  thousand  dollars  and  twenty-five.  The  back  Lot  sold  to  M' 
Shatswell  for  nine  hundred  dollars. 

December  4.     Went  to  see  a  serpent  at  M^  Devereux. 

11.  Susan  went  to  the  French  Play. 

23.  Susan  at  a  Cotillon  party  at  M""  Pickmans. 

28.  M'  Ashton  died. 

January  26,  1830.     Hitty  Dodge  died  aged  57. 

Peb.  15.     Miss  Pedrick  married. 

Heard  of  John  W.  Treadwell's  Sons  death  9*"  he  shot  himself  in 
Cambridge  College. 

April  3.  William  Turner  came  home  after  an  eight  years  voy- 

6.  M'  Joseph  White  was  murdered  in  the  night  in  his  bed,  by 
Pichard  Crowninshield. 

May  2.  Eichard  Crowninshield  and  his  brother  George  both 
were  taken  up  and  tried  by  M""  Savage  on  suspicion  of  having  Mur- 
dered M""  White.  Selman  &  Chase  were  also  taken  up  upon  sus- 

25.  Fathers  book  came  out. 

27.  Joseph  J.  Knapp  and  his  brother  J.  Francis  were  both  ar- 
rested on  suspicion  of  the  Murder  of  Captain  Joe  White. 

29.  Girls  picking  Pigeons. 

June  15.     Richard  Crowninshield  hung  himself  in  Jail. 
July  13.     Nathaniel  Foster  Derby,  died  in  consumption,  aged  21 
years,  5  months. 

26.  At  home  rain,  cording  bedsteads.  Chief  Justice  Parker 
died,  very  suddenly 

August  20.     Frank  Knapp  condemned  after  the  Trials  lasting  3 
or  4  weeks,  &  after  having  2  sets  of  Jurymen. 
September  16.     Great  Fire  at  Gloucester. 

24.  '  Printing  Office  sold  to  M'  Sam  Tucker  for  4,500 

sold  Central  St.  shops  1,950 

back  Lot  925 

28.     Frank  Knapp  executed  at  9  o'clock  A.  M. 
December  31.     Joe  Knapp  executed  at  9  o'clock  A.  M. 
January  7,  1831.     E.  Putnam  had  a  dan. 
February  10.     Aunt  Pearson  died,  aged  75. 
12.     Eben  Putnam's  child  died,  aged  5  weeks  &  1  day. 
May  12.     Maria  Holyoke  had  her  third  Son. 

July,  1831]        MRS.  SUSANNA  (HOLYOKE)  WARD.  181 

July  27.  Joshua  went  to  Boston,  to  sail  in  a  Packet  for  New 
York  with  Charles  Andrews. 

August  4.     W.  Turner  sail'd. 

January  8,  1832.     M"  Henfield  died,  aged  88  years. 

29.     Peter  Lander  died,  aged  57  years. 

February  6.  Called  at  Captain  Landers  and  E.  Putnam's.  She 
had  a  Son. 

13.     Called  at  Miss  Ashtons,  their  Aunt  Polly  died. 

March  13.     M'«  Brewer  died. 

June  18.  Henry  Appleton  died  at  |  past  3  o'clock  in  the  morn- 

January  4,  1833.  Had  a  Lehi  coal  Grate  put  up  in  keeping 

29.  At  the  Lyceum  to  hear  G.  H.  Devereux. 
February  27.     W.  K.  Hedge  died  yesterday. 
March  12.     At  the  Lyceum,  Joshua  lectured. 
April  2.     Deacon  Morrill  died. 

June  6.     Dr.  Treadwell  died  suddenly. 

10.     At  M""  Spragues  funeral,  he  61  years  old. 

26.  President  Jackson  came. 

27.  Went  to  the  Drs.  to  see  President  pass. 
July  31.     M""  Harding,  the  painter,  here  in  eve. 
September  7.     Bought  a  carpet  for  keeping  room. 
20.     M"  Mary  Dodge  Jenks  died  aged  25. 

25.  Baked  wedding  cake. 

26.  Frosted  wedding  cake  &  baked  pound  cake. 

30.  Made  Lemon  syrup  for  the  wedding. 
October  1.     Baked  diet  bread  for  Wedding. 

3.     Mary  married  to  Dr.  [Andrew]  Nichols  of  Danvers. 

26.  Girls  at  M"  Silsbees  Levee  for  Clay. 
November  5.     Susan  went  to  Mary  Haradens  wedding. 

27.  Went  to  see  the  Conflagration  of  Moscow. 

January  3,  1834.  Joshua  lectur'd  before  the  Mechanicks  [As- 

February  27.     At  Dr.  Nichols'  Hydrostatick  lect[ure]. 

March  26.     M"  Biglow  buried. 

June  11.     At  Anti  Slavery  meeting. 

July  4.     Rode  to  Marblehead  to  see  S.  Severy.     She  died. 

August  7.     A  great  dinner  on  the  common  for  Webster. 

November  15.     At  M""  William  Landers  funeral. 

30.  Meeting  half  day  on  account  of  Eclipse.  Mary  Elizabeth 
Putnam  died  in  Syracuse  aged  17  years  and  some  months. 

April  1,  1835.     Mrs.  Upham's  childs  death,  3  months. 

2.  M"^  William  Ashton  died  at  5  o'clock. 

3.  We  heard  of  Mrs.  Wards  death. 

May  14.     Dr.  [Benjamin  L.]  Oliver  died  74. 
June  13.     M-^  Willard  Peele  hung  himself. 

182  DIARY  OF  [July,  1835 

July  28.     Went  to  see  Tarn  0  Shanter. 

October  16.  Girls  at  M""  Jeuks  party  for  Miss  [Harriett]  Mar- 

November  9.     Joshua  choseu  Eep[resentative]. 

18.  Mary  deliver'd  of  a  Still  born  Son. 

19,  Susan  &  Joshua  at  the  Bachelors  Ball. 

21.  Dr.  Holyoke  had  a  daughter  born. 

February  18,  1836.  Hitty  &  E.  at  Danvers  Phrenological  lec- 

March  16.     Infant  school  society  met  here. 

April  29.     Went  to  the  Glee  Club. 

June  7.  Dr.  Prince  died  at  half  past  1  'clock.  Dr.  Prince 
preached  his  last  sermon  April  17*'^. 

July  14.     Susan  went  to  Edward  Landers  Farm  to  stay. 

August  27.     We  all  went  to  see  the  Diorama. 

September  20.  At  Dr.  Nichols,  Mary  had  a  daughter  at  -J  past 
2,  who  weighed  4:  &  ^  pounds  with  its  cloaths  on. 

October  25.     Girls  had  a  party  of  77  or  80. 

November  7.  At  Dr.  Nichols,  their  daughter  Mary  Augusta 
died  at  half  past  one  o'clock,  aged  7  weeks.  She  died  with  grad- 
ual decay. 

25.     Nurse  Punchard  died  aged  83. 

January  26,  1837.     Ben*^  Ives  died. 

February  25.     Miss  S.  Savage  died  suddenly. 

March  16.     Harriet  Neals  child  died,  aged  6  years. 

April  15.     Hitty  Andrews  died. 

June  23.     To  see  the  Boyal  Tar. 

29.     M''^  Sprague  died. 

July  19.     Went  to  Bald  Rock  with  a  family  party. 

August  24.     Training  day.     Light  Infantry  supper. 

31.     Eebecca  Bryant  had  a  Son. 

September  17.  Mary  had  a  Sou,  born  10  o'clock  morning, 
weigh'd  five  pounds. 

22.  At  home,  great  day,  Governour  Everet. 

From  Jany  2^  1837  to  Jan^  2*^  1838  we  burnt  6  cords  of  wood 
and  6  tons  coal. 

January  25,  1838.     At  M'  Fitch  Pools  funeral. 

24.     Eliza  Endicott  married  to  Augustus  Perry  in  New  York. 

February  6.  Frances  Ashton  married  to  Mr.  De  Peyster  by  Dr. 
Brazer,  Church  form. 

April  7.     Took  a  walk  over  to  see  the  rail  road  with  Hitty  &  E. 

June  3.     Susan  published  to  Mr.  [Charles]  Osgood. 

6.     Had  Susans  wedding  cake  made. 

19.  Susan  married  to  Mr.  Charles  Osgood  at  half  past  eleven  in 
the  forenoon  by  Rev'd  Mr.  Upliam.  Went  to  Boston.  Mr.  Upham, 
Dr.  Emerson,  Mrs.  Coweu,  two  Sisters  of  Mr.  Osgood  and  his 
Nephew,  Dr.  Nichols  &  wife  and  child,  Eliza  Ann  Dodge,  Cather- 

June,  1838]     mrs.  susanna  (holyoke)  ward.  183 

ine  Peele,  Mr.  Ward,  myself,  Hitty,  Elizabeth,  Joshua,  Margaret 
O'donnel,  Mary  Barclay,  Betsey  Peirce,  Andrew  Williams  present 
at  the  wedding. 

July  1.     Edward  Upham  died. 

August  24.     Heard  of  Mary  Halls  death. 

September  27.  At  Dr.  Nichols.  Catherine  Peele  married  to 
Abel  Nichols. 

October  18.     Abel  Nichols  &  wife  sail'd  for  Savannah. 

19.  Old  Captain  Stephen  Phillips  died,  very  suddenly.  Mr.  Nat 
Saltonstall  died,  very  suddenly  at  New  Market. 

November  3.     At  Mr.  Catlius  lecture,  with  Mary. 

20.  Mary  Rea  died. 

January  10,  1839.     At  Mrs.  Princes  funeral. 

18.     Went  to  Lyceum  to  see  picture  of  Christ  rejected. 

March  8.     Captain  Shreave  died  suddenly. 

13.  Susan  had  a  Son  born  at  two  o'clock  in  the  Morn. 
20.     At  Mrs.  Balls  funeral. 

April  16.     E.  Putnam  had  a  Son. 

23.     Abigail  Eopes  died. 

May  26.     Mrs.  Phillips  had  son. 

27.     They  began  to  pull  down  the  court  house. 

30.  Went  to  Boston  in  the  rail  Car  first  time. 
August  26.     Dr.  Holyoke  went  to  Framingham  to  stay. 
September  11.     Mrs.  Uphams  child  died. 

October  26.     Mary  had  a  Son. 

March  3,  1840.  Heard  Dr.  Holyokes  youngest  child  was  just 

April  11.  Marys  child  John  Joseph  Nichols  died  5|  months 

June  29.     Margaret  O'donnells  brother  died, 

July  15.     Heard  Susan  had  a  daughter  born. 

August  26.     Mr.  Micklefield  died. 

September  8.     Mr.  Ward  died  at  half  past  three  P.  M. 

23.     Mrs.  Turner  sat  for  Picture. 

October  1.     Mr,  John  Mascarene  died  of  consumption,  aged  74. 

14.  Mr.  [Charles]  Osgood  went  to  New  York. 

31.  Heard  of  Sarah  Wheelrights  death. 

November  16.     Most  of  the  City  of  Salem  Illuminated.* 
February  5,  1841.     At  Mrs.  Turners.     She  died  at    20  minutes 
after  twelve. 

March  20.     Susans  baby,  Susan  Holyoke,  taken  with  lung  fever. 

30.     Joshua  went  to  New  York  to  H.  Jenks  wedding. 

April  19.     Funeral  procession  for  President  Harrison. 

22.     Houses  sold. 

May  6.     Margaret  O'donnell  married. 

*A  Whig  celebration  on  the  election  of  President  Harrison. 

184  DIARY  OF  [May,  1841 

14.     Presidents  fast  for  Harrisons  death. 

29.  Moving  into  South  half  house. 

31.  Very  busy  preparing  to  let  the  house  to  Mr.  Osgood,  half 
of  it. 

June  6.  Broke  up  housekeeping  went  to  Dr.  Nichols  to  Board 
with  Elizabeth. 

20.  At  meeting  all  day,  Dr.  Parkman.     Mr.  Sewall  dismissed. 

30.  A  violent  squall,  Dr.  N's  barn  blown  down. 
October  17.     Susan's  second  Son  born  at  twelve  at  night. 

18.  Came  home  with  Elizabeth  aud  Hitty  to  board  with  Mr. 
Charles  Osgood  at  15/  for  each  a  week  which  will  be  7  dollars  50 
cents  a  week  for  three. 

December  16.     Dr.  Holyoke  had  another  Son. 

22.  Henry  Upham  died. 

January  14,  1842.     Mary  had  a  daughter  born  12  at  night. 
February  14.     Mrs.  Douglas  moved  into  the  Turner  St.  house. 
March  7.     Mrs.  Loughlan  went  into  the  Turner  St.  house  to  live. 
8.     Elizabeth  Orne  died,  aged  24,  left  $10,000. 

23.  Mrs.  Lander  died  aged  97-^  years. 

May  16.     Mrs.  Smith  had  an  appoplectic  fit,  died  in  9  hours. 

July  28.     Mr.  William  Cleveland  died. 

30.     Mrs.  Joe  Ropes  died  at  eight  eve. 

August  10.     Epes  Turner  went  to  Baltimore. 

September  22.     Mr.  Butman  went  into  the  Turner  St.  house. 

October  14.  Mr.  Caldwell,  carpenter,  fell  from  Misses  Ashton 
house  and  kill'd  himself  instantly. 

18.     I  went  to  Mr.  Bedneys  funeral. 

January  7,  1843.     Old  Mrs.  Safford  died,  87  years  old. 

30.     Mrs.  Brazer  died. 

February  4.     Susan  gone  to  Mesmerism. 

March  7.     Mrs.  Upham  had  tenth  Son. 

May  8.     Mary  had  a  Son  born  ten  o'clock  A.  M. 

June  16.     Charles  Andrew  died  aged  33. 

July  31.     Mr.  Osgood  began  to  talk  about  going  to  Italy. 

August  10.     Mary  Hedge  &  Elizabeth  from  Montreal  came. 

16.     Col.  Pickman  died. 

28.     Mr.  Uphams  child  died. 

30.     Hitty  went  to  Beverly  to  board  with  Mrs.  Upham. 

September  22.  A  Great  fire  in  Danvers.  Broke  out  at  one 
o'clock  at  night.  The  Orthodox  meeting  house,  Goodrich's  large 
Hotel  and  18  or  20  more  buildings  burnt  to  the  ground.  Dr.  Nich- 
ols house  caught  in  20  places. 

28.     At  Sally  Ormands  funeral. 

October  12.     Our  neighbor  Russel  died  aged  88. 

14.     Heard  of  Ann  Turners  death. 

21.  Hitty  heard  of  Sarah  L.  Richardsons  death  at  Chicago,  she 
was  34  years  old. 


I  786-1  853. 

Physician  of  Danvers.      From  the  portrait  by  Mrs.  Sarah  (Nichols)  Berry, 
now  in  possession  of  Andrew  Nichols. 

Dec,  1843]     mrs.  susanna  (holyoke)  ward.  185 

December  21.     Eliza  Ann  Page  died,  aged  32. 

25.     Mrs.  Page  died,  aged  60. 

January  16,  1844.     Epes  went  to  Boston  for  Baltimore. 

29.  Mrs.  Stearns  died,  aged  80. 
March  11.  Mrs.  Nat  West  died. 
12.    Went  to  Mrs.  Skerrys  funeral. 

20.  Irish  procession. 

May  10.     Susan  had  a  daughter  born  11  'clock  A.  M. 

24.     Susan  died. 

August  12.  Dr.  Nichols'  child  John  Holyoke  died  aged  15 
months,  4  days,  disorder  of  Cholera  Infantum,  sick  9  days. 

December  19.     The  Great  Fire  began  at  eleven  last  night.* 

January  28,  1845.  Kimball  &  Sargents  building  took  fire. 
Franklin  building  burned. 

30.  Coopers  Shop  burnt  on  Aliens  wharf. 
May  8.     Mr.  Saltonstall  died. 

12.     Heard  of  Mr.  Wheelrights  death. 

July  8.  Hitty  went  to  Wareham  to  Epes  Turners  wedding  and 
returned  without  going.  Dr.  N.  &  wife.  Dr.  H.  &  wife  &  Hitty  sat 
out  for  Epes  wedding  in  Wareham,  but  were  disappointed,  as  the 
Plymouth  boat  did  not  run,  and  they  went  to  Cambridge  and  came 
home  by  Nahant. 

12.     Glass  98  in  Dan  vers,  103  in  Salem,  108  in  Boston. 

19.     Heard  of  George  Landers  death  aged  24. 

August  18.  Joshua  went  to  Northampton.  Mrs.  Holyoke  to 

September  15.     Walk'd  to  see  the  Cotton  Factory  building. 

October  18.     I  rode  with  Joshua  to  the  Rockaway  house. 

31.  Fire  in  the  night,  a  Windmill  in  Marblehead. 
November  22.     We  all  drank  tea  at  Dr.  Nichols,  he  was  60  years 


March  7,  1846.  Heard  of  Dr.  Brazers  death  in  Charleston,  South 

29.     Irish  Priest  died,  O'Flaherty. 

April  23.  Mary  called  down  here  &  told  us  Mr.  Abel  Nichols 

27.     Charles  &  Robert  began  to  go  to  Miss  Peirce's  school. 

May  30.     Raffety  new  laid  the  Sods  in  the  front  of  the  House. 

July  4.     Went  to  Miss  Ashtons  to  see  Floral  procession. 

17.  Luscombs  Shop  robbed  last  night  of  3  hundred  dollars  in 

21.  Mrs.  Webb  had  a  daughter. 
August  26.     At  Mr.  Cowan's  funeral. 
September  7.     Epes  had  a  Son  last  night. 

November  28.  The  Atlantic  lost  yesterday  morning.  There 
were  fifty  persons  or  more  kill'd  in  the  Atlantic. 

*At  the  corner  of  Front  and  Lafayette  streets. 

186  DIARY  OP  [Feb.,  1847 

February  25,  1847.     Old  Mrs.  Phippen  died,  aged  91. 

27.     Deacon  Safford  died,  aged  91  years  &  5  months. 

March  14.     Mr.  Neals  house  took  fire. 

July  20.     I  rode  with  J[oshua]  to  see  Franklin  Dexters  seat. 

August  2,     I  went  to  Mr.  Benjamin  Merrills  funeral. 

25.     Mr.  John  Gardner  [died.] 

November  30.     Dr.  H[olyoke]  moved  into  the  Deland  house. 

December  26.     Forrester  Andrew  died  very  suddenly,  40. 

January  3,  1848.     At  old  Mrs.  Nichols  funeral  with  Hitty. 

Feb.  17.     Heard  of  George  Eea's  death. 

May  9.     Hitty  &  boys  went  to  see  Caravan. 

10.     Mr.  Cutter  died. 

June  5.     Joshua  died  4  minutes  after  4  in  the  morning. 

July  8.     Mr.  Nathan  Peirce  died. 

12.     Heard  of  Miss  Saffords  death. 

August  30.     Mrs.  Rogers  had  a  Son. 

September  12.     E[lizabeth]  at  Mr.  Williams  funeral. 

24.  Mr.  John  Prince  died,  aged  66. 

25.  Mrs.  Clark  died  aged  90. 

October  4.     Mr.  Stones  child  died,  2  years. 

20.  Our  chamber  took  fire  from  funnel. 

November  2.  Accident  happened  on  Eastern  railroad  at  12 
o'clock  at  night,  kill'd  Six  men  and  wounded  a  number  of  others. 
Lynn  &  Marblehead  Cars  met. 

10.     Mary  Jane  Nichols  [Baldwin]  died  2  'clock  this  morning. 

15.     Preparing  to  light  parlours. 

17.     Great  illumination  for  General  Taylor. 

19.     Frances  Silsbee  died,  aged  37. 

21.  Mrs.  Mack  died,  aged  56. 

6.     Saw  mills  burnt  at  six  o'clock  A.  M. 

February  22,  1849.     Hitty  had  Daguerreotype  taken. 

5.  Bought  of  Dr.  E.  A.  Rolyoke  2  Shares  in  Andover  bank. 
Gave  him  two  hundred  dollars  for  them,  1  hundred  dollars  and 
fifty-five  conscience  money,  the  rest  Laboratory  money. 

March  12.     Mrs.  O'donnell  died. 

17.     Mr.  Osgood's  father  sail'd  for  California. 

18  or  19.  Mr.  Augustus  Osborn  of  Danvers,  died  of  Apoplexy, 

22.  Elizabeth  Hodges  died,  aged  52,  with  Typhus  fever. 
April  4.     G.  W.  Treffren  died  58. 

May  4.     Had  ballestrade  put  up  on  house. 
19.     New  Gate  put  up  &  painted. 

August  2.     Laura  Stone  died  with  Scarlet  fever,  13  years. 
29.     Mrs.  Depeyster  had  a  daughter  born  at  Miss  Ashtou's. 
September  10.     M[argaret]  H.  T[urner]   went  to   Wareham   for 

14.     Father  Matthew  came  to  Salem.     Great  Parade. 

Sept.,  1849]     MRS.  SUSANNA  (holyoke)  ward.  187 

30.     Mrs.  Bedney  died. 

October  3.     The  boys  went  to  the  Mechanic  fair. 

6.     Eleanor  Cowan  died. 

13.     Mrs.  Gomes  died. 

November  26.  The  great  Hotel  in  Lawrence  kept  by  Fish  & 
Page  burnt.  Mrs.  Page  discovered  it  at  one  o'clock  &  there  were 
60  people  in  it,  they  but  just  escaped  with  their  lives. 

December  14.     M[ary]  AshtoH  died  last  eve,  aged  76  years. 

January  21,  1850.     Mr.  Nat  Osgoods  baby  died  aged  6  months. 

March  30.  Webster  pronounced  guilty  of  murdering  Dr.  Park- 
man  by  the  Supreme  Court  in  Boston. 

April  17.     Susan  began  to  go  to  Misses  Peirces  School. 

26.     Vessel  launch'd. 

May  20.     Began  to  move  into  Mr.  Tucker's  House. 

June  8.  Sold  my  house  for  3500  dollars  to  society  for  Central 
St.  church. 

18.     Oil  Factory  burnt  two  o'clock  at  night. 

July  10.  Mr.  Osgood  sat  out  for  Niagara  falls.  North  Danvers 
church  burnt. 

18.     Funeral  procession  for  President  Taylor. 

October  31.  John  Page  of  Danvers  attempted  to  rob  the  Village 
Bank  and  was  shot  by  the  watchman  and  killed,  aged  42. 

December  16.     Henry  Putnam  arrived,  Shipwreck'd. 

February  15,  1851.     Elizabeth  died  at  12  o'clock  at  night.* 

March  3.     Mr.  Dalton  died  suddenly  in  the  Bank. 

May  1.     My  house  sold  to  Dr.  Fisk,  3,000  dollars. 

6.     Margaret  Osgood  married  to  Mr.  Smith. 

July  11.     Menagarie  passed  by. 

February  14,  1852.     Mrs.  Emily  Williams  had  a  daughter. 

18.     Went  to  see  Kentucky  cave. 

May  6.     Governour  Kossuth  came. 

28.  The  Steam  boat  Henry  Clay  burnt,  and  about  1  hundred 
passengers  lost  their  lives  either  by  burning  or  drowning.  Miss 
Maria  Hawthorne  from  Salem  burnt. 

November  23.  Augustus  Holyoke  married  in  Syracuse  to  Maria 

March  30,  1853.  Dr.  Nichols  died,  at  11  o'clock,  aged  67  years, 
4  months.     Typhus  fever. 

May  7.  Heard  of  the  horrid  accident  of  Dr.  Pearsons.  Killed 
on  Cars. 

June  19.     Mr.  Osgoods  match  came  out,  Miss  Cook. 

July  19.     Match  Factory  burnt  in  the  night. 

September  3.     Augustus  Holyoke  had  a  daughter  born  evening. 

December  29.     Great  snow  storm.     Tremendous. 

30.     Everybody  shovelling.     5  feet  deep  Essex  St. 

*Her  daughter  Elizabeth  "Ward,  aged  47  years. 

188      DIARY  OF  MRS.  SUSANNA  (HOLYOKE)  WARD,     [Jan.,  1854 

January  20,  1854.     Dr.  Holyoke  advertised  his  House. 

February  28.  Mr.  Charles  Osgood  married  to  Sarah  Cook  in 
the  first  church  by  Rev.  Mr.  Briggs  at  two  o'clock  in  the  afternoon, 
and  rode  directly  up  to  the  Depot  to  go  to  Kew  Haven.  We  heard 
from  Mr.  Osgood  the  7*^  of  March,  he  wrote  to  Charles  that  he  & 
his  wife  were  just  setting  out  for  Washington. 

April  4.     My  fathers  house  put  up  at  Auction. 

27.     Mary  &  family  moved  down  to  Salem  to  live  with  me. 

July  11.  Horatio  Norcross  was  kill'd  by  making  soda  water  for 
Mr.  Simons. 

13.  Pickering  Dodge's  daughter  found  dead  in  her  bed,  Ellen 
Barry  Dodge,  25  years,  she  poisoned  herself. 

17.  2  of  Mr.  Frederick  Howes  daughters  were  riding  from  their 
farm  to  Salem  and  the  Cars  met  them  in  North  Danvers  and 
frightened  their  horse,  and  threw  them  out  thirty  feet  and  Lucy 
lived  48  hours  &  Elizabeth  is  still  living  but  very  ill.  Elizabeth 
got  well. 

August  7.  A  child  kill'd  at  the  South  Depot  by  the  Cars  run- 
ning over  it,  aged  11. 

21.     Mr.  William  Hay  ford  hired  small  house,  Turner  St. 

September  4.  M.  H.  T[urner]  sat  out  for  Syracuse  with  Charles 
Holyoke  &  wife  who  [was]  married  this  morning. 

13.     Hitty  &  I  went  to  see  Panorama  of  Niagara  falls. 

November  2.  Mr.  Bradley  ran  off  &  left  his  wife  and  two 

June  6,  1855.  Call'd  at  Mrs.  Doyles  boarding  house  to  see  Mrs. 

December  17.  Dr.  E.  A.  Holyoke  died  of  consumption,  in  Syra- 
cuse, aged  59  years,  5  months,  4  days. 

September  29,  1856.     Francis  E.  Holyoke  died  aged  24. 


Abbot,  ,  12,  26,  147,  160-164, 


Dr.,  179. 

Eev.  Abiel,  144. 

Betsey,   97,    98. 

Ephraim,   XIV. 

J.,  161,   173. 

J.  E.,  162,   169. 

Rev.  John  E..   170. 

Mary  Holyoke,  XIV,  179. 

Priscey,  120. 

Gen.  Stephen,  158. 
Adams,  ,  15,  18,  38,  137,  178. 

A.,   166. 

Hannah,   154. 

John,   67,  82,   86. 

Xehemiah,   152. 

Addison,  ,  121. 

Alden,   ,   42. 

Alford,  John,  44. 

Col.   John,   12,  24. 

Allen,  Allin,  ,   8,   23,   48,   54, 


Mrs.,   3. 

Betty,  101,  114. 
Almanacs,  VII. 
Almon,  Dr.,  163. 
American  Academy  of  Arts  and 

Sciences,   XI. 
Ames,  Levi,   81. 

Amory,  ,  53,  54,  61,  93,  119, 


Eopes,  51. 

Anderson,  ,  113,  116,  125. 

Andrews,   Andrew,   ,   50,    70, 


Bill,   107. 

Caty,  135. 

Charles,    181,    184. 

Dan,  172. 

Forrester,    186. 

Hitty,  78-80,  82,  89,  94,  95,  101, 
104,  109,  113,  114,  116,  127, 
141,  144,  147,  152,  153,  157. 
163,   182. 

J.,  96. 

Jos.,  156. 

Capt.  N.,  100. 

Capt.  Nehemiah,  138. 

Antineno   (servant),   176. 

Anville,  Duke  d',  40. 

Appleton,  ,  4,  5,  7,  8,  12,  13, 

17,  23-25,  29,  32,  33,  50,  52, 
53,  58,  61,  67,  68,  70,  72,  74, 
75,  78,  79,  81,  86,  92,  95,  97, 
99,  101,  108,  109,  115,  118- 
120,  124,  125,  128-133,  135, 
136,    138,    140,    148,    149,   151- 

154,  159,   169. 
Col.,  22,  51. 

D.,  8,   145. 

Daniel,  XIII,  41,  55,  56,  140, 

Elizabeth,  XIII,  4,  41,  62,  143, 

145,    177. 
Elizabeth    (Eogers),  XIII,   2. 
Henry,  70,  177,  181. 
Jane,   125. 
John,  XIII,  2,  5,  32,  60,  89,  94, 

101,   122,  166,   171. 
John   Sparhawk,   178. 
Margaret,  XIII,  2,  8,  32. 
Margaret   (Gibbs),  75, 
Mary,  140. 
Molly,    29,    58,    61,    70,    71,    80, 

N.,  89,  92,  147,  152,  156,  169, 
Nathaniel,  XIII,  37,  38,  39,  41, 

75,  143,  169,  177. 
Nathaniel  W.,  83,  86,  97. 
Dr.  Nathaniel  Walker,  132. 
Priscilla,   XIII. 
Priscilla  (Glover),  XIII. 
T..   126. 

William,  XIII,  142. 

William  Ward,   148. 

Apthorp,  Eev.  East,   24, 

Archer,  ,  134, 

Arnold,  ,  3,  4,  7,  12. 

Mary,    XII. 
William,  XII,  3. 
Ashton,   ■ -,    90,    116,    118,    121, 

124,    126.    128,    130,    132-135, 

138-142,    146,    149,    150,    153, 

155,  159-162,  164-166,  170, 
171,    180,   181,  184-186, 

B.,   141. 
Betsey,  143. 
Frances,   182, 




Ashton,  Jacob,  72,  118,  157,  166, 
177,    179. 

Mary,  157,  187. 

N.,  161. 

P.,   120,   133. 

Polly,   181. 

Eichard,  146. 

S.,  135,  141. 

Sarah,   141. 

Siikey,  128. 

William,    143,   181. 
Asparagus,   59. 

Assembly  Hall,  70,  75,   108,  149. 
Astrea   (ship),  120. 
Atherton,  ,  59,  62. 

Dr.,   120. 

Israel,  57,  61,  125. 
Atkins,  ,  78. 

Caty,   113. 

Dudley,  45. 

Atkinson, ,  23. 

Austin  (servant),  26. 

Babbridge,  ,  109. 

Bache,  ,   150. 

Bachelor,  ,  136. 

Nathaniel,    153. 
Bachelor,  see  also  Batchelder. 

Baccm, -,  50. 

Jacob,  30. 

Badger,  ,   48,   99,   112. 

Badlam,  ,  159,  173. 

Gen.,  147,  150. 

Bailey,  Bayly,  ,  15,  18,  118, 

Bainbridge,   Com.,   159. 
Baker,  Esther,  XV. 
Mary,  XV. 
Silence,  107. 
Thomas,  XV. 

Balch,  ,  133. 

Thos.,   31. 

Baldwin,  ,  15,  148. 

Abigail,   149. 

Jabez,   170. 

Mary  Jane   Nichols,    186. 

Ball,  ,   3,    183. 

Elizabeth,  3. 

Ballantine,  ,  17. 

Balloon,    110,   123,   124. 
Ballon,  Clara  Louise,  XVII. 

Bancroft,  ,  136,  137,  144. 

Elizabeth,  139. 
Thomas,    136. 
Barbecue,   50,   73. 
Barclay,   Mary,   183. 

Barker,  ,  176. 

Barnaby,  Kev.  Andrew,  51. 

Barnard,  Bernard,  ,  22,  48, 

50,  53-55,  60,  66,  69-72,  75- 
79  82  83,  92,  93,  95-99,  102, 
103,  105,  106,  108,  110-114, 
118-120,  122-124,  130,  132- 
Capt.,  57. 

Dr.    103-107,  109,  112,  123,  126, 
127,    133,    136-138,    141,    143, 
144,   147,    150,    158,   161,    163, 
165,   170-172. 
Gov..  23,  62. 

Dr.  E.,  141,  153,  159-161,  164. 
Dr.  Edward,  102,  103. 
F.,  70. 

Francis,   27,    70. 
John,  2.  39,  97. 
Rev.  John,  VIII,  IX. 
Lois,  170. 

Sally,  48,  52-55,  61,  63. 
Sarah,  66. 
T.,  76. 
Thomas,  29,  47,  58,  66,  72,  78, 

83,    94,    138,   151,    160,   170. 
Eev.' Thomas,  jr.,  79,  80. 

Barnes,  ,   15. 

Barr,  Capt.  James,  169. 
Barrel,  ,  US- 
Daniel,   25. 
John,  25. 

Barrett,  Barret,  Barrot, ,  23, 

36,  71,  76. 

Barstow,   ,    149. 

Dr.,  151,  152,  166. 

Bartlett,   Bartlet,  ,   69,    108, 

109,  116. 

Barton,  ,   56,   64,   72,  95,  96, 

102,   104,  111,   114,   138. 
Betsy,    110. 
Elizabeth,  48. 
John,  85. 

Margaret,   106,   143. 
Peggy,  114,  124. 
Sally,    126. 

Capt.   Samuel,   48,   124. 
Bassett,  Maria,  187.  „  ^  , 

Batchelder.   Batcheldor,  Batche- 
lor,  Dr.,   162. 
Calvin,  168. 
Elizabeth  W.,  XVIII. 
Batchelder,  see  also  Bachelor. 

Bates,  ,  176. 

Bathrick,  Ruth,  25. 
Bayly,  see  Bailey. 
Beadle,  Susanna,  152. 

Bean,  • ,  138. 

Beaty,  ,  119. 



Beckford,  Thomas,   150. 

Bedney, ,   184,   187, 

Belcher,  ,  IX, 

Gov.,  3,  5,  17, 
Belchertown,   17. 

Bell,  ,  132. 

Bentley,  Bently,  ,    116,   121, 

126,  167. 
Eev.    William,    108,    110,    119, 
126-128,  130,  150,  170. 
Berkley,  Dean,  3, 
Berry,  Dr.,  X. 
Elizabeth,   XIII. 
Thomas,  8,  39,  42. 
Beverly,  92,   160. 
Beverly     Cotton     Factory,     120. 

Bickford,  ,   118,   127, 

Eben,   164, 

Biglow,  ,   136,   137,  139,   141, 

143,    146,    155,    156,    159,    164, 
Betsey,  143. 
H.,    159. 
Perkins,  178. 
William,   137,  138,  144,  146, 

Biles.  ,   7. 

Bilhah   (servant),   14,  18,  22,  23, 

25,   26,  28. 
Bill.   Mary  Ann,  XVII. 

Birchmore,  ,  60. 

Black,   ,   142. 

Blackburn,  Henry,  134, 

Blanchard,  ,   134, 

Dr..    108,    111. 

Blaney,  Blany.  -,   54,   64,   72, 

77,  78,   102,  111,  114, 
Col.,    55, 
Maj,,  5, 
Joseph,  115, 

Bliss,  ,   83. 

Blowers,  Eev.  Thomas,  52, 

Blyth,  Blythe,  ,   69, 

Benjamin.  75,   76. 
Samuel,  86,  106,  117. 

Boardman,  Bordman,  ,  175. 

Andrew,  39,  46. 
p:iizabeth,   24,   46. 
Steward.    8. 
Bollan.   William,   11. 

Bonaparte,  ,  162,   163. 

Borgham,  ,   157. 

Borland,  ,  68,  76,  154. 

Dr.  Francis,  85,  103. 
Boscawen,  Admiral,  19, 
Boston,   1,  48,  60. 

Boullay,   ,    131. 

Bourne,  Bourn,  Col.,  69. 
Benjamin,   28, 

Bourne,  Elizabeth,  XVI,  154, 
Bourse,  Peter,  41, 

Bowditch,    ,    126,    135,    140, 

164,   165,   167,  168, 

Capt.,  58,  68. 

Dr.,    172. 

Charles,   177. 

Ebenezer,   58. 

Eunice,   63. 

Joseph,   104. 

Mary,   113. 

Nathaniel,   139. 

Sarah,   62,   136. 

Bowdoin,  ,   18. 

Bowen,  ,  5,  26,  147,  148,  151. 

Daniel,   143. 

Nathan,  125. 
Bowes,  Rev.  Nicholas,  40, 
Bowles,  Isaac,  36. 
Bowman,  ,  15, 

Judge,  71, 

Joseph,  25. 
Brackett,  Bracket,  ,  15, 

Dr.,  129,  142. 

Bradbury,  ,  23,  119. 

Braddock,  Gen.,  14. 
Bradford,  Williams,   20, 

Bradish,  ,  115, 

Bradley,  ,  188. 

Bradstreet,  ,  126,  136. 

Gov.,  126. 

Nathaniel,  X,   136. 

Samuel,   1. 

Simon,  5,  6. 
Braintree,  13. 
Branding,    56,   57. 

11,  13,  17,  67,  79. 
12,  88,  115,  129. 

173,    178, 

Brattle,  — 

Col.,   15. 

Gen.,    83, 

Martha,  26. 

Thomas,   1. 

William,  2,  26,  52. 
Braxton,  George,  140, 
Bray,  Zachary,   148. 

Brazer,   Brazier,   


Dr.,   182,    185. 

Rev.  John,  171,  172. 
Breck,  Robert,  39. 

Brewer, ,  6,  120,  181. 

Bridge,  ,  114,  117, 

Col.,  90. 

.John,   41. 

Rev.  Matthew,  37,  38,  120. 

Polly,    120. 
Bridgham,   ,   22, 

Elizabeth,  XIV,  40. 



Bridgham,  Joseph,  XIV. 

Briggs,  ,  180. 

Eev.,    188. 
Enos,   124,   165. 
Brimblecomb,  Sarah,  115. 

Bromfield,    Bromfeild,    ,   92- 

94,  131. 
Brookhouse,  Kobert,  167. 

Brooks,   ,   23. 

Gov.,    170. 
Ned    (negro),   173. 
Broomfield,    Sarah,   XIV. 

Brown,  Browne,  ,  15,  53,  56, 

59-61,    63-68,    70-73,    75,    76, 
78,  80,  83,  93,   105,   107,   112, 
121,  122. 
Capt.,  3,  13,  117. 
CoL,  58,   65,  67,  70,  76-78,  83. 
Dr.,  148,  151,  171. 
Judge,  81. 
Kev.,  4. 

Ann,  XIII,  2,  3. 
Billey,  79. 
Binny,  55. 
Burnet,   66. 
Catharine,   63. 
Caty,    81. 
Eev.   Cotton,   46. 
Deborah,   XIII,   3. 
Elizabeth,  IX,  XIII,  2,  35. 
Elizabeth    (Legg),  XIII. 
Giles,  XIII. 
Hannah,   XIII. 
Jane,    XIII. 
John,  XIII,   2,  35. 
John  B.,   148. 
Legg,   XIII. 
Mary,  XIII,  35. 
Mary   (French),  59. 
Moses,  120. 
Philipa,  59. 
Sally,   95. 
Samuel,   3. 
Sarah,   XIII. 
William,  14,  48,  51,  52,  58,  59, 

101,   112,   163. 
William  Burnet,  59,   66. 
Bryant,  Kebecca,  182. 

Buckminster,  ,  115,  129. 

Eev.  Joseph  S.,  156. 
Buffington,   Capt.,   117. 

Bufeum,  ,  98. 

Bulfinch,  Dr.,   52. 
Charles,   167. 
Thomas,  34. 
Bunker,  Capt.,   11. 
Bunker  Hill,  Battle  of,  90. 
Burchmore,      Capt.      Zechariah, 

Burgoin,  Gen.,  97. 
Burnett,   Gov.,   3. 

Burr,  ,   18. 

Burrill,  Burril,  ,  3-5,  27,  28, 

128,   131,   132,   134,   135. 

Col.,  4,  5. 

Ezra,   134. 

Hannah,  XII. 

Hannah   (Holyoke),  18. 

Col.  Theophilus,  XII. 
Burroughs,  Giles,  145. 

Butler,  ,  15. 

Butman,  ,  184. 

Bjdes,    Mather,    30. 

Dr.  Mathew,  84. 

Cabot,   Cabbot,  ,   52,   61,   62, 

67,  69,  70,  72,  73,  79,  89,  91, 
92,    95,    96,    97,    99,    103,    105, 
106,    109,    113-115,    117,    119, 
123,  127-129,  131,  146,  150. 
Betsey,   75,   76. 
Billy,    111. 
D.,   104. 
Debby,   102. 
Elizabeth,  113. 
F.,  99. 

Francis,   114,   119. 
Frank,  60. 
Jo.,   59,   68. 
John,   82. 

Nancy,   61,   63,   64,   68,   69. 
P.,   68. 

Polly,  73,  77. 
Eebecca,  169. 
S     78 
Stephen,   96,   97. 

Calahan,  Calahon, ,  131,  136, 

137,  140,  146. 

Caldwell,  ,  184. 

Calef,  ,  88. 

Cambridge,  60. 

Camel,  Cameel,  ,  36,  80,  99. 

Campbell, ,   36,   80,   100. 

Sal.,    76. 
Candles,  7,  9,  11,  12,  24,  64,  99. 
Caner,  Eev.  Henry,  42. 
Cape  Elizabeth  (Me),  6. 

Carlisle,  Carlile,  ,    165,   168, 


Carnes,  ,  119. 

Capt.,   109. 
Eev.  John,  37. 

Carpenter,  ,  109,  117. 

Capt.,    101. 
Benjamin,    98,    131. 
Wm.,   132. 
Carrell,  ,  119. 



Carter,  ,   129,   140,   141,  143, 


Col.,  59. 

Eliza   (Eppes),  XIV. 

Eliza  Eppes   (Cutts),  119,  173. 

Eppea,   151. 

Judith,  59. 

Mary.  XIV. 

M.,   157. 

N.,  154. 

Nathaniel,   173. 

Nathaniel,  jr.,  XIV,   fl9. 

Carwick,  ,  78,  80,  81,  92,  95, 

101,  102,  106,  107,  111,  119, 
120,  124,  137,  141,  148,  158- 
160,   162,   165,   167,   168. 

John,   97. 

Sarah,   173. 
Cary,   Carey,  ,   18,   104. 

Thomas,  17,  18,  150. 

Catlin,  ,  183. 

Cato    (servant),    42,    50,    53,    60, 
73,  94,  95,  100,  106,  110,  111. 
Cawley,   Mol.,   5. 
Cazneau,  ,   149. 

Capt.,  30. 

Chadwick, ,    138. 

Chambers,  Capt.,   34. 

Capt.  Charles,  7. 

Champey,  ,  23. 

Champney,  ,  11. 

Chandler,   ,   76. 

Col.,  76. 

Gardner,   76. 
Channing,  ,  161,  162. 

Dr.,   167. 

Chardon,  ,  23,  93,  94. 

Charnock,    Capt.,    5. 

Billy,  5,  6. 

Emma,  52. 

Hannah,  XII,  5. 

Capt.  John,  XII. 

William,  XII. 
Chase,  ,   50,   180, 

Abner,  111. 
Chatham,   John,    149,    150. 

Chauncy,     Chauncey,     ,     17, 


Kev.  Charles,  41. 

Checkley,  ,  21. 

Cheever,   Chever,  ,   55,   83. 

Peggy,   67,   68. 

Eev.  Samuel,  VIII,  XII,  2,  39. 

Chipman,  ,  23,  55,  121,  133, 

Anstis,    121. 
Choate,  Dr.,   178. 
Chocolate,  95. 
ChurchiU,  Dolly,  72. 

Cider,  7,  9,  14,  15,  16,  18,  20,  95, 

Claiborne,  William  C,  C,  154. 
Clap,  ,  164. 

Thomas,   26. 

Wait,    XV. 

Clark,    Clarke,   ,    14,    15,    55, 

56,   64,   84,   99,    103,    113,   119, 
133,   170,    171,   177,   186. 

Anna,    112, 

Benjamin,  42, 

Debby,  96. 

Elizabeth,    154, 

H.,    133,   166, 

Henry  Anderson,   168, 

John,  12,  112. 

Mary,  52, 

Parker,   49, 

Rev,    Peter,    30, 

Pricey,  147, 

Stephen   Merrill,    172, 

Clay,   ,    181. 

Cleveland,  Cleaveland,  ,  104, 

108,    109,    111,   114. 

Capt.,   105. 

Eev.   Aaron,    118. 

Betsey,    146. 

Rev.   John,    34, 

Margaret,   112, 

Stephen,   112, 

Susanna    (Porter),   118. 

William,   110,   164,   184, 
Cloutman,  ,  109,  170. 

Nabby,   60. 

Sally,  116. 

Sarah,   60,   78, 
Clubs,   57, 

Coburn,  ,  41, 

Cockle,  ,   55,   59. 

James,  47,  53,  63. 

Coddington,  ,   76. 


Coffin,  , 

John,  91. 

Mary,  106, 

Mercy,  91. 

Capt.   Richard,   88, 

Timothy,  91, 
Coffrin,  Eunice,  99. 
Cole,  ,   154,   176,   177. 

Thomas,   178. 

Colman,    Coleman,    ,    7,    91, 


Dr.,  9. 
Comet,  31,  36,  45,  155, 

Condy,  ,  22,  23, 

Cook.    Cooke,   ,    18,   37,    175, 


Dr,,   163,  179. 

i,  90,  91,  128,   130. 



Cook,  Sarah,   188. 

Sarah  Elizabeth,   XVIII. 
Coolidge,  Capt.,  48,  61. 

John,   15. 
Coombs,  Isaac,  115,  116. 

Cooper,  ,   54. 

Dr.,    73,   92-94. 

Eev.,  7. 

Eev.  Samuel,  38. 

Rev.    William,   36. 
Cornelius,  Elias,  170. 
Cornwall] s.  Gen.,   106. 

Corwin,  ,   76. 

Cotes,  ,   68. 

Cotnam,  ,   54,   58,  65,  68,  72, 

73,    76,    80,    84-86. 

Capt.,   67. 

Grissy,    63. 

Martha,  55. 
Cotton,  ,   17,   83. 

J.,   16. 

Josiah,   IX,   34. 
Court  House,   117,   118,   183. 

Covet,  ,  66. 

Cowan,  ,   185. 

Eleanor,   187. 

Cowen,  ,  182. 

Cox,  ,  16. 

Crafts,  ,   4. 

Cragin,  Dorothy,   16. 
Cranch,  ,   67. 

Mary,    67. 

Eichard.    67. 
Crane,   Col..    108. 
Crime,  28,  33,  34,  42,  56,  60,  96, 
100,    104,    114,    115,    116,    134, 
140,    172,    180,    185. 

Crombie,  ,  53. 

Cromwell,  ,   147. 

Cross,  ,  49,   157,  170. 

Nancy,    141. 

E.,   153. 
Crowninshield,        Crowingshield, 

Crowningshield,      ,      49, 

50,   54,   55,   58,   63,   66,   72,   73, 
77,   83,   89,   166. 

Capt.,   65,   165. 

Anstes,   81. 

B.  W.,   173. 

Benjamin,   50,   51. 

Capib.  Clifford,  151. 

Eunice,  72. 

George,    162,    165,    167,   180. 

George   Varnum,    179. 

Capt.  Jacob,   135. 

John,    50,   65,  81. 

Eichard,   180. 

Sally,   100,   110. 

Cummings,     Cummins,     Cumins, 
,  23,  54. 

Henry,  20. 

Curtis,  ,  91. 

Curwen,  Curwin, ,  50,  63,  64, 

68,  72,  78,  80,  81,  85,  91,  95, 
111,    112,    136. 

Abigail,    128. 

George,  55,  141,  152. 

Hitty,   62. 

Sally,  80. 

Samuel,  58,  98,  111,  128,  141. 

Sarah,  152. 

Gushing, ,    15,    83,    97,    135, 

142,    146. 

Edward,  34. 

Job,   41. 

Rev.  Jonathan,  35. 

Joshua,   147. 

Mary,  165. 

Thomas,   8,  38,   150. 

Thomas   C,    126. 

Custis,  ,  93. 

Cutler,  ,  10,   15,  175,  176. 

Cutter,  ,  186. 

Cutts,  ,  26,  28,  30,  59,  61,  63, 

80,  129,  142,  144,  153. 

Capt.,   127. 

Anna,  XIV,  127,  156. 

Anna  Holyoke,  XIV,  30,  119. 

C,  115. 

Charles,  XIV,   129. 

Edward,  XIV,   26,   178. 

Eliza   Eppes.  XIV,   28,   119. 

George,   XIV. 

Hampden,  XIV,  129,  136. 

Lucy  H.,   XIV. 

Mary,   XIV. 

Nancy,  110. 

Neddy,  101. 

Priscilla.  XIV,  125,  129. 

Samuel,  XIV,  25,  29,  57,  156. 

Sidney,  XIV,  127. 

Dabney,  ,  148,  161,  162,  167, 


Dr.,  81. 

A.   M.,   166. 
Daguerreotypes,  186. 

Daland,  Deland,  ,   102,  186. 

Dale,  Becky,  113. 

Holten,    168. 

Lydia,    176. 

Dalglish,  .  80. 

Dalrymple,  Lt.  Col.,  30. 

Dalton,   ,   49,   71,   80,   187. 

Damon,  ,  21. 

Dana,  ,  94,  136. 



Dana,   Judge,   143. 

Abigail,   143. 

Samuel.    140. 
Dancing,    7,    48,    69,    70,    77,    83, 

100,   108,   110,   116. 
Danfoith,  Danford,  ,   131. 

C,   138. 
Daniels,  ,  57. 

Sarjaut,    104. 
Dark  dav,  103. 

Davis,  — — ,  4,  10,  15,  48,  69,  73, 
74,  76,  85,  86,  88,  89,  91-94, 
98,   104,  109,   113,  115,  131. 

Capt.,  88. 

Ben.,   94. 

Betsey,  54,  56,  92-94. 

Billy,  87,   89,  93,  94. 

Ebenezer,  jr.,  172,  173. 

Hannah,  XV,   54,   94. 

Joe,  66,  70,  74. 

Polly,    106. 

William,   87. 

Davison,  ,   41. 

Dean,  Deane,  ,  13,  173. 

Capt.,   59. 

Henry,    145. 

Samuel,  20. 
Dearborn,  Benjamin,  37,  38,  41. 
Deblois,  George,  79,  84. 

82,   83,    126-128,    132,    135, 

Debois,   ,   78. 

DeGrass,  ,    133. 

Deland.   see  Daland. 

Demeregue,  ,  138. 

Demmings,  Dr.,  99. 

Denison,   ,   41. 

Dennis,  Rev.  Josiah,  39. 
Denny,   John,   jr.,   42. 
Dentists,  107. 

DePeyster,  ,   182,  186. 

Derby,   ,    64,   90,    95,   96,   98- 

103,  105,  107-109,  115-118, 
120,  121,  127,  129,  131,  135, 
136,  138,  143,  44,  148,  169. 

Capt.,   109,   121. 

Col.,  140,  142,  143. 

Gen.,  143,  145,  147,  154,  163, 

Betsey,  129. 

E.  H.,  149,  156,  168. 

Ellas  Hasket,  109,  110,  158, 

Eliza,   158. 

Elizabeth,    109. 

Foster,   149. 

Capt.  G.,  121. 

H.,  95,  98,  100,  103,  104,  111, 
119,  131,  138,  146,  147,  149, 

Derby, Hasket,  95,  108. 

Hersey,  124,  144. 

J.,  103,  105,  140, 

James,  153. 

John,  94,  96,  99,  100,  108,  109, 
111,  115,  118,  123,  125,  126, 
131,  133,  136,   170. 

Nathaniel  Foster,   180. 

Patty,  97. 

R.,  98,  100. 

Richard,  72,   105,   110,   164. 

S.,    142,    147. 

Samuel,  124,  153. 

Samuel  G.,  156. 

T.,  125. 
Devereux,  ,   180. 

G.  H.,  181. 
Dexter,  Franklin,   186, 

Samuel,   164. 
Diman,  ,  117,  118,  121. 

Rev.,  119. 

Rev.  James,   118. 
Dinah    (servant),   17,   18,   20,   22, 

26,   103,   105,   169. 
Dodd,  Capt.,  56. 

Mary,   3. 

Dodge,  ,   73,   90,   96,  98,   104, 

138,  170. 

Capt.,  112. 

Ben,  178. 

Eliza   Ann,    182. 

Ellen  Barry,   188. 

Capt.   George,   149. 

Hitty,   136,   180. 

Israel,   143. 

John,   171. 

Kaleb.   136. 

P.,    173,    179. 

Pickering,  188. 

R.,   166. 

Donegan, -,    121. 

Dorr,  ,  15. 

Douglas,  ,  74,  184. 

Dow,  Josiah,  151. 

Dowse,   ,    52,    72,    73,    77,   79, 

92,  93,  95,  100,  104,  111,  113, 
131,   134. 

Caty,  82. 

Jonathan,  82. 

Joseph,  47,  112. 

Katy,  70. 

Tommy,  86. 

Walter,   52. 

Doyle,  ,  188. 

Drowne,  Dorothy,  79. 
Drury,  Dr.  John,  156. 
Dudley,  ,  45. 

Col.,   7. 

Paul,  12, 



Dumaresq,  Mary,  151. 
Dummer,  Gov.  William,  24. 
Dunbar,  Eev.  Asa,  78,  79. 

Mary    (Jones),   79. 
Dunden,  Dr.,  84. 

Dunham,  ,   167. 

Dwelly,  Deborah,  12,  13. 

Dwight,  ,  149. 

Dyer,  J.,  157. 

James,  154,  158,  168. 

Eames,  ,   15,  20. 

Earthquake,   15,   17. 
Eaton,  •,  156. 

Dr.,  160,  164. 
Eccleston,  D.,  72. 

Edwards, ,  4. 

Eg-g-s,    28. 
Egout,  M.,   126. 
Elephant,   135,   164. 
Elizabeth,  Cape,  6. 
Ellery,  ,  8. 

William,  40,  41. 
Ellingwood,  Benjamin,  56,  57. 

Elliot,    Eliot,    ,    14,    99,    122, 


Dr.,  IX,  94. 

Jacob,  XII,  20. 

John,  XII. 

Joseph,  XII. 

ISIary,  XII. 

Sarah,  XII. 

Ellis,  ,  85. 

Emerson,  ,  21,  155. 

Dr.,  182. 
Emery,  ,  133,  145. 

Capt.,   152. 

Margaret,  169. 

Capt.   Eobert,    151. 

Sarah,    151,    152. 

Thomas  Barnard.  145. 

Emmerton, ,   98. 

Endicott,  Indicott,  ,   77. 

Eliza,   182. 

Epes,  Eppes,  ,  47,  49,  50,  52- 

56,    58,    62-65,    67,    69-75,    77, 

Abigail,   77,   78,   105. 

B.,  14. 

Betty,  6,  7,  8,  14,  17,  18,  20,  21, 
23,   26,  33,   44,   45. 

Capt.  Daniel,  XIII,  80. 

Elizabeth,  XIII,  20,  33. 

Love  Itawlins,  56. 

Mary,  XIII,  33,  44. 

Mary  (Whipple),  XIII,  6. 

S.,   12. 

Samuel,  XIII,  7,  8,  22,  44,  48. 

Epes,  Symonds,  XIII,  6,  33,  44. 

William,  77,  78,  105. 
Essex  Bridge,  118,  119. 
Essex  Historical  Society,  XI. 

Esty,  ,   50. 

Eunice     (servant),    23,    64,    107, 

Everett,  Everet,  ,  162,  182. 

Fairfield,  -,  23. 

Capt.  John,   150. 

Capt.  William,   153. 

Falcon,  ,  135. 

Falcony,  ,  157. 

Faneuil,  Fanuel,  Peter,  7,  33. 
Farley,   Maj.   Gen.  Michael,   110, 

Thomas,  116,  117. 
Farmer,  Mary,  XV. 

Farnham,  Farniim,  ,   68,  70, 

71,  75,  78,  80,  81,  83,  84,  112. 

Col.,   83. 

Billy,  81. 

Catherine,  84. 

Daniel,   84. 

Faxon,  ,   15. 

Fav,  E.,  162. 
Felt,  •,  84. 

John,   72,   99. 

Fenison, ,  34. 

Fennisy,  Margaret,  34. 
Fessenden,  Fesenden,  ,  7,  8. 

Betty,  30. 

Ebenezer,  16. 

John,  18. 

Mary,  169. 

Field,  ,  99. 

Finch,  ,  5. 

Fires,  1,  7,  9,  22,  27,  28,  42,  43, 
48,  58,  60,  84,  86,  92.  101,  115, 
127,  131,  138,  147,  155,  157, 
158,  164,  165,  173,  184,  185, 
Firewood,   148. 

Fish, ,  187. 

Fisher,  ,  69,  79,   85,  92,  107, 

108,    111,    112,   121,    124,    130, 
137,   138,   147. 

Dr.,    114.    117,    167. 

Eev.,  119,  126,   136. 

John,  63,  84. 

Joshua,  147. 

Nathaniel,   107,   157. 
Fiske,  Fisk,  ,  4,  49,  124. 

Capt.,  117. 

Dr.,  187. 

Gen.,  124-126,  130,  136,  144, 

Lieut.,  41. 



Fiske.  John,  114,  136. 

Lydia,  114. 

Rev.  Samuel,  49,  73. 

Sarah,   144. 

Fitch,  ,   52,  54,  60,  64,  87-89, 

91,   134. 

Elizabeth,   XIII,   28,   32. 

Elizabeth    (Appleton),   62. 

Rev.  Jabez,  XIII,  4,  28,  32,  62. 

John,  4. 

Flag-g,    Flag, 

75,    95,    108, 

148,   150,  175,  176. 
Capt.,  117. 
Dr.,   152. 
Dorothy,  79. 
Samuel,  79. 

Flegrg-,  ,   13. 

Flemming,   Andrew,   33. 
Fletcher,  Capt.,  119. 

Flint,  ,  5,  33-36,  38,  44,  173. 

Henry,  14,  22,  32. 

Flood,  ,  98. 

Flucker,  ,  83,  84. 

Sally,  84. 
Thomas,  83. 
Flynt,  see  Flint. 

Fogharty,  ,  164. 

Folger,  ,  87,  88,  90. 

Capt.,  88,  92. 
Capt.   George,  89. 
Timothy,  87. 

Folsom,  ,  142. 

Forbes,  Eli,  98. 

Forrester,  Forester,  Charles,  164. 
Nelly,  133. 
Capt.  Simon,  166. 

Foss,  ,  39. 

Foster,  Forster,  ,  15,  21,  105. 

Deborah,  4,  12,  44,  45. 
Eliza,  166. 
Gen.  Gideon,  145. 
Fowl,  Col.  Jacob,  64. 

Fowler, -,   9. 

Foxcroft,  ,  33,  68. 

Judge,  68. 
Daniel,  32,  39-41. 
Fi-an.,  30. 
INIehitable,  20. 

Franklin.  ,  150. 

Frazier,  Fraiser,   133,  134. 

Freeman,  ,  58,  62. 

Isaac,   26. 

French,  ,  97. 

Mary,  51,   59. 
Philip.  51. 
Frothingham,  Hannah,  64. 
James,   169,   170. 

Frye,   Fry,   ,   50,    57,   58,    63, 

69,  70,  85,   100,  116,  120    122 
132,  133,  137,  138,  141,  155. 

Col.,  58,  85. 

Major,  77. 

Benjamin,  63. 

Betsey,    120,   123,    130. 

Betty,  81. 

Cato,  114. 

Love,  74. 

Nathan,   154. 

Peter,  96,  99,  134,  151. 

Sally,  104. 
Fuller,  ,  70,  169,  173. 

Tom,  173. 

Gage,  Gov.,  83. 
Thomas,  83. 
Gallais,  Capt.  David,  4. 

Gallaius,  ,   12. 

Gallison,  ,  83. 

Gallows  hill,  84. 

Gamage,  ,  15. 

Gannet,  ,  111. 

Gardner,     Gardener,      Gardiner, 

,   37,   38,    45,    54,    58,    70- 

74,  79,  90,  107,  119,  122,  126, 
Capt.,   138. 
Col.,  90. 
Dr.,  60,  78,  83. 
Abigail   (Epes),  105. 
George,   81. 
Hannah,  115. 
Harry,  79,  82,  106,  127. 
John,  95,   110,  164,  186. 
Capt.  Jonathan,  146. 
Joshua,  91. 
Loice,  66. 
Mary,  146. 
Richard,  162. 
Sam.,  116. 
Dr.  Sylvester,  78,  105. 

Garrish, ,  178. 

Gavet,  Joseph,  133. 
Gavot,  Sally,  98. 

Gay,   ,    160. 

Frederick  L.,  VII. 

Gee,  ,  5. 

Rev.  Joshua,  35. 
George,  Lake,  14. 

Gerrish,  ,  72,  135. 

Benjamin,  98. 
Dr.  Francis,  169. 
Margaret,    121. 
Nabby,  98. 
Gerry,  Lydia,  136. 
Geyer,  John,   167. 



Gibaut.  Capt.  Edward,  130. 

Sarah,  130. 
Gibbs,  ,  32,   89,   171,   177. 

Daniel,  55. 

H.,   20. 

Marg-aret,  XIII,  75. 

Mercy,   151. 

Gigon,  ,  166. 

Gilchrist,  — ,   60,   79. 

Capt.  James,  144. 

Giles,  •,  50. 

Gillis,  ,  70,   76,   80. 

Gilman,  ,   23,   152,   157. 

Joseph,   59. 
Glass  works,  13. 

Gleason,   ,  36,   153. 

Glover,   ,   48,    53,   61,    68,   73, 

76,    80,    86,    148. 

Anne.  XV,  54. 

Nancy,  73,  74,  91. 

Nathaniel.  XV,  54. 

Peter,  87. 

Polly,   87,  91,  95. 

Priscilla,   XIII. 

GofP.  ,   53,   56,   62. 

Goldthwait,  Polly,   179. 
Gomes.  — ,   187. 

Goodale,  Goodill.  ,  49,  55,  57, 

62,  67,  72,  77-79,  86-88,  90-92, 
94-97,  99,  101,  102,  104-108, 
110-115,  117,  118,  120,  121, 

Polly,  108,  114,   120,  122,  123. 

Goodhue,  ,  77,  80,  82,  83,  86, 

92-95,  98,  100,  101,  103,  106- 
109,  145,  149,  161. 

Capt.,  107. 

Dr.,  98,  101,  102,  104,  107,  160. 

Benjamin.   139,   159. 

Betty,  107. 

Billy,  98. 

Dorothy.  144. 

Jo.,  98. 

Mary,  101. 

Polly,  125. 

Sally,  134. 

Dr.  William,  107. 

Goodrich.  ,  156,  184. 

Gookin,  Cooking-,  ,  8,  70. 

Pev.  Nathaniel,  34. 

Peggy,   62. 

Gore,  ^ ,  151. 

Gorham,  John,  14,  16. 

Gould,  ,  71,   76,  162. 

Grafton,  ,   118,   143. 

Joseph,  118. 

Molly,  142. 
Grand' Turk    (ship),  124. 

Granger,  ,  131. 

Grant,  ,  64,  69,  95. 

Sally,   121. 
Grasse,  Count  de,  132. 

Graupner,  ,  157. 

Gray,  ,  13,  28,  116,  125,  131, 

142,  145,  147,   149,  156,  176. 

Billy,   166. 

Harry,  125. 

Nancy,  96,  97. 

S.,    144,   164. 

Samuel,  145. 

W.,    141,    146. 

Wm.  S.,  168. 
Gray,  see  also  Grey. 
Greaves.  Dr.,  8. 

Green,  Greene,  ,  XII,  16,  17, 

33,  133. 

Betsey,   131. 

David,  30. 

G.,   143. 

Joseph,  32,  39. 

Nabby,   138. 

Thos.,  27. 
Greenleaf, ,  129,  161. 

Dr.  Daniel,   25,  26. 

Elizabeth,   25. 
Greenock,   Capt.,   4. 

Greenwood,  ,   147,   156. 

Grey,    ,    115,    121,    123,    126, 

128,    133,    137,    138. 

Abraham,   124. 

Eliza,  123,  124. 

S.,  140. 

Samuel,   135. 

W.,  136. 
Grey,  see  also  Gray. 
Griffin,  ,  64,  117,  119. 

Dr.,  165. 

James,  116,  118,  165. 
Griswold,  ,  157. 

B.,  165. 
Groce,   Mrs.,   4. 
Guilson,  Dr.,  88. 
Gyer,  ,  91. 

Fanny,    54. 

H ,    Hannah,    140. 

Hacker,  M.,  81. 

Hall,  ,  72,  77,  138,   159,  162, 


Mary,   183. 
Hamilton,  Alexander,  149. 

Hancock,  ,  7,   14,   18,  19,  24, 


Belchar,    32. 

E.,   22. 

Kev.  Ebenezer,  6. 



Hancock,  John,   13,   40,   41,   104, 

Haraden,  Harridon, ,  84,  120, 


Capt.,   142. 

Hannah,   118. 

Jonathan,   107,  135,   144. 

Mary,  181. 

Harding,  ,  181. 

Harringlon,  ,  41. 

Nanny,  40. 
Harris,  ,  5,  124. 

Abner.   18,   20,   22. 

Harrison,  ,    183,    184. 

Harvard  College,  IX,  1,  4,  15,  16, 
21,   23,   27,   29,   30,   32. 

Hastings,  ,  46. 

Hatch,  ,  133. 

Hathorne,  Harthorne,  ,   120, 

146,    162,    165,    169,    177. 

B.  Herbert,    177. 

Herbert,   175. 

Wm.,   164,   168. 
Hathorne,  see  also  Hawthorne. 
Hats,  5. 

Haven, ,  23,  106. 

Hawkins,   Sarah,   48. 
Hawley,  Gideon,  24. 
Hawthorne,  Maria,    187. 
Hawthorne,  see  also  Hathornie. 
Hay, ,  84,  85,  135. 

Capt.,  83. 

Capt.  John,   84. 
Hayford,  William,  188. 

Ha,\^vard,  ,   21. 

Hearsey,  Abel,   132. 

Hedges,  Hedge,  Hedg,  ,  137, 

140,    141,    144,   146,    155,    159, 
162,   164,   167. 

Edward,   178. 

Elizabeth,  184. 

H.,   179. 

Levi,  XIV. 

Mary,    XIV,    184. 

Sarah,   159. 

Susan,   167. 

W.  K,   181. 

Wm.,  152. 

Hemenway,     Hemingway,     , 

140,  151. 

Henderson, ,  155,  177. 

Henfield,  ,   141,  165,  181. 

Joseph,  151. 
Henman,    John,    96. 
Henshaw,  ,  21,  69. 

Joshua,   20. 
Herbert,   Betty,   67. 

Judith,  105. 

Hessians,  96. 
Hewes,  ,   133. 

Bettj%   134. 

Debby,  54. 

Hibbert, ,  141. 

Hickling,  ,   128. 

Catharine   G.,    123. 

Thomas,  123. 

Hickson,  ,  142. 

Higgins,  ,  72. 

Higginson,  ,  50-55,  58-61,  64, 

65,  68,  72,  73,  78,  87,  99,  107, 
120.    125,    126,    133,    168. 

Col.,   65,   71,   77. 

Andrew,  56. 

Debby,  95. 

Hetty,  50. 

Hitty,  89. 

John,  50,  56,  57,  63,  84. 

Mehitable,     50,     61,     107,     119, 

S..    87,    108,    114,    118. 

Sarah,  66. 

Stephen,  53,  58,  60,  66,   81,  84, 

Susy,  61,  62. 
Hill, ,  19,  20,  21,  72. 

Henry,  13. 

•John,    13. 

William,    13. 
Hiller,  ,  108,  116,  129,  133. 

Maj.,   117,   119,   121,   126. 

Maj.  Joseph,  136,  137. 

Hilliard,   ,    71. 

Hinman,   H.,   96. 
Hinman  &  Stodder,  164. 

Hitchcock,  ,  45,    77,  80,   176. 

Hobbs,  ,  102. 

Hobby,  Mr.,  4. 

Rev.  William.  34. 

Hodges,    Hodge,    ,    125,    139, 

149,   150. 

Capt.,   56. 

Elizabeth,  186. 

G..    166. 
Holden,  Samuel,  32. 
Holman,  Dr.,  171. 
Holmes,  ,  129. 

Capt.,   108. 

Dr.,  171. 

Ann,   178. 

Holt,   ,    19,    23,    78,    101,    104, 


Rev.  Nathan,  127. 

Holyoke,   ,    VII,    16,    18,    23, 

26,  28,  30,  48,  52,  53,  60,  61, 
69,  73,  74,  77,  79,  86,  92,  93, 
103,   118,   121,  127,   185. 



Holyoke,  Dr.,  X,  XI,  47,  57,  77, 
83,  85,  86,  87,  96,  102,  103, 
107,  110,  112,  116,  118,  119, 
121,  122,  125-128,  142,  145, 
167,    169,   182-186,   188. 

Mrs.,  4. 

Anna,  4,  15,  17,  30,  44,  70,  119. 

Anna  ("Nancy"),  XIV,  XVI, 
6,  14,  18,  21-23,  25,  39,  47, 
55,   57,  82,  83. 

Augustus,   161,   172,  187. 

Betsy,  see  Elizabeth. 

Caleb  Hopkins,  XV. 

Charles,  XVI,  XVII,  188. 

Tf       T  2 

Edward,  VII-X,  XII-XVI,  1- 
30,  36. 

Edward  Augustus,  M.  D.,  VII, 
X,  XIII,  XV-XVII,  3-5,  8,  9, 
14,  21,  23,  31-46,  48,  61,  65, 
75,  107,  139,  155,  159,  168, 
169,  179,  186,  188. 

Eliza,  7. 

Elizabeth  ("Betsy"),  VII-IX, 
XIII-XVI,  2,  15,  27,  35,  40, 
44,  45,  48,  57,  60,  61,  77,  79, 
80,  82-86,  92,  93,  95,  97,  99, 
100,  109,  111-113,  115,  117, 
119,  120,  127. 

Elizabeth   (Bourne),  154. 

Elizur,  VIII,  XII,  XIV-XVII, 
20,  40,  41,  51,  52,  147. 

Francis  E.,  188. 

Frank,  XVII. 

George  Osgood,  XVII. 

H.,  155,  176. 

Hannah,  XII,  XIV,  XVI,  18, 
52,  143,  148,  157,  160-162, 
166,    171. 

Harriet,  95. 

Henrietta,  XVI,  95. 

J.,  12,  30. 

Jacob,  XII,  XV,  XVII,  3,  29. 

Joanna,  XII. 

John,  VII,  XII,  XIV,  XV,  1,  2, 
4,  8,  12,  13,  21,  23,  33,  37,  41, 
44-46,    48,    54. 

Jonathan,  42. 

Joseph,   XV. 

Judith  ("Judy"),  XV-XVII, 
16,  82,  84,  95,  97,  99,  100,  101, 
109,  111,  113,  115,  116,  119, 

Lydia,   XVI,  XVII. 

M.  E.,  28. 

Margaret  ("Peggy"),  VII, 
XIII,  XVI,  3,  4,  7,  8,  11,  26, 
39,    40,    44-46,    58,    63-65,    69, 

Holyoke,  Margaret,  71,  74-78,  80, 

82,  83,  85,  87-89,  92-115,  117- 

133,   135-174,   176,   178. 
Maria,  XVII,  180. 
Martha,  XVII. 
Mary,  XII-XVI,  32,  44,  48,  62, 

67,  162. 
Mary   ("Molly"),  6,  7,  13,  46. 
Mary   ("Polly"),  XV,  XVI,  27, 

28,  42,  49,  50,  55,  58,  59,  60, 

63,   64,   147. 
Mary  (Elliot),  XII. 
Mary   (Pynchon),  XII. 
Mary    (Vial),   VII,   VIII,   XV, 

Mercy,  XIV. 
Molly,  see  Mary. 
Nancy,   see  Anna. 
Neddy,  see  Edward  Augustus. 
Oliver  Peabody,  XVI,  154. 
Peggy,  see  Margaret. 
Polly,  see  Mary. 
Priscilla    ("Prissy"),    XIV,    5, 

16-19,    22,    23,    26-30,    44,    45, 

47,   52,   53,   60-62,    67,   78,   86, 

Eebecca,  XVI. 
Richard,  XV,  XVI. 
Eobert  Treat,  XV. 
S.    152    159. 
Samuel,  XII,  XIV,  XVI,  2,  30, 

37,  40,  44,  45,  148,  177. 
Sarah,  XII,  XV,  XVI,  2. 
Sarah  Skinner,  XVI. 
Susanna  ("Sukey"),  VII,  VIII, 

XV-XVII,    22,    109,    113,    116, 

118-122,    124-137,    175-188. 
William,  XIV-XVI. 
Holyoke  coat  of  arms,  37,  41. 

Homan,  ,  5. 

Hooker,  ,   22. 

Stephen,  17,  18. 

Hooper,  ,  18-21,  49,  89,  119. 

Joseph,   26. 
Stephen,  24,  64. 
Eev.  William,   29. 
Hopkins, ,    75,    95,    102,    145, 

146,   148. 
Daniel,  74,   160. 
Edward,    19. 

Houghton, ,  13. 

Hovey,  Dom.,  25. 

How,  ,  45,  159. 

Howard,  ,   95,   140,   141,   152, 

Eev.  Bezaliel,  168. 
Ezekiel,    168. 
Howe,  Elizabeth,  188. 



Howe,  Frederick,  188. 

Lucy,  188. 

Lydia,  XVII. 

IMartha,   XVII. 

Oda,  XVII. 

Kebecca,  XVI. 
Hubbard,  ,   14,  22. 

Dr.,    157,    160,    164,    169,    170, 

Dr.  Oliver,  165. 

Huggeford,    ,    173. 

Hughes,  ,   144. 

Hull,  Gen.,  157. 
Humphreys,  Col.  David,  142. 
Hunt,  ,  62,  69,  71. 

Lewis,   106. 
Huntington,  ,  65. 

John,  26,   59,  65. 

Hurd,  ,  161,   170. 

Hussey,  ,  87,  88,  90,  91,  104. 

Hutchinson,  ,  19,  84,  139. 

Col.,  7. 

Gov.,  52. 

Elisha,   20. 

Margaret,  84. 

Thomas,  39,  83. 

Indians,  1,  25,   115,   147. 
Indicott,   see  Endicott. 
Ingalls.  ,  65,   179. 

P.,    155. 

Polly,  179. 

Ingersoll,     Ingersol,     ,     106, 

114,    115,    117,    122,   123,   126, 
133,    147. 

Capt.  Jonathan,   128. 

Mary,  123. 
Ink,  30. 

Institution  for  Savings,  XL 
Ipswich  Fright,   86. 
Ireson,   Capt.   Benjamin,   150. 
Iron  works,  135. 
Isaac   (servant),  98. 
Ives,    Capt.,   71,    75. 

Becky,  59. 

Benjamin,    182. 

Charlotte,    120. 

Jackson,  ,   17,  22,  64,  66,  71, 

112,  121,  136,  137,  181. 

Dr.,   157,   169. 

Gen.,   161. 

Henry,    148. 

James,  X,  136. 

Jonathan,  66. 

James,  ,  37. 

Jarvis,  Jervass,  ,   178. 

Capt.,  27. 

Jarvis,  John,  28. 

Jefferson,  ,  140,  147,  178. 

Jeffrey,  Jefferies,  Jeffery,  Jeffry, 
47-49,  51,  59,  71,  104,  105, 
108,  111,  113-117,  120-128, 
130,  134-142,  144. 

Arthur,   122. 

Beckey,  127. 

Betsey,  118. 

Elizabeth,  136. 

James,  149. 

John,   156. 

Nancy,  113,  122,  127,  151. 

William,  126,  127. 

Jekyll,  ,   7. 

Jenkins,  ,  90. 

Jenks,  ,  121,  175,  176,  182. 

H.,  183. 

John,   148,  167. 

Mary  Dodge,  181. 
Jervass,  see  Jarvis. 

Jewett,  Jewet,  ,   15,  65. 

Johns,  Dr.,  156. 

Johnson,  Jonson,  Jonston,  , 

50,  51,  62,  65,  67,  70,  71,  82, 
86,  89,  92,  93,  138. 

Capt.  Benj.,  91. 

Nellie  E.,  XVIL 

Johonnot,  ,  166. 

Jones,    ,    63,    70,    73,    82,    95, 

100,   107. 

Mary,  79. 

Tom,   141,   149. 
Joplin,  Hannah,   140. 
Juba  (negro),  37,  44. 

Kelluni,  see  Killum. 
Kenberg,  Klin,   36. 

Kendall,  ,   138. 

Kent,  ,  94. 

Capt.  Benjamin,  41. 

Kenny,  ,  130. 

Killum,  ,  97-99,   106,   125. 

Kimball,  ,  169,  185. 

Rev.  David,   173. 

Eliphalet,   159. 
King,  ,  54,  64,  65,  98,  126. 

Capt.  Charles,  83. 

Hitty,  58. 

James,    168. 

John,  49,  50. 

Kitty,    56. 

Lydia,   110. 

Rufus,   145. 

Sarah,   137. 
Kirkland,  Dr.,  162. 
Kitchen,   Edward,   65. 
Kittel,  ,  30. 



Kittridge,   Dr.,   160. 
Knapp,  Frank,  180. 

J.  Francis,  180. 

Joseph  J.,  180. 

Kneeland, ,  27,  28,  30,  61,  64, 

69,    120,    129,    131,    136,    141, 

Dr.,  69,  74,  76,  91,  97,  99,  104, 
113,  118. 

B.,  135,  158. 

Betsey,    92,    129,    178. 

Elizabeth,  XIV. 

Elizabeth  Holyoke,  XIV. 

Lydia,  XIV,  30,  115,  117,  118. 

M.,  133,  134. 

Mary,  XIV. 

P.,   126,   137. 

William,  XIV,  27,   57,   60,   112, 
Knight,   Sarah,   12. 
Knowles,   Charles,  42. 
Kossuth,  ,  187. 

Lafayette,  Marquis  de,   112,  177, 

Lakeman,    Elizabeth,    134. 

Nathan,  134. 
Lamb,   Simon,   150. 
Lambert,  ,  63. 

Priscilla,  54. 
Lamp,   15. 

Lampral,   Capt.,   102. 
Lander,  ,  98,   122,   123,  184. 

Capt.,   170,   181. 

B.,   145. 

Edward,  178,   182. 

George,   185. 

Lydia,   155. 

P.,    120. 

Peter,  145,  178,  181. 

Eebecca,  145. 

Richard,  98. 

S.,   159. 

Sally,  131. 

William,   181. 
Landman,  ,  25,  26. 

Molly,  26. 
Lane,  ,  75,  117,  118,  153. 

T.,   120,   137. 

William  C,  VIL 
Lang,  ,  134. 

Betsy,   130. 

Edward,   169. 
Langdon,  ,   15,  26,  56. 

Dr.,  62. 
Langier,   H.,    145. 

Larned,  ,   120. 

Latham,  Dr.  James,  82. 


Launching,  124. 

Law,  Rev.  Andrew,  134. 

Lawrence,   Capt.,   158. 

Capt.  Abel,   137. 

Susanna,   18,   19,  22. 

Rev.   William,   41. 
Leach,  Paul,  140. 
Learned,     Learnerd,     — 

121,  123,   126. 
Ebenezer,   118. 

Leavitt,  Leavit,  ,  55. 

Rev.   Dudley,    99. 

LeBarron,  ,   21. 

Lechmore,       Lechmere,       Leech- 
mere,    ,    48,    49,    53,    59, 

Margaret,  XV,  47. 
Nicholas,  47,  59. 
Richard,    47,    52. 
Lectures,   73,  75. 

Lee, ,  68,  72,  77-79,  93,  95,  97, 

100,    102,    104,    106,    118,    119, 

122,  124,  127,  128,  130,  131. 
Col.,    147. 

Gen.,  92,  95. 

Capt.   George   G.,   136. 

Loice,    65. 

Lydia,    136. 

Nathaniel  C,  132. 

Capt.   T.,    123. 

Thomas,   123. 
LeGallais,   Capt.  David,  XIII,   4, 
12,  35. 

Hannah,  XIII,   12. 
Legg,  Ann,  3. 

Elizabeth,  XIIL 

Jane,  XIII,   12. 

Jenny,   12. 

John,  XIII,  3,  12. 

Lendall,  ,  49. 

Leonard,   Abiel,    22. 

Daniel,  20. 
Leslie.  Lt.-Col.  Alexander,  85. 
Leverett,  ,  71. 

Gov.,   2. 

John,  2. 
Lightly,  Joseph.  28. 
Lilly,  '- ,  72,  81,  82,  85. 

Capt.,  68,  77. 

George,  79. 

William,   70. 

Lilson, ,    135. 

Lindall,   ,   59. 

Liscomb,  W.,   109. 
Little,  — ,  139,  146. 

Dr.,   126,   128,   130-133,   135-137, 
139,   144,   147,   151-154. 

Elizabeth,    150. 



Little,  Dr.  Moses,   150,  155. 
Lloyd,  ,  97. 

Dr.,  93,  95,  97,  100,   112. 

James,  60,  94,  153. 

Locke.  ,  21,  28,  48,  61,  70,  74, 

76,  99,  115,  124,  128. 

Mary,  118. 

Polly,  119,  131. 

Samuel,  21,  47,  49,  62,  98,  119. 

Rev.  Samuel  P.,  118. 

Logier,  Loger,  Logeir,  119, 

120,    121,    123,    134. 
Loring,  ,  167. 

Rev.,   178. 
Lottery,   16. 

Loughlan,  ,  184. 

Lovell,  ,   21,   22. 

Lovet,  ,  66. 

Lovring,  ,  159. 

Lowell,   Lowel,   ,   10     11,   16 

17,  68,  71,  73,  75,  80,  83,  89! 
94,  95,   119,  121. 

John,  20,  66. 

Lowthrop,  ,   21. 

Lucy,  ,  131.' 

Lucy  (negro),  143. 
Ludlow,   Lt.,    158. 
Lull,  Col.,   167. 

Luscomb,  ,   185. 

Lyde,  ,   84. 

Lynde,  Lynd,  .  49,  52,  54    58, 

64,    72.    95,    163. 

Judge,  50,  55,  71,  75,  101. 

Madam,  49. 

Benjamin,   49,   50,   57,    58,   106, 

Benjamin,  jr.,  53,  74. 

Lydia,  53,  65,   117, 

Mary.  122. 

Sarah,  53. 

ifcCarthy,  ,  97. 

McGilchrist,  ,  81. 

William,  58,  102. 
Mclntire,  Samuel.  142,  145,  154. 
Mack,  161,  186. 

Elisha,    169. 

McKean,  ,  128. 

Mackey,  ,  67,   72,  82,  85,  95, 

104,  134. 

Capt.,  77,  79. 

Daniel,  53,  56,  122,  126,  134. 

Esther,   134. 
McWerter,  Dr.,   141. 

Madison,  ,   161. 

Mallet,  ,   131. 

Mann,  Man,  ,  91. 

Molly,  8,   33. 

Manning,  Maning, ,  110,  127. 

E.,  29. 

Primas,   130. 

Sarah,   21,   26. 

Thomas,   150. 

William,  7. 

Mansfield,    Mansfeild,    ,    58, 

75,  81. 

Betsey,   120. 
Marblehead,  2,  3,  4. 
Margaret   (ship),  153,  154. 

Mario,     alias     Grammond,    , 

Marquand,  ,  150. 

Joseph,  135. 

Rebecca,  135. 

Marrot,  ,  69,  77. 

Marsh,  ,  24. 

Dr.,  153. 

Thomas,  32,  34,  35. 
Marston,  ,  75. 

Benjamin,   8,   53. 

Elizabeth,  53. 

John,  50. 

Lucy,  54. 

Patience,  3. 

Sally,  52,  53. 

Capt.  Wm.,  168. 
Martineau,  Harriett,  182. 
Martvn,  Capt.  Edward,  XV, 

Sarah.  XV,  20. 

Susannah,  XV,  3. 

Mascarene,   ,   13,   17,    19,   20, 

23,  24,  26,  28,  29.  50,  60,  63- 
65,  67,  70-73,  77-84,  86,  89, 
92,  97,  99-101,  104,  111,  113, 
115,   119. 

Col.,  22. 

Gen.,  22. 

Betsy.   14,  75,  76,   79,   80,   109. 

Betty,  22,  29. 

Elizabeth,  XIII,  28. 

Jean  Paul,   11. 

Joanna,  XIII,   16. 

John,  XIII,   11,   12,   22,   29,  32, 
48,   53.  68,  128,  173,   183. 

Margaret,  XIII,  11,  12,  32,  48, 

Peggy,  XIII,  22,  23. 

Priscilla,   16. 

T.,  130,  133. 
Mason,  ,  131,  157, 

David,  75. 

Eunice,   107. 
Massachusetts    Medical    Society, 

Massey,   Dr.,    152. 
Mather,  ,   18. 



Matthews,  ,  84,  85. 

Mayhew,  Dr.  Jonathan,   29,   46. 

Joseph,  32. 
Maynard,  Moses,  43. 

Mead, ,  173. 

Measles.    20. 
Medford,  1. 
Medicine,  X. 

Melicut,  ,  137. 

Mellen,  ,  120. 

Melvill,  E.,  179. 

Merchant,  ,  76,  94. 

Meriani,   Jonas,    18. 
Merrick,  Noah,  25. 
Merrill,  ,  154. 

Benjamin,    186. 

Messinger,  Messenger,  ,  108, 


Amelia,   108. 
Meteorology,  X. 

Micklefield,   ,    177,   183. 

Middleboro,   16. 

Millekin,  ,  26. 

Miller,  ,   15. 

Minot,  Minott, ,  3,  11,  35,  59, 

65,  68,  69.  74,  76,  80,  86,  93, 
94,  97,  99,  104,  107,  113-115, 
119,  120,  129,  131,  133,  134, 
143,  147,  154,  156,  158,  164. 

Judge,   131. 

Betsy,  94,  121,  126. 

Elizabeth,  177. 

G.,  10. 

Hannah,  94,  105,  119. 

Mary,  XIII,  30,  35,  44. 

Peggy,  123. 

Stephen,  35,  44. 

Stephen,  jr.,  XIII,  30. 

T.,   128. 
Miriam,  Jonas,  20. 
Mob,   42,   64,   69,   82,  86,   97. 

Mofat,  ,  13. 

Molton,  Molly,   60. 
Monies,   Mary,    179. 
Monis,  Judah,  23,  33,  34,  35,  36, 
37,  38,  44,  45. 

Moody,  ,  55,  102,  123,  142. 

Moore,  More,  ,  XVI. 

L.,   141. 

Lydia,   141. 

Sarah       Skinner       (Holyoke), 
Morehead,  Moorhead,  Eev.  John, 

Sarah  (Parsons),  37. 

Moree,  ,  123. 

Morgan,  ,   164. 

Dr..  93. 

Morgan,  Molly,  74,  77,  93,  95,  98. 
Morineaux,  John,  150. 

Morrill,    Morril,   ,    104,    113, 

119,  131,   134,  156,  164,  181. 

Nancy,  144. 
Morris,  James,^  XV. 

Susanna,  XV. 
Morse,  ,   17,   18,   33. 

John,  29. 
Moses  (servant),  26. 
Mulberries,  14,   17. 

Mumford,  ,  83. 

Munroe,  ,   166. 

Marret,   41. 

Munson,  ,  82. 

Murray,  ,  75. 

Daniel,  72. 
Museum,   143. 
Mushrooms,    7. 

Mussey,   Dr.,    152,   156,   158,    160, 

Dr.  Reuben  D.,  160. 

Nantucket,  86. 
Nautilus    (frigate),  92. 
Neal,  ,  129,  186. 

Augustus,    168. 

Hannah,   158. 

Harriet,   182. 

Theodore,  177. 
Newell,    Newall,    Newal,    Newel, 

,    72,    73,    97,    114,    121, 

124,  129. 

Capt.,  14. 

Asa,  94. 

Thomas,  163,  164. 
Newman,  Rev.  John,  35. 

Nichols,   Nicholls,  ,   79,   150, 

153,  158,   167,  168.  171,  186. 

Dr.,   159,   182-185,   187. 

Abel,   183.  185. 

Andrew,  VII,  VIII,  XVII,  37, 
76,  181. 

Annie  Bowlman.  XVII. 

Clara  Louise,  XVII. 

Edward  Holyoke,  XVII. 

Elizabeth  Hunt,  XVII. 

Elizabeth  Perkins,  XVII. 

Florence   Ballou,   XVII. 

George,   178. 

Jane,   158. 

John  Ballou,  XVII. 

John  Holyoke,  XVII,   185. 

John  Joseph,  XVII.   183. 

Joshua  Ward,  XVII. 

M.,  166. 

Margaret  Appleton,  XVII. 

Marion  Bill,  XVII. 



Nichols,  I\rary,  XVII,  182-185,  188. 

Mary  Ann,  XVII. 

Mary   Augusta,   XVII,    182. 

Mary  Elliott,  XVII. 

Mary  W.,  VII. 

Mary  Ward,  XVII. 

Nellie  Chapman,  XVII. 

Nellie  E.,   XVII. 

Oda,    XVII. 

William  Stanley,  XVII. 
Nicholson,  Gen.,   1. 
Noland,  James,  110. 
Norcross,  Horatio,    188. 
Norris,  ,   155,   165,   176. 

John,    151. 

Mary,  155. 
North  Bridge,  Salem,  85. 
Northej^  ■ ,  108,  142,  152. 

Abijah,   165. 

Miriam,    127. 

William,   130. 

Norton,  ,  44. 

Noyes,  Noyce,  ,  6,  118. 

Belcher,  110. 
Nutting,  .  15,  56,  57,  88,  105. 

Elizabeth,  113. 

John,   53,   113,   122. 

Obear,  ,  85,  164. 

O'donnell,  O'donnel,  ,  186. 

Margaret,   183. 

O'Flaherty,  ,  185. 

Ohio,   14. 

Olive,   Anna,   117. 

Capt.  John,   117. 
Oliver,  ,  19,  20,  50,  52,  54,  55, 

58,  60,  61,  62.  64,  69,  72,  77, 

78,  95,  99,   100,   102,   103,   106, 

107,    111,    112,    114,    127,    135, 

147,  157,   160,  178. 
Dr.,  85,  109,  112,  130,  132,  133, 

137,    139,    141,    145,    149,    152, 

158,    160,    161,    162,    164-166, 

Judge,    81,    99,    103,    106,    117. 

Andrew,  37,  49,  58,  64,  67,  109, 

149,  160. 
Dr.   Benjamin   Lynde,   X,    142, 

166,  181. 
Hephz,  28. 
Dr.  James,  1. 
Mary,   1,   49,   64. 
Peter,   67. 
S.,  138. 

T.,  96,  102,  106. 
Capt.  Thomas,  2. 
Thomas  Fitch.   109. 

Oliver,  Wm.  P.,  149. 

Olney, ,  91. 

Opera,  71. 

Organ,  138,  142. 

Ormond,   S.,   153,   164,   171. 

Sally,  113,  127,   184. 

Orne,  ,  65,  69,  75,  79,  82,  87, 

88,  91,  93,  95,  96,  99,  102,  104, 
106,   124,    125,   132,   137. 

Dr.,   101,   102,   106,   116. 

Capt.,    142. 

B.,   102. 

Betsey,  120,  127. 

Elizabeth,  184. 

F.,    104. 

Henry,  165. 

J.,    168. 

Jonathan,  81. 

Dr.  Joseph,   99,   106,   114. 

Joshua,  23. 

Lois,   112. 

Mary,  157. 

P.,   133,   135. 

Rebecca,   76. 

Samuel,   84,   113. 

Sarah,  74,  106. 

T.,  104,   123,   124. 

Timothy,  76,  106,   121. 

William,  49,  117,  119,  157,  163. 
Orrick,  Hannah,  89. 
Osborn,  Aaron,   174. 

Augustus,   186. 

Osgood,  ,   72,   73,   82,   98,   99, 

108,  122,  124,  127,  128,  132- 
134,  139,  153,  175,  177,  182, 
184,    186,    187. 

Capt.,  167. 

Dr.,     102,     108,    112,     117,    139, 
149,    156. 

A.  Laura,  XVIII. 

Albert  Edvs^ard,   XVIII. 

Benjamin,  114. 

Charles,  XVIII,   182-185,   188. 

Charles   S.,   75. 

Charles  Stuart,  XVIII. 

Edward  Holyoke,  XVIII. 

Eliza  E.,  XVIIL 

Elizabeth  Frances,  XVIII. 

Elizabeth  Stuart,  XVIII. 

Elizabeth  W.,  XVIII. 

Henry,    XVIIL 

Isaac,   118,   125. 

John,  48,  49. 

Joseph,    151,    156. 

Katherine,  XVIIL 

Margaret,  187. 

Maria,   XVII,   178. 

Mary,  173. 



Osgood.  Nathan  Cook,  XVIII. 

Nathaniel,   131,   187. 

P.,   168. 

Philip  Holyoke,  XVIII. 

Rebecca,  140. 

Robert,  VIII,  XVIII,   185. 

Robert  Ward,  XVIII. 

Sarah  Elizabeth,   XVIII. 

Stnart,   XVIII. 

Susan,  XVIII,  183-185,  187. 

Susan  Holyoke,  XVIII,   183. 

Susan  Ward,  XVIII. 

T.,  126. 

Thomas,   168. 
Ostrich,  117. 

Otis,  ,  15,  16,  21,  97. 

Oulton,  ,  122,  124. 

Deborah.   XIII,   3. 

John,  XIII,  3. 
Outein,   ,    136. 

Page,  ,   100,   185,   187. 

Betsey,   137. 

Eliza  Ann.   185. 

Esther,    126,    127. 

John,   126.   127,   187. 

Samuel,  110,   113,   137. 
Paine,  Pain,  — — ,   71,   74-77,   92, 
104,   129,   134,   164. 

Dr.,   80,   81,   120,   126,   128,  129, 
130,    151,    170. 

Judge,  133,  144. 

A.,   151. 

Hannah.   78. 

Mary,    137. 

Robert,  131. 

Robert  Treat,   159. 

Dr.  William,   112,   118. 
Painting,  37.  67,  117. 

Palfray,   Palfrey,   ,    50,    105, 

106,   109. 

Capt.,  105. 

Sarah,   111. 
Palmer,  Col.,  5. 

J.,  5. 

Parke,  ,   113. 

Parker,   ,    23,    102,    105,    108, 

109,    115,    118,    124,   137,   139, 
149,   165,   180. 

Dr.,   109,   113,   118,  149,  153. 

Daniel,    173. 
Parkman,  ,  113,  131,  156. 

Dr.,   184,   187. 
Parsons,  ,  21,  98,  119. 

Gorham,  172,  173. 

Sarah,  37. 

Partridge,  ,  81,  92. 

Paugnet,  James,  32. 

Payson,  ,   15,   17,   18. 

Peabody,    ,    11,    12,   52,    92, 

125,   146,   158. 

Capt.,   144,   145,   152,   160,  161. 

Dr.,    151,     153,     158,    164,    166, 
167,    171,    172,   177. 

E.,    172. 

Francis,    177. 

Hannah,   XVI.   40. 

Oliver,  XVI,   40. 
Peale,  see  Peele. 
Pears,  11,  16. 

Pearson,  97,  106,  110,  111,  113, 
115,  120,  123,  126,  128,  129, 
131,  133,  139,  147,  149,  178, 

Dr.,    187. 

Abiel,  X,   116,   179. 

E.,  152,  168,  170. 

E.  A.,    171. 

Edward,    139. 

Eliphalet,  XIV,  95,  103,  150. 

M.,  155. 

Margrita,   131. 

Maria,    126,    137. 

Mary  Holyoke,  XIV. 

Priscilla.    XIV,    103,    107. 

Sarah,    XIV. 
Pearson,  see  also  Pierson. 

Pease,  ,  175,  176. 

Peck,  William  D.,  146. 

Pecker,   ,   23. 

Pedrick,  ,  180. 

Peele,  Peale,  145,  155,  168. 

Catherine,   182,  183. 

Jane  A.,  173. 

Capt.  Jonathan,   152. 

Margaret.   160. 

Willard,    181. 
Peirce,  see  Pierce. 
Pemberton,  ,   17. 

Dr.,   94. 

Rev.    Ebenezer,    2. 

James,  8,  42. 

Penhallovsr,  ,  116,  129,  142, 

Pepperill,  Peperill,  ,  30. 

William,   29. 
Perkins,  ,  115,  136-138,  143. 

Dr.,  126. 

Joseph,   142. 

Timothy  Orne,  142. 
Pero   (servant),  116,  123. 
Perry,   ,    53. 

Augustus,    182. 

Eben.,   30. 
Phelps,  ,  141,  153,  172,  173. 

Sally,    148. 

William,  157. 



Phillips,    Philips,    ,    10,    97, 

151,  183. 
Col..  26. 
ISIajor,  97. 
E.,   166. 
James,  147. 
Jane,   177. 
John,   10,  25,  42. 
Lydia,  49. 

Rev.  Saiunel,  49. 
Capt.   Stephen,   183. 
Stephen   C,   173. 
"William,   40. 
Philo   (servant),  116,  145-147. 

Philpot,  ,   63. 

Phippen,  ,  49,  186. 

Atwater,    148. 
Thomas,  158. 

Phipps.  Phips,  ,  23,  28. 

Lt.  Gov.,   17. 
Madam,  19. 
Physicians,   X. 
Pianos,    106. 

Pick,  ,   131. 

Pickering,  ,  119,  145. 

Col.,    119.    178. 

John,   155. 

S.,   166. 

Col.  Timothy,  110.  150. 

Pickman.  ,  50,   52-55,   58,  59, 

64,    67.    68,    70,    72-80,    82,    83, 
85,  91,  94-97,  99-108,  111,  112, 
114,    117,    119,    120,    122,    128, 
133,   139.  147,  149,   160,  180. 
Capt.,  65. 

Col.,  19,  22,  48,  49,  51,  52,  56- 
60,  64-67,  70-72,  79,  80,  114, 
120,  122,  124-126,  128,  130, 
132,    138,    143,    144,    148,    149, 

152,  153,    165,    168,    170,    171, 

Dr.,  139,  148,  152,  158-161,  164, 

Gov.,  56. 

B.,  80,  82.  85,  125,  135-137,  169, 
Becky,   127. 
Benjamin,   XV,    16,   47,   56,   59, 

74,  81,  86,  103,  105,  106,  109, 

113,  115,  121,  138,   152,  166. 
Betsey.  53. 
Betty,  51. 

Billy,   see   William. 
C.  G.,   77,   81,   85,   95,    100,   103, 

104,   107,   108,   113,    120,   126. 
Cartret  Rawlins,  104. 
Clark    Gayton,     74,     106,     110, 

D..  137. 

Pickman,  Elizabeth,  113. 

G.,  79. 

Judith,  XV,  14,  16,  47. 

Judy  T.,  124. 

L.,   138. 

Love,  96,  114. 

Love   (Rawlins),  115. 

M.  D.,  168. 

Mary  Toppan,   165. 

P.,   116,   120. 

Polly.    113,    128. 

R.,  161. 

Rachel,   61. 

Sally,    122. 

Thomas,   80,   142,   165. 

W.,   126,   130,  140,  141. 

William,    83,   95,    97,    100,    107, 
137,    163. 
Piemont,  John,   84,  85, 

Pierce,    ,    50,    158,    167,    185, 


Benjamin,   156,   178. 

Betsey,   183. 

Elizabeth,   118. 

George,    173. 

H.,    178. 

Isaac,  13. 

Jerathmael,    163. 

L.   R.,   166. 

Nathan,    186. 
Pierson,  Dr.,   168,  169. 
Pierson,   see  also  Pearson. 
Pigeons,    34. 
Pigot,    George,    3. 

Pike,   ,    23. 

Pillsbury,    Capt.,    164. 

Pinchback,  ,   66. 

Pinckney,  Gen.  Charles  C,  143. 
Piper,  Esther,  29. 
Pirates,    114,    157. 
Pitman,  A.  Laura,  XVIII. 

Pitts,  ,  23,  93,  94,  97,  98,  104, 

146,    149,    150,    156. 

John,    17. 

Placide, ,  128. 

Plaisted,  Col.,   58. 

Col.  Ichabod,  54,  57. 
Plummer,  ,   128,   133. 

Dr.,    123. 

Catherine,  116. 

Dr.   Joshua,    116,    125. 

Olive.   141. 

Sophia,   140. 
Poland,  Jacob,   56. 
Pool,  Fitch,  182. 
Port  Royal,   1. 
Porter, ,  10,  68,  81,  85,  89. 

Rev.  Aaron,  1. 



Porter,  M.,  21. 

Mary,  XV,  47,  118. 

Samuel,  XV,  47,  118. 

Susanna,  118. 
Post,  Elizabeth,   28. 

Pote,  ,  97,  115. 

Powell,    Powel,    ,    1,    92,    93, 

127,    144. 
Pownall,    Gov.,    17,    18. 

Prebble,  ,    133. 

Prentice,    Prentiss,    ,    9,    21, 

24,  31,  70,   163. 

Kev.  J.,  13. 

John,    31. 

Thomas,   31. 

Prescott,   Prescot,    ,    19,    96, 

121,  123,  124,  127,  128,  130- 
142,    144-146. 

Col.,  123. 

Eev.  Benjamin,   2,   8. 

George  W.,  177. 

J.,    140. 

Mary,  177. 

W.,  174. 

William,   123,   142. 

William  Hickling,   123,   130. 
Preston,  ,  130,  131. 

Charles  H.,   XVII. 

Charles  Putnam,   XVII. 

Nellie  Chapman,  XVII. 

Kuth  Stuart,  XVII. 

Stanley  Nichols,   XVII. 
Price,  Rev.  Eoger,  40. 

Prince,  ,  31,  72,  82,  102,  103, 

105,    106,    108,    110-114,    116- 

118,  120-128,  130,  132,  133, 
135,   138,  141,  142,   171,  183. 

Dr.,  68,  87,  138,  140,  141,  143, 
144,  148-150,  152,  156-159, 
161,  162,   165,  171,  178,  182. 

Eev.,   136. 

John,  101,  111,  156,  164,  186. 

Mary,    148. 

E.,   126. 

T.,   138. 

William  Henry,   164. 

Proctor,  Procter,  ,  5,  75,  96, 


Thorndike,  122. 
Ptolemy,  12. 

Puddington,  ,  93,  94,  96. 

Pue,  Jonathan,  47. 

Pullen,    Pulling,    ,    108,    116, 

119,  123,  124,  126,  128,  138- 
140,  142,  143,  145-150,  152, 
153,  157,  159,  161. 

Dr.,   112. 
Edward,  134,  169. 

Punchard,  ,  164,  182. 

Sarah,  76,  78,  119,  125. 
Purpoodock   (Me.),   6. 

Putnam,  ,  15,  33,  52,  54,  55, 

64,    72,    73,    76,    78,    95,    113, 
116,    119,    121,   123,    125,    127, 
128,    130,    132,    133,    153,   155, 
Capt.,  72,  104,  117,  119. 
Col.,   76. 
Dr.,  58,  71,  72,  85,  101,  105,  106, 

110,  149. 
Judge,   160,   161. 
Amos,   60. 

Capt.  Batholomew,   162. 

E.,  126,  128,  130,  147,  180,  181, 

Eben,  180. 

Dr.  Ebenezer,  62,  119,  124,  132, 

Elizabeth,  122. 

Henry,  187. 

Gen.  Israel,   142. 

James,   32,   122. 

Margaret,   149. 

Mary  Elizabeth,   181. 

S.,  121,  136,  138,  144. 

Sally,  105,  122. 
Pynchon,      Pyncheon,      Pynchin, 

,  52,  54,  59,  63-68,  70,  72, 

73,  77,  80,  83-85,  87,  88,  91- 
96,  98,  100-103,  105,  107,  111, 
112,  116,  118,  120,  126,  130, 
144,  175. 

Maj.,  1. 

Caty,  85,  89,  91. 

Catherine,  83,  94. 

J.,  108. 

Katy,  73. 

Mary,  XII. 

Sally,  87,  91. 

Sarah,   109. 

William,    49,   78,    83,    87,    109, 

111,  120. 

Quaboag,  1. 

Quarles,  ,  127. 

Quincy,  ,  15,  54,  74,  77. 

Quiner,  Hannah,  177. 

Eaffety,  ,  185. 

Eailroad,  182. 

Ean,  ,   52. 

Eand,  ,  17. 

Dr.,  154. 

Eankin,  ,  82. 

Rattie,  ,  101,  102. 

Capt.,  106. 



Rawlins,  Love,  115. 
Rea,  Capt.,   172, 

Capt.  Archelaus,   151. 

Elizabeth.  151. 

George,  186. 

Marv,  183. 

Read,  Reed.  ,   111,  118,  122- 

126,    128-130,    133,    135,    137- 
139,   141,   143,  147,   149. 

Betsy,  125. 

Betsey  Holyoke,   129,   175, 

Elizabeth  Holyoke,  125,  129. 

Nathan,  110,  111,  117,  122,  135, 
Redfield,  Sam,  147. 

Remington,    Remmington,    , 

7,  34. 

Judge,  8. 
Renthall.  Capt.  Robert,  99, 
Revere,  Paul.  57. 

Rice,  ,   15,  21,  94. 

Richardson,  ,  13,  15,  147. 

Jesse,  158. 

Sarah  L.,  184. 

Robbins,  ,  12,  31,  173. 

Roberts,  ,  66. 

Robie,  ,  87. 

Mary,  148. 

Mehitable,  50. 

Thomas,  58,  107,  156. 

Robinson,     Robbinson,    ,     4, 

136,    140,    141,    152,    155,    159, 
160,   167. 

Lois,   134. 

Nathan,  178. 

Roby,  ,   58. 

Roch,  ,  87,  88,  91,   94. 

Rogers,    ,    XIII.    12,    13,    24, 

128,    130-133,    139,    146,    175, 

Capt.,  85. 

Abigail  D.,  167. 

Elizabeth,  XIII,  2,  3. 

G.,  126. 

John,  3,   125,   131. 

John,  jr.,  7. 

N.,  3. 

Nathaniel,   131. 

Patience,  3. 

Capt.  William  A.,  17S. 
Rollins,  Dr.,  ISO. 
Rope  dancing,  119,  12  i. 

Ropes,  ,  50,  54,  55,  57,  58,  G2, 

64-66,   70-72,   78,   92.   95,    100, 
102,  113,  114,  116,  127,   136. 

Judge,    81,    121. 

Abigail,  49,   183. 

Benjamin,  122. 

Ropes,   Elizabeth,   62. 

Eunice,    172. 

Eunice  D.,   177. 

Jenny,  120. 

Joe,  184. 

John,   118. 

John  H.,   177. 

Jonathan,  106. 

Lilla,  58. 

Mary  (Coffin),  106. 

Nabby,  80. 

Nathaniel,   49,   58,  77,   82,   124, 
125,  148,  155. 

Priscilla,  49. 

Samuel,  53. 

Sarah,  122,  140. 

T.,  120. 
Routh,  see  Rowth. 
Row,  John,  69. 
Rowland,  Richard  &  Co.,  2. 

Rowth,    Routh,    ,    75,    77-80. 


Abigail,  78. 

Richard,  74,  77,  81,  83,  84, 

Russell,    Russel,    ,    23,    123, 

153,  162,   165,  184, 

Judge  Chambers,  66. 

Capt.  Edward,  161. 

James,  1. 
Rust,  ,  62,  100,   110. 

Polly,  110. 

Sachrider,  ,   156. 

Saflford,  ,  113,  177,  184,  186. 

Thankful,   113. 
St.  Mara,  M.,  126, 

St.   Mark,   ,   121. 

Salem  Athenaeum,  XI. 
Salem  Dispensary,  XI. 
Salem  Jail,   79. 

Sales,  ,  167. 

Saltonstall,  Saltonstal,  ,  64, 

68,    144,    150,    185. 

Col.,   81. 

Leverett,  180. 

Nat.,   183. 

Richard,  12. 
Sanders,  Capt.,  117. 

Peggy,   123. 

Susey,  168. 
Sanders,  see  also  Saunders. 
Sanderson,  Dr.,  171. 

Jacob.   153, 
Sargent,  Sarjant,  Sarjeant.  Ser- 
geant,     Serjant,      Serjeant, 

,    53,    59,   62,    64,   70,    72, 

73,  75,  81,   89,  94,  95,  98-106, 



Sargent,   Col.,  10,  22,   50,  55,  57, 
102,   107. 

Col.  Epes,  48,  55. 

Polly,  53. 

Saunders,    ,    58,    71,    72,    80, 

101,    125,   133,    149. 

Capt.,  69. 

C,  166. 

Charlotte,    100. 

John,   110,   128. 

M.,  176. 

Michah,  96. 

Sally,   133. 
Saunders,  see  also  Sanders. 
Savage,  ,  73,   180. 

S.,   182. 
Sawyer,  ,  21. 

Josey,  94. 
Schaffer,  G.,  144. 
Scholly,  Peggy,  58. 
Schools,  50,  54,  74,   131,  137. 

Scott,   ,   94. 

Searl,  ,  20. 

Sea  serpent,  171,  177. 

Secomb,  ,  164. 

Selby,  ,  131,  133. 

Selman,   -,   180. 

Sever,   ,   83. 

Anne  Warren,  172. 
Severy,  S.,  181. 

Sewall,    Sewal,  ,   30,   75,   77, 

81,  97,  106,  110,  184. 

Dr.,   16,   25,   68. 

Judge,   18. 

Joseph,  2. 

Mitchell,  78. 

Peggy,  81. 

Samuel,  159. 

Judge  Stephen.  23. 

Shatswell,  ,  180. 

Shattuck,  ,  21. 

Shaw,  ,  91. 

Sheaf, ,  78. 

Shehan,  Bryan,  78. 
Shelton,  Esther,  96. 
Shepard,  Jeremiah,  167. 

Michael,    157. 
Sherman,   James,   XV. 

Mary,  XV. 

Sarah,  26,  29. 

Shillaber,  ,   139. 

Shimmin,   ,    80,   81. 

Shirley,   Shirly,  ,  8. 

Gov.,  6,  10,  13,  16. 
Shoes.   5. 

Shreave,  Capt.,   183. 
Sibley,  Abiel,  3. 

Sikes,  ,  176. 

Silhouettes,  150. 

Silsbee,  Silsbe,  ,  172,  181. 

Frances,   186. 

Xathaniel,  171,  177. 
Simeon    (servant),   125,   130. 

Simons,  ,    188. 

Simons,  see  also   Synaonds. 

Simpson, ,  26,  48,  59,  62,  69, 

74,    76,    85-87,    113,    115,    131, 
154,    162. 

Anne,  XV. 

Billy,  84. 

Eliza,  114. 

Esther,  XV. 

Hannah,  XV. 

Hannah   (Davis),  94. 

John,  XV,  69,  97. 

Jonathan,   XV,   47,   52,   54,   84, 
85,   133. 

Margaret,  XV. 

Margaret    (Lechmere),    47. 

Mary,  XV. 

Mary  (Baker),  XV. 

Peggy,  97. 

Polly,   53,   65. 

Susanna,   XV. 

Wait   (Clap),  XV. 
Singing,   26,   82,   158. 

Skates,  ,    177. 

Skerry,  ,  185, 

Skidmore,  Rebecca,  140. 

Skillings,  ,   151. 

Skinner,   ,   91. 

Capt.,  4,  5. 

Betsey,  177. 

John,  XV. 

Sarah,  XV. 
Slave,  37. 

Sluman,  Slewman,  ,  21,  142. 

Small  pox,   3,   13,  27,  48,  49,  60, 

61,  81,  82,  95,  98. 
Smethurst,   Capt.,  3. 

Smith,  ,  6,  17,   70,  92-94,  97, 

112,    114,    119,    136,    146,   184, 

Capt.,  108. 

Catharine,  167. 

Elias,   19. 

Hannah,   25. 

Jeremiah,   110-112. 

Mary,  67. 

Thankful,   137,  141,  143. 

Thomas,    19. 

Eev.  William,  67. 

Snoden,  ,  43. 

Snufle,   29. 
Soap,  27. 

Soderstrom,     Soderstron,     , 

128-130,   132. 



Soldiers,  40. 

Somerville,   ,    52,   55,    56,    58, 

60,  62. 

Thomas   Woolridge,    60. 
Soiithall.  Lucy  IT..  XIV. 
Souther.   Moses,   25. 
Spaldinpr,  see   Spaulding-. 

Sparhawk,  ,  4,  21,  56,  59,  73, 

78,    79,    85,   92,    95,    101,    103, 

Col.,  28. 

Rev.,   14. 

Jane.   126. 

John,  57. 

Nathaniel,  28,  57,  65. 

Peggy,  75. 

Sam,   123. 
Spaulding.  .   117,   139,   150. 

Rev.  Joshua,  114,   116. 

Matthias,  140. 
Spofford,   Dr.,   106. 

Spooner,  ,  129. 

Sprague,      Sprauge,     ,      126, 

181,  182. 

Maj.,    117,    121,    124,    128,    130, 

E.,   164. 

J.  E.,  154,  164,  173. 

Joseph,    149,    155. 

Joseph  E.,   166. 

Sally   White,    106. 
Stacey,   Stacy,  ,   62. 

Capt.,  5. 

Dr.,  5, 
Stanley,        Elizabeth        Perkins, 

Zachary,  154. 

Stanton,  ,  84. 

Steamboat,    172. 

Stearns,   Sterns,   ,    108,    133, 


Dr.,  106,  112,  117,  130,  136,  161. 

Eunice.  76. 

Dr.  William,   169. 

Stedman,  ,  5,  24. 

Stevens,  ,  13.  52. 

Eliza  E.,  XVIII. 

Steward,  ,   105.  106. 

Stickney,  Matthew  A.,  VII,  VIII. 
Stiles,  see  Styles. 

Still,  ,  153. 

Stoddard,  ,  75. 

Stodder,  Hinman  &,   164. 
Stone,  ,  15,  186. 

C,   166. 

Dorcas,  40. 

George.  99. 

Hannah,  81. 

Stone,  John,   168. 
Laura,    186. 
Capt.  Robert,  167. 
Samuel,  40. 
Storer,  Ebenezer,  24. 
Joseph,  XIV. 
Priscilla,  XIV. 
Priscilla   (Cutts),  XIV. 
Storms,    6,   7,    24,   28,   29,   41,    68, 

144,  145,  163,  176, 
Story,  — ,  78,  115. 
Judge,  166,   171. 
Joseph,   146. 
ISIary  Lynde  Fitch,   146. 
Strawberries,   63. 
Straw  carpet,  167. 

Strong, ,   159. 

Gov.,    170. 
Styles,  Simeon,   126. 
Sugar,    167. 

-,  151. 

-,   141,   142,   175,   170. 

-,   103,   137. 
145,   149. 

,  19,  79. 



S^vain,  - 

Swan,  — 

Swasey,  Swazey,  — 

Swett,   Sweat, 

Capt.,  148. 

Capt.  Joseph,  6. 

S.,  5,  6. 

Stephen,  4. 
Symmes,  Symns,  — 

Sarah,  54,  73,  75. 
Symonds.  John,   148,   149. 

Mary,  XIII. 

Zilla,   60. 
Sj-monds,  see  also  Simons. 

Tailor,  see  Taylor. 
Talamy,   Capt.,  3. 
Talerney.  Capt.,   3. 

Tapley.Tappley,  ,  56,  59. 

Tappan,   Bezaleel,   56. 

Rev.  David,  143. 

Mary,  56. 
Tappan,  see  also  Toppan. 

Tarr,  ,  16. 

Taylor,   Tailor,  ,   27,   84,   85, 

179,    187. 

Gen.,  186. 

Rev.  John,  11. 
Tea,  55,  62,  71,  80,  91. 

Templeman,  ,  107,  108. 

Thatcher.  Dr.,   131,   133. 

Rev.,  93. 
Thermometer,  9,  24. 

Thomas,    ,    69,    72,    73,    106, 

Thompson,  ,  21. 



Thorndike,  ,  124,  144,  156. 

Anna,  167. 

Israel,  167. 
Tom    (servant),   108. 
Tombe,  Sieur  de  la,  125. 

Tong,   Tonge,   Tounge,  ,   55, 


Capt.,   56,   67,   75. 
Tongues,  Winlcworth,  55. 

Toppan, ,  24,  56,  70,  72,  79, 

81,   116,   149. 

Nancy,   98. 
Toppan,  see  also  Tappan. 
Torrey,  Torry,  ,  147. 

Dr.,    146,   163. 
Tonnge,  see  Tong. 

Townsend,  ,  113,  115. 

Trask,  ,  18. 

Rev.   Nathaniel,   40. 

Treadwell,  Treadwel,   ,    126, 

147,  149,   150. 

Dr..  132,  140,  141,  147,  151, 
152,  156,  158,  160,  161,  163, 
165-167,   170,   171,   181. 

J.   D.,  X. 

John,  141,   144,   154. 

John  W.,  180, 

T..  125. 

William,   131. 
Treat,  Elizabeth,  XV. 

Joseph,   XV. 

Mary  (Farmer),  XV. 
Treffren,  G.  W.,  186. 
Trevett,  Richard,  3. 

Samuel  R.,  146. 

Sarah.  3. 
Trowbridge,  ,  12,  47,  55. 

Judge.   68, 
Trumbull.  Trumble,  ,  21. 

Jonathan,  20. 

Tucker,   ■ ,    144,    153,    160-162, 

168,  187. 

Capt,,  5, 

Ben,,  106. 

E.  O.,  166, 

Ichabod,  148,  155. 

Sam,  180. 

T„  162,  171, 

Tuckerman,  ,  148, 

Tufts,  Dr.,  8. 
Tulley,    John.    157. 
Turel'l,   Turrell,   — ,    28. 

Rev.  Ebenezer,  36, 

Turner,   ,   7.    15,    69,   72,    78, 

81,  111,  128,  131-138.  140- 
144,  146,  149-159.  161,  164- 
171,  173,  175-179,  183. 

A..    138. 

Turner,  Ann,  157,  159-161,  184. 
Augustus,    133,    157,    162,    168, 

176,  177. 
Betsey,  98. 
Charles,  141. 
E.,    166. 
EdAvard,   143. 
Edward  Augustus,  XVII,   135, 

Epes,  166,  172,  184,  185. 
George,   140, 
John,   110,   116. 
Judith,  134,   135,  137,  142,  146, 

149.   151.    154,   155,   167,   176. 
Judith  Pickman,  XVII,  158. 
Dr.   Kitchen,   92. 
M,.   166.    170, 
M,  H.,  188, 
Margaret,  152,  157. 
Margaret  H..  186. 
Margaret  Holyoke,  XVII,   142, 

Mary,  110, 

Nathaniel  Vial.  XVII. 
Samuel.  XVII,  136, 
Samuel  Epes,  XVII. 
Sophy,   133. 
W..   181. 
William,   XVII,    111,   132,    143, 

158,    159,    165,    168,    176,    179, 

William  H.,   177. 
William  Henry,   XVII. 
Turtle   feast.   51,   59,   71,   74,   76, 


Tuttle,  ,  23. 

Twiss,   Jonathan,    113, 
Tytler,  James,  134,   144. 

Umbrella,    71. 

Upham,  ,  179,  181,  183,  184. 

Rev.,  178,  182. 

Edward,  183. 

Henry,  184. 
Upton, ,  142,  160,  176. 

Vancolsters,  ,  71. 

Vanderfoot.  Susannah,  97. 

Vans,  ,  58,  60,  63.  67.  68,  72, 

82.    92.    95,    98-100,    102,    103, 
106,    108,    121,    130. 
INlarv,  73. 

William.  52.  53.  57,  73.  87,  122. 
115.  121,  127,  129-137. 

Varney, ,  98. 

Vassal  1,  Vassal,  Vassel,  ,  10, 

23,  87,  88. 
Col.  J.,  9. 



Va&sall,  William,  22,  74. 

Verstille,    Versatile,    ,     147, 


William,   141,  142. 

Very,   ,   94. 

Vial.  Mary.  VII,  XV,  21,  47,  139, 

Mary   (Simpson),  XV. 

Nathaniel,    XV. 

Wadsworth,  ,   IX,  4,   8,   125, 


Wait,  .  108. 

Debbv,    128. 
Wakefield.  Elizabeth,   42. 
Walcott,   Mehitable,   3. 

Waldo,   ,   103,    104,    114,   119, 

126,   132,  133,   150,  165. 
Dr..    100,    102,    103,     108,    110, 

Maj.,   123,   155. 
Amelia,   108. 
Emily,  154, 

Jonathan,    106,   108,   162,    167. 
Mary,  106. 
Sally,    107. 
Samuel,    107. 

Walker, ,  21,  23. 

Dr.,  122. 
Benjamin,  42, 
Joanna.  XII. 
John,  42. 

Walley,  Wally,  ,  61,  62,  113, 

115,   121,   127,   129,   137. 

Walsh, ,   115. 

Walter, ,  21,  55,   65,  67,  117, 

Lj^nd,   68, 
Nehemiah,   jr.,   31, 
William,  53,  65,  68,  117. 

Wanton,  ;  64. 

Col.,   67, 

Ward,  ,  VIII,  54.  71.  73,  76, 

105,    127,    129,    130,    138-142. 
144.      146,     151-154.     156-166, 
168-171,    176-179,    181,    183. 
Betsey,  78. 
Caleb,  61. 
E..  150,   153.  171, 
Ebenezer.  61,  124, 
Eliza.    158. 
Elizabeth.    143.    177.    183,    184, 

186,    187. 
Elizabeth      Holyoke.      XVIIl, 

Hannah.   132. 
Hittv,    150,    164.    165.    171,    175. 

176.   179.   182-186,   188. 
J.,   136,  137. 

Ward,   John,   4,   81. 

Jonathan,    177. 

Joshua,  VII,  VIII,  XVII, 
XVIII,  3,  143,  147,  150,  151, 
164,  172,  175,  177-183,  185, 

Joshua,  jr..   137,   175. 

Joshua   Holyoke,   XVIII. 

Mary,  139,  140,  159,  161,  165, 
170,  171,  176,  177.  181, 

Mary  Holyoke,  XVII,  138,  176. 

INIehitable,   XVIII,   141,    176. 

Miles,   62,    135. 

Patty,  175. 

Priscilla,  XIIT,  137,  141. 

Eachel,   120, 

Rachel  (Pickman),  61. 

Ivichard,  157, 

Rev.  Robert,  XIII. 

S.,   123,  134, 

Sally,  175. 

Samuel.   156,   173,   177, 

Samuel  C„  142. 

Samuel    Curvven,    167. 

Sarah,  3,   151, 

Susan,  XVIII,  168,  178,  180- 

Susanna  ("Sukev"),  XVII, 
XVIII,  138-141,  '143-156,  158, 
159.    161.    163-166,    168,    169. 

Susanna    (Holyoke),    175-188, 

Capt,  W,,  151, 

Wardwell,  ,   71, 

Ware,  — ,  163, 

Rev,  Henry.   146, 
Warland,  William,  8, 

Warner,  ,  63, 

Warren,  ,   81, 

Dr..   90.   168. 

John.    20.    162. 
Washington.  Gen,,  121.  138, 
Waterhouse,  ,   131. 

Dr.,    153.    156, 
Waters.   Walters,   ,   63, 

Polly,    113, 

Stephen.   64. 

Watson, ,  96. 

Wax^vorks.   125, 

Weather,  VII,  X,  51,  99,  114, 

Webb, ,    60.    104,    117,    119, 

140.    141,    143.    141,    151,    171, 
185,   188. 

Capt..   140,   143,   157.   167.   168. 

Benjamin.    163.    174. 

Michael,  120,  122.  167. 

R..   165. 

Capt.   S..    168, 

Capt.  Stephen,  111. 



Webber,  ,   147. 

Samuel,   154. 

Webster, ,  48,  63,  68,  92,  115, 

116,   181,    187. 
Wellman,   Molly,   75. 

P..    80. 

Wells, ,  21,  158,  175. 

Welsteed,  ,  13. 

Rev.  William,  39. 

Wendell,  Wendal,   Wendel,  , 

38,   40,   97,   119. 

Judge.   117. 

Col.  Jacob,  24. 

Oliver,  13,  55. 
Wentworth,  Gov.,  26. 

West,    ,    116,    124,    128,    130, 

133,  138,  140. 

Capt.,   112,   135,   140,   144,   173. 

Capt.  Benjamin,  151. 

Betsey,  103,  122. 

Capt.  Edward,  122. 

Elizabeth,    109,    158. 

Nathaniel,   109,   148,  158,  185. 

Patty,    116, 

Sally,   169. 

Susy,  117. 

Wetmore,  ,  81,  92,  94-97,  100, 

108,    111,   145. 

Catherine,  99. 

Elizabeth,    170. 

George  Peabodj^  VIII. 

Sally,    107. 

William,   83,   85,   87,  94,    107. 
Whale,    150. 

Wharf,  ,  49. 

Wheatland,  Capt.,  160,  171. 
Wheeler,   ,    23. 

Esther,  XV. 

Samuel,  13. 
Wheelright, ,    185. 

Sarah,   183. 
Whetmore,  see  Whittemore. 
Whipple,  ,  7,  25,  144. 

Capt.,  22. 

D.,   22. 

Hannah,  18, 

Joseph,  XIII. 

Mary,  XIII, 

Mary    (Symonds),   XIII. 

William,   10. 
Whitaker,  Dr.,  71,  78,  84.   100. 
White,  ,   110,   111,   145,  172. 

Judge.   168,   169,   171. 

Daniel  Appleton,  167,  170. 

Isaae,   99. 

Joseph.    180. 
Whitefield, ,  34, 

George,  IX,  74, 

Whiting,  Rev.  S.,  1. 
Whitney,   Dr.   Elisha,   148. 

Whittemore,     Whetmore,      , 

88,    89,    91,    142. 

Dr.,   9. 

Whitwell,  Whitwel,  ,  72,  98, 

104,    113,    119,    122,    131,    133, 
135,   154. 

Rev.  William,  106, 
Wiberd,  Wiburd,  ,  99. 

Anthony,   13. 

Wiburn, ,  70,  74. 

Wickam,   ,    70. 

Wig,   4,  30. 

Wigglesworth,   ,    15,    22,    47, 

68,   74,   79,   95,   129. 

Col.,   119. 

Dr.,   7,   26. 

Edward,  28,   122. 

Samuel,   30,   33-36. 

Tho.,  128. 
Wilkinson,   George,   134. 
Will   (negro),  42. 

Willard, ,    15,    16,   70,.  75-77, 

102,  103,   112,  117,  118,  122. 

Col.,   11. 

Abel,  76. 

Hannah,  131. 

Johnny,  71. 

Joseph,  79,   145. 

Sophy,  122,  128. 

Willard,   -,    15,   16,   70,   75-77, 

175,    176,   186, 

Capt.,   90, 

Andrew,   183, 

Emily,  187. 

Capt.  G.,  123. 

George,  150. 

Johnny,   76. 

Solomon,   40,  41. 

William,  66,  105. 
Wine,   22,   42,   59,    140,    155,    159, 
168,    176. 

Winget,  ,   69. 

Winslow,  ,  11,  51,  53,  61,  68- 

71,    74,    81,    85,    86,    91,    103, 
114,   116,  128,  129, 

Edward,  6, 

Isaac,    79,    128. 

J.,  6. 

John,  XV. 

Joshua,   XV,   27. 

Mary,  XV. 

William,   42. 

Winthrop,  ,  8,  34,  37-39,   53, 

65,   102,   105. 

Col.,   7. 

John,  24,  33,  36,  100. 



Winthrop,   Peleg,    29. 
Wolf.   Gen.,   21. 
Wood,  Kobert,  69. 

Woodbridge,  ,  64,  67,  72,  82. 

Worcester,  ,   152,   156. 

Samuel,    143,    170,    173. 

Wyat,   ,    133. 

Wyeth.  ,   16. 


-,  43. 

Yates,  Elizabeth,  XVI. 

Sarah,  XVI. 

Silas,  XVI. 
Young,  ,   158. 

Joseph,   127. 



Los  Angeles 
This  book  is  DUE  on  the  last  date  stamped  below. 

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WAR    8 

AUG  1 6  1990 




MAR  0  2  1990 


SEP^  2  W 




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